|23rd Governor of Vermont|
October 13, 1854 – October 10, 1856
|Preceded by||John S. Robinson|
|Succeeded by||Ryland Fletcher|
|Member of the Vermont House of Representatives|
August 12, 1787|
Tinmouth, Republic of Vermont
November 11, 1868 (aged 81)|
Berkshire, Vermont, U.S.
East Berkshire Episcopal Cemetery|
|Relations||Homer E. Royce|
|Alma mater||Middlebury College|
Royce was born in Tinmouth in the Republic of Vermont on August 12, 1787. He grew up in Tinmouth, worked diligently to receive his education, farming and trapping, and selling animal pelts to obtain his books. Despite interruptions in his school time, he graduated from Middlebury College in 1807 with his class. Fellow classmates at Middlebury included Daniel Azro Ashley Buck and William Slade. Royce taught school in Sheldon, studied law in the office of his uncle, Ebenezer Marvin, Jr., and was admitted to the bar in 1809. Among the prospective attorneys who studied ;aw under Royce was Charles Linsley.
He was elected Governor of Vermont in 1854, as a Whig, the last Whig to hold the office. He was re-elected to a second one-year term as a Republican, serving from 1854 to 1856. He was the first Republican to attain the office after the party was founded in the mid-1850s, ushering in more than a century of Republican domination in Vermont politics. Vermont elected only Republicans to the governorship until Democrat Philip Hoff won the office in 1962.
He never married, but resided with his mother, at her request, whenever he was in his hometown.
- Partridge, Henry Villiers (1905). A History of Norwich, Vermont. Dartmouth Press. p. 175. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
- Ellingson, Barbara (1997). "Biographical Sketch, Charles Linsley" (PDF). Charles and Emmeline Linsley Papers, 1827-1892. Montpelier, VT: Vermont Historical Society. p. 1. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
- The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans, edited by Rossiter Johnson and John Howard Brown, 1904, Rowland to Royce page
- Men of Vermont Illustrated, edited by Jacob G. Ullery, 1894, pages 91 to 92
- "Stephen Royce". National Governors Association. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
- Encyclopedia of Vermont Biography, edited by Prentiss Cutler Dodge, 1912, page 39
- Gravestone photos by contributors Bill McKern and Barb Destromp, Find A Grave.com page, Stephen Royce, accessed April 1, 2012
- Catalogue of Officers and Students of Middlebury College, published by the college, 1917, page 10
- History of Franklin and Grand Isle Counties, Vermont, edited by Lewis Cass Aldrich, 1891, page 228
John S. Robinson
| Governor of Vermont