Stephen Salisbury III

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Stephen Salisbury III
Frederic Porter Vinton - Stephen-Salisbury-III-1891.jpg
Born 1835
Worcester, Massachusetts
Died 1905
Nationality American

Stephen Salisbury III (1835 – 1905),[1] also referred to as Stephen Salisbury Jr., graduated from Harvard College in 1856. The son of a wealthy landowner, Salisbury helped manage the family's extensive properties and businesses in Worcester County, Massachusetts. Like his father, Salisbury served one term in the State Senate, was president of the Worcester National Bank, and directed the Worcester & Nashua Railroad. He was a trustee of the Worcester City Hospital and the Worcester Polytechnic Institute.

Salisbury also followed in the footsteps of his father with a long association with the American Antiquarian Society. He was elected a member in 1863,[2] served on its board of councilors from 1847 to 1884, as vice-president from 1884 to 1887, and as president from 1887 until his death in 1905.[3]

He was also an active member of the Worcester County Horticultural Society, servings as president from 1879 to 1881.[4]

In 1896, along with a group of prominent citizens of Worcester, he founded the Worcester Art Museum. Salisbury died in 1905, leaving his extensive collection of mostly American art to the museum. He also bequeathed $3 million to the museum.[5]

Salisbury dedicated part of his time and economic resources to the research and popularization of the Mayan culture in the Yucatan peninsula. He wrote a number of articles in the Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society about the subject, such as: The Mayas, the sources of their culture, The statue of Chac Mool, Terracota figures from Isla Mujeres, The K'atun of the Mayan History.[6]


  1. ^ Portrait commentary at American Antiquarian
  2. ^ American Antiquarian Society Members Directory
  3. ^ Dunbar, B. (1987). Members and Officers of the American Antiquarian Society. Worcester: American Antiquarian Society.
  4. ^ Worcester County Horticultural Society (2006). Transactions of the Worcester County Horticultural Society. Tower Hill Botanic Garden Library. Worcester County Horticultural Society. p. 69. 
  5. ^ Worcester Art Museum, About WAM
  6. ^ Casares G. Cantón, Raúl; Duch Colell, Juan; Antochiw Kolpa, Michel; Zavala Vallado, Silvio et ál (1998). Yucatán en el tiempo. Mérida, Yucatán. ISBN 970 9071 04 1. 

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