Stephenville International Airport
|IATA: YJT – ICAO: CYJT
– WMO: 71815
|Operator||Stephenville Airport Corporation|
|Serves||Stephenville, Corner Brook, Port Aux Basques|
|Location||Stephenville, Newfoundland and Labrador|
|Time zone||NST (UTC−03:30)|
|• Summer (DST)||NDT (UTC−02:30)|
|Elevation AMSL||81 ft / 25 m|
Stephenville Airport (IATA: YJT, ICAO: CYJT) is an airport located 1.5 nautical miles (2.8 km; 1.7 mi) southeast of Stephenville, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. It was built by the United States Air Force and operated as Ernest Harmon Air Force Base from 1941-1966.
Stephenville Airport provides scheduled and charter air service to a catchment population of approximately 90,000 people, from the city of Corner Brook 65 km to the north to the town of Port aux Basques 120 km (75 mi) to the south.
In 1941 the United States obtained rights to construct a United States Army Air Forces base in the St. George's Bay area of Newfoundland. The U.S. 76th Congress approved the 99-year lease and in April 1941, construction began.
The USAAF base was built as Stephenville Air Base. However, after the USAAF became the United States Air Force in 1947, it was renamed Ernest Harmon Air Force Base on June 23, 1948, in honour of Captain Ernest Emery Harmon. Harmon was a US Army Air Corps ace who was killed in an air crash in 1933.
On September 1, 1943, the Newfoundland Base Command transferred control of Harmon Field to the North Atlantic Wing, Air Transport Command. The base became a part of the Northeast Air Command in October, 1950. Then in April 1957, the Strategic Air Command assumed control.
The mandate of the base was to maintain a tanker alert force and its capability to meet and refuel Strategic Air Command jet bombers en route to targets. The Boeing KC-97 Stratofreighter was employed in this task.
The base was also used as a refueling stop for transatlantic military flights. In addition, Harmon supported three Air Defense Command units. In 1957, the Canadian Department of Transportation constructed an airport terminal to accommodate Trans-Canada Air Lines (now Air Canada). 1966 saw the closure of the U.S. Air Force Base in Stephenville.
The airport is now owned and operated by the local airport authority, the Stephenville Airport Corporation Inc. Stephenville Airport was designated as an alternate in the Trans Oceanic Plane Stop (TOPS) program on 23 July 1970.
The Stephenville Airport was the major passenger airport for all of western Newfoundland until the early 1990s when provincial government decided to direct more traffic to the Deer Lake Regional Airport. All major carriers used Stephenville such as Air Canada, Eastern Provincial Airways and Canadian Airlines.
In 1970 the airport was designated by international scheduled air transport and for international general aviation regular use.
The Newfoundland and Labrador government's plan, called "Taking Flight", aims to enhance air travel in the province by working closely with airports and airlines. For the airlines, if they create a new route the government can give it up to $750,000 to help promote that route.
In addition, a group local to the Bay St. George area, consisting of concerned citizens and business people with experience in various levels of the tourism/transportation industry have been gathering support via a Facebook group called; "Land Porter Airlines in Stephenville, YJT" in an effort to illustrate the demand for increased air service at Stephenville Airport. The specific intent of the group is to attract Porter Airlines and add service to Halifax and/or Toronto (likely via Halifax due to the use of shorter range Q400 aircraft which make up Porter's fleet).
Operation Yellow Ribbon
On September 11, 2001, eight civilian airliners made unscheduled landings at the Stephenville Airport following the closure of North American airspace in the wake of the terrorist attacks on New York City and Washington, DC. As a participant in Operation Yellow Ribbon, the town managed to host nearly 3,000 stranded passengers for approximately one week.
Airlines and destinations
|Air Saint-Pierre||Seasonal: Saint-Pierre|
|Porter Airlines||Seasonal: Halifax|
|Provincial Airlines||Deer Lake (NL), St. John's|
|Sunwing Airlines||Seasonal: Toronto-Pearson|
- Budget Rent a Car
- Eddy's bus service
- DRL Coachlines (passenger bus service to the rest of NL)
- Airport check-in counter service
- Ground transportation to and from hotels
- Passenger lounge
- Lav, water, ground power, stairs, air start and ground handling equipment available to service aircraft up to a Boeing 747
Alternate space shuttle landing site
- Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 26 May 2016 to 0901Z 21 July 2016
- Synoptic/Metstat Station Information
- Total aircraft movements by class of operation
- "Transport Canada NASA Space Shuttle Emergency Landing Site Contingency Plan". March 2006. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- Porter introduces new summer route between Stephenville and Halifax, since that time Porter airlines has increased the service into and out of Stephenville airport with hopes one day of offering daily all year service.
- Chris Lambie. Halifax possible shuttle pit stop, The Chronicle Herald, July 5, 2006.