Sterling Ruby (born 1972) is an American artist who works in a large variety of media including ceramics, painting, drawing, collage, sculpture and video. Often, his work is presented in large and densely packed installations. The artist has cited a diverse range of sources and influences including aberrant psychologies (particularly schizophrenia and paranoia), urban gangs and graffiti, hip-hop culture, craft, punk, masculinity, violence, public art, prisons, globalization, American domination and decline, waste and consumption. In opposition to the minimalist artistic tradition and influenced by the ubiquity of urban graffiti, the artist’s works often appear scratched, defaced, camouflaged, dirty, or splattered. Proclaimed as one of the most interesting artists to emerge in the twentieth century by New York Times art critic Roberta Smith, Ruby’s work examines the psychological space where individual expression confronts social constraint. Sterling Ruby currently lives and works in Los Angeles. His studio is located in Vernon, south of downtown Los Angeles.
|Born||1972 (age 42–43)
Bitburg, West Germany
|Education||Art Center College of Design, The Art Institute of Chicago|
|Known for||Artist, Ceramics, Collage, Drawing, Painting, Performance, Photography, Sculpture, Video|
Early life and education
Sterling Ruby was born on an American military base in Bitburg, Germany to a Dutch mother and an American father. His family relocated to the United States shortly after his birth, first to Baltimore, Maryland, and then to the rural town of New Freedom, Pennsylvania. There he attended the largely agrarian Kennard-Dale High School. After graduating from high school, Ruby worked in construction in Washington D.C.
Ruby attended, The Pennsylvania School of Art and Design, (now the Pennsylvania College of Art and Design, PCA&D). In 2001, he received a BFA from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. While attending the Art Institute he worked for the Video Data Bank, then under the direction of Kate Horsfield. In 2003, he moved to Los Angeles to attend the MFA program at Art Center College of Design in Pasadena, California. While at Art Center he studied with artists Diana Thater and Richard Hawkins, and theorists Sylvère Lotringer and Laurence Rickels. While attending graduate school at Art Center he was the teaching assistant for artist Mike Kelley.
Collage plays a significant role in the artist’s prolific and interdisciplinary practice. Formal and thematic concerns are reflected by an exhaustive range of subject matter which is developed over the course of a number of years. The titles of the collage series include MAPPING, RWG, DRFTRS, TRANSCOMPOSITIONAL, SPCE, EXHM, and BC. The artist has described collage as an “illicit merger”, suggesting a transgressive nature for the medium.
In the series EXHM, titled with the artist's invented abbreviation for the word exhumation, The artist repurposes the large cardboard pieces used to protect the studio floor from the urethane that is poured during the creation of his urethane sculptures. Cutting into the cardboard and rearranging formal compositions he finalizes the works by inserting pictures of burial grounds, prescription packages and other found images as a way of creating an autobiographical archeology or dig site.
His bleached denim and canvas collages are titled BC which refers simply to Bleach Collage, but also references the art historical dating reference BC (Before Christ) or BCE (Before the Common Era). For this series of works, the artist repurposes rags, fabric scraps, clothing, and denim that have personal as well as studio history. These patchwork collages are playful, almost pop-like, resembling the craft of quilt making. These works reference the utilitarian beauty of Gee’s Bend quilts as well as Japanese Boro textiles.
One of the artist's bleach collage works was included in the exhibition Pretty Raw: After and Around Helen Frankenthaler at The Rose Art Museum. 
The ECLPSE collages are made from cardboard salvaged from the floor coverings in the artist’s studio. The abstract shapes in the collages reflect a sense of simplicity and formality. The shapes are reminiscent of suns, moons and overlapping landscapes, are painted in bright, primary colors. Ruby has said of these compositions: ‘They continue with themes, theories and concepts that have been central to my previous work, but I have been trying to make them abstract and formal, my attempt to connect to the historical lineage of Suprematism.’ 
SCALES are constructed mobiles. These works, which the artist views as three-dimensional manifestations of his collages, feature identical monochrome shapes to those evident in the ECLPSE series. These cardboard shapes are juxtaposed with identifiable scraps of materials and objects from his studio. These elements lend the works a narrative aspect.
Ruby's large bronze sculptures are generally poured in smaller sections, which he then joins together in an almost quilt-like fashion. Traditionally, bronze casting foundries grind the joining welds out of the final sculpture to hide this step in the fabrication process. For his large bronze sculptures, Ruby forgoes grinding the welds, which retain a rainbow patina.
In 2012, a series of fully functional stoves of the artist’s own design were produced. These stoves, executed in bronze, cast iron or steel, were based on the kind of cast iron pot-belly stoves found in farm houses. There is an autobiographical element to these works, as the artist grew up on a farm in rural Pennsylvania, that for a time was heated only by a wood-burning stove. The Stoves highlight Ruby’s interest in themes of functionality and utilitarianism.
In 2013, the artist installed a 17 foot tall STOVE in a public square in Basel, Switzerland as part of Parcours, Art Basel. The stove was lit at the beginning of the fair, and a fire was maintained in the stove during the run of the fair.
A second series of four large scale stoves were exhibited as part of the 2015 Gwangju Biennial in Gwangju Korea. The stoves which stood about 17 feet high were installed at the entrance to the exhibition. A fire was maintained in the Stove during the run of the biennial.
In the fall of 2015, a set of four large black stoves was installed in the courtyard of the Musée de la Chasse et de la Nature in Paris, France. 
The artist’s soft sculptures, made from fabric stuffed with fiber fill, take many forms. The artist has presented large vampire mouths and double vampire mouths with fabric blood drops that hang from their fabric teeth. Other forms include “husbands” modeled on a particular pillow shape that is sold commercially, and laying figures which resemble oversized human forms.
A prominent component of his oeuvre, Sterling Ruby’s ceramic work is informed by the California craft movement and German "hot lava" vessels from the 1970s as well as by the amateurish biomorphic shapes made in an art therapy class. His ceramic works feature thick, vivid glazes and charred and gouged surfaces on rudimentary forms resembling baskets, vessels, or body parts. In his Basin Theology series, basin-like vessels are filled with recycled fragments of earlier destroyed or damaged works. These works reference archaeological excavation sites. The fragmented pieces meld together with the application of glazes and repeated firing in the kiln.
Of all the disparate forms in Ruby’s practice, his paintings are the most formally abstract. They are all titled with the initials SP and then a number. His large color-field canvases, made entirely with spray paint, use a color palette ranging from deep blacks to acid greens and pinks, and appear hallucinogenic and gauzy. The paintings are influenced by the sociological implications of urban demarcation, vandalism and the power struggles associated with gang tagging. The artist has suggested that layers of gang tagging in Los Angeles, evidence of clashes over territory, eventually turn abstract, ceasing to have a clear order, and in the end losing their original meanings and authority.
The artist has created a series of large, poured urethane sculptures, collectively titled Monument Stalagmites, in blood red, intense blacks, and other vibrant colors. These sculptures, which can be up to eighteen feet tall, resemble the stalactites and stalagmites that can be found in caves. The pieces are created by the accumulation and pouring of a quick drying poly-urethane over an underlying armature. The pieces are presented on bases and have a wooden buttress, often inscribed with text, that the artist refers to as a crutch. They have been described as monumental gestures and reflect the artist’s declared intention to depict the moment when malleability becomes frozen.
Video and Photography
Walter Robinson described the artist’s video Transient Trilogy this way: “Transient Trilogy (2005)… comes the closest to being a real film, with an actor, a setting and something of a narrative scheme. Ruby himself plays a bum, who transits a marginal landscape, neither nature nor manmade, where he occupies himself crafting what can only be called artworks from string, cast-offs and other bits of trash. In one scene, he makes a minor splatter painting on a rock with red fingernail polish."
Many of the artist’s video works are distributed by the Video Data Bank in Chicago.
The Masturbators is a four channel video installation that was presented at Foxy Production in 2009. This video work featured male porn actors hired by the artist.
In 2009, Ruby’s video work was presented by the Museum of Modern Art, as part of its Modern Mondays film screening.
His photographic collages were featured in New Photography 2009 at the Museum of Modern Art.
At his Los Angeles studio, Sterling Ruby bleaches large rolls of canvas and denim to use for his fabric collages and sculptures. Taking inspiration from the quilters of Gee’s Bend in Alabama, as well as Boro textiles from Japan, he has recently started making quilts from scraps of the bleached denim and other materials left over from the production of other artworks. 
In the series ‘Flags’ (2014), the artist creates quilt-like work on a monumental scale. These large scale wall-hangings often resemble the American flag.
The artist designed a large-scale quilt that served as a backdrop for the traveling performances of the L.A. Dance Projects: Murder Ballades. The backdrop, sewn together from long bolts of bleached denim and canvas, measured 8.2 x by 12.1 meters [27 x 40 feet].
The artist also created a large fabric backdrop for the set of Basilica Soundscape 2014, a two-day music festival held in Hudson, NY.
In 2011, the artist presented a set of large free standing sculptures in a public square in Lisbon, Portugal. One of the pieces presented was a large painted metal structure made up of individually stacked monoliths. This piece was later exhibited in a sculpture garden in the Netherlands. As part of this exhibition the artist encouraged visitors to deface the sculpture with their own graffiti.
In an interview with Steve Pulimood, the artist said, "Over the past few years I’ve done many sculptures that have had inscribed surfaces, gestures on a surface that are not only mediated by me the artist, but also by the public that has access to it. I have seen Serras with that kind of tagging, and for me it informs that irrational feeling you just mentioned … it makes the work itself more vulnerable. I’ve always liked that antagonism that public sculpture provides."
Collaborations with Raf Simons
In 2009, Simons used denim bleached by the artist to create a collection of denim wear jeans and jackets.
In 2012, Simons created satin fabrics with images of four of Sterling Ruby’s recent paintings. Raf Simons created three dresses and a coat from these fabrics. They were presented as part of Raf Simons’ debut haute couture collection for Dior. In 2013, these dresses were exhibited as part of the Esprit Dior exhibition at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Shanghai.
For "SUPERMAX 2008," a solo exhibition curated by Philipp Kaiser at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, Pacific Design Center, Ruby correlated the architecture of the museum with the architecture of the California prison system.
"SUPERMAX" is a reference to the special units of American maximum security prisons where prisoners in solitary confinement can be on lockdown for up to 23 hours a day. The dense installation of "SUPERMAX 2008" included poured urethane sculptures, aerosol paintings, geometric sculptures made of formica or brass, and soft sculptures in the form of blood drops and collages. The expressive exhibition distanced the artist's work from the ideology of Minimal art and integrated the seemingly disparate artworks included in Ruby’s art practice.
In 2012-2013 the artist presented the exhibition titled SOFT WORK at the Geneva Contemporary Art Center, FRAC Champagne-Ardenne, Bonniers Konsthall in Stockholm, and MACRO in Rome. This traveling exhibition consisted of soft sculptures in various forms.
A catalog to accompany this exhibition was published by Buchhandlung Walther König. The works from the SOFT WORK exhibition were acquired by the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles as a complete set in 2015.
Ruby has exhibited at institutions including the Ullens Center for Contemporary Art, Beijing; Museum of Modern Art, New York; Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago; Institute of Contemporary Art, Philadelphia; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis; Garage Centre for Contemporary Culture, Moscow; Saatchi Gallery, London; MACRO, Rome; Baibokov Projects, Moscow. His work was included in the 2014 Whitney Biennial, the 2014 Taipei Biennial, and the 2014 Gwangju Biennial.
In addition to his solo exhibition at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles ("SUPERMAX 2008"), Ruby has been the subject of solo exhibitions at the Drawing Center, New York; La Galleria d’Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Bergamo, Italy. The traveling exhibition SOFT WORK was exhibited at FRAC Champagne-Ardenne, Riems, France and the Centre d’Art Contemporain, Geneva, Switzerland; ; and Bonniers Konsthall, Stockholm, Sweden and Museo d'Arte Contemporanea, Rome, Italy.
Ruby’s work is in international collections, including the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; Hammer Museum, Los Angeles; Los Angeles County Museum of Art; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; Montreal Museum of Fine Arts; Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago; Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles; Museum of Modern Art, New York; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Museum of Contemporary Art, North Miami; Seattle Art Museum, Washington; Moderna Museet, Stockholm; Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris; and Tate Modern, London. 
Ruby is represented by Foxy Productions in New York (since 2004); Gagosian Gallery ; Sprüth Magers (since 2007); Taka Ishii Gallery ; and Xavier Hufkens. Until 2015, Hauser & Wirth handled the artist’s representation in the United States. Previously Ruby had been working with Marc Foxx Gallery in Los Angeles as well as with Metro Pictures and Pace Gallery in New York.
Ruby, Sterling. CHRON. New York: Karma, 2015.
Ruby, Sterling and Xavier Hufkens. Sterling Ruby: ECLPSE. Brussels, Belgium: Xavier Hufkens, 2015.
Ruby, Sterling and Xavier Hufkens. Sterling Ruby: SCALES. Brussels, Belgium: Xavier Hufkens, 2015.
Ruby, Sterling; Minoru Shimizu; and Taka Ishii Gallery. Sterling Ruby: BC. Tokyo: Taka Ishii Gallery, 2015.
Ruby, Sterling; Larry Gagosian; Eugene Wang; and Gagosian Gallery. Sterling Ruby: VIVIDS. New York: Rizzoli, 2015.
Comer, Stuart, Anthony Elms, Michelle Grabner, and Whitney Museum of American Art. Whitney Biennial 2014. New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 2014.
Mogan, Jessica, ed. Burning Down the House: Gwangju Biennale 2014. Bologna, Italy: Damiani srl, 2014.
Myers-Szupinska, Julian. Sterling Ruby: SOFT WORK. Köln: Walther, 2014.
Amirsadeghi, Hossein, ed., Art studio America: Contemporary Artist Spaces. Farnborough, England: Thames & Hudson Ltd., 2013.
Holzwarth, Hans Werner, ed., ART NOW : Vol. 4. London: Taschen, 2013.
Ruby, Sterling. Stoves & Quilts. Brussels, Belgium: Pierre Marie Giraud, 2013.
Tinari, Philip. Sterling Ruby. Translated by Jihyun Ha. Seoul: Kukje Gallery, 2013.
Deitch, Jeffrey, and Museum of Contemporary Art. The Painting Factory: Abstraction After Warhol. Edited by Nikki Columbus. New York: Skira Rizzoli Publications, Inc., 2012.
Mapplethorpe, Robert, Richard Flood, and Robert Mapplethorpe Foundatio. MX7: MapplethorpeX7 David Hockney, Vik Muniz, Catherine Opie, Sterling Ruby, CIndy Sherman, Hedi Slimane, Robert Wilson. Kempen, Germany: Te Neues Pub. Group, 2011.
Ruby, Sterling, and Galerie Xavier Hufkens. Sterling Ruby: Paintings. Brussels, Belgium: Xavier Hufkens, 2011.
Ruby, Sterling, and The Pace Gallery. Sterling Ruby: Desktop Vol.1. Beijing: The Pace Gallery, 2011.
Schwabsky, Barry. Vitamin P2: New Perspectives in Painting. London: Phaidon, 2011.
Rubin, David S., Robert C. Morgan, Daniel Pinchbeck, San Antonio Museum of Art, University of Rochesteret, Memorial Art Gallery, and Telfair Museum of Art. Psychedelic: Optical and Visionary Art Since the 1960s. San Antonio, TX: San Antonio Museum of Art, 2010.
Ruby, Sterling, Robert Mapplethorpe, and Galerie Xavier Hufkens. Sterling Ruby, Robert Mapplethorpe. Brussels, Belgium: Xavier Hufkens, 2010.
Ruby, Sterling, and Kate Fowle. Sterling Ruby: Ashtrays. Translated by Eva Lothar. Brussels, Belgium: Galerie Pierre Marie Giraud, 2010.
Ruby, Sterling, and Taka Ishii Gallery. Sterling Ruby Ceramics 2007-2010. Tokyo: Taka Ishii Gallery, 2010.
Ellegood, Anne, and Nancy Adajania. Vitamin 3-D: New Perspectives in Sculpture and Installation. London: Phaidon, 2009.
Heiser, Jörg, Robert Carleton Hobbs, Alessandro Rabottini, Sterling Ruby, and Catherine Taft. Sterling Ruby. Edited by Alessandro Rabottini. Zurich: JRP/Ringier, 2009.
Institute of Contemporary Art. Dirt on Delight: Impulses that form Clay. Philadelphia: Institute of Contemporary Art, University of Philadelphia, 2009.
Fowle, Kate, ed., Stray Alchemists. Beijing: Timezone 8, 2008.
Kaiser, Philipp. Sterling Ruby: Supermax 2008. Los Angeles: Museum of Contemporary Art, 2008.
Ruby, Sterling, and João Ribas. Drawing Papers 76: Sterling Ruby Chron. Edited by Adam Lehner. New York: The Drawing Center, 2008.
Sterling Ruby: Sunrise Sunset. Roberta Smith, The New York Times, June 19, 2014
Raf & Ruby. Sarah Nicole Prickett, T Magazine, New York Times blogs, June 10, 2014 
Sterling Ruby - Urethane Works - The Artist's Studio - MOCAtv March 10, 2014
A Hard Look at "Soft Work," Sterling Ruby's Cushy and Satirical Solo Exhibition in France Juliette Soulez, ArtInfo, France, June 3, 2012 
Sterling Ruby's Vampire. David Spalding, art-agenda.com. November 8, 2011 
The Principles of Eternity. Rachel Corbett, Artnet.com 
Art in Review: Sterling Ruby and Lucio Fontana. Ken Johnson, The New York Times, September 22, 2011 
Carol Bove, Sterling Ruby, Dana Schutz. Merrily Kerr, Time Out New York, Issue 775, 2010 
Sterling Ruby: Sincerely Hostile, João Ribas, Flash Art int. Ed., XLIII.271, Mar.- Apr. 2010: 80-84 
Best in Show/Sterling Ruby's Cage Heat, Linda Yablonsky, T Magazine, The New York Times Style Magazine, February 11, 2010 
New York Times Round Up: Make Room for Video, Performances and Paint. Roberta Smith, The New York Times, December 31, 2009 
Unearthed Classics and Reinvented Forms: The Best Art of 2009. Jerry Saltz, New York Magazine, December 20, 2009 
Sterling Ruby, Kevin West, W Magazine, November 2009 
New Photography 2009, Museum of Modern Art, New York. MoMA Multimedia Video Interview 
Weekend Update, Walter Robinson, artnet Magazine, June 2009 
Who is Sterling Ruby? Julian Myers, Frieze Magazine, April 2009 
Brief Reflection on Sterling Ruby. Ed Schad. I call it ORANGES blog, July 22, 2008 
Art in Review, Sterling Ruby, Chron, Kiln Works, Roberta Smith, The New York Times, March 21, 2008 
- Smith, Roberta "Art in Review, Sterling Ruby" New York Times, March 21, 2008 page E29
- Sterling Ruby. Robert Hobbs, Jorg Heiser, Alessandro Rabottini and Sterling Ruby. Bergamo: Gallery d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea of Bergamo, 2009.
- Foxy Production, Artist Bio, Sterling Ruby http://www.foxyproduction.com/artist/view/6
- Sterling Ruby: Vivids, September 13 - October 25, 2014 Gagosian Gallery, Hong Kong.
- Georgina Adam (November 29, 2013), The Art Market: Sprüth Magers to open Los Angeles gallery Financial Times.
- Peter Yeoh (2010). "Artistic Transgressor". Glass Magazine (4): 179. ISSN 2041-6318. External link in
- Walsh, Brienne. The Survivalist: Q+A with Sterling Ruby. http://www.artinamericamagazine.com/news-opinion/conversations/2011-03-18/sterling-ruby-xavier-hufkens-paintings/
- Zhao, Sasha. Sterling Ruby: Truncated Malleability. Leap Magazine, November, 2011.
- Schad, Ed. Sterling Ruby: SUPERMAX 2008. ArtReview Magazine, September 23, 2008.
- Sterling Ruby: Vivids, September 13 - October 25, 2014 Gagosian Gallery, Hong Kong.
- Charlotte Burns (May 6, 2015), Sterling Ruby parts ways with Hauser & Wirth The Art Newspaper.
- Charlotte Burns (May 6, 2015), Sterling Ruby parts ways with Hauser & Wirth The Art Newspaper.
- Kevin West (May 9, 2014), Sterling Ruby: Balancing Act W.
- Kelly Crow (December 7, 2012), Searching for the Next Art-World Star Wall Street Journal.
- Homecoming - a conversation with Sterling Ruby - April 27, 2011
- Sterling Ruby at Pierre Marie Giraud, Brussels
- Sterling Ruby at Xavier Hufkens, Brussels
- Sterling Ruby at Sprüth Magers Berlin London
- Sterling Ruby at Gagosian Gallery