|Common tern by the River Thames|
Many, see text.
Sterna is a genus of terns in the bird family Laridae. Sterna is derived from Old English "stearn" which appears in the poem The Seafarer; a similar word was used to refer to terns by the Frisians. It used to encompass most "white" terns indiscriminately, but mtDNA sequence comparisons have recently determined that this arrangement is paraphyletic. It is now restricted to the typical medium-sized white terns occurring near-globally in coastal regions.
Genus Sterna - typical white terns
- Forster's tern Sterna forsteri
- Snowy-crowned tern or Trudeau's tern Sterna trudeaui
- Common tern Sterna hirundo
- Roseate tern Sterna dougallii
- White-fronted tern Sterna striata
- Black-naped tern Sterna sumatrana
- South American tern Sterna hirundinacea
- Antarctic tern Sterna vittata
- Kerguelen tern Sterna virgata
- Arctic tern Sterna paradisaea
- River tern Sterna aurantia
- Black-bellied tern Sterna acuticauda (possibly Chlidonias)
- White-cheeked tern Sterna repressa (possibly Chlidonias)
For the "brown-backed terns" see genus Onychoprion.
- "Sterna". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Bridge, E. S.; Jones, A. W. & Baker, A. J. (2005). A phylogenetic framework for the terns (Sternini) inferred from mtDNA sequences: implications for taxonomy and plumage evolution. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 35: 459–469.
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