Sternocera aequisignata

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sternocera aequisignata
Buprestidae - Sternocera aequisignata-1.JPG
Sternocera aequisignata from Myanmar
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Family: Buprestidae
Genus: Sternocera
Species: S. aequisignata
Binomial name
Sternocera aequisignata[1]
E. Saunders, 1866

Sternocera aequisignata is a species of beetles belonging to the Buprestidae family. Its bright metallic green elytra are frequently used jewellery making.

Description[edit]

Sternocera aequisignata can reach a length of about 30–50 millimetres (1.2–2.0 in). Elytra and pronotum have a beautiful metallic emerald iridescence. Pronoum is densely punctured.

Distribution[edit]

This species occurs across southern Asia,[1] including India, Thailand and Myanmar.

Lifecyle[edit]

The female lays eggs singly in soil at the base of the host plants. Each female is capable of laying 5-12 eggs, which take 2 months to hatch.[2] The hatched larva has five instar stages. Stages 1 to 4 remain in the soil for 3–4 months where they feed upon the roots of the adult host plants.[2] The 5th instar can be found above ground, until it returns underground again to pupate. Adult beetles have a short lifespan of 1–3 weeks, though the complete life cycle takes up to two years.[3]

Relationship to humans[edit]

As food[edit]

S. aequisignata and the similar S. ruficornis are both consumed by humans as a source of food in northern Thailand, Laos, and China.[4] This is one of the major sources of their decline in that area.[3]

In jewellery making[edit]

The bright metallic green elytra of S. aequisignata are collected and used as a material in jewellery making.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Sternocera aequisignata Saunders, 1866". ITIS. 2017. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  2. ^ a b Hawkeswood, T.J.; Sommung, B. (2016). "Review of the biology of Sternocera aequisignata Saunders, 1866 (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in Thailand". Calodema. 414: 1–6. 
  3. ^ a b c Pinkaew, Nantasak (2001). "Some Biological Aspects of Sternocera ruficornis Saunder, 1866 in Dry Dipterocarp Forest at Sakaerat Envrionmental Research Station" (PDF). The Kasetsart Journal (Natural Sciences). 35 (2): 132–138. 
  4. ^ a b Victoria Z. Rivers (2011). "Beetles in Textiles". insects.org. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 

External links[edit]