Grigorovich M-16

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Grigorovich GASN
Role Reconnaissance flying boat
Manufacturer Shchetinin
Designer Dmitri Grigorovich
Introduction 1916
Retired 1920s
Primary users Russian navy
Finnish Air Force
Number built 40
Developed from Grigorovich M-9

Grigorovich M-16 (alternative designation ShCh M-16, sometimes also Shchetinin M-16) was a successful Russian World War I-era biplane flying boat of the Farman type, developed from the M-9 by Grigorovich. The M-16 was a version especially intended for winter operations, with better aerodynamic qualities. It was somewhat larger than the M-9.

Wartime use[edit]

Six M-16s fell into Finnish hands during the Russian Civil War. The first Finnish parachute jump was done on June 17, 1922 from a M-16 by a parachuter named E. Erho. The aircraft were flown until 1923.


  • M-16 : Two-seat reconnaissance floatplane.
  • GASN : Four-seat twin-float torpedo-bomber floatplane. Built in small numbers.


 Soviet Union

Specifications (M-16)[edit]

Data from Thulinista Hornettiin

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 8.60 m (ft in)
  • Wingspan: 18.0 m (ft in)
  • Height: m (ft in)
  • Wing area: 61.8 m² (ft²)
  • Empty weight: 1,100 kg (lb)
  • Useful load: kg (kg)
  • Loaded weight: kg (lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 1,450 kg (lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Salmson pusher, kW (150 hp)



1x MG


  • Heinonen, Timo: Thulinista Hornetiin - Keski-Suomen ilmailumuseon julkaisuja 3, Keski-Suomen ilmailumuseo, 1992, ISBN 951-95688-2-4