|City of Steubenville|
|Nickname(s): "City of Murals"|
|Motto(s): Where you always have a home|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|• Mayor||Jerry Barilla (R)|
|• City||10.63 sq mi (27.53 km2)|
|• Land||10.55 sq mi (27.32 km2)|
|• Water||0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)|
|Elevation||1,050 ft (320 m)|
|• Estimate (2015)||18,219|
|• Density||1,768.6/sq mi (682.9/km2)|
|• Metro||118,250 (US: 329th)|
|• CSA||2,659,937 (US: 20th)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|ZIP codes||43952-43953 |
|Area code(s)||740, 220|
|FIPS code||39-74608 |
|GNIS feature ID||1065383 |
Steubenville is a city in and the county seat of Jefferson County, Ohio, United States. Located along the Ohio River, it had a population of 18,659 at the 2010 census. The city's name is derived from Fort Steuben, a 1786 fort that sat within the city's current limits and was named for German-Prussian military officer Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben. Today, a replica of the fort is open to the public.
Steubenville is known as the "City of Murals", after its more than 25 downtown murals. It is home to Franciscan University of Steubenville and Eastern Gateway Community College. Steubenville is a principal city of the Weirton–Steubenville, WV-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which had a 2010 population of 124,454 residents. Additionally, Steubenville is part of Greater Pittsburgh, the 20th largest combined statistical area in the United States with a 2016 estimated population of 2,635,228.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Culture
- 6 Sports
- 7 Climate
- 8 Government
- 9 Education
- 10 Notable people
- 11 References
- 12 External links
In 1786–87, the soldiers of the 1st American Regiment built Fort Steuben to protect the government surveyors mapping the land west of the Ohio River, and named the fort in honor of Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben. When the surveyors completed their task a few years later, the fort was abandoned. In the meantime, settlers had built homes around the fort; they named their settlement Steubenville. The name Steubenville was derived from Fort Steuben to honor Baron von Steuben (the fort was named for the Baron). The town was sometimes referred to as La Belle City, a franglais interpretation of "The Beautiful City".
On July 29, 1797, Jefferson County was organized by a proclamation of Governor Arthur St. Clair, and Steubenville was selected as the County seat and was platted in the same year by Bezaliel (Bezaleel) Wells and James Ross, the city's co-founders. Wells, a government surveyor born in Baltimore, received about 1,000 acres (4 km2) of land west of the Ohio River; Ross, a lawyer from Pittsburgh, owned land north of his.
On March 1, 1803, Ohio was admitted to the Union as the 17th state. During the first half of the nineteenth century, Steubenville was primarily a port town, and the rest of the county was small villages and farms. Steubenville received a city charter in 1851. In 1856, Frazier, Kilgore and Company erected a rolling mill (the forerunner of steel mills) and the Steubenville Coal and Mining Company sank a coal shaft. The city was a stop along the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad, which connected Pittsburgh to Chicago and St. Louis.
In 1946, the College of Steubenville was founded by the Franciscan Friars of the Third Order Regular. In 1980, its name was changed to University of Steubenville, and finally in 1985 to Franciscan University of Steubenville.
In 1966, the Jefferson County Technical Institute was founded. In 1977, its name was changed to Jefferson Technical College. In 1995, it became a community college and was renamed Jefferson Community College. In 2009, the college expanded its service district by three Ohio counties, and was renamed again: Eastern Gateway Community College.
In 1992, the RZA, before starting the Wu-Tang Clan, was involved in a shoot-out in Steubenville and faced attempted murder charges for shooting an adversary in the leg. He faced eight years in jail but was acquitted. "When they said 'not guilty', my face stuck in a smile for three days," he recalled. "I was just walking around town, thinking about my daughter and my wife. Right then I said goodbye to anything that would put me in that situation again. I was up on trial on an attempted murder charge. I was a motherfucking fool, with all that knowledge in my head and ending up there."
The city gained international attention in late 2012 from the events surrounding the Steubenville High School rape case, which occurred in August 2012. The case was first covered by The New York Times that December, followed by the computer hacker group Anonymous later that month, and the subsequent coverage of the trials in late 2013. The case was significant in the extensive use of social media as evidence and in opening a national discussion on the concept of rape culture.
Steubenville is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.63 square miles (27.53 km2), of which 10.55 square miles (27.32 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) is water. The city lies along the Ohio River, with the city spreading west from the floodplains to the hills that surround the city. It lies within the ecoregion of the Western Allegheny Plateau.(40.359, −80.614).
The city's population peaked in 1940 and has been in continuous decline since. The 2010 census found 18,659 residents, down 1.8 percent from the 2000 census, while the 2011 estimate put the population at 18,440, a drop of another 1.2 percent since 2010. The poverty rate increased to 27.5 percent of the population. The proportion of the population that is white remained at 79.5 percent, while the Hispanic proportion more than doubled to 2.4 percent as the black population dropped to 15.9 percent.
Steubenville is a principal city of the Weirton–Steubenville, WV–OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, part of the Pittsburgh-New Castle-Weirton, PA-OH-WV Combined Statistical Area.
As of the census of 2010, there were 18,659 people, 7,548 households, and 4,220 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,768.6 inhabitants per square mile (682.9/km2). There were 8,857 housing units at an average density of 839.5 per square mile (324.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 79.0% White, 15.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.
There were 7,548 households of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.8% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.1% were non-families. 37.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.91.
The median age in the city was 38.8 years. 20.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 16.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.3% were from 25 to 44; 25.9% were from 45 to 64; and 17.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.1% male and 53.9% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 19,015 people, 8,342 households, and 4,880 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,842.2 people per square mile (711.4/km²). There were 9,449 housing units at an average density of 915.4 per square mile (353.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 79.55% White, 17.25% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.73% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 1.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.97% of the population.
There were 8,342 households out of which 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.2% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder, and 41.5% were non-families. 36.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the city, the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 22.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,516, and the median income for a family was $36,597. Males had a median income of $36,416 versus $21,819 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,830. About 15.3% of families and 20.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.2% of those under the age of 18 and 11.0% of those aged 65 and older.
Steubenville and the communities that surround it, especially Weirton, West Virginia, have experienced sluggish economies since the steel industry waned during the 1980s. Corporations such as Weirton Steel have had to reduce their workforce in order to become more efficient and competitive against other steel producers and lower steel prices worldwide.
The new Findlay Connector has been built in western Pennsylvania as a toll-access highway between Pittsburgh International Airport at Interstate 376 and U.S. Route 22 in northwestern Washington County. Travel time between the Pittsburgh International Airport and the city of Steubenville is now approximately 25 minutes.
Fort Steuben, located downtown on South Third Street, is a reconstructed 18th century fort on its original location overlooking the Ohio River. Built in 1787 to protect the government surveyors of the Seven Ranges of the Northwest Territory, Fort Steuben housed 150 men of the 1st American Regiment. The non-profit organization that worked to rebuild the fort also developed the surrounding block into Fort Steuben Park that includes the Veterans Memorial Fountain and the Berkman Amphitheater. The Fort Steuben Visitors center is home to the Museum Shop and the Steubenville Convention & Visitors Bureau and is an official site on the Ohio River Scenic Byway.
Adjacent to the fort is the First Federal Land Office with its original logs from 1801. After the Ohio country was surveyed, it could be sold or given away as land grants; the settlers brought their deeds to be registered at the Land Office to David Hoge, the Registrar of Lands and Titles for the Northwest Territory.
"Ohio Valley Steelworker" Statue was created by artist Dimitri Akis as a tribute to the Ohio Valley Steelworkers. The life-size figure carries a long-handled dipping ladle and is wearing the hooded fire-proof suit worn in the steel mills. The statue was located at the junction of Hwy 22 (University Blvd) and Hwy 7 (Dean Martin Blvd). In the fall of 2014, the statue was moved to its new home, displayed on South Fourth Street at the site of the Public Library of Steubenville and Jefferson County.
Steubenville has recently become home to an outdoor Christmas-themed festival, the Steubenville Nutcracker Village and Advent Market. The event is centered around a collection of 150 life-size nutcracker sculptures spread throughout Fort Steuben Park in downtown Steubenville. The nutcracker sculptures are all made in Steubenville by Nelson Fine Art & Gifts, a local retail gift and home decor manufacturing company, in partnership with the Old Fort Steuben Project and other local businesses and private sponsors. While some of the nutcrackers are presented in the traditional German style, the majority are sculpted and painted to represent various cultural aspects and ethnic heritages of the Ohio-West Virginia-Pennsylvania Tri-State area, as well as literary and media characters, local high schools and colleges, famous religious figures, and professional careers and vocations. The Nutcracker Village is free and open the public 24 hours a day and generally runs from the Tuesday before Thanksgiving through Epiphany Sunday in early January.
Live entertainment and a German-style Advent Market featuring local artisans and craftsmen, as well as hot food and drink vendors, runs each weekend through the month of December in Fort Steuben Park to coincide with the Nutcracker Village event. Vendors at the Advent Market are housed inside miniature rustic Swiss Chalets which are also built in Steubenville. The nearby Steubenville Visitor's Center is transformed into a "Christmas Wonderland" filled with trees and decorations, old-fashioned Christmas gifts and toys, more nutcrackers, and stations for children to write letters to Santa Claus.
The popularity of the Nutcracker Village since its inception has inspired other nutcracker-themed ventures in the City of Steubenville, including Drosselmeyer's Nutcracker Shoppe, a year-round Christmas shop in downtown Steubenville, and Wooden Hearts Follies, a locally-written and performed musical centered around characters from the event.
The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Steubenville has a Humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
|Climate data for Steubenville, Ohio|
|Average high °F (°C)||38
|Daily mean °F (°C)||29
|Average low °F (°C)||21
|Average precipitation inches (cm)||3
|Source: Weatherbase |
|Steubenville Elected Officials:|
|City Council:||Kimberly Hahn (At-Large)|
Gerald DiLoreto (1)
Mike Johnson (2)
Eric Timmons (3)
Scott Dressel (4)
Willie Paul (5)
Bob Villamagna (6)
|Municipal Judge:||John J. Mascio, Jr.|
|Officials Appointed by Steubenville City Council|
|City Manager:||Jim Mavromatis|
|Fire Chief:||Carlo Capaldi|
|Police Chief:||William McCafferty|
|Law Director:||Gary Repella|
The City of Steubenville is part of the 6th Congressional district of Ohio and is represented by Bill Johnson. The 6th district is the longest US House district in Ohio and runs along the southeast state borders of Ohio.
Steubenville has had a reputation for political corruption. Over a period of 20 years the city lost, or settled out of court, 48 civil rights lawsuits involving its police force. The city paid out more than $800,000, including $400,000 between 1990 and 1996.
In 1997, the U.S. Department of Justice alleged that the city and police force had subjected numerous individuals to "excessive force, false arrests, charges, and reports" and had engaged in practices regarding "improper stops, searches, and seizures". The report from the Department also stated that excessive force was levied against individuals who witnessed incidents of police misconduct, and against those who were known critics of the city and its police force. Those individuals were also falsely detained if the city and the police agreed that they were "likely to complain of abuse". It further stated that the officers involved falsified reports and tampered with official police recorders so that "misconduct would not be recorded".
As a result, the city's police force became the second city in the United States to sign a consent decree with the federal government due to an excessive number of civil rights lawsuits. The decree was signed on September 4, 1997, under the "pattern or practice" provision. Under this agreement, the city agreed to improve the training of its police officers, implement new guidelines and procedures, establish an internal affairs unit, and establish an "early warning system".
Speed camera lawsuit
The speed camera program began in 2005 and earned the city $600,000 in revenues, as nearly 7,000 tickets at $85 each were issued during that time period. In March 2006, the Jefferson County Court of Common Pleas ruled that the city ordinance of supporting the speed camera program was illegal and unconstitutional. The city refused to remove the cameras, however, because it stated it was "bound by contract to continue the services" of Traffipax, Inc., the US subsidiary of ROBOT Visual Systems, a German corporation. Despite attempts to remove the cameras, the city continued to defy the judge's order and reinstated an identical ordinance to continue issuing citations. Councilman at Large Michael Hernon cast the sole dissenting vote against reinstating the traffic cameras.
In mid-2006, an attorney filed a class-action lawsuit against the city of Steubenville for illegally collecting fines and generating unnecessary revenue from motorists. He won the case in December 2007 and the city was forced to refund thousands of tickets totaling $258,000. Stern also gathered enough signatures from the residents of the city to put forth a referendum that posed the question of whether the city's ordinance authorizing the speed camera program should continue. On November 8, 2006, city residents voted to end the city's speed camera program with a 76.2 percent majority.
Colleges and universities
Steubenville is home to two institutions of higher education. The Franciscan University of Steubenville is a private, four-year university affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church. It was founded in 1946.
The second institution is Eastern Gateway Community College. It is a public, two-year college that opened its doors in 1968; its service district includes Columbiana, Mahoning, and Trumbull Counties as well as Jefferson County.
On July 24, 2012, after being threatened with a lawsuit from the atheist Freedom from Religion Foundation, the Steubenville city council decided to remove the image of Franciscan University from its town logo rather than pay for a lawsuit. The city later proposed a logo that included a chapel and cross.
Public schools in Steubenville are operated by the Steubenville City School District. There are a total of five schools in the district: Wells Academy, West Pugliese, Garfield, Harding Middle, and Steubenville High School. A portion of far western Steubenville is served by the Indian Creek Local School District.
Several private schools are located in Steubenville. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Steubenville operates Bishop John King Mussio Central Elementary School, Bishop John King Mussio Central Junior High School and Steubenville Catholic Central High School.
- City of Steubenville
- Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) details for Steubenville, Ohio; United States Geological Survey (USGS); July 12, 1979.
- "City Manager". City of Steubenville. Retrieved 2015-08-12.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-06-05.
- United States Postal Service (2012). "USPS - Look Up a ZIP Code". Retrieved 2012-02-15.
- "Historic Fort Steuben".
- "About Eastern Gateway". Eastern Gateway Community College.
- Andrews, J.H. (1897). Centennial Souvenir of Steubenville and Jefferson County Ohio 1797–1897. Steubenville, OH: Herald Publishing Company.
- Stockwell, Mary (2006). The Ohio Adventure. Layton, UT: Gibbs Smith. p. 88.
- "Franciscan University of Steubenville". Ohio Historical Society. Retrieved 2006-11-07.
- "History of Franciscan University of Steubenville". Archived from the original on 2013-01-18. Retrieved 2013-01-18.
- Wilkinson, Roy (July 1997). "One of these men is God". Select: 60.
- Fung, Katherine (March 18, 2013). "CNN, Fox News, MSNBC Air Name of Steubenville Rape Victim". The Huffington Post.
- Schweber, Nate; Macur, Juliet (December 16, 2012). "Rape Case Unfolds on Web and Splits City". The New York Times.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Level III Ecoregions of Ohio". National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 26, 2018.
- "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.[permanent dead link]
- "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
- "V". State & County QuickFacts. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-03-10.
- Barringer, Felicity (27 September 2006). "As a Test Lab on Dirty Air, an Ohio Town Has Changed". The New York Times.
- "Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). Executive Office of the President. 28 February 2013.
- Gossett, Dave (13 November 2014). "Steelworker on the Move". Herald-Star. Archived from the original on 2014-12-20. Retrieved 2014-11-17.
- "Edwin M. Stanton - Ohio History Central". www.ohiohistorycentral.org. Retrieved 2017-02-02.
- "The Steubenville NutcrackerVillage & Advent Market". The Steubenville NutcrackerVillage & Advent Market. Retrieved 2017-11-30.
- "Historic Fort Steuben - Nutcracker Village and Advent Market". www.oldfortsteuben.com. Retrieved 2017-11-30.
- "Schedule". The Steubenville NutcrackerVillage & Advent Market. Retrieved 2017-11-30.
- "Shop". The Steubenville NutcrackerVillage & Advent Market. Retrieved 2017-11-30.
- "Wooden Hearts Follies - Tickets". www.brownpapertickets.com. Retrieved 2017-11-30.[dead link]
- "Cast selected for 'Wooden Heart Follies' | News, Sports, Jobs - Weirton Daily Times". www.weirtondailytimes.com. Retrieved 2017-11-30.
- Climate Summary for Steubenville, Ohio
- "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on September 14, 2013.
- 1997 DoJ complaint against Steubenville
- Abad-Santos, Alexander (7 January 2013). "Why Nobody Trusts Steubenville". The Atlantic Wire.
- "Steubenville Reinstates Traffic Cameras" 20 June. 2006. WTOV9
- Law, Mark (2007-05-04). "Traffic camera case returns". Herald Star. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-05-08.
- "Steubenville, Ohio Voters Overwhelmingly Reject Speed Cameras." 8 November 2006. theNewspaper. 8 November 2006 .
- "FFRF victory: Cross removed from Steubenville logo". Freedom from Religion Foundation. July 25, 2012. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
- "Atheists Threaten To Sue Steubenville, Ohio". KDKA-AM. August 3, 2012. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
- "Branch Locations". The Public Library of Steubenville and Jefferson County. Retrieved 26 February 2018.
|Wikisource has the text of the Encyclopaedia Britannica (9th ed.) article Steubenville.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Steubenville, Ohio.|