Steve Chabot

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Steve Chabot
SteveChabot.jpg
Chair of the House Small Business Committee
Assumed office
January 3, 2015
Preceded by Sam Graves
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 1st district
Assumed office
January 3, 2011
Preceded by Steve Driehaus
In office
January 3, 1995 – January 3, 2009
Preceded by David Mann
Succeeded by Steve Driehaus
Personal details
Born Steven Joseph Chabot
(1953-01-22) January 22, 1953 (age 64)
Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.
Nationality American
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Donna Chabot
Children 2
Education College of William and Mary (BA)
Northern Kentucky University (JD)

Steven Joseph Chabot /ˈʃæbət/ (born January 22, 1953) is an American politician who has been the United States Representative for Ohio's 1st congressional district since 2011. Chabot, a member of the Republican Party, previously represented the district from 1995 to 2009.

Early life, education, and pre-political career[edit]

Chabot was born in 1953 in Cincinnati, Ohio, the son of Gerard Joseph and Doris Leona (née Tilley) Chabot; paternally, he is of French-Canadian descent.[1] He graduated from La Salle High School in Cincinnati in 1971, and then from the College of William and Mary in 1975, earning a B.A. in history. He went on to obtain a Juris Doctor degree from Northern Kentucky University's Salmon P. Chase College of Law, in Highland Heights, Kentucky, in 1978. He worked as an elementary school teacher in 1975–1976 while taking law classes at night.[2]

As a practicing attorney from 1978 to 1994, Chabot handled domestic disputes and the drafting of wills as a sole practitioner.[3] He operated out of small law office in Westwood.[4]

Early political career[edit]

Chabot ran unsuccessfully for the Cincinnati City Council as an independent candidate in 1979 and as a Republican in 1983. Then, running as a Republican, he won a seat in 1985 and was re-elected in 1987 and 1989. In 1988, he ran for the U.S. House of Representatives against seven-term incumbent Democrat Tom Luken, who defeated Chabot 56–44%.[5] After that, he was appointed a Commissioner of Hamilton County, Ohio, in 1990, and was elected later that year and again in 1992, staying until 1994.

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Elections[edit]

In 1994, he ran for the U.S. House again and defeated Democratic incumbent David S. Mann of Ohio's 1st congressional district, 56%–44%. In 1996, he defeated Democrat Mark Longabaugh, member of the Cincinnati City Council, 54%–43%.[6] In 1998, he defeated Cincinnati Mayor Roxanne Qualls, 53% to 47%.[7] In the series of debates during that campaign, Qualls criticized Chabot for not funneling enough federal spending back to his home district. Chabot countered that he would not support "wasteful or unnecessary" federal programs.[8][9] In 2000, he defeated City Councilman and Harvard graduate John Cranley 53–44%.[10] In 2002, he defeated Greg Harris, with 65% of the vote.[10] In 2004, he defeated Greg Harris again, with 60% of the vote.[11]

2006

He defeated Democratic challenger John Cranley again, this time by a narrower margin of 52–48%.[12]

2008

Chabot was defeated by State Representative Steve Driehaus 52%–48%.[13]

2010

In a rematch, Chabot defeated Democratic incumbent Steve Driehaus,[14][15] Libertarian Jim Berns, and Green Party nominee Richard Stevenson.[16] Chabot won by a margin 51%–46%.[17][18]

2012

Steve Chabot defeated Democratic nominee Jeff Sinnard 58%–38%, with Green nominee Rich Stevenson, and Libertarian nominee Jim Berns picking up the balance.[19] He was helped by the 2010 round of redistricting, which shifted most of heavily Republican Warren County to the 1st.

Tenure[edit]

109th Congress portrait
U.S. Representative Steve Chabot giving a speech at a Memorial Day ceremony in North College Hill, Ohio, May 27, 2006.

Committee assignments[edit]

Electoral history[edit]

Ohio's 1st congressional district: Results 1988, 1994–2012[20][21]
Year Winner Votes Pct Runner-up Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
1988 Thomas A. Luken (inc.) 117,682 57% Steve Chabot 90,738 43%
1994 Steve Chabot 92,997 56% David S. Mann (inc.) 72,822 44%
1996 Steve Chabot (inc.) 118,324 54% Mark P. Longabaugh 94,719 43% John G. Halley Natural Law 5,381 2%
1998 Steve Chabot (inc.) 92,421 53% Roxanne Qualls 82,003 47%
2000 Steve Chabot (inc.) 116,768 53% John Cranley 98,328 45% David A. Groshoff Libertarian 3,399 2% Richard L. Stevenson Natural Law 1,933 1%
2002 Steve Chabot (inc.) 110,760 65% Greg Harris 60,168 35%
2004 Steve Chabot (inc.) 173,430 60% Greg Harris 116,235 40% *
2006 Steve Chabot (inc.) 105,680 52% John Cranley 96,584 48%
2008 Steve Driehaus 155,455 52% Steve Chabot (inc.) 140,683 48% *
2010 Steve Chabot 103,770 52% Steven L. Driehaus (inc.) 92,672 45% Jim A. Berns Libertarian 3,076 2% Richard L. Stevenson Natural Law 2,000 1%
2012 Steve Chabot 201,907 58% Jeff Sinnard 131,490 38% Jim A. Berns Libertarian 9,674 3% Richard L. Stevenson Green Party 6,645 2%

*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 2004, Rich Stevenson received 198 votes. In 2008, Eric Wilson received 85 votes and Rich Stevenson received 67 votes.

Political positions[edit]

As of 5 April 2017, Chabot voted with his party in 99.1% of votes so far in the current session of Congress and voted in line with President Trump's position in 100% of votes.[22][23]

Abortion[edit]

Chabot opposes abortion.[24] Chabot has voted against allowing embryonic stem cell research.[25]

Chabot authored a bill prohibiting a form of late-term abortion called partial-birth abortion, referred to in some medical literature by its less common name of intact dilation and extraction. President George W. Bush signed the bill into law on November 5, 2003.[26]

Capital punishment[edit]

Chabot favors capital punishment.[24]

Campaign finance[edit]

Chabot opposes the regulation of indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions.[24]

Economy[edit]

Chabot supports a "great increase" in defense spending.[24] He wants to "eliminate" public spending on the arts.[24] He has voted against trade adjustment assistance for workers who have lost their jobs due to globalization.[25]

The Concord Coalition and anti-tax advocacy groups such as Citizens Against Government Waste and the National Taxpayers Union consistently rated Chabot as one of the most anti-tax members of Congress.[27]

Environment

He opposes federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions.[24][25] In February 2017, he voted to repeal the Stream Protection Rule, a regulation that required coal companies to restore streams and mined areas to their pre-development conditions.[22] In February 2017, he voted in favor of repealing a rule that required energy companies to disclose payments to foreign governments.[22]

The group Republicans for Environmental Protection issued Chabot an "environmental harm demerit" in 2006 for contributing to urban sprawl by sponsoring H.R. 4772, a bill that allows land use disputes to proceed immediately to federal court; according to the organization, the bill "would have undermined local control over local planning and zoning matters, a central principle of America's federal system".[28] In the same year, the group praised Chabot for offering legislation "prohibiting the Forest Service from spending taxpayer dollars to build new logging roads for private interests in the Tongass National Forest. The nonpartisan League of Conservation Voters gave Chabot a grade of 10% for the 109th Congress, noting that he voted "anti-environment" on 11 out of 12 issues selected by that organization as crucial; his lifetime grade from the LCV is 23%.[29]

In June 2007, Chabot sponsored an amendment to block federally funded road building in Tongass National Forest. Proponents of the amendment said that the federal timber program in Tongass is a dead loss for taxpayers, costing some $30 million annually, and noted that the Forest Service faces an estimated $900 million road maintenance backlog in the forest. Supporters of the bipartisan amendment included the Republicans for Environmental Protection. Of the bill, Representative Chabot said "I am not opposed to logging when it's done on the timber company's dime...But in this case, they are using the American taxpayer to subsidize these 200 jobs at the tune of $200,000 per job. That just makes no sense".[30]

Financial regulations[edit]

Chabot has advocated for a repeal or modification of the Dodd-Frank Act, which was passed as a response to the financial crisis of 2007–2008.[31]

Health care[edit]

Chabot favors repealing the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare).[24] He supported the March 2017 version of the American Health Care Act, the GOP's replacement bill for Obamacare.[32] On May 4, 2017, Chabot voted to repeal the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) and pass the American Health Care Act.[33][34]

In 2007, Chabot voted against the reauthorization of the State Children's Health Insurance Plan (S-CHIP) which would have expanded S-CHIP to cover four million more participants. The bill passed the House and Senate, however President Bush vetoed the bill on October 3, 2007. Chabot voted against the veto-override.

LGBT rights[edit]

Chabot opposes same-sex marriage.[24] He has voted to ban the adoption of children by homosexuals in Washington D.C.[25]

Net neutrality[edit]

He has voted against legislation to establish net neutrality, which refers to the principle that Internet service providers should not discriminate by user, content, website, platform, application, type of attached equipment, or mode of communication.[25]

Other[edit]

Chabot's work in Congress included the elimination of logging subsidies in the Tongass National Forest in Alaska,[35] co-sponsored the Voting Rights Act reauthorization,[36] and promoted relations with Taiwan.[37] In 2002, Chabot helped spearhead the local campaign against building a light rail system in Hamilton County.[38] Chabot was a staunch advocate of a federal prohibition of online poker. In 2006, he cosponsored H.R. 4777, the Internet Gambling Prohibition and Enforcement Act,[39] and voted for H.R. 4411, the Goodlatte-Leach Internet Gambling Prohibition Act.[40]

On March 25, 2014, Chabot introduced the Foreign Cultural Exchange Jurisdictional Immunity Clarification Act (H.R. 4292; 113th Congress) into the House.[41] According to a legislative digest provided by House Republicans, the bill "narrowly amends the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA) to make it easier for U.S. cultural and educational institutions to borrow art and other culturally significant objects from foreign countries."[42] However, the changes made by the bill would not provide any immunity to art or objects that were "taken in violation of international law by Nazi Germany between January 30, 1933 and May 8, 1945."[42]

Privacy[edit]

In March 2017, Chabot voted to reverse a Federal Communications Commission privacy rule that prevented internet service providers from to selling their customers' browsing data.[22]

Science[edit]

In 2002, Chabot advocated teaching intelligent design alongside the theory of evolution by natural selection in Ohio high schools.[43]

Controversy[edit]

On August 22, 2011, Representative Chabot asked Cincinnati police to confiscate cameras being used by private citizens to record a town-hall meeting, even as media television cameras recorded the incident.[44][45][46] YouTube videos of the incident provided wide awareness of the incident, and the participating police officer was later disciplined.[47]

On October 26, 2016, CityBeat reported on Steve Chabot's world travels using taxpayer money. "[Since] 2011, Chabot has flown to 46 countries on 16 separate excursions, gracing the likes of Mongolia, Myanmar and Moldova with his presence. The tab to taxpayers? Almost $200,000."[48]

Personal life[edit]

Chabot and his wife Donna have two children.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~battle/reps/chabot.htm
  2. ^ "Steve Chabot About Steve". Steve Chabot Congress. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  3. ^ Juliet Eilperin, "Like-Minded Team of 13 to Present House's Case", Washington Post, January 14, 1999
  4. ^ Paul Barton, "Chabot guaranteed place in textbooks", Cincinnati Enquirer, January 14, 1999
  5. ^ "OH District 1 Race – Nov 08, 1988". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  6. ^ "OH District 1 Race – Nov 05, 1996". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  7. ^ "OH District 1 Race – Nov 03, 1998". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  8. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20110516101148/http://nationaljournal.com/pubs/almanac/2006/people/oh/rep_oh01.htm. Archived from the original on May 16, 2011. Retrieved July 5, 2006.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ Wilkinson, Howard (1998-10-28). "Chabot, Qualls debate pork vs. fair share". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  10. ^ a b "OH District 1 Race – Nov 07, 2000". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  11. ^ "OH District 1 Race – Nov 05, 2002". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  12. ^ "OH – District 01 Race – Nov 07, 2006". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  13. ^ "OH – District 01 Race – Nov 04, 2008". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  14. ^ Zeleny, Jeff (2010-07-03). "In Midterm Elections, a Rougher Road for Incumbent Democrats". The New York Times. 
  15. ^ "Politics 2010: Parties play take-away, keep-away in Ohio". UPI.com. 2010-05-02. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  16. ^ Official Hamilton County Candidates and Issues List Hamilton County Ohio Board of Elections
  17. ^ "2010 election results for Ohio". The New York Times. Retrieved 11-03-2010.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  18. ^ "OH – District 01 Race – Nov 02, 2010". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  19. ^ "Ohio Secretary of State" (PDF). 
  20. ^ "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved 2008-01-10. 
  21. ^ http://www.sos.state.oh.us/SOS/elections/Research/electResultsMain/2012Results.aspx
  22. ^ a b c d Bycoffe, Aaron (2017-01-30). "Tracking Steve Chabot In The Age Of Trump". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  23. ^ Willis, Derek. "Represent". ProPublica. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  25. ^ a b c d e OnTheIssues.org. "Steve Chabot on the Issues". www.ontheissues.org. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  26. ^ "Steve Chabot – Legislative Issues". US House web site. 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-02-02. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  27. ^ National Taxpayers Union – Rates Congress Database
  28. ^ Republicans for Environmental Protection 2006 Scorecard
  29. ^ League of Conservation Voters 2006 National Scorecard
  30. ^ U.S. House Boosts Spending for Environment, Conservation
  31. ^ "Regulatory relief for small businesses: A conversation with House Small Business Committee Chairman Steve Chabot (R-OH) - AEI". AEI. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  32. ^ The New York Times (2017-03-20). "How House Republicans Planned to Vote on the Obamacare Replacement". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-04-05. 
  33. ^ "How the House voted to pass the GOP health-care bill". Washington Post. Retrieved 2017-05-04. 
  34. ^ Staff, C. N. N. "How every member voted on health care bill". CNN. Retrieved 2017-05-04. 
  35. ^ "Cut it out – Stop spending taxpayers' money to build roads for timber companies". The Columbus Dispatch – Editorial. 2006-05-16. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  36. ^ Printshop
  37. ^ Snyder, Charles (2006-06-30). "US House adopts measure on Taiwan". Taipei Times. p. 1. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  38. ^ Monk, Dan; Lucy May (2001-05-11). "Missing the bus". Business Courier of Cincinnati. pp. 1, 12. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  39. ^ Thomas (Library of Congress): HR 4777
  40. ^ Thomas (Library of Congress): HR 4411
  41. ^ "H.R. 4292 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 
  42. ^ a b "Legislative Digest – H.R. 4292". House Republican Conference. Retrieved 6 May 2014. 
  43. ^ Murray, Iaian (June 5, 2002). "Scientific Boehner: The new creationism and the congressmen who support it". The American Prospect. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  44. ^ Wilkinson, Howard (September 2, 2011). "Chabot camera seizure irks right and left". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved September 24, 2011. 
  45. ^ HWilkinson, [1], "Democrats’ cameras seized by police at Chabot Town Hall meeting", Cincinnati.com, August 24, 2011
  46. ^ Kurt Nimmo, [2] "Cops Confiscate Cameras at Ohio Congressman’s Town Hall", August 24, 2011
  47. ^ Wilkinson, Howard (September 20, 2011). "Officer who confiscated cameras at Chabot event gets "administrative insight"". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved September 24, 2011. 
  48. ^ http://www.citybeat.com/news/article/20838115/from-westwood-to-the-world

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
David Mann
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 1st congressional district

1995–2009
Succeeded by
Steve Driehaus
Preceded by
Steve Driehaus
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 1st congressional district

2011–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Sam Graves
Chair of the House Small Business Committee
2015–present
Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Bob Brady
D-Pennsylvania
United States Representatives by seniority
75th
Succeeded by
Mike Capuano
D-Massachusetts