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Steve Englehart

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Steve Englehart
Englehart in 2024
Born (1947-04-22) April 22, 1947 (age 77)
Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.[1]
Pseudonym(s)John Harkness
Cliff Garnett
Notable works
The Avengers
Captain America ("Secret Empire")
Detective Comics
The Defenders
Doctor Strange
Green Lantern
Justice League of America
AwardsEagle Awards Roll of Honour, 1978
Inkpot Award, 1979[2]
Marie-Therese Beach
(m. 1975)

Steve Englehart (/ˈɛŋɡəlhɑːrt/;[3] born April 22, 1947[4]) is an American writer of comic books and novels. He is best known for his work at Marvel Comics and DC Comics in the 1970s and 1980s. His pseudonyms have included John Harkness and Cliff Garnett.

Early life[edit]

Steve Englehart majored in psychology at Wesleyan University, where he was a member of The Kappa Alpha Society, earning his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1969.[5] He had served in the United States Army, but was honorably discharged as a conscientious objector to the Vietnam War.[6]


Marvel Comics[edit]

Englehart in 1982

Englehart's first work in comics was as an art assistant to Neal Adams on a 10-page story by writer Denny O'Neil in Warren Publishing's black-and-white horror comics magazine Vampirella #10 (March 1971).[7] After briefly serving as a member of the Crusty Bunkers,[8] Englehart started working as a full-time writer. He began with a co-writing credit, with Gardner Fox, on the six-page, Englehart-drawn "Retribution" in Warren's Eerie #35 (Sept. 1971). Then, as Marvel editor Roy Thomas said in a 2007 interview, Englehart became

...a summer replacement or some such for [writer] Gary Friedrich. When Gary wanted to go away for a while, he got Steve, who was sort of a young aspiring artist when he came up to Neal [Adams]'s studio, and he ended up at Marvel as a proofreader. Then he wanted to write, and I believe he wrote a few pages of a sample script. Anyway, I gave him "The Beast" [in Amazing Adventures] to try out on, and that worked out pretty well.[9]

Englehart said he had first done uncredited co-scripting on a number of stories:

When Gary Friedrich's Sgt. Fury #94 came in, de facto editor-in-chief Roy Thomas wanted major revisions in the script and had me do them. Evidently he liked the result, because right after that, Gary turned back a job he'd been holding onto - dialoguing a little story plotted by Al Hewetson - and Roy asked me to script it from scratch. That was [the seven-page] "Terror of the Pterodactyl" [drawn by Syd Shores, in Monsters on the Prowl #15 (Feb. 1972)] and my first credited job.... Over the next six months, even as my credited stories began to appear, I continued to do uncredited collaborations - sometimes by design and sometimes at the last minute."[10]

This uncredited work included Friedrich's Sgt. Fury and his Howling Commandos #97, Iron Man #45, and The Incredible Hulk vol. 2, #152, plus two romance comics stories and a Western tale.[10] Englehart then wrote two romance stories under the pseudonym Anne Spencer, in Our Love #18 (Aug. 1972) and My Love #19 (Sept. 1972), and, under his own name, a standalone supernatural story in the anthology Journey into Mystery vol. 2, #1 (Oct. 1972)[11]

During his first credited superhero work, on a series starring erstwhile X-Men member the Beast in Amazing Adventures vol. 2, #12–17 (May 1972 – March 1973), Englehart integrated the Patsy Walker character, the star of a teen romantic-comedy series, into the Marvel Universe alongside the company's superheroes.[12] He and artist Sal Buscema launched The Defenders as an ongoing series in August 1972[13][14] and introduced the Valkyrie to the team in issue #4 (Feb. 1973).[15] Englehart has stated that he added the Valkyrie to the Defenders "to provide some texture to the group."[16]

He wrote The Avengers from issue #105 (Nov. 1972) to #152 (Oct. 1976). During his time on that title, he wrote several major storylines including "The Avengers Defenders War" in issues #115–118 (Sept.–Dec. 1973), crossing over into The Defenders #8–11 (Sept.–Dec. 1973);[17] "The Celestial Madonna" in #129–135 (Nov. 1974 – May 1975) and Giant-Size Avengers #2–4 (Nov. 1974 – May 1975);[18][19][20] and "The Serpent Crown" in #141–144 (Nov. 1975 – Feb. 1976) and #147–149 (May–July 1976).[21]

In the fall of 1972, Englehart and writers Gerry Conway and Len Wein crafted a metafictional unofficial crossover spanning titles from both major comics companies. Each comic featured Englehart, Conway, and Wein, as well as Wein's first wife Glynis, interacting with Marvel or DC characters at the Rutland Halloween Parade in Rutland, Vermont. Beginning in Amazing Adventures #16 (by Englehart with art by Bob Brown and Frank McLaughlin), the story continued in Justice League of America #103 (by Wein, Dick Dillin and Dick Giordano), and concluded in Thor #207 (by Conway and penciler John Buscema). As Englehart explained in 2010, "It certainly seemed like a radical concept and we knew that we had to be subtle (laughs) and each story had to stand on its own, but we really worked it out. It's really worthwhile to read those stories back to back to back — it didn't matter to us that one was at DC and two were at Marvel — I think it was us being creative, thinking what would be really cool to do."[22][23][24]

Englehart had a run on Doctor Strange (originally with artist Frank Brunner, later with Gene Colan), in which Strange's mentor, the Ancient One, died, and Strange became the new Sorcerer Supreme. Englehart and Brunner, audaciously, also created a multi-issue storyline in which a sorcerer named Sise-Neg ("Genesis" spelled backward) goes back through history, collecting all magical energies, until he reaches the beginning of the universe, becomes all-powerful and creates it anew, leaving Strange to wonder whether this was, paradoxically, the original creation (Marvel Premiere #14). Editor-in-chief Stan Lee, seeing the issue after publication, ordered Englehart and Brunner to print a retraction saying this was not God but a god, so as to avoid offending religious readers. The writer and artist concocted a fake letter from a fictitious minister praising the story, and mailed it to Marvel from Texas; Marvel unwittingly printed the letter, and dropped the retraction order.[25] Englehart's Doctor Strange #14 featured a crossover story with The Tomb of Dracula #44, another series which was being drawn by Gene Colan at the time.[26] In Englehart's final story for the series, he sent Dr. Strange back in time to meet Benjamin Franklin.[27]

Describing that time, Englehart said in 1998,

We'd rampage around New York City. There was one night when a bunch of us, including Jim Starlin, went out on the town. We partied all day, then did some more acid, then roamed around town until dawn and saw all sorts of amazing things (most of which ended up in Master of Kung Fu, which Jim and I were doing at the time).[28]

Englehart and artist Starlin co-created the character Shang-Chi, Master of Kung Fu,[29][30] though they only worked on the early issues of the series. Englehart reconciled the existence of Captain America and sidekick Bucky in Marvel's 1950s precursor, Atlas Comics, an anomaly that had been ignored since Captain America's 1964 reintroduction to Marvel presented him as having been in suspended animation since 1945. Englehart's newly retconned history stated that the 1950s Captain America and Bucky had been different characters from the ones who had debuted in the 1940s.[31][32][33] This was followed by an extended storyline of Steve Rogers becoming so profoundly disillusioned with the United States[34][35] that he temporarily abandoned his Captain America identity to become Nomad[36] until he decided to refocus his purpose as the defender of America's ideals, not necessarily its government.[37] The Englehart/Sal Buscema run on the Captain America title saw the series become one of Marvel's top-sellers.[38] In 2010, Comics Bulletin ranked Englehart's work on Captain America, The Avengers, and Doctor Strange fourth, eighth, and ninth, respectively, on its list of the "Top 10 1970s Marvels".[39]

In March 1976,[40] Englehart had a falling-out with Marvel and left the company.

DC Comics[edit]

Englehart, in fact, planned to quit comics altogether and pursue novels, but DC Comics publisher Jenette Kahn persuaded him to come to DC. His only previous credited work for the company had been scripting the Batman story "Night of the Stalker!" in Detective Comics #439 (Feb–March 1974).[41] "I said, 'Okay I'll fix Justice League [of America] for you, but I'm only going to do this for a year."[42] To that end, he wrote Justice League of America #139–146 and 149–150, with artist Dick Dillin, and additionally wrote an eight-issue arc of Batman stories in Detective Comics #469–476, with pencilers Walt Simonson and Marshall Rogers. In this arc, he recreated the Batman as a pulp-oriented, dark character;[43] the Joker's persona as a homicidal maniac; and introduced love interest Silver St. Cloud.[44] Englehart claims this storyline was adapted as the first Batman film in 1989, with Englehart providing uncredited development.[45] The Englehart and Rogers pairing was described in 2009 by comics writer and historian Robert Greenberger as "one of the greatest" creative teams to work on the Batman character.[46] DC Comics writer and executive Paul Levitz noted that "Arguably fans' best-loved version of Batman in the mid-1970s, writer Steve Englehart and penciller Rogers's Detective run featured an unambiguously homicidal Joker...in noirish, moodily rendered stories that evoked the classic Kane-Robinson era."[47] In their story "The Laughing Fish", the Joker is brazen enough to disfigure fish with a rictus grin, then expects to be granted a federal trademark on them, only to start killing bureaucrats who try to explain that obtaining such a claim on a natural resource is legally impossible.[48] The Detective Comics storyline was reprinted in trade paperback in 1999 as Batman: Strange Apparitions.[49] Englehart and Rogers had a short run on DC's revived Mister Miracle series as well.[50]

His run on Justice League of America included another unofficial crossover between DC and Marvel in issue #142 by reworking his character Mantis into the DC Universe as a character named "Willow".[51] Other contributions to the series were crafting a new origin for the team[52] and the induction of the character Hawkwoman into the team's membership.[53]

Englehart temporarily left comics at this juncture, moving to Europe before his first issue of Detective was published. During this time he wrote a fantasy/occult novel, The Point Man,[54] which was republished in 2010.[55]

A 25-page Englehart-Rogers story featuring Madame Xanadu, originally commissioned for Doorway to Nightmare, sat in inventory for years before being published as the one-shot Madame Xanadu in 1981, in DC's first attempt at marketing comics specifically to the "direct market" of fans and collectors.[56]

Return to Marvel[edit]

In 1983, Marvel's creator-owned imprint Epic Comics published Coyote, a series he had earlier created at Eclipse Comics with Rogers, in collaboration with artist Steve Leialoha. Among those he collaborated with on the title was a young Todd McFarlane, whom Englehart hired on the basis of McFarlane's Coyote art samples, which was McFarlane's first comic book work.[57][58][59]

Englehart returned to mainstream Marvel comics later that decade with stints on West Coast Avengers, the second Vision and the Scarlet Witch limited series (with artist Richard Howell), Silver Surfer (again with Rogers), and Fantastic Four (during which editorial disputes led to his using the pseudonym John Harkness, a name he had first used on his last issue of Mister Miracle). Englehart was going to be the regular writer of Daredevil in 1986 but left after only one issue due to an editorial conflict.[60]

Simultaneously, Englehart wrote DC Comics' Green Lantern, overseeing the title's name change to Green Lantern Corps.[61] During that time he also wrote both the DC weekly crossover series Millennium (Jan–Feb 1988)[62] and the first two issues of the spin-off The New Guardians. Issue #2 was notable for featuring the villain SnowFlame, a superpowered human who derived his powers from cocaine.[63]

Other comic work[edit]

In 1992, Jim Shooter hired Englehart to write for Valiant Comics where he scripted issue #1–4 of X-O-Manowar and the first issue of Shadowman.[64]

Also in 1992, he co-created the Ultraverse comics universe for Malibu Comics and wrote Night Man and the superhero-team series The Strangers. Night Man was later adapted for a syndicated television series which ran for two seasons. Englehart wrote three episodes of the television series.[65] He also wrote issues of other Malibu comic series like Freex, Hardcase and Prototype.

For Claypool Comics, he wrote the supernatural series Phantom of Fear City #1–12 (May 1993 – May 1995) and, for Topps Comics, several Jurassic Park limited series in the years 1993 to 1995.

Return to Marvel and DC[edit]

In the early 2000s, Englehart returned to comics to write the miniseries Hellcat, Fantastic Four: Big Town and Avengers: Celestial Quest for Marvel and stories for The Batman Chronicles and Legends of the DC Universe for DC. In 2005, he reunited with Rogers and Austin on the miniseries Batman: Dark Detective,[66][67] elements of which he alleged were adapted into the Batman film The Dark Knight.[68] The next year, he wrote a storyline featuring the Detroit Era Justice League and the Justice Society of America that ran in JLA Classified #22–25 and JSA Classified #14–16 for DC, and the one-shot Strange Westerns starring the Black Rider for Marvel.


Starting in 1994, he wrote a series of young adult books for Avon, including the DNAgers series[69] (with his wife, Terry) and the Countdown series.[70] Countdown to Flight[71] was selected by NASA for its school curriculum on the Wright Brothers.[72]

In the mid-2000s, Englehart turned his 1980 novel, The Point Man, into Book Zero for a series concerning its hero, Max August. The first sequel, The Long Man,[73] was published in 2009, The Plain Man in 2011,[74] and The Arena Man in 2013. In the series, Max became immortal in 1985 and is dealing with the consequences two decades later in real time.

He has admitted to writing the novel Hellstorm in the TALON Force series under the house pseudonym Cliff Garnett.[75]

Film and TV[edit]

For producer Michael Uslan, Englehart wrote early treatments and served as script doctor for the Batman film that was based on his comics series; it was later scripted by Sam Hamm and directed by Tim Burton.[76] He wrote three episodes of the television series Night Man, an adaptation of the comic series of the same name that he had created for Malibu Comics.[65] Englehart also worked in animation, with episodes of Street Fighter and G.I. Joe Extreme, and wrote one of the three episodes in Disney's Atlantis: Milo's Return film. His screenplay for an unproduced film, Majorca, was published as a book by Black Coat Press.[77]

Several of Englehart's characters appear in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. The 2014 film Guardians of the Galaxy featured his character Star-Lord.[78] He returned in its 2017 sequel Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2, which also featured Mantis.[79] Both characters appear in Avengers: Infinity War (2018), Avengers: Endgame (2019), Thor: Love and Thunder, The Guardians of the Galaxy Holiday Special (both 2022), and Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3 (2023).[80] The 2021 film Shang-Chi and the Legend of the Ten Rings features his character Shang-Chi.


in 2019, Steve Englehart appeared in the music video for "Welcome To My World" by ZorDonofDoom.[81] In 2021, Englehart created titles and themes based on Shang-Chi for the album Prism Club from InRage Entertainment.[82]

Personal life[edit]

Englehart married Marie-Therese (Terry) Beach in 1975.[83] They have two sons, Alex and Eric.[84]


  • 1977: nominated for Favourite Comicbook Writer at the Eagle Awards[85]
  • 1978: Favourite Writer at the Eagle Awards[86]
  • 1978: Roll of Honour at the Eagle Awards[86]
  • 1978: nominated for Favourite Single Story at the Eagle Awards for Detective Comics #472: I am the Batman with Marshall Rogers[86]
  • 1978: nominated for Favourite Continued Story at the Eagle Awards for Detective Comics #471–472 with Marshall Rogers[86]
  • 1979: Inkpot Award[87]
  • 1979: nominated for Best Comic Book Writer (US) at the Eagle Awards[88]
  • 1979: nominated for Best Continued Story at the Eagle Awards for Detective Comics #475–476 with Marshall Rogers[88]


Comics work includes:

Antarctic Press[edit]

Claypool Comics[edit]

  • Phantom of Fear City #1–12 (1993–1995)

DC Comics[edit]

Deluxe Comics[edit]

Eclipse Comics[edit]

  • Eclipse Magazine #1–8 (1981–1983)
  • The Foozle #3 (1985)
  • Scorpio Rose #1–2 (1983)

Malibu Comics[edit]

  • Break-Thru #1–2 (1993–1994)
  • Freex #6 (1993)
  • Hardcase #4 (1993)
  • Mantra #12 (1994)
  • Night Man #1–23 (1993–1995)
  • Night Man: The Pilgrim Conundrum Saga #1 (1995)
  • Prototype #5 (1993)
  • Solitaire #3 (1994)
  • Solution #5 (1994)
  • Strangers #1–24 (1993–1995)
  • Strangers: The Pilgrim Conundrum Saga #1 (1995)
  • Ultraverse Origins #1 (1994)
  • Ultraverse Premiere #0 (1993)

Marvel Comics[edit]

Epic Comics[edit]

Star Reach[edit]

  • Star Reach #7 (1977)

Topps Comics[edit]

  • Jurassic Park: Raptor #1–2 (1993)
  • Jurassic Park: Raptors Attack #1–4 (1994)
  • Jurassic Park: Raptors Hijack #1–4 (1994)
  • Return to Jurassic Park #1–4 (1995)

Valiant Comics[edit]

Warren Publishing[edit]

Television and film credits[edit]


  1. ^ Richard A. Hall, The American Superhero: Encyclopedia of Caped Crusaders in History, Greenwood, 2019, p. 133.
  2. ^ Inkpot Award
  3. ^ Baltimore Comic Con - Steve Englehart
  4. ^ Miller, John Jackson (June 10, 2005). "Comics Industry Birthdays". Comics Buyer's Guide. Iola, Wisconsin. Archived from the original on February 18, 2011. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
  5. ^ "Joker Panel Interview: Steve Englehart on The Laughing Fish". Rocket Llama Headquarters. August 9, 2009. Archived from the original on December 1, 2009. Retrieved October 8, 2009.
  6. ^ Marvel Masterworks: Captain America Vol. 8. Marvel Comics. p. vii. ISBN 978-1302485535.
  7. ^ Steve Englehart at the Grand Comics Database
  8. ^ Theakston, Greg and Nowlan, Kevin, et al., at Bails, Jerry; Ware, Hames. "Crusty Bunkers". Who's Who of American Comic Books 1928-1999. Archived from the original on May 11, 2007. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
  9. ^ Roy Thomas interview, Alter Ego #70, July 2007, p. 27
  10. ^ a b Englehart, Steve. "First Marvel Scripts I (uncredited)". Steve Englehart (official site). Archived from the original on April 16, 2009. Retrieved October 11, 2012.
  11. ^ Englehart official site, "First Marvel Scripts II"
  12. ^ Sanderson, Peter; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2008). "1970s". Marvel Chronicle A Year by Year History. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 156. ISBN 978-0756641238. New Marvel writer Steve Englehart reintroduced Timely teen Patsy Walker into the Marvel Universe as a supporting character in the Beast's new series. Patsy Walker had earlier made a cameo appearance in the Fantastic Four Annual #3 (1965). {{cite book}}: |first2= has generic name (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  13. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 156: "The Defenders moved into their own bimonthly comic book with The Defenders #1, written by Steve Englehart and penciled by Sal Buscema."
  14. ^ DeAngelo, Daniel (July 2013). "The Not-Ready-For-Super-Team Players A History of the Defenders". Back Issue! (65). Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing: 5–6.
  15. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 158: "[The] Enchantress of Asgard, endowed Barbara Norriss with the consciousness, physical appearance, and superhuman powers of Brunnhilde, leader of the Valkyries."
  16. ^ Englehart, Steve (n.d.). "The Defenders I". SteveEnglehart.com. Archived from the original on August 31, 2013. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
  17. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 160: "Loki and Dormammu manipulated two super-teams into the Avengers-Defenders war, starting in The Avengers #116 and The Defenders #9 in October [1973]."
  18. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 166: "Writer Steve Englehart started an epic story line in which Kang the Conqueror tried to locate the Celestial Madonna."
  19. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 169: "Writer Steve Englehart and veteran Avengers artist Don Heck presented the grand finale of the long-running 'Celestial Madonna' saga...Immortus presided over the double wedding of Mantis to the resurrected Swordsman, and the android Vision to the Scarlet Witch."
  20. ^ Cooke, Jon B. (2000). Comic Book Artist Collection, Volume One. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 166. ISBN 978-1893905030.
  21. ^ Singh, Arune (August 10, 2005). "Avengers Take On Kang and the Crown in "Avengers: The Serpent Crown"". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
  22. ^ Larnick, Eric (October 30, 2010). "The Rutland Halloween Parade: Where Marvel and DC First Collided". ComicsAlliance. Archived from the original on January 11, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2011.
  23. ^ Cronin, Brian (October 1, 2010). "Comic Book Legends Revealed #280". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on January 16, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2011.
  24. ^ Amazing Adventures #16 (Jan. 1973), Justice League of America #103 (Dec. 1972), and Thor #207 (Jan. 1973) at the Grand Comics Database
  25. ^ Frank Brunner, interview in Comic Book Artist #6, quoted in Comic Book Resources (December 22, 2005), Cronin, Brian (December 22, 2005). "Comic Book Urban Legends Revealed #30". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on February 4, 2012. Retrieved December 26, 2008.
  26. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 175: "The great Marvel artist Gene Colan was doing superb work illustrating both Doctor Strange and The Tomb of Dracula. So it made sense for Strange writer Steve Englehart and Tomb author Marv Wolfman to devise a crossover story."
  27. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 174: "The year 1976 was the 200th anniversary of the United States' Declaration of Independence. So it was appropriate that several of the major events in Marvel history that year dealt with political themes...In September, just before departing from Marvel for DC Comics, writer Steve Englehart sent Dr. Strange back through time to meet one of the men responsible for the Declaration of Independence, Benjamin Franklin."
  28. ^ Comics: Between The Panels (Dark Horse Comics, 1998)
  29. ^ Cooke, Jon B. (2005). "Everybody was Kung Fu Watchin'! The Not-So-Secret Origin of Shang-Chi, Kung-Fu Master!". Comic Book Artist Collection: Volume 3. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing. pp. 6–7. ISBN 1-893905-42-X.
  30. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 161: "Capitalizing on the popularity of martial arts movies, writer Steve Englehart and artist/co-plotter Jim Starlin created Marvel's Master of Kung Fu series. The title character, Shang-Chi, was the son of novelist Sax Rohmer's criminal mastermind Dr. Fu Manchu."
  31. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 156: "In his first story line as Captain America and the Falcon writer, Steve Englehart revealed that an unnamed teacher had rediscovered the 'Super-Soldier serum' in the 1950s and he and a student used it to turn themselves into new versions of Captain America and Bucky."
  32. ^ Englehart, Steve (w), Buscema, Sal (p), McLaughlin, Frank (i). "The Incredible Origin of the Other Captain America" Captain America, no. 155 (November 1972).
  33. ^ Englehart, Steve (w), Buscema, Sal (p), McLaughlin, Frank (i). "One Into Two Won't Go!" Captain America, no. 156 (December 1972).
  34. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 164: "Inspired by the real life Watergate scandals, writer Steve Englehart devised a story line about a conspiracy within the U.S. government."
  35. ^ Englehart, Steve; Buscema, Sal (2005). Captain America and the Falcon: Secret Empire. Marvel Comics. p. 160. ISBN 978-0785118367.
  36. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 167: "Shocked by learning the identity of Number One of the Secret Empire, Steve Rogers abandoned his Captain America role and adopted a new costumed identity, Nomad."
  37. ^ Englehart, Steve; Buscema, Sal; Robbins, Frank (2007). Captain America and the Falcon: Nomad. Marvel Comics. p. 192. ISBN 978-0785121978.
  38. ^ Amash, Jim (2010). Sal Buscema: Comics' Fast & Furious Artist. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 46. ISBN 978-1605490212. When Steve and I [Sal Buscema] got on the book...if I remember correctly, the book hit #5 in sales. It really shot up the charts.
  39. ^ Sacks, Jason (September 6, 2010). "Top 10 1970s Marvels". Comics Bulletin. Archived from the original on August 1, 2013. Retrieved August 3, 2013.
  40. ^ Daniels, Les (1991). Marvel: Five Fabulous Decades of the World's Greatest Comics. New York, New York: Harry N. Abrams. p. 176. ISBN 0-8109-3821-9.
  41. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Dougall, Alastair, ed. (2014). "1970s". Batman: A Visual History. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 116. ISBN 978-1465424563. Writer Steve Englehart earned his first Batman credit when he created the dialog for this issue's lead feature that was plotted and drawn by Sal Amendola. {{cite book}}: |first2= has generic name (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  42. ^ Englehart in Riley, Shannon E. (September 2010). "The Man Who Saved the Justice League of America". Back Issue! (45). Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing: 14.
  43. ^ McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1970s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 174. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. first-time collaborators Steve Englehart and artist Marshall Rogers firmly entrenched Batman in his dark, pulp roots. {{cite book}}: |first2= has generic name (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  44. ^ Englehart, Steve (w), Simonson, Walt (p), Milgrom, Al (i). "The Master Plan of Dr. Phosphorus!" Detective Comics, no. 470 (June 1977).
  45. ^ Engehart, Steve (n.d.). "Batman". SteveEnglehart.com. Archived from the original on July 28, 2013.
  46. ^ Greenberger, Robert; Manning, Matthew K. (2009). The Batman Vault: A Museum-in-a-Book with Rare Collectibles from the Batcave. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Running Press. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-7624-3663-7. Batman was now a true creature of the night, and every artist and writer team worth their creative salt wanted a piece of him. One of the greatest of such pairs consisted of writer Steve Englehart and artist Marshall Rogers...when Rogers joined Englehart in Detective Comics issue #471 (August 1977), their styles meshed with such ease that the result gave the impression of years' worth of collaboration.
  47. ^ Levitz, Paul (2010). "The Bronze Age 1970-1984". 75 Years of DC Comics The Art of Modern Mythmaking. Cologne, Germany: Taschen. p. 489. ISBN 9783836519816.
  48. ^ Greenberger and Manning, p. 163: "In this fondly remembered tale that was later adapted into an episode of the 1990s cartoon Batman: The Animated Series, the Joker poisoned the harbors of Gotham so that the fish would all bear his signature grin, a look the Joker then tried to trademark in order to collect royalties."
  49. ^ Englehart, Steve; Rogers, Marshall (1999). Batman: Strange Apparitions. DC Comics. p. 176. ISBN 978-1563895005.
  50. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 175: "Writer Steve Englehart and artist Marshall Rogers, having garnered acclaim for Detective Comics, picked up Mister Miracle where the series had ended three years before."
  51. ^ Cronin, Brian (September 15, 2005). "Comic Book Urban Legends Revealed #16!". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on February 4, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2012. Englehart next began a run on Justice League of America, and in issue #142, Mantis showed up! Only this time, she was calling herself Willow.
  52. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 174: "Green Arrow thought he had learned the Justice League of America's origin back in issue #9...Now, he found inconsistencies in the story. Writer Steve Englehart and artist Dick Dillin revealed the truth as told by former JLA member J'onn J'onzz."
  53. ^ Englehart, Steve (w), Dillin, Dick (p), McLaughlin, Frank (i). "Inner Mission!" Justice League of America, no. 146 (September 1977).
  54. ^ Dell Publishing, Aug. 1981, ISBN 0-440-12378-X.
  55. ^ Tor Books, March 2010, ISBN 978-0-7653-2501-3
  56. ^ Catron, Michael (June 1981). "DC Taps Fan Market for Madame Xanadu". Amazing Heroes (1): 25. Madame Xanadu, a 32-page/$1.00 comic that marks DC's first attempt at marketing comics specifically to fans and collectors, went on sale in early April. The book contains a 25-page tale by Steve Englehart and Marshall Rogers entitled 'Dance for Two Demons' ... The tale was put into DC's inventory when that title was cancelled.
  57. ^ Vaughan, Kenton (Director, 2000). The Devil You Know: Inside the Mind of Todd McFarlane. National Film Board of Canada.
  58. ^ Kershner, Jim (June 3, 1997). "'Spawn' Storm Spokane Artist Todd Mcfarlane Always Wanted To Create His Own Comic Book Series, And When He Finally Did, It Became The Hottest Title Of The Decade". The Spokesman-Review.
  59. ^ McFarlane, Todd (November 2012). The Art of Todd McFarlane: The Devil's in the Details. Todd McFarlane Productions/Image Comics.
  60. ^ Mithra, Kuljit S. (June 1997). "Interview With Steve Englehart". ManWithoutFear.com. Archived from the original on December 10, 2011.
  61. ^ Manning, Matthew K. "1980s" in Dolan, p. 219: "The adventures of everyone's favorite space cops were given a new title thanks to writer Steve Englehart and artist Joe Staton. Now focusing not just on Green Lantern Hal Jordan, The Green Lantern Corps gave an equal spotlight to all the defenders of Space Sector 2814."
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External links[edit]

Preceded by Captain America writer
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Preceded by The Avengers writer
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Gerry Conway
Preceded by The Incredible Hulk writer
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Gerry Conway and Roy Thomas
Preceded by Justice League of America writer
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Gerry Conway
Preceded by Detective Comics writer
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Preceded by
Jack Kirby
(in 1974)
Mister Miracle writer
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Preceded by Green Lantern writer
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Preceded by West Coast Avengers writer
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Preceded by
Roger Stern
Fantastic Four writer
(as John Harkness in late 1989)
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