Lombardi in November 2007.
|Birth name||Steven Kenneth Lombardi|
April 18, 1961 |
Brooklyn, New York, US
|Professional wrestling career|
|Ring name(s)||Abe "Knuckleball" Schwartz
The Boston Brawler
The Brooklyn Brawler
The Broad Street Brawler
Doink the Clown
The Red Knight
|Billed height||6 ft 0 in (1.83 m)|
|Billed weight||248 lb (112 kg)|
|Billed from||"Brooklyn, New York"|
|Trained by||Mr. Saito
Steven Kenneth Lombardi (born April 18, 1961) is an American semi-retired professional wrestler and road agent, better known by his ring name, the Brooklyn Brawler. He worked for the professional wrestling promotion, WWE, as well as several independent promotions.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Professional wrestling career
- 2.1 World Wrestling Federation / Entertainment / WWE
- 3 In wrestling
- 4 Championships and accomplishments
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Though some sources erroneously give Lombardi's birthplace as Detroit, Michigan, he was born at Brooklyn's Victory Memorial Hospital to Renaldo and Rosemarie Lombardi and he grew up in the Bensonhurst section of Brooklyn, New York. His father worked as an airline mechanic. Lombardi studied biochemistry at St. Francis College prior to his wrestling career.
Professional wrestling career
World Wrestling Federation / Entertainment / WWE
Lombardi began his WWF career in late 1983, competing under his real name, and being a heel, primarily as an enhancement talent. His debut came on July 15, 1983 in Queens, NY where he was defeated by Swede Hanson. After facing Ivan Koloff and Sgt. Slaughter on house show matches, Lombardi made his TV debut on the October 29th episode of All American Wrestling where he was submitted by The Iron Sheik and carried out on a stretcher. He then began regular appearances on both television and house shows.
After losing numerous matches that winter, Lombardi gained his first success on March 18, 1984 when he wrestled Jerry Valiant to a draw. Another draw, this time with Terry Daniels came on April 24 in Mountaintop, PA. But apart from that he continued on as an enhancement talent, losing to much of the WWF roster including Big John Studd, Paul Orndorff, David Schultz, Iron Mike Sharpe, Rocky Johnson, and others. In the midst of another long losing streak, Lombardi then gained a second draw against Daniels on June 1 in Winston-Salem, NC. He made his Madison Square Garden debut on June 16, losing to Mad Dog Vachon in the latter's first match back in the WWF in a decade. A month later on July 6 in Long Island, NY Lombardi gained his first pinfall victory when he upset Vachon in a return match.
On July 31 he became involved in a mild angle with WWF World Champion Hulk Hogan during the company's initial "Championship Wrestling" taping in Poughkeepsie, NY. During a sub-minute loss to Kamala, Hogan came out to the ring to give encouragement to Lombardi. Nothing further came from this angle, and Lombardi closed out his second year as a wrestler with numerous additional losses to wrestlers such as a Buddy Rose and young Bret Hart, as well as a defeat to manager Bobby "The Brain" Heenan.
As the company continued to expand Lombardi remained a young enhancement talent, although this time he was switched to face other similar talent in house shows across the country. He consistently put over various young wrestlers such as Paul Roma, David Sammartino, Barry O, Terry Gibbs, and George Wells. On the June 29th episode of "All-American Wrestling" Lombardi teamed with Dave Barbie in a losing effort to The Killer Bees in their debut match. Lombardi would go on to face numerous wrestlers in their debuts during his long career.
Almost eleven months after his first ever victory, Lombardi gained another when he pinned Jack Armstrong on June 22 in Boston, MA. After numerous losses, a month later Lombardi garnered the first win streak of his career when he defeated Dan Rignati and George Sanders on successive house shows. On November 14 defeated Dennis Goulet, and then on December 5 in Long Island, NY pinned Paul Roma, this finishing with five wins for the year.
Lombardi remained a consistent presence on television and house shows, wrestling over 150 times. The company continued to pair the young but now experienced Lombardi against other new wrestlers, and he would face newcomers such as Sivi Afi, Tony Parisi, Nick Kiniski, Dan Spivey, and Scott McGee. He gained his first ever tag-team win when he teamed with fellow enhancement talent Lanny Poffo to defeat SD Jones and George Skaaland on April 13 in Brisbane, Australia. After dozens of defeats he gained his first pinfall victory of the year in singles action when he defeated Terry Gibbs in Pittsburgh, PA on August 9. On the November 15th episode of WWF Superstars he participated in another debut, teaming with Moondog Spot in a loss to the newly arrived Can-Am Connection. Lombardi closed out the year with wins over Barry O, Jim Powers, Mark Young, Frankie Lane, and an upset of Tony Garea.
Despite a tick upwards in in-ring success, Lombardi entered the year seemingly cemented as an entry-level wrestler without an angle. But that was not to last long, as he began to establish an on-screen presence as a heel. On the January 24th episode of WWF Superstars Paul Orndorff defeated Paul Roma; following the match Lombardi entered and tossed Roma from the ring. This led to a house show series between Roma and Lombardi, and for both wrestlers it was their first real feud. Despite coming out winless, Lombardi was now more than just a non-descript jobber. He upset Sivi Afi on March 1 in Landover, MD, then gained another surprise victory over Tony Garea a month later. On June 17 Lombardi participated in yet another debut, this time facing The Dingo Warrior (Ultimate Warrior) in Wichita Falls, TX.
A month later he began what would be an on-again, off-again team with Barry Horowitz, losing to The Young Stallions on the July 26th episode of Wrestling Challenge. Four weeks later, on August 21 in Detroit, MI the team would defeat Sivi Afi and Scott Casey. After gaining a pair of pinfall singles wins over the newly arrived Sam Houston, Lombardi then switched alliances to join Mike Sharpe. The two proclaimed themselves as "the tag-team of the future" in an inset during a match with The Young Stallions in August, but were unsuccessful.
Entering the fall Lombardi continued to lose regularly but was now gaining a smattering of wins (Sivi Afi, David Sammartino, Jerry Allen, Tony Garea, and Outback Jack). Still an enhancement talent, he was now beginning to climb the ladder.
Lombardi began the year with several squash losses, and then a win over Scott Casey on January 23 in Lexington, KY. Two days later at Madison Square Garden he resumed his partnership with Barry Horowitz and faced The Young Stallions in a losing effort. The following day in Hershey, PA Lombardi and Horowitz gained their first victory as a team when they defeated Scott Casey and Lanny Poffo in a match that aired on Prime Time Wrestling. The same night they would fall to The Killer Bees. The pairing would continue into the summer.
Later that winter Lombardi began a house show series with Brady Boone, and for the first time in his career enjoyed a consistent string of success. While still losing to top level stars on television, he was now consistently trading wins with other entry-level talent that he previously had succumbed to. On the March 21st episode of Prime Time Wrestling he defeated SD Jones, and began trading wins with Brady Boone. However beginning in July his small push seemed to dissipate as he found himself consistently on the losing end to Paul Roma and the new arrival, the Blue Blazer (Owen Hart).
In December matters took a turn as Lombardi enjoyed the first sustained win streak of his career, defeating Jim Powers and Jose Estrada on multiple occasions and closing out the year on a seven match win streak. It was a sign of the first major angle that Lombardi would participate in.
After a breakup between The Red Rooster and Bobby Heenan, the latter invited Rooster onto the set of Prime Time Wrestling on January 21 to make the peace. When Rooster was about to shake Heenan's hand he was suddenly attacked by Lombardi. The next week Lombardi made his debut as "The Brooklyn Brawler" The Brawler character was that of a street fighter, wearing battered jeans and a torn New York Yankees T-shirt. Under the tutelage of Bobby "The Brain" Heenan, the Brawler entered a feud with the Red Rooster. When the Red Rooster left Heenan's villain group and became a fan favorite, Heenan stated that he had made the Red Rooster a star and could do the same with anyone in the WWF. The Red Rooster defeated the Brooklyn Brawler on Saturday Night's Main Event, and then Heenan at WrestleMania V. The Brawler was defeated by the Rooster again on the May 20, 1989 episode of Superstars of Wrestling. His alliance with Heenan was then phased out, though in storyline Heenan said it was an amicable departure, and Heenan would continue to speak highly of the Brawler whenever a match featured him. Lombardi soon returned to his former enhancement talent status and won only five more matches (Tom Stone, Jerry Monti, Paul Roma, and Al Perez) for the rest of the year. However, he retained the Brawler gimmick, a role he would utilize throughout his career.
Now firmly re-established as an enhancement talent sans Heenan, 1990 marked a first for Lombardi when he wrestled his debut match at a PPV. At the 1990 Royal Rumble he was defeated by Paul Roma in a dark match, which marked the first of several PPVs where he would work the opening dark match to warm up the crowd. After sustaining numerous defeats to upper level talent such as Intercontinental Champion The Ultimate Warrior, Lombardi finally gained a measure of revenge by pinning The Red Rooster on March 18 in Calgary, Alberta. He would enter a winning streak against the Rooster, who would soon depart from the WWF.
Lombardi wrestled the dark match of WrestleMania VI, losing again to Paul Roma. After another long string of defeats to Roma, Hillbilly Jim, Tugboat and others, Lombardi earned a smattering of victories in May against Martin Roy, Jim Brunzell, and Brady Boone. During the summer he engaged in a house show series against the newly arrived Shane Douglas but was turned away in each encounter. The two would wrestle in the dark match of SummerSlam 90. On October 9 Lombardi faced Davey Boy Smith in his first match back after nearly a two-year absence, and in December he went on his first overseas tour when the WWF joined forces with Super World Sports to promote in Japan. On December 6 in Hijemi, Japan he teamed with Nuboyashi Sugawara and Kenny the Striker to defeat Biff Wellington, Road Block, and Masao Orihara.
Despite his return to enhancement status, 1990 proved to be Lombardi's most successful year in his career to date as he won 35 singles matches.
Lombardi entered 1991 as probably the most prominent opening card act in the company, but the wins were not to continue. Wrestling still as the Brooklyn Brawler, he fell in defeat to almost every member of the roster and gained just six victories during the year. On the March 30th episode of WWF Superstars Lombardi faced Ricky Steamboat in "The Dragon"'s return match after a three-year absence. On March 24 he competed in the dark match of WrestleMania VII against Koko B Ware. Other notable losses saw Brawler lose to a young Scott Putski on a May 28 WWF Superstars dark match, as well as Vick Steamboat (wrestling as "Jesse Bolt") in another dark match at the July 29th WWF Superstars taping.
In August Lombardi traveled to Japan again as part of another joint WWF/SWS tour and teamed with Rick Martel. The following month saw Lombardi engage in his first feud since 1989, when he became part of a short angle with newcomer Big Bully Busick to determine who was the true bully of the WWF. On the October 28th edition of Prime Time Wrestling the Brawler defeated Busick by countout in what turned out to be the blowoff for the feud. Brawler defeated the Bully by countout and in a rematch one week later saw the Brawler dominate the Bully until the latter's manager Harvey Wippleman grabbed the Brawler's leg, leading to a controversial win for the Bully. The feud with Busick led to a quasi-face turn for Lombardi as he was then matched up against various heel opponents for the remainder of the year.
Lombardi opened the year anchoring the dark match of yet another PPV, this time the 1992 Royal Rumble. He initially defeated Chris Walker with his feet on the ropes; afterwards WWF President Jack Tunney came out and reversed the decision. Lombardi returned to heel status with his Brawler gimmick, matching up against numerous faces during the winter and spring such as Kerry Von Erich, Tatanka, and Big Bossman. Lombardi renewed his partnership with a returning Barry Horowitz on March 9 at a WWF Superstars taping, facing and losing to The Samoan Swat Team in the latters' tryout match. They would team again in December against The Bushwhackers.
He spent much of the spring and summer engaged in a house show series of with Jim Powers, Jim Brunzell, Crush, and Tito Santana during which he was winless. He closed out the year on a lengthy losing streak to Jim Duggan.
Going into the year Lombardi was back where he had been prior to the Brawler gimmick – stuck as enhancement talent with no clear path upwards. And it was finally during this year, a decade into his tenure with the company that he went on his longest winning streak to date. Matched again versus Jim Powers in numerous house show matches, Lombardi put together an eight match winning streak in March and April. Later in the spring Lombardi defeated a young Scott Taylor in a tryout match in Sydney, Nova Scotia at a Wrestling Challenge taping. In the summer the Brawler was matched up against another young wrestler – The Predator (Mike Bollea), with Lombardi winning each match. He closed out the summer teaming with Blake Beverly and Little Louie against The Bushwhackers and Tiger Jackson, as well as defeating a young Tommy Dreamer at a WWF Superstars taping on August 17.
Two weeks later, on August 31 Lombardi finally received a new gimmick – that of a baseball player seemingly modeled after The Furies from the movie The Warriors. At a WWF Superstars taping in Grand Rapids, MI he debued with the new persona and defeated Reno Riggins, then did the same the following day at a Wrestling Challenge event. A month later, as "MVP", he made his first appearance on Monday Night Raw and participated in the 20-man battle royal to determine the champion for the vacated Intercontinental title. MVP was eliminated by Owen Hart. The following day at WWF Superstars he defeated Duane Gill, but at this point the WWF decided the shelf the gimmick and he was reassigned to temporarily play the role of Doink the Clown that had been vacated by Matt Bourne.
Wrestling as Doink, he was winless against Bret Hart, 1-2-3 Kid, and Bam-Bam Bigelow. Still in the clown gimmick, Lombardi made his first appearance in the United States Wrestling Association on October 26 in Louisville, KY. Teaming with Brian Christopher, the two defeated Jeff Jarrett and Tony Falk. He would continue to play Doink until Ray Apollo assumed the gimmick. Following the 1993 Survivor Series, Lombardi wrestled under his fourth gimmick of the year. Unofficially restarting his partnership with Barry Horowitz, the duo competed as The Red and Black Knights (the Knights having been a Survivor Series team under Shawn Michaels, previously portrayed by Jeff Gaylord, Greg Valentine, and Horowitz). The Knights participated in several house show matches against The Smoking Gunns. A fifth gimmick was also used at points, as Lombardi portrayed Kim Chee (Kamala's handler) during his 1986–87 and 1992 stints with the WWF and briefly in 1993 as a singles wrestler after Kamala left him for the newly ordained Reverend Slick.
In November Lombardi also returned to his Brooklyn Brawler gimmick, but was winless in encounters with Diesel, Tatanka, and Bob Backlund. He made his first PPV appearance of the year, wrestling in the dark match at the Survivor Series and losing to Billy Gunn. Still, he ended the year having enjoyed more success than at any point in the decade, having garnered 23 wins
Over a decade into his tenure with the company, Lombardi now found himself as the long-tenured active wrestler within the WWF. Having returned to the Brawler gimmick however he remained in his enhancement talent role. He again participated in another wrestler's debut, this time facing Bob Holly on the January 29th episode of WWF Superstars (Fayetteville, NC). Lombardi earned yet another dark match at a PPV, this time at the 1994 Royal Rumble. However unlike previous appearances, he earned his first ever PPV victory by defeating long-time foe Jim Powers. This would be his only victory for many months as he entered another long losing streak, falling to Bob Holly and Bob Backlund on numerous house show events.
The impending baseball shutdown of 1994 provided a window of opportunity for him, and on the July 16th episode of Monday Night RAW the WWF began hyping the impending debut of a new wrestler called Abe "Knuckleball" Schwartz. In early August as the 1994 Major League Baseball strike began, Lombardi made his return as Schwartz. Basically a renamed version of the MVP gimmick, Lombardi's face was painted to look like a baseball and he wore a jersey with the number 00. In addition, he was accompanied to the ring by a carnival-like version of "Take Me Out to the Ball Game." Later, the MVP name would be used by Montel Vontavious Porter. On the August 15th edition of RAW he made his debut as Abe Schwartz, blaming the fans for the baseball strike.
Although barely recognizable in the gimmick, Lombardi's career was little changed by the new persona. He continued to lose matches to Bob Holly, as well as dropping numerous contests to a young PJ Walker. Finally in late September he enjoyed his first win streak, defeating Louie Spicolli and PJ Walker on numerous house show matches on the West Coast. However the WWF would pull the plug on the gimmick again, and Lombardi returned once more to the Brooklyn Brawler persona.
Lombardi made his first PPV appearance of the year in the dark match of the 1995 Royal Rumble, facing Buck Quartermain. Wrestling now full-time as The Brooklyn Brawler, his career was seemingly devoid of momentum as he dropped matches to Lex Luger, Duke Droese, Man Mountain Rock, and Doink (Ray Apollo). For the first time in over a year, he resumed his partnership with Horowitz yet again and faced off against Tekno Team 2000 in their Monday Night Raw debut on May 16. They would also lose to The Bushwhackers and The Smoking Guns.
With the WWF cutting back touring that year, Lombardi's appearances became less frequent. He was now the last of the troupe of enhancement talent.
As the Brawler, he made a non-wrestling appearance on the January 1st episode of RAW to present the "Steve Lombardi Trophy" to the winners of the RAW Bowl. His appearances from this point forward became much more limited. However, on March 10 at a WWF Superstars taping in Corpus Christi he participated in the debut of perhaps the most famous of the wrestlers that he had helped usher into the company – Dwayne Johnson. This came over a decade after a young Lombardi had faced his father Rocky Johnson. Johnson later recalled the match in his autobiography; praising Lombardi as a stand-up wrestler. He wrestled only thirteen times that year, ending with matches against Sid and Bob Holly.
Although his appearances were now occasional, Lombardi enjoyed his biggest moment thirteen years into his WWF career. On the September 22nd show at Madison Square Garden he unexpectedly won a 20-man battle royal to earn his first ever WWF World Title opportunity. On the following show on November 15, Lombardi received his shot. Coming out to Frank Sinatra's "New York, New York", he wrestled for 15 minutes against Shawn Michaels and dominated the world champion; however he finally lost after Chyna and HHH interfered. On December 15, he faced Mark Henry in a singles match. But lost by Submission.
Lombardi retired from full-time active competition and instead worked primarily as a road agent for the WWF. He still would make occasional appearances in ring, and the first came on January 12, 1998 when he lost a Monday Night RAW dark match to Bart Gunn, who was then billed briefly as "Black Bart". Still working in as The Brooklyn Brawler, he wrestled only one more match in 1998.
With the Monday Night War in full-swing and business soaring for the company, Lombardi's activity picked up in 1999. He wrestled several times on a European tour in April 1999, facing Christian, X-Pac, and Al Snow. Lombardi wrestled his first televised match in two years when he appeared on the July 3rd edition of Shotgun Saturday Night in a match against WWF Hardcore Championship Al Snow. The referee in the match was former heel manager Harvey Wippleman, who prevented Snow from using weapons while allowing Lombardi to use outside objects instead. Snow successfully retained his title. The following month during the WWF referee strike storyline, Lombardi worked as a ref during a Sunday Night Heat match. He concluded 1999 with a Jakked appearance, tagging with Mideon in a losing effort to TAKA Michinoku and Sho Funaki.
On the February 28th, 2000 edition of Monday Night RAW The Rock came out and said that he would become WWF World Champion at WrestleMania 2000. WWF World Champion HHH then came out and said that since The Rock was no longer the #1 Contender, he would have to start at the very bottom and work his way up. HHH then booked a match between The Rock and The Brooklyn Brawler, which Rock won in under a minute. On the July 4th edition of Smackdown Lombardi gained his first victory in several years when he joined TAKA Michinoku and Sho Funaki to face HHH in a 3 on 1 match. Lombardi pinned Helmsley after Chris Jericho interfered. Lombardi continued to be semi-active throughout the year, wrestling in numerous house shows and facing Jerry Lawler for the first time at an event in New Haven, CT on August 9, 2000. He gained several more victories that year as well, defeating Joey Abs and Just Joe.
The surge of in-ring activity continued, as Lombardi began the year with a victory over The Goodfather on January 13, 2001 in Detroit, MI after Billy Gunn interefered. He wrestled several house show matches that winter, facing Al Snow, Crash Holly, and Rhyno. After appearing in numerous dark matches throughout his career, Lombardi finally wrestled during the live broadcast of a PPV when he once again appeared as Kamala’s handler Kim Chee at WrestleMania X-Seven and competed in the gimmick battle royal.
After being inactive throughout the summer, Lombardi returned to the house show circuit to face Chuck Palumbo in October In November he was matched against MMA fighter Ron Watterman, who was working for the WWF at the time under a developmental deal. On November 26, Lombardi returned to television for the first time in over a year when he faced Perry Saturn on Jakked.
At this point Lombardi's in ring appearances became sporadic. After working a string of house show matches in January 2002, he would be inactive for the entire year. In 2003 he participated in the APA Invitational Battle Royal at Vengeance in Denver, Colorado on July 27.
After being inactive during 2004, Lombardi returned on the April 18th, 2005 edition of Monday Night RAW which was held at Madison Square Garden. He appeared in a segment where John Heidenreich read a poem devoted to The Brooklyn Brawler. In response Brawler dismissed the poem, disowned the city of Brooklyn, and declared himself "The Boston Brawler". They then fought backstage. As part of an angle on SmackDown!, he adopted the moniker of the "Boston Brawler", shedding his customary New York Yankees apparel in favor of Boston Red Sox clothing. This was done in response to the Red Sox' defeat of the Yankees in the 2004 American League Championship Series.
He reprised his role as Kim Chee, having apparently reconciled with Kamala, on the August 11, 2005 edition of SmackDown accompanying the Ugandan Giant to the ring for his match with Randy Orton. He would also appear with him on the June 26, 2006 episode for Kamala’s match against Umaga.
In early 2006, he still worked behind the scenes of WWE, including behind the camera with John Cena on his WWE.com show "Five Questions". Cena often makes references to Lombardi, even jokingly calling him the greatest technical wrestler of all time. Also, his face popped up in front of Cena's mouth to censor curse words, usually saying "nu-uh" or "brawler". On the June 2, 2006 episode of Five Questions, Brawler showed his face. He even censored himself, saying "you are a piece of Brawler". In another episode of "Five Questions," Cena made the claim that Lombardi was actually born in Detroit, and not in Brooklyn, however this was later proven false (and likely a work). On May 7, 2006, WWE.com announced that, as part of Jakks Pacific's WWE Classic Superstars collection, they would be releasing a Brooklyn Brawler action figure. At Vengeance, Brawler appeared as Doink the Clown when he came out to the ring with Eugene during Eugene's match with Umaga. On August 1, 2006, Lombardi went to the ECW brand for a match against then ECW wrestler, Kurt Angle. Lombardi quickly lost when Angle applied an ankle lock on him. That same week, he appeared on SmackDown! against Vito, losing by submission. On the December 18 edition of Raw, Lombardi appeared in the 30 man battle royal as the Brooklyn Brawler.
On the 15th anniversary of Raw on December 10, 2007, Lombardi appeared as Abe "Knuckleball" Schwartz in a segment. When Triple H saw him, he exclaimed "I guess the Brooklyn Brawler was busy tonight".
On the 10th anniversary of "Smackdown" on September 29, 2009 in Boston, MA, Lombardi appeared as The Brooklyn Brawler in a backstage anniversary party along with numerous other wrestlers.
Lombardi made a return appearance in the November 15, 2010 "Raw Goes Old School" episode of Raw as the Brooklyn Brawler with Harvey Wippleman as his manager. He lost in a match against Ezekiel Jackson.
The Brooklyn Brawler made a surprise return to pay-per-view on December 16, 2012 at the TLC pay-per-view (which took place in Brooklyn), teaming with the Miz and Alberto Del Rio to defeat 3MB (Heath Slater, Drew McIntyre and Jinder Mahal). Brawler won the match for his team via submission with a Boston crab on Mahal.
At the July 15, 2013 Raw taping from Brooklyn, in a match taped for Superstars, Lombardi competed in a match almost thirty years after his debut. Wrestling as the Brawler, he was defeated by Ryback, though, unlike the enhancement talent Ryback faced at the time, the Brawler took offense and even managed to dominate his opponent. In May 2016, Lombardi was released from WWE, thus ending Lombardi's 33-year career with WWE.
- Finishing moves
- Wrestlers managed
Championships and accomplishments
- Border City Wrestling
- Total Professional Wrestling
- TPW Light Heavyweight Championship (4 times)
- TPW Tag Team Championship (5 times) – with Red Flair
- Allied Powers Wrestling Federation
- APWF Television Championship (5 times)
- International Wrestling Association
- IWA United States Heavyweight Championship (3 times)
- NWA Southwest
- NWA Southwest Television Championship (4 times)
- NWA Michigan
- NWA Michigan Heavyweight Championship
- Regional Championship Wrestling
- RCW United States Tag Team Championship (3 times) – with Jay Love
- Wrecking Ball Wrestling
- WBW Heavyweight Championship (2 times)
- World Wrestling Federation
- "Brooklyn Brawler profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2011-12-29.
- Birth Certificate supplied at OTRS ticket # 2016060110002053
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- "The Brooklyn Brawler". WWE.com. WWE. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
- Shields, Brian and Kevin Sullivan (2009). WWE Encyclopedia. DK/BradyGAMES. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-7566-4190-0.
- "The Art of Wrestling, Episode 117, "Brooklyn Brawler"". The Art of Wrestling Podcast.
- Herzog, Kenny (March 11, 2015). "Don't Call Me a Jobber: The Brooklyn Brawler 'Never Backed Down From Nothing'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
- "WWF Saturday Night's Main Event #20 results/info". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2011-12-21.
- "WWF WrestleMania V results/info". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2011-12-21.
- Cawthon, Graham. "1996 WWF event results". History of the WWE.
WWF @ Corpus Christi, TX – March 10, 1996; Dwayne Johnson (the Rock) defeated the Brooklyn Brawler (the Rock's WWF debut)
- WWE: Inside WWE > News > Archive > Christmas comes early for former WWE Superstar
- Doink the Clown: Information and Much More from Answers.com
- Johnson, Mike (May 10, 2016). "PERHAPS THE MOST SHOCKING WWE RELEASE YET". PWInsider.com. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
- Shields, Brian and Kevin Sullivan (2009). WWE Encyclopedia. DK/BradyGAMES. p. 46. ISBN 978-0-7566-4190-0.
- Cawthon, Graham. "1989 WWF event results". History of the WWE.
WWF @ Tucson, AZ – Convention Center – January 24, 1989; The Brooklyn Brawler (w/ Bobby Heenan) pinned Omar Atlas at 3:10 after sending Atlas face-first to the mat from the middle rope; WWF @ Binghamton, NY – Broome County Arena – February 15, 1989; The Brooklyn Brawler (w/ Bobby Heenan) pinned Mario Mancini at 2:02 after sending Mancini face-first to the mat from the middle rope; WWF @ New York City, NY – Madison Square Garden – October 28, 1989; The Brooklyn Brawler pinned Jose Luis Rivera at 2:34 after sending Rivera face-first to the mat from the middle rope
- Cawthon, Graham. "1989 WWF event results". History of the WWE.
WWF @ Huntsville, AL – Von Braun Civic Center – January 3, 1989; The Brooklyn Brawler (w/ Bobby Heenan) pinned Reno Riggins at 2:24 with the superplex (Lombardi's debut as the Brawler)
- Cawthon, Graham. "1992 WWF event results". History of the WWE.
WWF @ Niagara Falls, NY – Convention Center – April 28, 1992; The Brooklyn Brawler pinned Mark Kay with a superplex
- Cawthon, Graham. "2001 WWF event results". History of the WWE.
WWF @ Detroit, MI – Joe Louis Arena – December 1, 2001; The Brooklyn Brawler pinned Sho Funaki with a superplex
- Cawthon, Graham. "1993 WWF event results". History of the WWE.
WWF @ Landover, MD – Capital Centre – May 1, 1993; The Brooklyn Brawler pinned Jim Powers with a swinging neck breaker; WWF @ Providence, RI – Civic Center – May 2, 1993; The Brooklyn Brawler pinned Jim Powers with a swinging neck breaker
- Cawthon, Graham. "1994 WWF event results". History of the WWE.
Royal Rumble 94 – Providence, RI – Civic Center – January 22, 1994; The Brooklyn Brawler pinned Jim Powers with a swinging neckbreaker
- Cawthon, Graham. "2000 WWF event results". History of the WWE.
WWF @ Detroit, MI – Joe Louis Arena – October 16, 2000; The Brooklyn Brawler pinned Just Joe with a swinging neckbreaker at 1:44; WWF @ Huntington, WV – November 12, 2000; The Brooklyn Brawler pinned Joey Abs with a swinging neckbreaker
- "Bruno Lauer's profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "Independent Wrestling Results – January 2003". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-07-05.