Dame Stephanie Shirley
Dame Stephanie Shirley, 2013
16 September 1933
|Organization||FI Group (Sopra/Steria)|
Chair The Shirley Foundation
|Known for||Philanthropy and founding the IT company FI Group (now part of Sopra Steria)|
Shirley was born as Vera Buchthal to Arnold Buchthal, a judge in Dortmund who was Jewish and who lost his post to the Nazi regime, and a non-Jewish Viennese mother. In July 1939 Shirley arrived, at the age of five together with her nine-year-old sister Renate, in Britain as a Kindertransport child refugee. She was placed in the care of foster parents living in the Midlands town of Sutton Coldfield. She was later re-united with her biological parents, but said she "never really bonded with them".
After attending a convent school, she moved to Oswestry, near the Welsh border, where she attended the Oswestry Girls' High School. Mathematics was not taught at the school, so she received permission after assessment to take those lessons at the local boys school. She would later recall that, after her Kindertransport and wartime experiences, "in Oswestry I had six wonderful years of peace".
After leaving school, Shirley decided not to go to university (botany was the "only science then available to my gender") but sought employment in a mathematics/technical environment. At the age of 18, she became a British citizen and changed her name to Stephanie Brook.
In the 1950s, Shirley worked at the Post Office Research Station at Dollis Hill, building computers from scratch and writing code in machine language. She took evening classes for six years to obtain an honours degree in mathematics. In 1959, she moved to CDL Ltd, designers of the ICT 1301 computer.
After marriage to a physicist, Derek Shirley, in 1962, Shirley founded, with a capital of £6, the software company Freelance Programmers, (later FI, then Xansa, since acquired by Steria and now part of the Sopra Steria Group). Having experienced sexism in her workplace, "being fondled, being pushed against the wall", she wanted to create job opportunities for women with dependents, and predominantly employed women, with only three male programmers in the first 300 staff, until the Sex Discrimination Act 1975 made that practice illegal. She also adopted the name "Steve" to help her in the male-dominated business world, given that company letters signed using her real name were not responded to. Her team's projects included programming Concorde's black box flight recorder.
She served as an independent non-executive director for Tandem Computers Inc., The Atomic Energy Authority (later AEA Technology) and The John Lewis Partnership.
Shirley retired in 1993 at the age of 60 and has since focused on her philanthropy.
Shirley received her BSc in 1956 and was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 1980 Birthday Honours for services to industry; Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in the 2000 New Year Honours for services to information technology.; and Member of the Order of the Companions of Honour (CH) in the 2017 Birthday Honours for services to the IT industry and philanthropy.
In 1987, she gained the Freedom of the City of London. She was President of the British Computer Society from 1989 to 1990 and Master of the IT livery company 1992/93. In 1985, she was awarded a Recognition of Information Technology Award. In 1999 she received the Mountbatten Medal.
She has donated most of her wealth (from the internal sale to the company staff and later the flotation of FI Group) to charity. Beneficiaries include the Worshipful Company of Information Technologists and the Oxford Internet Institute, part of the Oxford University, through the Shirley Foundation. Her late son Giles (1963–1998) was autistic and she became an early member of the National Autistic Society. She has instigated and funded research in this field, for example through the Autism Research Centre led by Professor Simon Baron-Cohen and via Autistica.
In 1991, Shirley was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Buckingham, since then she has been honoured by the University of Cambridge, also in 1994 by Solent University and 28 other UK Universities.
In 2018 she was made Fellow of the Computer History Museum, and became the first woman to win the lifetime achievement award of the Chartered Management Institute 'for her stellar contribution to British engineering and technology'.
The Shirley Foundation, based in the UK, was set up by Shirley in 1986 with a substantial gift to establish a charitable trust fund. Its current mission is facilitation and support of pioneering projects with strategic impact in the field of autism spectrum disorders with particular emphasis on medical research. The fund has supported many projects through grants and loans including: Autism at Kingwood which supports people with autism spectrum disorders to enjoy full and active lives; Prior's Court, the foundation's largest benefaction, with a residential school for 70 autistic pupils and Young Adult Centre for 20 autistic students; Autism99, the first online autism conference attended by 165,000 people from 33 countries. She addresses conferences around the world (many remotely) and is in frequent contact with parents, carers and those with autism spectrum disorders. Her autistic son Giles died following an epileptic seizure at the age of 35.
In 2012, Shirley donated the entirety of her art collection, including works by Elizabeth Frink, Maggi Hambling, Thomas Heatherwick, Josef Herman and John Piper to Prior's Court School and the charity Paintings in Hospitals.
In 2013, appearing on BBC Radio 2's Good Morning Sunday with Clare Balding, Shirley discussed why she had given away more than £67 million of her personal wealth to different projects. In her 2012 memoirs Let IT Go, she writes "I do it because of my personal history; I need to justify the fact that my life was saved."
- Design for Disability
- The Art of Prior's Court School
- The History of Autism – Conversations with the Pioneers
- Autism Works
- Let IT Go memoir (2012 revised 2018) – being made into a film (date tbc) ISBN 978-0241395493
- My Family in Exile (2015) ISBN 978 0 85457 244 1
- "Dame Stephanie to return to Oswestry". Shropshire Star. 1 April 2015. p. 23.Report by Sue Austin. She was due to be attending Oswestry Literary Festival to publicise her autobiography.
- Beaty, Zoe (14 June 2019). "The 85-year-old tech entrepreneur who made her staff millionaires" – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
- Smale, Will (17 June 2019). "I just got fed up with the sexism. It was everywhere" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Welcoming home a Dame fine lady". Shropshire Star. 10 April 2015. p. 8."Comment and Analysis" report by Pam Kingsley.
- "Biography – Steve Shirley website". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 17 April 2007.
- "Growing influence". Guardian. 14 January 2004. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
- Shirley, Dame Stephanie; Askwith, Richard (10 June 2014). Let IT Go: The Memoirs of Dame Stephanie Shirley. Andrews UK Limited. ISBN 9781782341536.
- "Stephanie Shirley, The Life Scientific – BBC Radio 4". BBC. 7 April 2015. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
- Shirley, Dame Stephanie. "Dame Stephanie Shirley | Speaker | TED". www.ted.com. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
- Why I changed my name to Steve - BBC Ideas. BBC Money via Facebook. 15 February 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
- Shirley, Stephanie (2012). Let IT Go. United Kingdom: Lightning Source UK Ltd. p. 148. ISBN 978-1782342823.
- "Henley Standard article on the Sue Ryder Awards". Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 20 December 2007.
- "BBC Radio 4 - Seriously…, A Job for the Boys". BBC. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "Transcript of 'Why do ambitious women have flat heads?'". TED Talks. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
- "No. 48212". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 June 1980. p. 12.
- "No. 55710". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1999. p. 8.
- "No. 61962". The London Gazette (Supplement). 17 June 2017. p. B25.
- "The Mountbatten Medalists". IET. 29 May 2013. Archived from the original on 4 May 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- "List of Fellows". Royal Academy of Engineering.
- "Fellows of the College — Birkbeck, University of London". www.bbk.ac.uk. Retrieved 11 October 2016.
- Desert Island Discs, 23 May 2010, BBC Radio 4
- Enterprise Tuesday lecture, Cambridge 3 February 2009
- "Timeline – Steve Shirley website". Archived from the original on 22 December 2008. Retrieved 4 February 2009.
- "Stephanie Shirley biography". The Beacon Fellowship. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
- Shirley, Steve. "List of University Honorary graduates". Solent University portal. Solent University. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
- "BBC Radio 4 – Woman's Hour, Woman's Hour Power List – Dame Stephanie 'Steve' Shirley". BBC. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
- "The UK's 100 leading practising scientists". Times Higher Education. 17 January 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
- "Dame Stephanie Shirley | Computer History Museum". www.computerhistory.org. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
- "Dames win top CMI Honours". Retrieved 18 March 2018.
- "Dame Stephanie Shirley's UKAF Autism Lecture in Redbridge, England (Medical News Today)". Retrieved 20 December 2007.
- "Dame Stephanie Shirley". BBC. 27 January 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
- "Dame Stephanie Shirley appointed as philanthropy ambassador". Third Sector. 22 April 2009. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
- "Philanthropist Stephanie Shirley: 'You can only spend so much'". The Telegraph. 5 November 2012. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
- "Art Collection". www.steveshirley.com. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
- Dame Stephanie Shirley official website
- Listen to an oral history interview with Dame Stephanie Shirley – a life story interview recorded for the National Life Stories project Oral History of British Science at the British Library
- IEEE oral history
- Dame Stephanie "Steve" Shirley at TED