Wynn in June 2008
|Born||Stephen Alan Weinberg
January 27, 1942
New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.
|Residence||Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S.|
|Alma mater||University of Pennsylvania (B.A.)|
|Occupation||Former CEO of Mirage Resorts (1973–2000)
Former CEO of Wynn Resorts (2002–2018)
Former Republican National Committee finance chairman (2017–2018)
|Net worth||$3.4 billion (December 2017)|
|Political party||Republican (1995–present)|
Stephen Alan Wynn (né Weinberg; born January 27, 1942) is an American real estate businessman and art collector. He is known for his involvement in the American luxury casino and hotel industry. Early in his career he oversaw the construction and operation of several notable Las Vegas and Atlantic City hotels, including the Golden Nugget, the Golden Nugget Atlantic City, The Mirage, Treasure Island, the Bellagio, and Beau Rivage in Mississippi, and he played a pivotal role in the resurgence and expansion of the Las Vegas Strip in the 1990s. In 2000, Wynn sold his company, Mirage Resorts, to MGM Grand Inc., resulting in the formation of MGM Mirage (now MGM Resorts International). Wynn later took his company Wynn Resorts public in an initial public offering, and was Wynn Resorts' CEO and Chairman of the Board until February 6, 2018, when he announced his resignation. He is a prominent donor to the Republican Party, and was the finance chair of the Republican National Committee from January 2017 to January 2018, when he resigned amid sexual misconduct allegations.
Through Wynn Resorts, he has overseen the construction and development of several luxury resorts, opening Wynn Las Vegas in 2005, Wynn Macau in 2006, Encore Las Vegas in 2008, Encore at Wynn Macau in 2010 and Wynn Palace in Macau in 2016. Current projects include Wynn Everett near Boston. In 2006, Wynn was inducted into the American Gaming Association Hall of Fame. As of September 2015, Wynn's net worth was estimated by Forbes at $2.4 billion, making him the 279th wealthiest American. Steve Wynn collects fine art, often exhibiting pieces by artists such as Picasso and Claude Monet in Wynn Resorts' hotels. In 2018, Wynn was accused by dozens of people of sexual misconduct; he denies the allegations. Wynn stepped down as CEO of Wynn Resorts on February 6, 2018 because of these allegations. His name was also removed from a plaza on the campus of the University of Pennsylvania and his honorary degree from the school was rescinded.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Career
- 3 Art collection
- 4 Personal life
- 5 Political activities
- 6 Accolades
- 7 Legal issues
- 8 Popular culture
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Early life and education
Steve Wynn was born Stephen Alan Weinberg in New Haven, Connecticut on January 27, 1942. His father, Michael, who ran a string of bingo parlors in the eastern United States, changed the family's last name in 1946 from "Weinberg" to "Wynn" when Steve was 4 years old "to avoid anti-Jewish discrimination". Wynn was raised in Utica, New York, and graduated from The Manlius School, a private boys' school east of Syracuse, New York, in 1959.
Steve Wynn received his Bachelor of Arts in English literature from the University of Pennsylvania, where he was a member of the Sigma Alpha Mu fraternity. Shortly before graduating, in March 1963, his father died of heart problems, leaving $350,000 in gambling debts. Wynn relinquished a position at Yale Law School to take charge of his family's business in Waysons Corner, Maryland, working the bingo parlors himself. Within a year he had expanded the company.
Frontier and the Golden Nugget (1967–1989)
Wynn and his young family moved in 1967 to Las Vegas where his success with his family's business allowed him to purchase a small stake in the Frontier Hotel and Casino. That year he met E. Parry Thomas, dubbed by Vanity Fair as "the most influential banker in Las Vegas." Thomas was the president of the Bank of Las Vegas, which was the only bank at the time willing to extend loans to Las Vegas casinos, and Thomas helped finance several of Wynn's early land deals. Starting in 1968, Wynn also spent four years operating a wine and liquor importing company he had purchased.
In 1971, Wynn managed to parlay his profits from a land deal involving Howard Hughes and Caesars Palace into a controlling interest in the Golden Nugget Las Vegas, a landmark downtown casino and one of the oldest casinos in the city. Wynn renovated, revamped and expanded the Golden Nugget from a gambling hall to a resort hotel and casino with enormous success, in the process attracting a new upscale clientele to downtown Las Vegas. His company stake increased so that, in 1973, he became the majority shareholder, and the youngest casino owner in Las Vegas. In 1977 he opened the Golden Nugget's first hotel tower, followed by several others. Frank Sinatra was a periodic headliner at the Golden Nugget, and Wynn has since maintained a relationship with the Sinatra family, even naming a restaurant at Encore “Sinatra”.
In 1980, Wynn began construction on the Golden Nugget Atlantic City in Atlantic City, New Jersey. It was Atlantic City's first casino "built from scratch," first and only "locals casino", and the city's sixth casino after the city legalized gambling in 1976. Joel Bergman, who designed Wynn's other resorts, designed the Golden Nugget. Though at its opening it was the second smallest casino in the city, by 1983 it was the city's top earning casino. The Atlantic City Golden Nugget was sold by Wynn in 1987 for $440 million.
The Mirage and Treasure Island (1989–1997)
Wynn's first major casino on the Las Vegas Strip was The Mirage, which opened on November 22, 1989. It was the first time Wynn was involved with the design and construction of a casino, and he financed the $630 million project largely with high-yield bonds issued by Michael Milken. The resort's high cost and emphasis on luxury meant that it was considered high risk at the time, though the project ended up being enormously lucrative. The hotel, with its erupting volcano and South Seas theme, ignited a $12 billion building boom on the Strip. Its construction is also considered noteworthy in that Wynn had set a new standard for Vegas resorts, and when it opened The Mirage was the first casino to use security cameras full-time on all table games. Known for its entertainment, the hotel became the main venue for the Siegfried & Roy show in 1990, and in 1993 the hotel hosted the Cirque du Soleil show Nouvelle Expérience. Afterwards Wynn invited Cirque to create Mystère for the soon-to-be-built Treasure Island resort next door. After Mirage, Wynn's next project Treasure Island Hotel and Casino opened in the Mirage's old parking lot on October 27, 1993, at an overall cost of $450 million. Intended to be family-friendly, pools in front of the casino enacted the Battle of Buccaneer Bay with two full-sized sailing ships, while the interior featured romantic tropical island theming. The establishment was the home of the first permanent Cirque du Soleil show in Las Vegas, and the show went on to be voted nine times as the best production show in the city by the Las Vegas Review Journal reader's poll.
In 1995, the company proposed to build the Le Jardin hotel-casino in the marina area if the state of New Jersey built a road that connected to the hotel-casino. The company had also agreed to allow Circus Circus Enterprises and Boyd Gaming to build casinos on the site, but later reneged on the agreement. While the road, called the Atlantic City-Brigantine Connector, was eventually built, Le Jardin was cancelled after the company was acquired in 2000 by MGM Grand Inc., which later built the Borgata, in a joint venture with Boyd Gaming, on the site.
Bellagio and Beau Rivage debuts (1998–1999)
On October 15, 1998, Wynn opened the even more opulent Bellagio, a $1.6 billion resort considered among the world’s most spectacular hotels. The architect was Jon Jerde of The Jerde Partnerships, and construction was handled by Wynn's company Mirage Resorts, Inc. When built, the Bellagio was the most expensive hotel in the world. In front of the hotel are the Fountains of Bellagio—shooting fountains choreographed to music that “dance” on the hotel’s 8.5 acre man-made lake—which are now considered Las Vegas landmarks. The Bellagio is credited with starting a new spree of luxurious developments in Las Vegas. Among these developments include The Venetian, Mandalay Bay, and Paris Las Vegas.
Wynn brought Mirage Resorts’ style to Biloxi, Mississippi in 1999, where he oversaw development of the 1,835-room Beau Rivage. Themed to blend Mediterranean beauty with Southern hospitality, the resort was part of a building boom that established Biloxi as a regional tourism center along the Mississippi Gulf Coast. Beau Rivage was originally the name Wynn wanted to give the Bellagio, though he had decided on Bellagio after vacationing in the Italian region of the same name. Beau Rivage opened as the largest hotel-casino to be built outside Nevada. The casino was initially located on a series of floating barges, as local law confined all casinos to mobile marine vessels at the time. The hotel, restaurants, and associated facilities were constructed on land.
Wynn Las Vegas and Macau (2000–2007)
Mirage Resorts was sold to MGM Grand Inc. for $6.6 billion ($21 per share) in June 2000 to form MGM Mirage. Five weeks before the deal was closed (April 27, 2000) Wynn purchased the Desert Inn for $270 million. He closed the Inn in only 18 weeks, and with the money he made on that deal, and with his ability to secure ever-greater financing, Wynn took Wynn Resorts Limited public in 2002. Wynn became a billionaire in 2004, when his net worth doubled to $1.3 billion. After several years of construction, on April 28, 2005 he opened his most expensive resort at the time, the Wynn Las Vegas, on the site of the former Desert Inn. Built at a cost of $2.7 billion, it was the largest privately funded construction project in the nation. Among clubs, restaurants, and theater venues, the casino is connected to the Wynn Golf Course, which is the only golf course on the Las Vegas Strip, built on the site of the former Desert Inn course. It was designed by Wynn and Tom Fazio. Other features include The Tower Suites at Wynn Las Vegas, which has 296 suites; each with a private driveway with Rolls-Royce house cars and chauffeurs, as well as private entrances with koi ponds.
Wynn successfully bid for one of three gaming concessions opened for tender in Macau, a former Portuguese colony and now a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China, which has a long history of gaming and is the largest gaming market in the world, having surpassed Las Vegas in 2006. This property, known as Wynn Macau, opened on September 5, 2006. A year later Wynn Macau underwent a significant expansion, increasing retail amenities, food and beverage options, and gaming space. In 2008 Wynn Macau became the fifth Asian hotel to receive the Mobil Five-Star award, with Wynn accepting the award on behalf of Wynn Macau.
Encore hotels and other projects (2008–2018)
In the summer of 2008, hiring began for Encore Las Vegas, the newest in Wynn's collection of resorts. The tower of Encore is modeled after the Wynn Las Vegas tower, and in fact, they share the same "property" though they are separate hotels. After having started construction in 2006, the overall cost of the project equalled $2.3 billion. Encore opened on December 22, 2008. As of December 31, 2012, Wynn and Encore Las Vegas employed approximately 9,000 full-time employees. Together with the adjacent Wynn Las Vegas casino, the entire Wynn resort complex has a total of 4,750 rooms, making it the world's sixth-largest hotel. Encore at Wynn Macau, an expansion of Wynn Macau similar to the expansion of the Las Vegas property, opened on April 21, 2010.
In early 2011, Wynn announced that he was expecting the Macau government to approve a Wynn Resorts application to build a new resort in the Cotai Strip in the People's Republic of China. After receiving approval in May 2012 to break ground on the 51-acre property, a year later Leighton Holdings finalized a design and build contract worth 2.6 billion USD to construct Wynn Palace on the site. The resort, which opened in August 2016, includes an aerial transport system with gondolas shaped like smoke-breathing dragons, pedestal gardens, a 30,000 square meter performance lake, among other features.
In September 2014, Wynn was awarded the license to build the Wynn Boston Harbor casino in the eastern Massachusetts city of Everett, near downtown Boston. On February 6, 2018, Wynn stepped down as CEO of Wynn Resorts.
Wynn is known for amassing a large collection of fine art, often placing the pieces in his various casinos and hotels. In 2004, Wynn purchased Vermeer's A Young Woman Seated at the Virginals at a Sotheby's auction for $30 million. With the purchase, he became the first art collector to purchase a Vermeer painting in over 80 years. It would be one of only two Vermeers still in private hands (the other is owned by Queen Elizabeth II). Wynn later sold the painting to the Leiden Collection owned by Thomas Kaplan for the same price.
In 2006, Wynn acquired J. M. W. Turner’s Giudecca, La Donna Della Salute and San Giorgio for $35.8 million via an anonymous telephone auction. Although Wynn did not officially identify himself as the buyer, his identity was confirmed by two people acquainted with the transaction. Wynn purchased the painting from the St. Francis of Assisi Foundation, a White Plains-based nonprofit organization that supports Capuchin priests on their missionary trips.
Steve Wynn's private art collection with specific commentary about his paintings by Claude Monet are highlighted in the 2008 film Monet's Palate with Meryl Streep and distributed by American Public Television. Many of the collection's pieces were on display at the Bellagio. The collection was on display at the Nevada Museum of Art in Reno while the Wynn Las Vegas was being constructed and was installed in the resort shortly before it was opened. The Wynn Las Vegas gallery, which had charged an entrance fee, closed shortly after the start of 2006. The artwork from the former gallery is now scattered around the resort. Although the artwork is owned personally by Steve Wynn, Wynn Resorts pays an annual lease of $1 to Steve Wynn. As part of the lease agreement, insurance and security are the responsibility of the company.
Under the direction of Steve Wynn, Wynn Resorts acquired Jeff Koons’s Tulips at auction in November 2012 for approximately $33.6 million. In May 2014, Wynn acquired "PopeyeP" from the same artist for over $28,000,000, putting the work on display at Wynn Las Vegas.
The centerpiece of the collection is Le Rêve, the Picasso portrait that was the working name of the resort project. Wynn purchased the painting from an anonymous collector in a private sale in 2001. In 2006 he reportedly was to sell it to Steven A. Cohen for $139 million, which would at that time have been the highest price paid for any piece of art. However, he put his elbow through the canvas while showing it to a group of guests—including the screenwriter Nora Ephron and her husband Nick Pileggi, the broadcaster Barbara Walters, the art dealer Serge Sorokko and his wife, the model Tatiana Sorokko, the New York socialite Louise Grunwald, and the lawyer David Boies and his wife, Mary.
This canceled the sale, and after a $90,000 repair, the painting was estimated to be worth $85 million. Wynn sued his insurance company over the $54 million difference with the virtual selling price, possibly exceeding his own buying price. The case was settled out of court in April 2007.
Peasant woman with a Straw Hat (1890), Van Gogh.
Fiori di Como (1998), Dale Chihuly.
Tulips (2004), Jeff Koons.
Wynn married Elaine Farrell Pascal in 1963. They divorced in 1986, remarried in 1991, and divorced again in 2010. Elaine Wynn was a director of the company's board for 13 years, ending in 2015. Wynn once said he bought the Desert Inn casino, the site of his Wynn Las Vegas, as a birthday gift for his wife. Steve Wynn currently resides in a private villa at Wynn Las Vegas, while Elaine Wynn resides in the couple's mansion inside Southern Highlands Golf Club. They have two daughters, Kevyn and Gillian. Kevyn was kidnapped in 1993 and Wynn paid $1.45 million in ransom for her safe return. The kidnappers were apprehended when one attempted to buy a Ferrari in Newport Beach, California, with cash. Kevyn was found unharmed several hours later. Kevyn and Gillian Wynn are mothers who engage in charity work. On April 30, 2011, Wynn married Andrea Danenza Hissom in a ceremony at the Wynn Las Vegas. She is the mother of model and recording artist Nick Hissom and great-niece of Ben Novack, developer of the Fontainebleau Miami Beach Hotel and cousin of Ben Novack Jr.
Steve Wynn suffers from the degenerative eye disease, retinitis pigmentosa, which he was diagnosed with in 1971. In 2010, Wynn switched to a vegan diet after watching the documentary Eating by Mike Anderson. According to Wynn, his vegan diet was also inspired by a guest on his yacht in St. Tropez, who discussed the environmental and health consequences of eating meat. After becoming a vegan, Wynn announced that he would add animal-free menus to all his restaurants.
Sexual misconduct accusations
In January 2018, The Wall Street Journal reported that dozens of people had alleged that they had been victims of sexual misconduct by Wynn. Elaine Wynn, former spouse of Steve, accused him of coercing a manicurist employed at his Wynn Las Vegas resort to have sex with him in 2005. Wynn later paid her a $7.5 million settlement. Wynn denied all allegations, stating that they arise from "nasty" litigation with his ex-wife and saying that "The idea that I ever assaulted any woman is preposterous." Later that month, Wynn resigned from his position as finance chairman for the Republican National Committee. On February 6, 2018, Wynn stepped down as CEO of Wynn Resorts.
In the past, Wynn has financially supported both the Democrats and their rivals the Republican Party, for example contributing $200,000 to the Republican Governors Association in 2013. In 2011 he spoke in support of Nevada Senator Harry Reid. Though he supported Barack Obama in the 2008 election, in 2011 he expressed disappointment with Obama's policies relating to economic policy issues.
In December 2010, Prince Albert II of Monaco bestowed Monegasque citizenship to Wynn, an unusual act since Wynn did not meet the prerequisites. According to the Las Vegas Sun, Wynn was given the citizenship when he agreed to serve as outside director in the Monaco QD International Hotels and Resorts Management, which is a joint venture between the governments of Monaco and Qatar. The organization buys and manages hotels in Europe, the Middle East and North America.
Between 2012 and 2018, Wynn contributed more than $2.5 million to the Republican Governors Association and also donated $411,000 to the National Republican Senatorial Committee, $248,000 to the Republican National Committee, and $100,000 to the National Republican Congressional Committee. In 2016, Wynn donated $833,000 to Republican Party joint fundraising committees. After Donald Trump won the 2016 U.S. presidential election, Wynn was named a vice-chairman of Trump's inauguration committee, along with other donors such as Sheldon Adelson and his wife Miriam, Woody Johnson, Anthony Scaramucci, Mel Sembler, and Phil Ruffin. 
After the January 2017 inauguration of Donald Trump, Wynn was named finance chairman of the Republican National Committee; he was personally selected by Trump for the post. On January 28, 2018, Wynn resigned.
In October 2017 The Wall Street Journal reported that Wynn, who has financial interests in China, lobbied President Trump on behalf of the Chinese government to return a Chinese dissident, Guo Wengui, to China.
In 2005, the Association of Travel Marketing Executives awarded Steve Wynn the ATLAS Lifetime Achievement Award for his innovation in building resorts in Las Vegas. In May 2006, Time magazine included Wynn as one of the World's 100 Most Influential People. Wynn was appointed to the Board of Trustees of the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts by President George W. Bush on October 30, 2006. In November 2006, Wynn was inducted into the American Gaming Association Hall of Fame. He has also received an honorary doctorate degree from the University of Pennsylvania in 2006  (rescinded in 2018), and has since received honorary doctoral degrees from the University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Sierra Nevada College; The Culinary Institute of America; and Johnson & Wales University in Providence, Rhode Island. Forbes magazine named him a “Captain of Capitalism” in 2007. Wynn was named to Institutional Investor's Best CEOs list in the All-America Executive Team Survey from 2008 through 2011.
In 2009, Wynn received the Manfred Steinfeld Humanitarian Award at the 22nd Annual Platinum Circle Awards. In July 2009, a segment on Wynn was aired on the CBS News series 60 Minutes. In March 2011, Barron's named Steve Wynn one of the 30 “World’s Best CEOs."
In November 2014, Wynn ranked 17th on Harvard Business Review’s list of 100 best-performing CEOs in the world. The study noted his founding position in Wynn Resorts and his market capitalization change of $22 billion, and he secured a total industry adjusted shareholder return of 1,944% and a country adjusted total shareholder return of 2,164%.
In 1991, Dennis Gomes, president of Wynn's Golden Nugget, left his position to join Donald Trump's Trump Taj Mahal in Atlantic City, New Jersey, receiving a $1 million bonus in lieu of equity. Wynn filed suit against Trump and Gomes for breach of contract, as Gomes was contracted to work at the Nugget until 1992. Gomes settled in 1994. Also in 1991, Gomes alleged in a countersuit that Wynn used harsh language against Gomes, but Wynn's representatives denied the allegations, implying that they were an attempt to refocus the lawsuit from Gomes to Wynn.
In 1997, Wynn sued Barricade Books for defamation over the catalog description of an unauthorized biography Running Scared by John L. Smith. Wynn was initially awarded $3.2 million, forcing Barricade into bankruptcy. In 2001 the ruling was thrown out by the Supreme Court of Nevada on a judge's error. Retrial was scheduled for 2004, only for the issue to be settled between Wynn and New York publisher Lyle Stuart in a confidential agreement, and the case dismissed.
In a legal battle over an attempt by Wynn-controlled Mirage to build a casino in Atlantic City, Donald Trump claimed in a lawsuit that Wynn used a private investigator as a double agent to secretly record conversations with Trump. The investigator, Louis Rodriguez, a former Los Angeles police officer and investigator for the IRS, claimed he had a change of heart because he felt that Trump used his efforts "in an immoral and unethical manner to cause financial harm" to Wynn and Mirage and thus turned "whistleblower." Wynn settled the lawsuit in 2000 and befriended Trump, who attended Wynn's wedding in 2011.
Beginning in 2008, Wynn engaged in a dispute with Girls Gone Wild producer Joe Francis. In 2011, a Nevada district attorney prosecuted Francis for writing a bad check to cover a $2 million gambling debt owed to Wynn, but the judge dismissed the case for falling outside the six-month statute of limitations. Wynn collected the debt in a separate civil case. In response to the collection, Francis stated that Wynn threatened to kill him, prompting Wynn to file suit for defamation against Francis. In February 2012, Clark County, Nevada, judge Mark Denton ruled that Francis damaged the reputation of Wynn and awarded Wynn $7.5 million in damages. In September 2012, after Francis repeated the alleged threat on television and Wynn added a second defamation claim, a jury awarded Wynn $40 million in compensatory and punitive damages, much more than the original $12 million Wynn's party had demanded. The judgment was amended to $19 million, after Wynn failed to prove that Francis could pay the original amount.
In January 2012, Wynn's former business partner Kazuo Okada filed suit to gain access to company documents related to Wynn's pledge to donate $135 million to the University of Macau Development Foundation. Wynn later accused Okada's company, Aruze, of violating the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, leading to a Department of Justice probe into Aruze's gifts of hotel rooms and other expenses to Philippine, South Korean, and Japanese gaming officials. U.S.-based Aruze, Inc. is subject to the FCPA. In a March 2013 U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) filing, Wynn noted that while the Okada dispute could cut into Wynn's profits, beyond an "informal" SEC inquiry into the Macau donation, there was no formal investigation underway. In July 2013, the SEC announced that its investigation into the Macau donations was concluded and it would not pursue any enforcement action against Wynn or Wynn Resorts.
In 2014, Wynn sued hedge fund manager James Chanos for slander after Chanos, at a Berkeley event, allegedly said Wynn violated the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. Wynn's lawsuit was dismissed, with U.S. District Judge William Orrick III ruling that Chanos's remark was constitutionally protected speech. Wynn was also ordered to pay Chanos' legal fees. Wynn's subsequent appeal was rejected by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
- Andy Garcia's character in the Ocean's Trilogy, Terry Benedict, is loosely based on Wynn. In addition to owning and developing two of the same casinos as Wynn (The Mirage and the Bellagio), Benedict also has an extensive art collection. Benedict also alludes to the way that Kevyn Wynn's kidnappers were caught.
- Michael Connelly's book Void Moon features a casino that's so bad, a character claims to have heard even Steve Wynn didn't see a way to turn it around.
- Steve Wynn profile – Forbes, Forbes.com. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
- "Monaco Citizenship".
- "Steve Wynn Raising the stakes in Vegas". The Times. London. January 11, 2009. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved May 24, 2010.
- "The Offshore Story of Steve Wynn". International Consortium of Investigative Journalists.
- ISENSTADT, Alex (27 January 2018). "RNC finance chair Steve Wynn resigns after sexual harassment allegations". Politico. Washington DC. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
- "Wynn Resorts, Limited, Chairman of the Board & Chief Executive Officer". Magento. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
- "Forbes 400: The List". Forbes. September 29, 2015. Retrieved 2015-09-29.
- "Virginal Vermeer: Sold by Wynn, Now at the Met". Culture grrl blog. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
- Berzon, Alexandra; Kirkham, Chris; Bernstein, Elizabeth; O’Keeffe, Kate (January 27, 2018). "Dozens of People Recount Pattern of Sexual Misconduct by Las Vegas Mogul Steve Wynn". The Wall Street Journal.
- "Penn will remove 'Wynn Commons' name and rescind honorary degrees from Steve Wynn and Bill Cosby". The Daily Pennsylvanian. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
- Munk, Nina (April 24, 2014). "Steve Wynn's Biggest Gamble". Vanity Fair. Retrieved May 17, 2015.
- The First 100 Persons Who Shaped Southern Nevada. 1st100.com.
- Stephen Holden (May 16, 1998). "Frank Sinatra Dies at 82; Matchless Stylist of Pop". The New York Times. Retrieved July 30, 2013.
- "Steve Wynn's Vegas Vision Turned Into Reality". ABC News.
- "New Wynn resort, Encore, opens in Vegas with Sinatra restaurant". The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. January 8, 2009. Retrieved July 21, 2013.
- "AC History - Casino Connection Atlantic City". Retrieved December 21, 2014.
- "Biography: Stephen A. Wynn". PBS. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
- Arnold M. Knightly (February 25, 2007), Blink and you'll miss him, Las Vegas Review-Journal, Page 1E.
- Norm Clarke (June 17, 2003). "`Mystere' worker recalls uncertain times during show's birth". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved June 28, 2008.
- "LVRJ Readers' Poll". Archived from the original on March 25, 2011.
- AtlanticCityTripping.com. "The Tale of MGM Grand Atlantic City, Borgata and Le Jardin - Atlantic City Casino Travel Blog - AtlanticCityTripping.com".
- When Atlantic City projects had to be big, so were the ideas ... and the failures The Press of Atlantic City May 14, 2010 
- Mirage Reshuffles Deal in Mega-Resort Plan Ocala Star-Banner January 21, 1998 
- "The spectacular fountain-fed pool at Bellagio". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
- "Big, Bigger, and Bellagio" (PDF). Inland Architecture Magazine. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
- "Mirage Resorts renames newest Las Vegas resort Bellagio". Business Wire. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
- Hopkins, AD (September 12, 1999). "Steve Wynn". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved 2015-05-27.
- "Beau Rivage Home — English".
- My Way Finance Archived March 13, 2005, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Wynn Vegas Opens". USA Today. April 28, 2005. Retrieved 2015-05-27.
- "Las Vegas Golf Courses". Las Vegas Activities. Retrieved February 11, 2012.
- "Mobil Travel Guide" (PDF).
- Wiseman, Paul. (January 22, 2007) Macau leads Las Vegas in gambling –. Usatoday.com.
- "Wynn Macau Corporate Profile". Wynn Macau, Limited. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- "Corporate Profile". Wynn Macau, Limited. 2014. Retrieved 2015-01-19.
- "Wynn Resorts LTD., Form 10-K, Filing Date March 1, 2013". secdatabase.com. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- Clarke, Norm (November 2, 2008). "NORM: Jacko turns down Wynn Encore gig". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved November 18, 2008.
- "Encore At Wynn Macau Opens Today". Multivu.prnewswire.com. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- Wynn Macau Receives Approval for Cotai Development BUSINESS. online.wsj.com. 1 May 2012.
- The Australian (2013-07-30). "Leighton finalises $2.8bn contract to build new Wynn resort in Macau". Retrieved 2013-11-30.
- Leighton Project Showcase. "Wynn Palace". Retrieved 2013-11-30.
- "Wynn's $1.6B resort in Everett wins casino license". WCVB 5. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- "Part II: Steve Wynn discusses the future of his business". wn.com. 2010. Retrieved June 22, 2011.
Wynn owns an extensive art collection including paintings by Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh, Julian Hatton...
- "7 of Steve Wynn's Most Notable Art Purchases". Las Vegas Sun. July 9, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- "Who Paid $35.8 Million for J. M. W. Turner's View of Venice?". New York Times. April 8, 2006. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- Las Vegas Sun Explore passion (March 24, 2008)
- Vogel, Carol (December 18, 2009). "Rembrandt Buyer Is Said to Be Stephen Wynn". The New York Times. Retrieved December 18, 2009.
- Leach, Robin (February 1, 2013). "Steve Wynn's $33.6 million Jeff Koons sculpture Tulips goes on display in Las Vegas". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- Frank, Robert (May 15, 2014). "Well blow me down! Steve Wynn pays $28M for Popeye". CNBC. Retrieved 2015-01-19.
- Paumgarten, Nick (November 23, 2006). "The $40-Million Elbow". New Yorker Magazine. Retrieved July 15, 2013.
- "Lloyd's Sued on Payout for Hurt Picasso". New York Times. January 12, 2007. Retrieved October 27, 2010.
- Nora Ephron (October 16, 2006). "My Weekend in Vegas". The Huffington Post. Retrieved June 28, 2008.
- "Steve Wynn's Bad Dream". The Smoking Gun. January 11, 2007. Retrieved June 28, 2008.
- "Wynn Settles Suit Over Painting Cohen Coveted". FINalternatives. March 26, 2007. Retrieved June 28, 2008.
- Marc Spiegler (January 17, 2007). "Kasino-Milliardär Wynn fordert Schadenersatz für selbst zerstörten Picasso". artnet Magazin. Retrieved June 28, 2008.
- Vines, Richard and Katya Kazakina (March 26, 2013). "Cohen Buys Picasso's 'Le Reve' From Wynn for $155 Million". Bloomberg. Retrieved July 15, 2013.
- "Wynns Complete Divorce in Las Vegas". Dealbook. January 14, 2010. Retrieved July 8, 2012.
- Sellers, Patricia. "Elaine Wynn loses—and there's more to come". Fortune.
-  Archived March 14, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- Is Steve and Elaine Wynn's Relationship Now Strictly Business?. HotelChatter (January 28, 2009).
- Los Angeles Confidential: "Generous Sister Act Gillian and Kevyn Wynn" by Evelyn Crowley retrieved December 21, 2014
- Las Vegas Review Journal report. Reviewjournal.com (November 20, 2004).
- "The Daily Pennsylvanian :: Nick Hissom: model student". Thedp.com. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
- Independent Online: "Harry, the hustler and the dead naked girl" September 3, 2012 |"Before becoming the second Mrs Wynn, Andrea had lived in London with her first husband, Texan banker Robert Hissom, a former polo-playing friend of Prince Charles."
- Las Vegas Review-Journal: "London tabloid sees costly split" by Norm Clarke February 18, 2009 |"Hissom's father, financier Victor Danenza, fled to France in 1976 from New York after the FBI investigated him in connection with fraudulent stock market deals."
- "Wynn switching restaurant's name". Las Vegas Review-Journal. October 28, 2012.
Her great uncle, Ben Novack, and grandfather, Joe Novack, built the Fontainebleau hotel on Miami Beach, which opened in 1954.
- Chris Smith. "Clash of the Titans". New Yorker.
- "Eating 2nd Edition : Mike Anderson : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive".
- Katsilometes, John (November 4, 2010). "Steve Wynn: Viva Las Vegan". Las Vegas Weekly. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- "The Rise of the Power Vegans". BusinessWeek. November 4, 2010.
- "Steve Wynn on Veganism". LA Eater. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- Alexandra Berzon, Chris Kirkham, Elizabeth Bernstein and Kate O’Keeffe (January 26, 2018). "Dozens of People Recount Pattern of Sexual Misconduct by Las Vegas Mogul Steve Wynn". Wall Street Journal.
- Cochrane, Emily; Vogel, Kenneth P. (28 January 2018). "Stephen Wynn Steps Down From R.N.C. Post After Sexual Misconduct Claims" – via NYTimes.com.
- Phillips, Frank. "Wynn's political gifts raise questions". www.bostonglobe.com. The Boston Globe. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- Schwartz, Ian. (July 18, 2011) Wynn Slams Obama On Business. RealClearPolitics.
- Green, Steve (December 27, 2010). "Steve Wynn gets citizenship from Monaco as part of joint venture". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved 2015-08-17.
- Alex Isenstadt, RNC finance chair Steve Wynn resigns after sexual harassment allegations, Politico (January 27, 2018).
- Saunders, Debra J. "Steve Wynn named RNC finance chairman." Las Vegas Review-Journal, January 30, 2017.
- "Adelson, Wynn among Trump's inaugural committee." Associated Press, November 15, 2016
- China’s Pursuit of Fugitive Businessman Guo Wengui Kicks Off Manhattan Caper Worthy of Spy Thriller, The Wall Street Journal, 2017-10-22
- The Chinese Have Cracked the Code for Communicating With Trump, Foreign Policy, 2017-10-23
- Personnel Announcement. Georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov (October 30, 2006).
- Saul, Stephanie (Feb 1, 2018). "University of Pennsylvania Takes Away Steve Wynn's Honors. And Bill Cosby's, Too". New York Times.
- The All-America Executive Team Best CEOs Archived July 12, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., InstitutionalInvestor.com
- Barron's Staff, , Barron's, Mar. 26, 2011
- "The Best-Performing CEOs in the World". Harvard Business Review. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
- "Investigator Probed Casinos, Then Promoted Them (Obituary for Dennis Gomes)". The Wall Street Journal. February 25, 2012.
- David Johnston (March 23, 1991). "Casino Rivals Trump And Wynn Take Trade-secret Battle To Court". Philadelphia Inquirer.
- Priscilla Painton, The Great Casino Salesman, Time, June 2001
- Carvajal, Doreen (8 October 1997). "Defamation Suit Leaves Small Publisher Near Extinction". New York Times. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
- Reid, Calvin (9 October 2001). "Libel Ruling Reversed; Barricade Eyes Purchases". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
- "Settlement reached in Wynn suit". Las Vegas Sun. June 29, 2004. Retrieved 2015-05-27.
- "Doubled up". New York Post. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
- George Anastasia (March 12, 2000). "Donald Trump Vs. Steve Wynn In A Real-life Spy Tale A Recent Battle Between The Casino Moguls Is Filled With Claims Of Money-laundering, Double Agents And High-level Secret Snooping". Philly.com.
- "Steve Wynn Vs. Joe Francis: Anatomy of a $40 Million Smackdown". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
- Ashley Powers, Feud between casino mogul and porn purveyor enters L.A. court, Los Angeles Times, September 7, 2012
- "Joe Francis Catches $21 Million Break in War with Steve Wynn". TMZ. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
- Wynn awarded $7.5 million in case against soft-porn king – News – ReviewJournal.com. Lvrj.com.
- Steve Wynn's $20-million award against Joe Francis likely to grow – latimes.com. Latimesblogs.latimes.com (September 11, 2012).
- "Why a $40 Million Verdict Against 'Girls Gone Wild' Creator Joe Francis Was Cut". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
- Peter J. Henning (February 27, 2012). "War at Wynn Opens A Legal Can of Worms". New York Times.
- "High Tide: From A Wynn FCPA Probe To RBA Knowledge". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
- "Wynn Resorts' Okada Lawsuit Halted for Criminal Probe". Bloomberg. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
- "Analysis: Wynn, Okada mud fight may not stick with officials". Reuters. February 24, 2012.
- Linda Sandler (March 4, 2013). "Wynn Says Okada Fight Over Share Purchase May Cut Profit". Bloomberg News.
- Hannah Dreier (July 8, 2013). "Federal officials end inquiry into casino operator Wynn Resorts' donation in Macau". Washington Post.
- Holodny, Elena (26 September 2014). "Steven Wynn Is Suing Jim Chanos For Alleged Slander". Business Insider. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
- Andrew Chung, U.S. judge throws out slander lawsuit filed by casino mogul Wynn, Reuters (December 17, 2014).
- Linette Lopez, Steve Wynn just lost his slander appeal against Jim Chanos, Business Insider (March 28, 2017).
- John L. Smith, Wynn has much to gain by a weakened anti-SLAPP law, Las Vegas Review-Journal (April 21, 2015).
- Maxwell Tani, Yelp attacks casino mogul Steve Wynn for supporting legislation that makes it easy to sue people over bad reviews, Business Insider (May 20, 2015).
- Susman, Gary (7 December 2011). "25 Things You Didn't Know About 'Ocean's 11'". Moviefone.
- Steven Soderbergh (2001). Ocean's Eleven (DVD). Warner Bros. & Village Roadshow Pictures. ASIN B000P0J0BK. ISBN 0790768623. OCLC 49030412.
If you should be picked up buying a $100,000 sports car in Newport Beach, I'm going to be extremely disappointed
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Steve Wynn|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Steve Wynn.|