Steven A. Cohen

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Steven A. Cohen
Born (1956-06-11) June 11, 1956 (age 62)
Great Neck, New York, U.S.
ResidenceGreenwich, Connecticut, U.S.[1]
NationalityAmerican
Alma materThe Wharton School
OccupationInvestor, hedge fund manager, and philanthropist
Known forFounding and leading Point72 Asset Management
SalaryUS$2 billion (2015)[2]
Net worthUS$14 billion (March 2018)[1]
Spouse(s)
Patricia Finke
(m. 1979; div. 1990)

Alexandra Garcia (m. 1992)
Children7[1]

Steven A. Cohen (born June 11, 1956) is an American investor, hedge fund manager, and philanthropist. He is the founder of Point72 Asset Management and S.A.C. Capital Advisors both based in Stamford, Connecticut.[3] As of March 2018 he has an estimated net worth of US$14 billion.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Cohen grew up in a Jewish family [4][5] in Great Neck, New York, where his father was a dress manufacturer in Manhattan's garment district, and his mother was a part-time piano teacher.[6] He has 7 other brothers and sisters, of whom he is the 3rd oldest. He took a liking to poker as a high school student, often betting his own money in tournaments. Cohen credits the game with teaching him "how to take risks."[6] Cohen received an economics degree from the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania in 1978. He was a brother of Zeta Beta Tau fraternity, Theta Chapter.[7][8] While in school, a friend helped him open a brokerage account with $1,000 of his tuition money.[6]

Investment career[edit]

After Wharton, Cohen got a Wall Street job as a junior trader in the options arbitrage department at Gruntal & Co. in 1978, where he eventually managed a $75 million portfolio and six traders.[6]

His first day on the job at Gruntal & Co., he made an $8,000 profit. He would eventually go on to make the company around $100,000 a day.[7] Cohen was running his own trading group at Gruntal by 1984, and continued running it until he started his own company, SAC.[7]

In 1992, Cohen started S.A.C. Capital Advisors with $20 million of his own money. As of 2009, the firm managed $14 billion in equity.[9] Originally known as a rapid-fire trader who never held trading positions for extended periods of time, Cohen now holds an increasing number of equities for longer periods of time.[6][10]

On November 20, 2012, Cohen was implicated in an alleged insider trading scandal involving an ex-SAC manager, Mathew Martoma.[11][12] The SEC brought charges against a number of other SAC employees from 2010 to 2013, with various outcomes. Martoma was convicted in 2014, in what federal prosecutors billed as the most profitable insider-trading conspiracy in history.[13] The SEC later brought a civil lawsuit against Cohen, alleging his failure to supervise Martoma and Michael Steinberg, who was a senior employee and confidant of Cohen's.[14] Cohen's civil case was settled in January 2016; the agreement prohibits Cohen from managing outside money until 2018.[14]

The hedge fund itself pleaded guilty to similar criminal charges in a $1.8 billion November settlement that required it to stop handling investments for outsiders. Cohen "escaped criminal indictment himself despite being the living, breathing heart of SAC Capital,"[15] but Dr. Sidney Gilman, the star prosecution witness against Martoma, testified that FBI agents told him Cohen was the investigation's ultimate target.[16] He was featured in a January 2017 New Yorker article, titled "When The Feds Went After The Hedge-Fund Legend Steven A. Cohen".[17]

Wealth and philanthropy[edit]

In 2016, Forbes Magazine estimated Cohen's fortune at $13 billion, ranking him the 30th richest person in the United States.[18] Cohen was dubbed "the hedge fund king" in a 2006 Wall Street Journal article. Time Magazine ranked him 94th in 2007 on its annual Time 100 list of most influential people.[6][10] In 2011 he was included in the 50 Most Influential ranking of Bloomberg Markets Magazine.[19]

His 2005 compensation was reportedly $1 billion,[20] considerably higher than his 2004 compensation ($450 million),[21] 2001 compensation ($428 million),[7] and 2003 compensation ($350 million).[22] In addition, Cohen owns 7% of search engine Baidu[23] and owns 5% of SSD design firm OCZ Technology.[24] In February 2015, Forbes listed Cohen as the highest-earning hedge fund manager.[25] In December 2013, Cohen's New York penthouse in the Bloomberg Tower was listed for sale for $98 million.[26] Cohen is one of the minority owners of the New York Mets, and holds a four percent stake in the baseball team.[27]

Cohen and his wife Alexandra have donated to projects involved in health, education, arts and culture, and New York community.[28] In 2014, the Cohen Foundation provided funding, via the New York University Langone Center, for the study of post-traumatic stress and traumatic brain injury.[29] Cohen has committed $30 million toward research to accelerate development of biomarker tests and drug-based therapies for the conditions.[30]

The Steven & Alexandra Cohen Foundation gave a grant in excess of $100,000 to the Bruce Museum of Arts and Science in 2014, to support arts education and family programming.[31]

In April 2016, Cohen committed $275 million to establishing mental health centers for veterans and their families nationwide. The first two opened in Texas in the following months; centers in Los Angeles and Philadelphia were scheduled to open by the end of 2016, and a total of 25 are planned by 2020.[32][33][34][35]

In 2015, Cohen and his wife donated $2 million to a Super PAC supporting the presidential candidacy of Chris Christie.[36][37]

Art collection[edit]

Cohen began collecting art in 2000, and has since become a prominent collector, appearing on Art News magazine's "Top 10" list of biggest-spending art collectors around the world each year since 2002,[38] and Forbes magazine's "Top Billionaire Art Collectors" list in 2005.[39] He began spending a substantial proportion of his assets on art in the early 2000s.[40] A 2015 estimate valued his art collection at about $1 billion.[41] Also in 2015, he reportedly bought the world's most expensive sculpture, Alberto Giacometti's Man Pointing.[42]

In the 2000s, Cohen's SAC Capital owned between 4.7% and 5.9% of the stock of Sotheby's auction house.[43] S.E.C. filings in 2009 showed that SAC had sold all of its Sotheby's stock.[44]

Cohen is reportedly building a private museum for some of his artwork on his Greenwich property. He owns or has owned artworks by Lucio Fontana, Alberto Giacometti, Willem de Kooning, Jeff Koons, Edvard Munch, Pablo Picasso, and Andy Warhol.[41][45][46][47]

Cohen's tastes in collecting changed quickly from Impressionist painters to contemporary art. While he has collected works from important emerging artists such as Adam Pendleton,[48] he is most famous for collecting 'trophy' art—signature works by famous artists[39]—including a Pollock drip painting from David Geffen for $52 million and Damien Hirst's The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living, a piece that the artist had bought back from Charles Saatchi for $8 million.[49]

He has purchased some unusual art works. In 2006, Cohen remarked that repairing his suspended shark artwork (Hirst's Physical Impossiblity), a cost estimated to be a minimum of $100,000, was an "inconsequential" expense. Since the original shark was over 10 years old, it had begun to rot.[50][51] It was replaced with another shark in 2006.[52] Cohen has also placed Marc Quinn's Self, a head sculpture made of frozen blood, in the SAC lobby.[51]

In 2006, Cohen attempted to make the most expensive art purchase in history when he offered to purchase Picasso's Le Rêve from casino mogul Steve Wynn for $139 million. Just days before the painting was to be transported to Cohen, Wynn, who suffers from poor vision due to retinitis pigmentosa, accidentally thrust his elbow through the painting while showing it to a group of acquaintances inside of his office at Wynn Las Vegas. The purchase was canceled, and Wynn still held the painting[53] until early November 2012, when Cohen finally acquired the painting for $150 million.[54]

Legacy and awards[edit]

In 2008, he was inducted into Institutional Investors Alpha's Hedge Fund Manager Hall of Fame along with David Swensen, Louis Bacon, Seth Klarman, Kenneth Griffin, Paul Tudor Jones, George Soros, Michael Steinhardt, Jack Nash, James Simons, Alfred Jones, Leon Levy, Julian Roberston, and Bruce Kovner.[55]

Personal life[edit]

Cohen has been married twice.[6][56] In 1979, he married Patricia Finke,[57] a New York native from a working-class background who grew up in the Washington Heights, Manhattan neighborhood of New York City. They had two children together. They divorced in 1990.[58][59] In 1992, he married Alexandra Garcia, a working single mom of Puerto Rican descent who also grew up in Washington Heights. They have four children together.[5][60] They live in Greenwich, Connecticut, with their seven children (their four children along with Alexandra's prior child and his two children with his first wife, Patricia).[6][56] In 1998, the Cohen family purchased a 35,000-square-foot (3,300 m2) home on 14 acres (57,000 m2) in Greenwich.[61]

Cohen serves on the board of trustees of the New York-based Robin Hood Foundation.[8][62][63]

In December 2009, Cohen and his brother Donald T. Cohen were sued by Steven's ex-wife Patricia Cohen for racketeering and insider trading charges.[64] On March 30, 2011, the United States District Court in Lower Manhattan dismissed the case, but on 3 April 2013, the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in New York said a lower court had erred in dismissing fraud-based claims by his former spouse and revived the lawsuit.[65][66][67][68][69]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Forbes profile: Steve Cohen". Forbes. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  2. ^ "The Highest-Earning Hedge Fund Managers & Traders". forbes.com. Retrieved March 17, 2018.
  3. ^ Kazakina, Katya. "Steve Cohen Is Trading Art Like Stocks" Archived June 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., Bloomberg, November 4, 2014. Accessed May 23, 2016.
  4. ^ Kampeas, Ron (May 14, 2011). "Jewish, Republican, pro-gay rights". Capital J. Archived from the original on May 19, 2011.
  5. ^ a b The Tablet: "Tribal Allegiance: A Brooklyn rabbi thought he could swindle hedge-fund king Steven Cohen by playing on his Judaism. It was a bad bet." By Allison Hoffman Archived August 21, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. December 16, 2010
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Pulliam, Susan (September 16, 2006). "The Hedge Fund King is Getting Nervous". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 16, 2009.
  7. ^ a b c d Vickers, Marcia (July 21, 2003). "The Most Powerful Trader on Wall Street You've Never Heard Of (cover story)". Business Week. Retrieved July 25, 2006.
  8. ^ a b "New Brown fellows, trustees, and officers announced". Today at Brown. Brown University. May 28, 2008. Retrieved November 16, 2009.
  9. ^ Burton, Katherine; Saijel Kishan (October 11, 2009). "SAC Said to Tell Clients a Review Found No Suspicious Trading". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved November 16, 2009.
  10. ^ a b Fox, Justin (March 5, 2007). "Time 100 – Steven Cohen". Time Magazine. Retrieved November 16, 2009.
  11. ^ Bray, Chad (November 20, 2012). "Steven Cohen Implicated in Alleged Insider-Trading Scheme". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 20, 2012.
  12. ^ Van Voris, Bob; Patricia Hurtado (November 20, 2012). "Ex-SAC Manager Martoma Charged in Record Insider Scheme". Bloomburg. Retrieved November 20, 2012.
  13. ^ McCoy, Kevin (February 6, 2014). "Martoma convicted in insider trading case". USA Today.
  14. ^ a b Viswanatha, Aruna; Chung, Juliet (January 8, 2016). "Deal Ends SEC's Pursuit of Steven Cohen". Wall Street Journal.
  15. ^ "How Steven Cohen survived an insider trading scandal – The Financial Times". February 16, 2017. Retrieved May 23, 2017.
  16. ^ Celarier, Michael (January 24, 2014). "Gilman Testifies Cohen was real FBI target". NY Post.
  17. ^ Kolhatkar, Sheelah (January 16, 2017). "When the Feds Went After the Hedge-Fund Legend Steven A. Cohen – The New Yorker". The New Yorker. Retrieved April 10, 2017.
  18. ^ "#72 Steve Cohen". Forbes. September 11, 2016.
  19. ^ Dieterich, Robert S. (September 7, 2011). "Most Influential 50 in Global Finance List: Bloomberg Markets". Bloomberg Businessweek.
  20. ^ "News, Articles, Videos and Photos Search Results - WSJ.com". wsj.com.
  21. ^ "ryanmoney.com".
  22. ^ "artnet.com Magazine News". artnet.com.
  23. ^ Michael Paige. "Monster Worldwide drops on options review". MarketWatch.
  24. ^ "Steven Cohen's SAC Capital Builds OCZ Technology (OCZ) Stake ~ market folly". marketfolly.com.
  25. ^ Vardi, Nathan (February 25, 2015), "The 25 Highest-Earning Hedge Fund Managers & Traders", Forbes
  26. ^ Matt Chaban (December 31, 2013). "Stephen A. Cohen cuts the price on his $117M duplex in the Bloomberg Tower". Daily News (New York).
  27. ^ Svea Herbst-Bayliss (February 23, 2012). "SAC's Cohen buys small stake in New York Mets". Reuters.
  28. ^ "Steven A. Cohen – Wall Street Donors | Individuals | Foundations – Inside Philanthropy". www.insidephilanthropy.com. Retrieved April 13, 2016.
  29. ^ Kime, Patricia (November 5, 2014). "Medical tests for PTSD and TBI not far off". Military Times.
  30. ^ Gordon, Amanda (April 6, 2016). "Steven Cohen Pledges $275 Million to Veteran Mental Health Care". Bloomberg.
  31. ^ Bind, Barbara (November 9, 2014). "With new grant, Bruce Museum adds family programs". Greenwich Time.
  32. ^ Kime, Patricia (November 5, 2014). "Medical tests for PTSD and TBI not far off". MilitaryTimes. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
  33. ^ Repko, Melissa (June 8, 2016). "New Addison clinic offers free counseling for DFW's many veterans and their families". Dallas Morning News.
  34. ^ Kuz, Martin (May 9, 2016). "New clinic offers free mental health services for veterans, families". San Antonio Express News.
  35. ^ Fox, Emily Jane (April 8, 2016). "Billionaire Hedge-Fund Manager Pledges $275 Million to Veteran Mental-Health Care". Vanity Fair.
  36. ^ "Million-Dollar Donors in the 2016 Presidential Race". New York Times. August 25, 2015. Retrieved October 14, 2015.
  37. ^ "The Wall Street kingpin behind the attack on Kasich's ties to Wall Street".
  38. ^ "Top 10" article, Art News magazine, Summer 2006 issue[permanent dead link]; also see the "Past Issues" section, Summer 2005, Summer 2004, Summer 2003, Summer 2002, Retrieved July 25, 2006
  39. ^ a b Haden-Guest, Anthony (March 9, 2005). "Top Billionaire Art Collectors". Forbes.
  40. ^ Thomas, Landon Jr.; Vogel, Carol (March 3, 2005). "A New Prince of Wall Street Buys Up Art". New York Times.
  41. ^ a b Kazakina, Katya (November 3, 2015). "Steve Cohen Is Trading Art Like Stocks". Bloomberg.
  42. ^ Smith, Emily (June 8, 2015). "Man who bought the world's most expensive sculpture revealed". Page Six.
  43. ^ Maneker, Marion (March 6, 2009). "Steven Cohen Buys Significant Sotheby's Stake". Art Market Monitor.
  44. ^ Taylor, Kate. "Art Collector's Hedge Fund No Longer Owns Sotheby's Stock". ArtsBeat. NY Times. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
  45. ^ Goldstein, Matthew (January 19, 2016). "Morgan Stanley Provides Billionaire Steven Cohen With Loan Secured by Art". New York Times.
  46. ^ Vogel, Carol (October 12, 2006). "Works by Johns and de Kooning Sell for $143.5 Million". The New York Times. Retrieved May 24, 2010.
  47. ^ Vogel, Carol (November 18, 2006). "Landmark De Kooning Crowns Collection". The New York Times. Retrieved May 24, 2010.
  48. ^ Gamerman, Ellen (April 16, 2015). "Adam Pendleton: The Making of an Art-World Star". The Wall Street Journal.
  49. ^ Smarthistory – Hirst's Shark: Interpreting Contemporary Art Archived November 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine., video, Beth Harris, Sal Khan and Steven Zucker commentators, 7:49. accessed December 19, 2012
  50. ^ Vogel, Carol (October 1, 2006). "Swimming With Famous Dead Sharks". The New York Times.
  51. ^ a b "An art shark on the trading floor". The First Post. October 23, 2006. Archived from the original on November 28, 2006.
  52. ^ Smith, Roberta (October 16, 2007). "Just When You Thought It Was Safe". The New York Times. Retrieved October 16, 2007.
  53. ^ "My Weekend in Vegas". The Huffington Post. October 16, 2006.
  54. ^ Lattman, Peter; Vogel, Carol (April 3, 2013). "Suit by Ex-Wife of SAC's Cohen Revived on Appeal". The New York Times.
  55. ^ "The Alpha Hedge Fund Hall of Fame | Institutional Investor's Alpha". www.institutionalinvestorsalpha.com. Retrieved February 24, 2017.
  56. ^ a b Edmonston, Peter; Zachery Kouwe (November 14, 2008). "For Steven Cohen, 35,000 Square Feet Isn't Enough". The New York Times. Retrieved November 9, 2009.
  57. ^ "American Law Daily: First Amended Complaint: PATRICIA COHEN, Plaintiff, STEVEN COHEN, DONALD COHEN, BRETT LURIE, EDWARD BAO, SAC CAPITAL MANAGEMENT, INC., DONALD T. COHEN C.P.A., P.A., and GRUNTAL & CO. L.L.C., Defendants" (PDF). filed April 5, 2010
  58. ^ New York Magazine: "Divorced, Never Separated" By Steve Fishman Archived August 2, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. March 28, 2010
  59. ^ American Law Daily: "In Amended Complaint, Ex-Wife of SAC Capital's Cohen Targets New Defendants" by Brian Baxter Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. "Patricia Cohen (née Finke) first sued her former husband..." April 6, 2010
  60. ^ Bloomberg: "Steve Cohen's Trade Secrets" Archived January 10, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. February 26, 2010
  61. ^ Dealbook. "For Steven Cohen, 35,000 Square Feet Isn't Enough".
  62. ^ "The Corporation of Brown University: Trustees". Brown University. February 2009. Archived from the original on June 9, 2008. Retrieved January 4, 2010.
  63. ^ "Robin Hood Foundation – Board of Directors". The Robin Hood Foundation. Archived from the original on March 25, 2009. Retrieved January 4, 2010.
  64. ^ "SAC Capital's Steven Cohen Sued For Racketeering By Ex-Wife". The Wall Street Journal. December 16, 2009. Retrieved January 4, 2010.[dead link]
  65. ^ Ex-Wife’s Suit Against Steven Cohen Is Dismissed Archived April 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. March 30, 2011
  66. ^ "SAC's Cohen must face fraud claims by ex-wife". Reuters. April 3, 2013.
  67. ^ Lattman, Peter; Vogel, Carol (April 3, 2013). "Suit by Ex-Wife of SAC's Cohen Revived on Appeal". The New York Times.
  68. ^ Chung, Juliet (April 3, 2013). "New Divorce Fight for SAC's Cohen". The Wall Street Journal.
  69. ^ Juliet Chung (April 3, 2013). "Court revives lawsuit against SAC's Cohen". MarketWatch.

External links[edit]