Steven A. Cohen
|Steven A. Cohen|
June 11, 1956 |
Great Neck, New York, U.S.
|Residence||Greenwich, Connecticut, U.S.|
|Alma mater||Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania (B.S.)|
|Occupation||Founder, SAC Capital Advisors
Hedge fund manager
|Salary||$600 million (2011)|
|Net worth||US$12 billion (October 2015)|
|Spouse(s)||Patricia Finke (m. 1979; div. 1990)
Alexandra Garcia (m. 1992)
Steven A. Cohen (born June 11, 1956) is an American hedge fund manager. He is the founder of SAC Capital Advisors, a Stamford, Connecticut-based hedge fund focusing primarily on equity market strategies.
In November 2012, Cohen was implicated in a large criminal insider trading scandal, and SAC was charged by the Securities and Exchange Commission with failing to prevent insider trading the following July. In November 2013, SAC Capital pled guilty, agreed to stop managing funds for outsiders, and paid a $1.2 billion fine.
Cohen grew up in a Jewish family in Great Neck, New York, where his father was a dress manufacturer in Manhattan's garment district, and his mother was a part-time piano teacher. He has 7 other brothers and sisters, in which he is the 3rd oldest. From oldest to youngest: Marty Cohen, Gary Cohen, Steven Cohen, Cindy Cohen, Donald Cohen, Stacey Cohen, Wendy Cohen, and Russell Cohen. He took a liking to poker as a high school student, often betting his own money in tournaments. Cohen credits the game with teaching him "how to take risks." Cohen received an economics degree from the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania in 1978. He was a brother of Zeta Beta Tau fraternity, Theta Chapter. While in school, a friend helped him open a brokerage account with $1,000 of his tuition money.
His first day on the job at Gruntal & Co., he made an $8,000 profit. He would eventually go on to make the company around $100,000 a day. Cohen was running his own trading group at Gruntal by 1984, and continued running it until he started his own company, SAC.
In 1992, Cohen started SAC Capital Partners with $20 million of his own money; today the firm manages $14 billion in equity. Originally known as a rapid-fire trader who never held trading positions for extended periods of time, Cohen now holds an increasing number of equities for longer periods of time.
His 2005 compensation was reportedly $1 billion, considerably higher than his 2004 compensation ($450 million), 2001 compensation ($428 million), and 2003 compensation ($350 million). In addition, Cohen owns 7% of search engine Baidu and owns 5% of SSD design firm OCZ Technology.
In February 2013 Forbes listed Cohen as one of the 40 Highest-Earning hedge fund managers. In December 2013, Cohen's New York penthouse in the highly coveted Bloomberg Tower was listed for sale for 98 million dollars. Cohen is one of the minority owners of the New York Mets, and holds a four percent stake in the baseball team.
Cohen began collecting art in 2000, and has since become a prominent collector, appearing on Art News magazine's "Top 10" list of biggest-spending art collectors around the world each year since 2002, and Forbes magazine's "Top Billionaire Art Collectors" list in 2005. To date, Cohen has bought around $700 million worth of artwork; in 2003, the New York Times reported that in a five-year period, Cohen spent 20% of his income at art auctions.
He is reportedly building a private museum for some of his artwork on his Greenwich property. In 2005, it was reported that Cohen had previously bought Edvard Munch's Madonna for $11.5 million in 1999.
His tastes in collecting changed quickly from Impressionist painters to contemporary art. He also collects 'trophy' art—signature works by famous artists—including a Pollock drip painting from David Geffen for $52 million and Damien Hirst's The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living, a piece that the artist had bought back from Charles Saatchi for $8 million. In the last two years, he reportedly paid $25 million each for a Warhol and a Picasso. He is a major patron of the Marianne Boesky art gallery.
He has purchased some unusual art works. In 2006, Cohen remarked that repairing his suspended shark artwork, a cost estimated to be a minimum of $100,000, was an "inconsequential" expense. Since the shark itself is over 10 years old, it has begun to rot and requires replacement. The replacement shark has already been caught;[unreliable source?] once the exhibit is fixed, Cohen will have it moved into his SAC office. Cohen has also placed Marc Quinn's Self, a head sculpture made of frozen blood, in the SAC lobby.
In addition, in 2006 Cohen bought a landscape entitled "Police Gazette” by artist Willem de Kooning for $63.5 million from David Geffen. Also in 2006, Cohen attempted to make the most expensive art purchase in history when he offered to purchase Picasso's Le Reve from casino mogul Steve Wynn for $139 million. Just days before the painting was to be transported to Cohen, Wynn, who suffers from poor vision due to retinitis pigmentosa, accidentally thrust his elbow through the painting while showing it to a group of acquaintances inside of his office at Wynn Las Vegas. The purchase was canceled, and Wynn still held the painting until early November, 2012, when Cohen finally acquired the painting for $150 million. In November 2006, Cohen purchased another Willem de Kooning painting, Woman III, from David Geffen for $137.5 million.
Dubbed "the hedge fund king" in a 2006 Wall Street Journal article, Time Magazine ranked him 94th in 2007 on its annual Time 100 list of most influential people. In 2011 he was included in the 50 Most Influential ranking of Bloomberg Markets Magazine.
On November 20, 2012, according to The Wall Street Journal, Cohen was implicated in an alleged insider trading scandal involving an ex-SAC manager, Mathew Martoma. Cohen was not directly named in an indictment released in New York, but was referred to as "Portfolio Manager A" "according to people familiar with the matter." Reuters reported that Cohen "personally signed off on" the trades that are being investigated, but that "experts said prosecutors lack proof that Cohen knew the trades ... were based on inside information". A SAC spokesman later stated that “Mr. Cohen and SAC are confident that they have acted appropriately and will continue to cooperate with the government’s inquiry,” according to The Wall Street Journal.
Five former SAC employees have been implicated in insider trading deals by prosecutors and three have confessed. Another three former SAC traders have been charged with illegal trading after they left SAC and two have pleaded guilty. SAC’s culture has been described as "high-stress, pressure-packed... (and) ruthless". The firm relentlessly digs "for information about publicly traded companies to form a 'mosaic,' building a complete picture of the company’s prospects that gives the firm an edge over other investors."
On February 6, 2014, former SAC Capital portfolio manager Mathew Martoma was found guilty in what federal prosecutors billed as the most profitable insider-trading conspiracy in history. He was the eighth present or former SAC Capital employee found guilty on insider-trading charges. The hedge fund itself pleaded guilty to similar criminal charges in a $1.8 billion November settlement that requires it to stop handling investments for outsiders. Cohen hasn't been charged. But Dr. Sidney Gilman, the star prosecution witness against Martoma, testified that FBI agents told him Cohen was the investigation's ultimate target.
- In 1979, he married Patricia Finke, a New York native from a working-class background who grew up in the Washington Heights, Manhattan neighborhood of New York City. They had two children together. They divorced in 1990.
- In 1992, he married Alexandra Garcia, a working single mom of Puerto Rican Catholic descent who also grew up in Washington Heights. They have four children together. They live in Greenwich, Connecticut with their six children (their four children along with Alexandra's prior child and his two children with his first wife, Patricia).
In December 2009, Cohen and his brother Donald T. Cohen were sued by Steven's ex-wife Patricia Cohen for racketeering and insider trading charges. On March 30, 2011, the United States District Court in Lower Manhattan dismissed the case, saying Ms. Cohen’s claims amounted to little more than speculation and rumor.
On April 3, 2013, the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in New York said a lower court had erred in dismissing fraud-based claims by his former spouse and revived the lawsuit. It also revived claims of racketeering and breach of fiduciary duty, while upholding the dismissal of an unjust enrichment claim.
Philanthropy and political donations
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- Mason, Melvin. "Greenwich Home to Billionaires on Forbes List". The Greenwich Daily Voice. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
- Weizel, Richard. "Eight County Billionaires Make Forbes Richest List". The Norwalk Daily Voice. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
- Lattman, Peter (November 26, 2012). "New Breed of SAC Capital Hire Is at Center of Insider Trading Case". The New York Times. Retrieved November 26, 2012.
- "SEC charges SAC Capital's Steven A. Cohen for failing to prevent insider trading by employees". CNBC. 19 July 2013. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
- Lattman, Peter; Protess, Ben (November 4, 2013). "SAC Capital Agrees to Plead Guilty to Insider Trading". The New York Times/Dealbook. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- The Tablet: "Tribal Allegiance: A Brooklyn rabbi thought he could swindle hedge-fund king Steven Cohen by playing on his Judaism. It was a bad bet." By Allison Hoffman December 16, 2010
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- "New Brown fellows, trustees, and officers announced". Today at Brown. Brown University. May 28, 2008. Retrieved November 16, 2009.
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- "#121 Steve Cohen". Forbes. September 24, 2014.
- DealBook - New York Times - For Steven Cohen, 35,000 Square Feet Isn’t Enough
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- Ryan Money Blog » Venture Capital
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- Michael Paige. "Monster Worldwide drops on options review". MarketWatch.
- "Steven Cohen's SAC Capital Builds OCZ Technology (OCZ) Stake ~ market folly". marketfolly.com.
- Vardi, Nathan (February 26, 2013), "The 40 Highest-Earning Hedge Fund Managers & Traders 2013", Forbes
- Matt Chaban (December 31, 2013). "Stephen A. Cohen cuts the price on his $117M duplex in the Bloomberg Tower". Daily News (New York).
- Svea Herbst-Bayliss (February 23, 2012). "SAC's Cohen buys small stake in New York Mets". Reuters.
- "Top 10" article, Art News magazine, Summer 2006 issue; also see the "Past Issues" section, Summer 2005, Summer 2004, Summer 2003, Summer 2002, Retrieved July 25, 2006
- Anthony Haden-Guest (March 9, 2005). "Top Billionaire Art Collectors". Forbes.
- "The Week UK". The Week UK.
- "ART / 4 / 2DAY". safran-arts.com.
- Maneker, Marion (March 6, 2009). "Steven Cohen Buys Significant Sotheby's Stake". Art Market Monitor.
- W. Robinson (October 26, 2006). "Artnet News". artnet.
- Haden-Guest, Anthony (March 9, 2005). "Top Billionaire Art Collectors". forbes.com.
- Smarthistory - Hirst's Shark: Interpreting Contemporary Art, video, Beth Harris, Sal Khan and Steven Zucker commentators, 7:49. accessed December 19, 2012
- Carol Vogel (October 1, 2006). "Swimming With Famous Dead Sharks". The New York Times.
- Vogel, Carol (October 12, 2006). "Works by Johns and de Kooning Sell for $143.5 Million". The New York Times. Retrieved May 24, 2010.
- "My Weekend in Vegas". The Huffington Post. October 16, 2006.
- Peter Lattman and Carol Vogel (3 April 2013). "Suit by Ex-Wife of SAC’s Cohen Revived on Appeal". The New York Times.
- Vogel, Carol (November 18, 2006). "Landmark De Kooning Crowns Collection". The New York Times. Retrieved May 24, 2010.
- Dieterich, Robert S. (September 7, 2011). "Most Influential 50 in Global Finance List: Bloomberg Markets". Bloomberg Businessweek.
- Bray, Chad (20 November 2012). "Steven Cohen Implicated in Alleged Insider-Trading Scheme". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- Van Voris, Bob; Patricia Hurtado (November 20, 2012). "Ex-SAC Manager Martoma Charged in Record Insider Scheme". Bloomburg. Retrieved November 20, 2012.
- Flitter, Emily; Basil Katz (November 20, 2012). "U.S. charges ex-SAC manager in $276 million insider scheme". Reuters. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
- Jones, Ashby (November 20, 2012). "Spotlight Swings to SAC Capital, Steven Cohen". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
- McCoy, Kevin (February 6, 2014). "Martoma convicted in insider trading case". USA Today.
- Celarier, Michael (January 24, 2014). "Gilman Testifies Cohen was real FBI target". NY Post.
- Edmonston, Peter; Zachery Kouwe (November 14, 2008). "For Steven Cohen, 35,000 Square Feet Isn’t Enough". The New York Times. Retrieved November 9, 2009.
- "American Law Daily: First Amended Complaint: PATRICIA COHEN, Plaintiff, STEVEN COHEN, DONALD COHEN, BRETT LURIE, EDWARD BAO, SAC CAPITAL MANAGEMENT, INC., DONALD T. COHEN C.P.A., P.A., and GRUNTAL & CO. L.L.C., Defendants" (PDF). filed April 5, 2010
- New York Magazine: "Divorced, Never Separated" By Steve Fishman March 28, 2010
- American Law Daily: "In Amended Complaint, Ex-Wife of SAC Capital's Cohen Targets New Defendants" by Brian Baxter "Patricia Cohen (née Finke) first sued her former husband..." April 6, 2010
- Bloomberg: "Steve Cohen's Trade Secrets" February 26, 2010
- "The Corporation of Brown University: Trustees". Brown University. February 2009. Archived from the original on June 9, 2008. Retrieved January 4, 2010.
- "Robin Hood Foundation - Board of Directors". The Robin Hood Foundation. Retrieved January 4, 2010.
- "SAC Capital's Steven Cohen Sued For Racketeering By Ex-Wife". The Wall Street Journal. December 16, 2009. Retrieved January 4, 2010.[dead link]
- Ex-Wife’s Suit Against Steven Cohen Is Dismissed March 30, 2011
- "SAC's Cohen must face fraud claims by ex-wife". Reuters. April 3, 2013.
- Lattman, Peter; Vogel, Carol (April 3, 2013). "Suit by Ex-Wife of SAC's Cohen Revived on Appeal". The New York Times.
- Chung, Juliet (April 3, 2013). "New Divorce Fight for SAC's Cohen". The Wall Street Journal.
- Juliet Chung (April 3, 2013). "Court revives lawsuit against SAC’s Cohen". MarketWatch.
- "Million-Dollar Donors in the 2016 Presidential Race". New York Times. 25 August 2015. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
- Wall Street Journal's 2006 "The Hedge-Fund King Is Getting Nervous" article
- Vanity Fair's Interview with Steven Cohen
- An art shark on the trading floor
- Steven Cohen Latest Portfolio
- Steven Cohen Accused of Failing to Prevent Insider Trading
- A New Prince of Wall Street Buys Up Art - New York Times article profiling Cohen's art collection
- The Steven and Alexandra Cohen Foundation