Steven DeRose

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Steven J DeRose (born 1960) is a computer scientist noted for his contributions to Computational Linguistics and to key standards related to document processing, mostly around ISO's Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) and W3C's Extensible Markup Language (XML).

His contributions include the following:

He served as Chief Scientist of the Scholarly Technology Group, and Adjunct Associate Professor of Computer Science, at Brown University.[2] While there he received NSF and NEH[3][4] grants and contributed heavily to the Open eBook and Encoded Archival Description standards. Previously, he was co-founder and Chief Scientist at Electronic Book Technologies, Inc., where he designed the first SGML browser (Dynatext), which earned 11 US Patents and won Seybold.[5] and other awards.

His 1987 article with James Coombs and Allen Renear, "Markup Systems and the Future of Scholarly Text Processing", is a seminal source for the theory of markup systems, and has been widely cited and reprinted. [6] [7] [8] [9] [10][11][12] The article "What is Text, Really?"[13] has also been widely cited and reprinted,[14] and led to several follow-on articles[15] In addition, he has published 2 books (Making Hypermedia Work: A User's Guide to HyTime and The SGML FAQ Book); as well as articles in a variety of journals, magazines, and proceedings.

He has given papers and tutorials at the ACM Hypertext Conference and various SGML and XML conferences,[16] a keynote address at the ACM Conference on Very Large DataBases (VLDB),[17] and a plenary talk at the Text Encoding Initiative 10 Conference.[18]

In Computational Linguistics, he is known[19] for pioneering the use of dynamic programming methods for part-of-speech tagging (DeRose 1988, 1990).

Selected publications[edit]

  1. DeRose, Steven J. (1988). "Grammatical category disambiguation by statistical optimization". Computational Linguistics. 14 (1). pp. 31–39. 
  2. DeRose, Steven J. (1990). Stochastic Methods for Resolution of Grammatical Category Ambiguity in Inflected and Uninflected Languages. (Thesis). Providence, RI: Brown University Department of Cognitive and Linguistic Sciences. 
  3. DeRose, Steven J. & David G. Durand (1994). Making Hypermedia Work: A User's Guide to HyTime. Kluwer Academic Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7923-9432-7. 
  4. DeRose, Steven J (1997). The SGML FAQ Book. Kluwer Academic Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7923-9943-8. 


  1. ^ "XML Linking Language (XLink) Version 1.0". W3C. 27 June 2001. 
  2. ^ "Scholarly Technology Group, Staff Alumni pages". 
  3. ^ NEH Grant number: PA-23769-01, 5/1/2001 – 4/30/2004. University of Virginia. "Converting Text Encoding Initiative Guidelines and Documentation into the XML Format [TEI]" [1]
  4. ^ John Unsworth. "NEH grant". Posting to tei-council list. Sun Jan 6 13:16:27 EST 2002 [2]
  5. ^ Seybold Publications. Seybold Seminars Boston '96 [February 27 - March 1, 1996. Boston, MA]. Part I. Seybold Seminars Boston '96: When Worlds Collide.. Seybold Special Report, Volume 4, Number 8. Media, PA: Seybold Publications, March 25, 1996. ISSN 1069-7217. [3]
  6. ^ Robin Cover (11 July 1997). "SGML Bibliography 1994". 
  7. ^ Tim Bray (11 July 1997). "On Semantics and Markup". 
  8. ^ Susan Hockey (chair) (9–13 June 1999). Panel: What is text? A debate on the philosophical and epistemological nature of text in the light of humanities computing research. ACH-ALLC '99 International Humanities Computing Conference. Charlottesville, Virginia. 
  9. ^ Toby Burrows (2004). The Text in the Machine: Electronic Texts in the Humanities. Binghamton NY: University of Washington Press. p. 4. ISBN 0-7890-0424-0. 
  10. ^ Raimonda Modiano; Leroy Searle; Peter L. Shillingsburg, eds. (1999). Voice, Text, Hypertext: Emerging Practices in Textual Studies. Binghamton NY: Haworth Press. p. 375. ISBN 0-295-98305-1. 
  11. ^ Robin Cover (21 May 1990). "New Reading on Text". 
  12. ^ [4]Angelo Di Iorio (March 2007), Pattern-based Segmentation of Digital Documents: Model and Implementation, Technical Report UBLCS-2007-5, University of Bologna, Mura Anteo Zamboni 7 40127 Bologna (Italy): Department of Computer Science 
  13. ^ Steven J. DeRose; David G. Durand; Elli Mylonas & Allen H. Renear (1997), "What is text, really?", Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 1 (2): 3–26 .
  14. ^ Steven J. DeRose; David G. Durand; Elli Mylonas & Allen H. Renear (August 1997), "What is text, really?", SIGDOC, J. Comput. Doc., 21 (3): 1–24, doi:10.1145/264842.264843  (a special issue with multiple articles in response [5]).
  15. ^ Renear, Allen, Durand, David, Mylonas, Elli (1996), Hockey, Susan, Ide, Nancy, ed., "Refining our Notion of What Text Really Is: The Problem of Overlapping Hierarchies", Research in Humanities Computing 4: Selected Papers from the 1992 ALLC/ACH Conference, Oxford: Oxford University Press: 263–280 
  16. ^ Brown University Library. "STG Publications - 1999"
  17. ^ 1999 Invited talks at VLDB. Malcolm P. Atkinson; Maria E. Orlowska; Patrick Valduriez; Stanley B. Zdonik; Michael L. Brodie., eds. (1999). Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Very Large Data Bases. San Francisco, CA: Morgan Kaufmann. 
  18. ^ The Relation Between TEI and XML, later published as DeRose, Steven J. (1999). "XML and the TEI". Computers and the Humanities. 33 (1-2). pp. 11–30. 
  19. ^ Steven Abney. 1997. "Part-of-speech tagging and partial parsing." In Corpus-Based Methods in Language and Speech. [6]. Susan Schreibman, Raymond George Siemens, and John M. Unsworth (eds). 2005. A companion to digital humanities. (Blackwell Companions to Literature and Culture). ISBN 978-1-4051-0321-3. [7]

External links[edit]