Steven Murdoch

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Dr. Steven Murdoch

Steven J Murdoch (cropped).jpg
Steven James Murdoch
Alma materUniversity of Cambridge
Known forTor project[1][2]
EMV/Chip and PIN[1][3]
Scientific career
Anonymous communication[4][5]
Chip and PIN
Europay, Master and Visa (EMV)[1]
InstitutionsComputer Science Department, University College London
ThesisCovert channel vulnerabilities in anonymity systems (2008)
Doctoral advisorMarkus Kuhn[6][7]

Steven James Murdoch FBCS FIET is a security researcher in the Computer Science Department, University College London.[7] His research covers privacy-enhancing technology, Internet censorship[8], and anonymous communication, in particular Tor[9][10]. He is also known for discovering several vulnerabilities in the EMV bank chipcard payment system (Chip and PIN).[1][11][12][13]


Murdoch was educated at the University of Cambridge completing a PhD on computer security supervised by Markus Kuhn in 2008.[5]

Awards and honours[edit]

He is a Fellow of the British Computer Society and Fellow of the Institution of Engineering and Technology.[7]


  1. ^ a b c d Grossman, Wendy (23 August 2016). "Steven Murdoch – Privacy and Financial Security". Bentham's Gaze. UCL. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  2. ^ Murdoch, Steven J.; Danezis, George (2005). "Low-Cost Traffic Analysis of Tor" (PDF). 2005 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (S&P'05). p. 183. doi:10.1109/SP.2005.12. ISBN 978-0-7695-2339-2.
  3. ^ Murdoch, Steven J.; Drimer, Saar; Anderson, Ross; Bond, Mike (2010). "Chip and PIN is Broken" (PDF). 2010 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy. p. 433. doi:10.1109/SP.2010.33. ISBN 978-1-4244-6894-2.
  4. ^ Murdoch, S. J.; Lewis, S. (2005). "Embedding Covert Channels into TCP/IP". Information Hiding. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 3727. p. 247. CiteSeerX doi:10.1007/11558859_19. ISBN 978-3-540-29039-1.
  5. ^ a b Murdoch, Steven James (2008). Covert channel vulnerabilities in anonymity systems (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge.
  6. ^ Steven J. Murdoch at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  7. ^ a b c "Institutional Research Information Service". University College London. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
  8. ^ Deibert, Ronald; Palfrey, John; Rohozinski, Rafal; Zittrain, Jonathan, eds. (January 2008). Access Denied: The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering. The MIT Press. p. x. ISBN 9780262541961. ...Dr. Steven Murdoch, who has gone on to become the ONI’s chief technology officer. Steven’s quiet and diligent manner has led to some of the ONI’s more interesting findings, and he continues to spearhead the development of tools and methods that will keep our work ahead of the emerging trends.
  9. ^ Newitz, Annalee (28 December 2006). "Your Computer is Hot -- And I Know Where You Live". Popular Science. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  10. ^ Gallagher, Sean (28 October 2011). "Tor Project patches critical flaw in its anonymizing network". Ars Technica. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  11. ^ Watts, Susan (26 February 2006). "How secure is Chip and PIN?". BBC Newsnight. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  12. ^ Banking security, Computer Laboratory, University of Cambridge
  13. ^ Threat to chip-and-pin terminals, BBC News, 2 January 2010