Steven R. Rosefielde (born 1942) is Professor of Comparative Economic Systems at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He is also a member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences.
- Russia since 1980: Wrestling with Westernization, with Stefan Hedlund, Cambridge University Press, 2009
- Red Holocaust, Routledge, 2009 (reviewed in doi:10.1080/03585522.2011.617586)
- Economic Welfare and the Economics of Soviet Socialism: Essays in Honor of Abram Bergson, Cambridge University Press, 2008
- The Russian Economy: From Lenin to Putin, Wiley-Blackwell, 2007
- Masters of Illusion: American Leadership In The Media Age, Cambridge University Press, 2006
- Comparative Economic Systems: Culture, Wealth, and Power in the 21st Century, Wiley-Blackwell, 2002, 2005, 2008
- Russia in the 21st Century: The Prodigal Superpower, Cambridge University Press, 2004
- Efficiency and Russia's Economic Recovery Potential to the Year 2000 and Beyond, ed., Ashgate Publishing, 1998
- Documented Homicides and Excess Deaths: New Insights into the Scale of Killing in the USSR during the 1930s. (PDF file) Communist and Post-Communist Studies, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 321–333. University of California, 1997.
- False Science: Underestimating the Soviet Arms Buildup. An Appraisal of the CIA's Direct Costing Effort, 1960–1985, 1988
- World Communism at the Crossroads: Military Ascendancy, Political Economy, and Human Welfare, 1980
- Soviet International Trade in Heckscher-Ohlin Perspective: An Input-Output Study, 1973