Stevenage (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Stevenage in Hertfordshire.
Location of Hertfordshire within England.
|Electorate||69,357 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Stephen McPartland (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Hertford & Stevenage, Hitchin, and East Hertfordshire|
|European Parliament constituency||East of England|
The constituency was created in 1983 from parts of the seats of Hertford and Stevenage, Hitchin, and East Hertfordshire. A Southern England new town seat with volatile voting patterns, it was Conservative held between 1983 and 1997 until Labour easily gained it, but their winning margin in 2005 was small and the Conservatives gained the seat at the 2010 election.
Its main predecessor, named first, was also a bellwether of the national result. Shirley Williams has been the most prominent member, in fact the second frontbencher since 1974. She held it when she was a Secretary of State in government from 1974 until 1979, Secretary of State for Prices and Consumer Protection and then Paymaster General. Barbara Follett achieved two ministerial roles from 2007 until 2010.
The main town is known for its fast rail links to London and proximity to Luton Airport which accompanies a few headquarters of global businesses based in the seat. Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 higher than the national average of 3.8%, and eastern regional average of 3.2%, at 4.0% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Boundaries and boundary changes
1983-1997: The Borough of Stevenage, the District of North Hertfordshire wards of Codicote and Knebworth, and the District of East Hertfordshire wards of Cottered, Datchworth, Mundern, Walkern, and Watton-at-Stone.
The constituency was formed from the majority of the abolished County Constituency of Hertford and Stevenage, except for the wards of Codicote and Knebworth, transferred from the abolished County Constituency of Hitchin, and the wards of Cottered and Mundern, transferred from the abolished County Constituency of East Hertfordshire.
1997-2010: The Borough of Stevenage, the District of North Hertfordshire wards of Codicote and Knebworth, and the District of East Hertfordshire wards of Datchworth and Walkern.
2010-present: The Borough of Stevenage, the District of North Hertfordshire wards of Codicote and Knebworth, and the District of East Hertfordshire ward of Datchworth and Aston.
Walkern ward transferred to North East Hertfordshire.
Changes proposed for 2022
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.
In order to meet the requirements in respect of the electoral quota range, the Commission has recommended that the District of East Hertfordshire wards of Watton-at-Stone and Walkern be transferred back from North East Hertfordshire.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|Labour Co-op||Sharon Taylor||21,414||43.4||9.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Barbara Gibson||2,032||4.1||0.8|
|Labour Co-op||Sharon Taylor||16,336||34.2||+0.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Susan Van De Ven||1,582||3.3||−13.3|
|English Democrat||Charles Vickers||115||0.2||−0.6|
|Labour Co-op||Sharon Taylor||14,913||33.4||−9.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Julia Davies||7,432||16.6||−1.7|
|English Democrat||Charles Vickers||366||0.8||N/A|
|Your Right To Democracy Party Ltd.||Andrew Ralph||31||0.1||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+8.0|
Elections in the 2000s
|Conservative||George William Freeman||14,864||35.4||+3.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Julia Davies||7,610||18.1||+3.9|
|Conservative||Graeme Brian Quar||13,459||31.7||−1.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Harold Davies||6,027||14.2||+5.3|
|Socialist Alliance||Stephen William Glennon||449||1.1||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Mrs. Sarah Teresa Anne Bell||173||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Alexander Iain Cameron Wilcock||4,588||8.9||−8.2|
|Referendum||Jeffery Michael Coburn||1,194||2.3||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||David William Bundy||196||0.4||N/A|
|Natural Law||Andrew Brinley Michael Calcraft||110||0.2||−0.2|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||14.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Andrew Anthony Reilly||9,668||16.6||−15.9|
|Natural Law||Andrew Brinley Michael Calcraft||233||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||Ben Stoneham||18,201||32.5||−3.6|
|Labour||Malcolm Robert Crawford Withers||14,229||25.4||+1.4|
|Social Democratic||Ben Stoneham||19,032||36.1||N/A|
|Labour||Mrs. Susan Ann Reeves||12,673||24.0||N/A|
|BNP||David Robert Bowmaker||236||0.5||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on November 6, 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 5)
- "Stevenage parliamentary constituency - Election 2017 - BBC News". BBC Online. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Stevenage parliamentary constituency - Election 2015 - BBC News". BBC Online. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Stevenage". BBC Online (BBC). 7 May 2010. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.