Stewardship theorists assume that given a choice between self-serving behavior and pro-organizational behavior, a steward will place higher value on cooperation than defection. Stewards are assumed to be collectivists, pro-organizational, and trustworthy.
In American politics, an example of the stewardship theory is where a president practices a governing style based on belief, they have the duty to do whatever is necessary in national interest, unless prohibited by the Constitution.
- Davis, J. H., Schoorman, F. D., & Donaldson, L. (1997). Toward a stewardship theory of management. Academy of Management Review, 22(1), 20-47.