Stewart Copeland

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Stewart Copeland
Copeland behind a drum kit
Copeland performing in June 2008
Background information
Birth nameStewart Armstrong Copeland
Also known asKlark Kent
Born (1952-07-16) July 16, 1952 (age 68)
Alexandria, Virginia, U.S.
Genres
Occupation(s)
  • Musician
  • composer
Instruments
  • Drums
  • percussion
  • vocals
Years active1974–present
Labels
Associated acts
Websitewww.stewartcopeland.net

Stewart Armstrong Copeland (born July 16, 1952) is an American musician and composer. He rose to prominence as the drummer of the English rock band the Police. He has also produced film and video game soundtracks and written various pieces of music for ballet, opera, and orchestra. His composing work includes the films Wall Street, Good Burger, and We Are Your Friends; the TV series The Equalizer, Dead Like Me, and The Amanda Show; and the video games Alone in the Dark 4 and the Spyro series.[1]

Copeland was ranked the 10th best drummer of all time by Rolling Stone in 2016.[2] According to MusicRadar, his "distinctive drum sound and uniqueness of style has made him one of the most popular drummers to ever get behind a drumset".[3] He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of the Police in 2003, the Modern Drummer Hall of Fame in 2005, and the Classic Drummer Hall of Fame in 2013.[4][5][6]

Early life[edit]

Stewart Armstrong Copeland was born in Alexandria, Virginia, on July 16, 1952,[7][8] the youngest of four children of Scottish archaeologist Lorraine Adie and Alabama-born CIA officer Miles Copeland Jr. According to his 1989 biography[9] and files released by the CIA in 2008,[10] his father was a founding member of the OSS and the CIA. The family moved to Cairo a few months after Copeland's birth. When he was five years old, the family moved to Beirut,[11] where he attended the American Community School. He started taking drum lessons at age 12 and was playing drums for school dances within a year. He later moved to England, attending Millfield boarding school in Somerset from 1967 to 1969.[11] He went to college in California, enrolling at Alliant International University and the University of California, Berkeley. His eldest brother, Miles Copeland III, founded I.R.S. Records and became the manager of the Police. He has also overseen Copeland's interests in other music projects. His other brother, the late Ian Copeland, was a pioneering booking agent who represented the Police and many others. He is not related to the composer Aaron Copland.[12]

Career[edit]

Curved Air (1975–1976)[edit]

Returning to England, Copeland worked as road manager for the progressive rock band Curved Air's 1974 reunion tour, and then as drummer for the band during 1975 and 1976. The band kicked off with a European tour, which started poorly.[13] Band leader Darryl Way, a notorious perfectionist,[14][15] grew impatient with the struggling of his bandmates, especially novice drummer Copeland.[16] Then, for reasons no one could pinpoint, the musicians suddenly "clicked" with each other and the band caught fire, quickly becoming a popular and acclaimed live act.[13] Eventually, Way left the band and after months of gradually losing steam, Curved Air broke up so quietly that, by singer Sonja Kristina's recollections, most of the music press wrote off the band's absence as a "sabbatical".[14] Copeland formed The Police and Kristina and Way both pursued solo careers. Kristina and Copeland maintained the close personal relationship they'd formed while bandmates and were married in 1982.

The Police (1977–1986)[edit]

Copeland performing with the Police in 1979

In early 1977, Copeland founded the Police with lead singer-bass guitarist Sting and guitarist Henry Padovani (who was soon replaced by Andy Summers), and they became one of the top bands of the late 1970's and early 1980's. Copeland was the youngest member of the band. The Police's early track list (before their album debut) was largely Copeland compositions, including the band's first single "Fall Out" (Illegal Records, 1977) and the B-side "Nothing Achieving". Though Copeland's songwriting contribution was reduced to a couple of songs per album as Sting started writing more material, he continued to co-arrange all The Police's songs together with his two bandmates. Amongst Copeland's most notable songs are "On Any Other Day" (where he also sang lead vocals), "Does Everyone Stare" (later to be used as the title of his documentary on the band Everyone Stares: The Police Inside Out), "Contact", "Bombs Away", "Darkness" and "Miss Gradenko". Copeland also co-wrote a number of songs with Sting, including "Peanuts", "Landlord", "It's Alright for You" and "Re-Humanize Yourself".

Copeland also recorded under the pseudonym Klark Kent, releasing several UK singles in 1978 with one ("Don't Care") entering the UK Singles Chart that year, along with an eponymous 10-inch album on green vinyl released in 1980. Recording at Nigel Gray's Surrey Sound Studio, Copeland played all the instruments and sang the lead vocals himself. Kent's "Don't Care", which peaked at No. 48 UK in August 1978, actually predates the first chart single by the Police by several months ("Can't Stand Losing You", issued in October 1978) as "Don't Care" was released in early June 1978.

In 1982, Copeland was involved in the production of a WOMAD benefit album called Music and Rhythm. Copeland's score for Rumble Fish secured him a Golden Globe nomination in 1983. The film, directed and produced by Francis Ford Coppola from the S. E. Hinton novel, also had a song released to radio on A&M Records "Don't Box Me In" (UK Singles Chart n. 91)—a collaboration between Copeland and singer-songwriter Stan Ridgway, leader of the band Wall of Voodoo—that received significant airplay upon release of the film that year.

The Rhythmatist record of 1985 was the result of a pilgrimage to Africa and its people, and it features local drums and percussion, with more drums, percussion, other musical instruments and occasional lead vocals added by Copeland. The album was the official soundtrack to the movie of the same name, which was co-written by Stewart. He also starred in the film, which is "A musical odyssey through the heart of Africa in search of the roots of rock & roll." (Copeland is seen playing the drums in a cage with lions surrounding him.)

The band attempted a reunion in 1986, but the project fell apart.[17]

Solo projects and movie soundtracks (1987–1998)[edit]

After The Police disbanded, Copeland established a career composing soundtracks for movies (Airborne, Talk Radio, Wall Street, Riff Raff, Raining Stones, Surviving the Game, See No Evil, Hear No Evil, Highlander II: The Quickening, She's Having a Baby, The First Power, Fresh, Taking Care of Business, West Beirut, I am David, Riding the Bus with My Sister, Good Burger), television (The Equalizer, Dead Like Me, Star Wars: Droids, the pilot for Babylon 5 (1993), Nickelodeon's The Amanda Show, The Life and Times of Juniper Lee), operas (Holy Blood and Crescent Moon, commissioned by Cleveland Opera) and ballets (Prey' Ballet Oklahoma, Casque of Amontillado, Noah's Ark/Solcheeka, commissioned by the Seattle Symphony Orchestra, King Lear, commissioned by the San Francisco Ballet Company, Emilio).[18] In 1996, Copeland provided the score for The Leopard Son, Discovery Channel's its first commercially-released full-length feature film, made by wildlife filmmaker Hugo van Lawick.[19]

Copeland also occasionally played drums for other artists. Peter Gabriel employed Copeland to perform on his song "Red Rain" from his 1986 album So because of his "hi-hat mastery".[3] He has also performed with Mike Rutherford and Tom Waits. That year he also teamed with Adam Ant to record the title track and video for the Anthony Michael Hall movie Out of Bounds. In 1989, Copeland formed Animal Logic with jazz bassist Stanley Clarke and singer-songwriter Deborah Holland. The trio had success with their first album and world tour but the follow-up recording sold poorly, and the band did not continue.[citation needed]

In 1993 he composed the music for Channel 4's Horse Opera and director Bob Baldwin, and in 1999, he provided the voice of an additional American soldier in the animated musical comedy war film South Park: Bigger, Longer & Uncut (1999).[citation needed]

Spyro the Dragon soundtracks (1998–2002, 2018)[edit]

He was commissioned by Insomniac Games in 1998 to make the musical score for the hit PlayStation game Spyro the Dragon. Copeland would play through the levels first to get a feel for each one before composing the soundtrack. He also stayed with the project to create the musical scores for the remaining Insomniac sequels Spyro 2: Ripto's Rage! and Spyro: Year of the Dragon. The franchise shifted over to Universal for the fourth title,[20] Spyro: Enter the Dragonfly, which would be Copeland's last outing with the series. While the soundtracks never saw commercial release, the limited edition of the fourth game came packaged with a bonus CD, containing unused tracks.[21] The soundtracks were very well received,[22] and one track would later appear on the 2007 compilation album The Stewart Copeland Anthology. Copeland composed a new title theme for Spyro Reignited Trilogy.[23]

This period also saw Copeland compose the soundtrack for Alone in the Dark: The New Nightmare, his only video game soundtrack outside of the Spyro franchise to date. In 2000, he combined with Les Claypool of Primus (with whom he produced a track on the Primus album Antipop) and Trey Anastasio of Phish to create the band Oysterhead. That same year, he was approached by director Adam Collis to assemble the score for the film Sunset Strip.

Collaborations (2002–2006)[edit]

Copeland performing in 2006

In 2002, Copeland was hired by Ray Manzarek and Robby Krieger of the Doors to play with them for a new album and tour, but after an injury sidelined Copeland, the arrangement ended in reciprocal lawsuits. In 2005, Copeland released "Orchestralli", a live recording of chamber ensemble music which he had composed during a short tour of Italy in 2002. Also in 2005, Copeland started Gizmo, a new project with avant-garde guitarist David Fiuczynski, multi-instrumentalist Vittorio Cosma, singer Raiz and bassist Max Gazzè. The band made their U.S debut on September 16, 2006 at the Modern Drummer Drum Festival. In January 2006, Copeland premiered his film about The Police called Everyone Stares: The Police Inside Out at the Sundance Film Festival. In February and March, he appeared as one of the judges on the BBC television show Just the Two of Us (a role he later reprised for a second series in January 2007).

The Police reunion (2007–2008)[edit]

At the 2007 Grammy Awards, Copeland, Andy Summers and Sting performed the song "Roxanne" together again as The Police. This marked the band's first public performance since 1986 (they had previously reunited only for an improvised set at Sting's wedding party in 1992 and for their induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2003). One day later, the band announced that in celebration of The Police's 30th anniversary, they would be embarking on what turned out to be a one-off reunion tour on May 28, 2007. During the tour, Copeland also released his compilation album The Stewart Copeland Anthology, which was composed of his independent work.

In 2007, the French government appointed Copeland (along with Police bandmates Summers and Sting) a Chevalier of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres.[24]

The group performed 151 dates across five continents, concluding with a final show in August 2008 at Madison Square Garden, New York.

Projects (2008–present)[edit]

In 2008, RIM commissioned Copeland to write a "soundtrack" for the BlackBerry Bold smart phone. He created a highly percussive theme of one minute's length from which he evolved six ringtones and a softer 'alarm tone' that are preloaded on the device.[25]

In March 2008, he premiered his orchestral composition "Celeste" at "An Evening with Stewart Copeland", part of the Savannah Music Festival. The performance featured classical violinist Daniel Hope. His appearance at Savannah included a screening of Everyone Stares: The Police Inside Out and a question and answer session. Also in 2008, he was commissioned by the Dallas Symphony Orchestra to create a percussion piece involving primarily Indonesian instruments. "Gamelan D'Drum" was first performed in Dallas on February 5, 2012 and had its European Premiere at the Royal Academy of Music in London in July 2012.

On August 21, 2009, at SummerFest 2009, Copeland unveiled the composition "Retail Therapy", which was commissioned by the Music Society. He performed three more original works: "Kaya", "Celeste", and "Gene Pool", the last accompanied by San Diego-based percussion ensemble red fish blue fish.[26] He attended a composer's roundtable and a question and answer discussion in conjunction with the festival. Copeland wrote the score for a theatrical presentation of Ben-Hur, which premiered on September 17, 2009, at the O2 Arena in London. He provided English-language narration of the production, which is performed in Latin and Aramaic.[citation needed] His memoir Strange Things Happen: A Life with The Police, Polo, and Pygmies was released by Harper Collins in September 2009.[27] The book chronicles events in his life from childhood through his work with The Police and to the present.[28] In October 2009, he was a guest on Private Passions, the biographical music discussion program on BBC Radio 3.[29]

On May 24, 2011, he started a YouTube channel devoted to his videos and project updates.[30] On this channel, he uploads performances with various musicians, including Primus, Andy Summers, Jeff Lynne, Snoop Dogg, and others in his home studio, which he refers to as the Sacred Grove. On August 24, 2011, he was a featured soloist on the Late Show with David Letterman, as part of their second "Drum Solo Week".

On January 10, 2012, he appeared on an episode of the A&E reality series Storage Wars to appraise a drum set for Barry Weiss, buying a Turkish cymbal from the set for $40. In July he reunited with former Animal Logic bandmate Stanley Clarke for a European tour.

In May 2013, he and the Long Beach Opera premiered The Tale Tell Heart, an opera based on the short story by Edgar Allan Poe.[31]

On November 26, 2013, he appeared in the first episode of The Tim Ferriss Experiment.[32]

In 2017, he formed the supergroup Gizmodrome with Adrian Belew, Vittorio Cosma, and Mark King and released an album of the same name.[33]

On June 25, 2019, The New York Times Magazine listed Copeland among hundreds of artists whose material was reportedly destroyed in the 2008 Universal fire.[34]

Personal life[edit]

Copeland was romantically involved with Curved Air vocalist Sonja Kristina beginning in 1974, and they were married from 1982 to 1991.[35][36] He adopted her son Sven from a prior relationship, and they had two sons of their own named Jordan and Scott.[36][37] In 1981, he fathered a son named Patrick with Marina Guinness, the daughter of Irish author Desmond Guinness.[36][38][39] He currently lives in Los Angeles with his second wife, Fiona Dent, with whom he has three children named Eve, Dylan, and Celeste.[36][40]

Copeland's hobbies include rollerskating, cycling along the beach in Santa Monica, California, filmmaking, and playing polo.[36] He is also active on his YouTube channel, where he uploads videos of himself and other musicians during jam sessions in his studio, the Sacred Grove.[41][42]

Drumming style[edit]

Copeland grew up listening to a combination of Lebanese music, rock and roll, jazz, and reggae, but he selected from these styles what he needed rather than imitating them. In the 1980s, when many musicians were looking for bigger sound from bigger drums, he added Octobans. Invented by Tama Drums in 1978, Octobans consisted of eight six-inch drums in the shape of narrow tubes. He used another innovation, a splash cymbal based on a toy that he owned and that he helped Paiste design. He relied heavily on his 13" hi-hats.[43]

Despite being left-handed, Copeland plays a right-handed drum kit, placing the hi-hats on his left and ride cymbal and floor toms on his right. He uses a wide dynamic range and demonstrates a proficiency of jazz-style articulation in his snare drum playing, interspersing strong back-beats with soft rim comping. During his years with The Police, he became known for engaging only the hi-hat with the bass drum to keep the beat.[citation needed]

In an interview with Modern Drummer, Copeland has cited Mitch Mitchell of the Jimi Hendrix Experience as a prime musical influence. He states that as a child, whenever he had a song or melody pop in his head, he would walk around wondering how Mitch Mitchell would drum to that particular tune. He also named Sandy Nelson and Ginger Baker as other fundamental influences in the youth years.[44] He has stated that due to his 'enforced listening' of Buddy Rich, he considers himself 'allergic to jazz.'

He is noted for his strong emphasis on the groove as a complement to the song, rather than as its core component. He once drove this point home at a drum clinic: Copeland announced that he would show the audience something "that very few modern drummers can do" and proceeded to play a simple rock beat for two minutes.[44] Nonetheless, his playing often incorporates spectacular fills and subtle inflections which greatly augment the groove. Compared to most of his 1980s contemporaries, his snare sound was bright and cutting. He is also one of the few rock drummers to use traditional grip rather than matched grip. He is also noted for syncopation in his drumming.

Equipment[edit]

Copeland's equipment includes Tama drums, Paiste cymbals, Remo drum heads, and Vater signature drum sticks.[43]

Discography[edit]

Studio albums[edit]

Title Year Notes
Klark Kent: Music Madness from the Kinetic Kid 1980 as Klark Kent
The Rhythmatist 1985 Soundtrack for documentary
The Equalizer and Other Cliff Hangers 1988 Soundtrack for TV series
Mr. Doubles 1989 with Moon on the Water
Animal Logic with Animal Logic
Noah's Ark 1990 Audiobook
Animal Logic II 1991 with Animal Logic
Kollected Works 1995 as Klark Kent
The Grand Pecking Order 2001 with Oysterhead
Orchestralli 2004 Live album
La Notte della Taranta Orchestral score
The Stewart Copeland Anthology 2007 Compilation
Gizmodrome 2017 with Gizmodrome

Film scores[edit]

Title Year Director Notes
Rumble Fish 1983 Francis Ford Coppola
The Rhythmatist 1985 Jean-Pierre Dutilleux Documentary, also actor
Out of Bounds 1986 Richard Tuggle
Wall Street 1987 Oliver Stone
Talk Radio 1988
She's Having a Baby John Hughes
The Jogger Robert Resnikoff
See No Evil, Hear No Evil 1989 Arthur Hiller
Taking Care of Business 1990
The First Power Robert Resnikoff
Men at Work Emilio Estevez
Hidden Agenda Ken Loach
Riff Raff 1991
Highlander II: The Quickening Russell Mulcahy
Fugitive Among Us 1992 Michael Toshiyuki Uno TV Movie
Afterburn Robert Markowitz
Horse Opera 1993 Bob Baldwin
Wide Sargasso Sea John Duigan
Airborne Rob Bowman
Raining Stones Ken Loach
Bank Robber Nick Mead
Surviving the Game 1994 Ernest Dickerson
Decadence Steven Berkoff
Rapa-Nui Kevin Reynolds
Fresh Boaz Yakin
Silent Fall Bruce Beresford
Judgement 1995 David Winkler Short
White Dwarf Peter Markle TV Movie
Tyson Uli Edel
The Assassination File 1996 John Harrison
The Leopard Son Hugo van Lawick Documentary
SubUrbia Richard Linklater
Boys Stacy Cochran
The Pallbearer Matt Reeves
Gridlock'd 1997 Vondie Curtis-Hall
Anna Karenina Bernard Rose
Four Days in September Bruno Barreto
Good Burger Brian Robbins
Little Boy Blue Antonio Tibaldi
Going All the Way Mark Pellington With tomandandy and Tim Brickley
Welcome to Woop Woop Stephan Elliott Special thanks
Central Station 1998 Walter Salles With Antonio Pinto and Jaques Morelenbaum
The Taking of Pelham One Two Three Félix Enríquez Alcalá TV Movie
Futuresport Ernest R. Dickerson
Legalese Glenn Jordan
West Beirut Ziad Doueiri
Very Bad Things Peter Berg
Simpatico 1999 Matthew Warchus
She's All That Robert Iscove
Boys and Girls 2000
More Dogs Than Bones Michael Browning
3 Strikes DJ Pooh
Sunset Strip Adam Collis
Skipped Parts 2001 Tamra Davis
On the Line Eric Bross
Deuces Wild 2002 Scott Kalvert
Me and Daphne Rebecca Gayheart
I Am David 2003 Paul Feig
Evel Knievel John Badham TV Movie
Amazon Forever 2004 Jean-Pierre Dutilleux
Love Wrecked 2005 Randal Kleiser TV Movie
Riding the Bus with My Sister Anjelica Huston
Fish Eye Jordan Copeland Short
National Lampoon's Pucked 2006 Arthur Hiller With Kat Green, Billy Lincoln and Rich McCulley
Everyone Stares Stewart Copeland Documentary, also director, producer and narrator
We Are Your Friends 2015 Max Joseph
Under the Volcano 2021 Gracie Otto Documentary

TV series[edit]

Title Year Notes
The Young Ones 1984 1 episode ("Cash"). Appears as a member of Ken Bishop's Nice Twelve.
The Equalizer 1985
Star Wars: Droids Theme music only, co-written with Derek Holt
Shalom Salaam 1989 Miniseries
Long Ago and Far Away 1 episode ("Noah's Ark"), was also released as an audiobook.
Babylon 5 1994 Pilot only
Insiders 1997 Miniseries
The Amanda Show 1999
Brutally Normal 2000
Breaking News 2002
Dead Like Me 2003–2004
Desperate Housewives 2004 1 episode ("Who's That Woman?")
The Life and Times of Juniper Lee 2005–2007 Co-wrote theme music with Rob Cuariclia, David Lehner and Rob Lehner
Stewart Copeland's Adventures in Music 2020 TV mini-series, presenter

Video games[edit]

Title Year Developer(s) Notes
Urban Strike 1994 Granite Bay Software, The Edge, Foley Hi-Tech Special thanks
Spyro the Dragon 1998 Insomniac Games
Spyro 2: Ripto's Rage! 1999
Spyro: Year of the Dragon 2000 With Ryan Beveridge
Alone in the Dark: The New Nightmare 2001 Darkworks With Thierry Desseaux
Spyro: Enter the Dragonfly 2002 Check Six Studios, Equinoxe Digital Entertainment With Peter Neff and Kenneth Burgomaster
Guitar Hero: World Tour 2009 Neversoft Music thanks
Spyro Reignited Trilogy 2018 Toys for Bob Original music, main theme, assisted with remastered tracks[45]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bennett, Tara. "LEGENDARY MUSICIAN STEWART COPELAND REVISITS HIS CLASSIC VIDEO GAME SCORE FOR THE SPYRO REIGNITED TRILOGY". Syfy. Syfy Wire. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
  2. ^ "100 Greatest Drummers of All Time". Rolling Stone. March 31, 2016. Retrieved April 2, 2016.
  3. ^ a b Burke, Chris (April 17, 2015). "Classic Albums featuring Stewart Copeland". MusicRadar. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
  4. ^ "The arresting case of The Police". BBC News. January 30, 2007. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
  5. ^ "Modern Drummer's Readers Poll Archive, 1979–2014". Modern Drummer. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
  6. ^ "Stewart Copeland Hall of Fame Induction". Classic Drummer. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
  7. ^ "Film: "Everyone Stares: The Police Inside Out"". Washingtonpost.com. January 26, 2006. Retrieved May 24, 2015. Stewart Copeland: I was born in Alexandria (Va., not Egypt).
  8. ^ "Biography: Early days, the Middle East, the music biz, & Curved Air". The Stewart Copeland Official Site. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved May 24, 2015. Stewart Copeland was born on July 16, 1952, in Alexandria, Virginia, in the United States, but soon after moved with his family to Beirut, Lebanon. In this Middle Eastern city on the Mediterranean, Stewart grew up...
  9. ^ Copeland, Miles (1989). The game player : the confessions of the CIA's original political operative. London: Aurum Press. ISBN 0948149876. OCLC 21874352. Later, I was one of the 200 employees who were on the original list of career members when the CIA became official in July 1974.
  10. ^ Schor, Elana (August 14, 2008). "Celebrity spies revealed – new details of Julia Child's pre-chef career released". The Guardian. Retrieved July 13, 2017. [Julia Child's] fellow spies included professional baseball player Moe Berg, US supreme court justice Arthur Goldberg and Miles Copeland, the father of The Police drummer Stewart Copeland.
  11. ^ a b Pukas, Anna (May 27, 2014). "I wish I'd been nicer to Sting: Stewart Copeland talks about life after The Police". Daily Express. London, UK. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
  12. ^ Zimskind, Lyle (May 9, 2013). "Stewart Copeland Opera Opens This Weekend in Long Beach". LAist. Archived from the original on June 22, 2013. Retrieved July 13, 2017. 'Uncle Aaron' Copland, … by the way, is no relation (he spells his name wrong), but I've adopted him.
  13. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference Historia was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  14. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference cherry was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  15. ^ Welch, Chris (1973). In Canis Lupus [sleeve notes].
  16. ^ Sutcliffe, Phil & Fielder, Hugh (1981). L'Historia Bandido. London and New York: Proteus Books. ISBN 0-906071-66-6. Pages 15–16.
  17. ^ "Don't Stand So Close To Me '86, 12" by The Police – Music and Lyrics". The Police Official Website. Archived from the original on May 24, 2015. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
  18. ^ "Stewart Copeland". Stewartcopeland.net. Archived from the original on November 17, 2014. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
  19. ^ Lyons, Timothy (October 1, 1996). "'The Leopard Son' from the Discovery Channel: From the Theatre to Cable". International Documentary Association. Retrieved April 30, 2021. On September 27th, in movie theatres across the country, Discovery Channel Pictures opened its first commercially-released full-length 35mm feature film, The Leopard Son.
  20. ^ "Universal Announces Spyro: Enter the Dragonfly". IGN. February 19, 2002. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
  21. ^ "C7164710 | Spyro: Enter the Dragonfly Official Soundtrack". VGMdb.net. Retrieved July 13, 2017. This CD was included in limited-edition game packages of "Spyro: Enter the Dragonfly" for Playstation 2
  22. ^ "Game Music Review: Spyro the Dragon II – Ripto's Rage (PSX Rip)". RPGamers Network. Retrieved July 13, 2017. …this soundtrack is great, highly effective for the game, and an all-around joy to listen to.
  23. ^ Fogel, Stefanie (July 19, 2018). "The Police's Copeland Composes New 'Spyro' Main Theme". Variety. Archived from the original on July 20, 2018. Retrieved July 20, 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  24. ^ "Cérémonie de remise des insignes de Chevalier dans l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres à Sting, Stewart Copeland, Andy Summers, du groupe The Police". Culture.gouv.fr. October 1, 2007. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
  25. ^ "Stewart Copeland puts message in a bottle for BlackBerry Bold owners". Apcmag.com. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
  26. ^ "Review: Police's Stewart Copeland rocks SummerFest". Sdnn.com. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
  27. ^ "Strange Things Happen: A Life with The Police, Polo, and Pygmies". Harper Collins. Retrieved October 5, 2009.
  28. ^ "Stewart Copeland Book Signing". Amoeba Music. October 8, 2009. Retrieved October 23, 2009.
  29. ^ "BBC Radio 3". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
  30. ^ "Stewart Copeland". YouTube. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
  31. ^ Swed, Mark (May 13, 2013). "Review: 'Van Gogh' and 'Tell-Tale Heart' have a crazy idea". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
  32. ^ "Premiere TV Episode! "The Tim Ferriss Experiment"". Fourhourweek. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
  33. ^ Giles, Jeff (September 15, 2017). "Adrian Belew and Stewart Copeland Say New Gizmodrome Band Project Was an 'Immediate Lovefest'". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
  34. ^ Rosen, Jody (June 25, 2019). "Here Are Hundreds More Artists Whose Tapes Were Destroyed in the UMG Fire". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2019.
  35. ^ James, Billy (May 2008). "Interview: Sonja Kristina". Get Ready to ROCK!. hotdigitsnewmedia group.
  36. ^ a b c d e Copeland, Stewart (2009). Strange Things Happen: A Life with The Police, Polo, and Pygmies. HarperCollins.
  37. ^ Pearce, Garth (August 18, 1983). "Shea, yeah, yeah...". The Daily Express.
  38. ^ Daly, Susan (July 19, 2008). "Bohemian rhapsody: Marina Guinness and Kila". Irish Independent.
  39. ^ Ross, Seamus (March 16, 2008). "Talent on Tap". Sunday Mirror.
  40. ^ [1][dead link]
  41. ^ Prato, Greg (September 8, 2012). "Stewart Copeland Documents All-Star Jams on YouTube". Rolling Stone. Retrieved July 13, 2017. …his main focus nowadays is his own YouTube channel, which features jam sessions between Copeland and some very recognizable names.
  42. ^ "Stewart Copeland". YouTube. Retrieved July 13, 2017. Wild Jams at the Sacred Grove: My rock star chums come here to hang and play live music.
  43. ^ a b Natelli, John (November 1, 2012). "10 Ways To Sound Like Stewart Copeland". DRUM! Magazine. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
  44. ^ a b "Stewart Copeland Interviews". Bishop's Drum Shop & Advanced DJ Service. Effingham, Illinois. Retrieved July 13, 2017.[better source needed]
  45. ^ Wade, Jessie. "STEWART COPELAND RETURNS FOR SPYRO REIGNITED TRILOGY AT COMIC-CON 2018". IGN. ign.com. Retrieved July 19, 2018.

External links[edit]