Stewiacke

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Stewiacke
Town
Stewiacke Town Hall and cenotaph
Stewiacke Town Hall and cenotaph
Flag of Stewiacke
Flag
Coat of arms of Stewiacke
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Halfway between the North Pole and the Equator
Motto(s): 
Respect, Prosperity, Growth
Stewiacke is located in Nova Scotia
Stewiacke
Stewiacke
Location of Stewiacke, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 45°8′32″N 63°20′54″W / 45.14222°N 63.34833°W / 45.14222; -63.34833Coordinates: 45°8′32″N 63°20′54″W / 45.14222°N 63.34833°W / 45.14222; -63.34833
Country Canada
Province Nova Scotia
MunicipalityColchester County
IncorporatedAugust 30, 1906
Government
 • Governing BodyStewiacke Town Council
 • MLALarry Harrison
 • MPScott Armstrong (C)
Area
 (2016)[1]
 • Total17.62 km2 (6.80 sq mi)
Elevation
100 m (300 ft)
Population
 • Total1,373
 • Density77.9/km2 (202/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−3 (ADT)
Postal code
B0N 2J0
Area code(s)902
Telephone Exchange639, 671
Median Earnings*$26,521
NTS Map011E03
GNBC CodeCBKOM
Websitestewiacke.net
  • Median household income, 2000 ($) (all households)

Stewiacke is a town located in southern Colchester County, Nova Scotia, Canada. The town was incorporated on August 30, 1906.

Geography[edit]

The town is located in the Stewiacke Valley at the confluence of the Stewiacke and Shubenacadie River and is a service and support centre for local agricultural communities as well as a service exit on Highway 102.

The town is noted as being located halfway between the North Pole and the Equator (which is actually in Alton, Nova Scotia).[2] Controversy in the past over this claim stems from the fact that the Earth is not a perfect sphere, and therefore the halfway mark lies approximately 16 km North of the 45th parallel.[3]

History[edit]

Stewiacke was named in the language of the local Mi'kmaq First Nations and is a word meaning "flowing out in small streams" and "winding river" or "whimpering or whining as it goes".[4] During the French and Indian War, the British built Fort Ellis in the area to protect New England Planters from Mi'kmaq raids.

Drawing of a mastodon skeleton by Rembrandt Peale

In the late 1990s, a tourism attraction named Mastodon Ridge opened near the town's highway exit, based on a local discovery of a mastodon skeleton. The Mastodon Ridge Complex features a craft store, toy store, a mini golf and interpretive centre which displays several of the mastodon's bones.

Stewiacke is home to two bars, a pharmacy, a grocery store, a pizza store, numerous fast food restaurants, two gas stations, a hardware store, an audio-visual production company, an 18-hole golf course and a newly built elementary school that consolidates 2 former local schools.

Stewiacke is also home to a volunteer fire brigade that was the first department in North America to use specialized foam as a fire suppression agent. Alongside other achievements involving the implementation of certain fire apparatus.

The town's most notorious event occurred on April 12, 2001, when a local teenager, at home on a school in-service day, tampered with a railway switch on the CN Rail Halifax-Montreal mainline, causing Via Rail Canada's Ocean to derail several minutes later when it passed through the centre of the community.[5] Several buildings and rail cars were destroyed and many people were injured, including some severely, although no fatalities resulted.[5][6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19561,024—    
19611,042+1.8%
19811,201+15.3%
19861,265+5.3%
19911,306+3.2%
19961,405+7.6%
20011,388−1.2%
20061,421+2.4%
20111,438+1.2%
20161,373−4.5%
[7] [8][9]

In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of Stewiacke recorded a population of 1,373 living in 629 of its 681 total private dwellings, a change of −4.5% from its 2011 population of 1,438. With a land area of 17.62 km2 (6.80 sq mi), it had a population density of 77.9/km2 (201.8/sq mi) in 2016.[1]

Parks[edit]

  • Caddell Rapids Lookoff Provincial Park
  • Dennis Park

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Nova Scotia)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
  2. ^ "The Burnside News - Burnside entrepreneur to develop Stewiacke industrial park". BurnsideNews.com. Archived from the original on 2009-04-16. Retrieved 2009-04-19.
  3. ^ "Midway from the Equator to the North Pole - Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada". Harvard.edu. Retrieved 2009-04-19.
  4. ^ "Museum, Government of Nova Scotia - 511 Windsor Lowlands". Museum.gov.ns.ca. Archived from the original on 2009-05-22. Retrieved 2009-04-19.
  5. ^ a b "Youth sentenced to six months for derailing train". CBC.ca. 2002-11-06. Retrieved 2009-04-19.
  6. ^ "Teen faces victims of N.S. train wreck". CBC.ca. 2002-08-30. Retrieved 2009-04-19.
  7. ^ Census 1956-1961
  8. ^ I:\ecstats\Agency\BRIAN\census2 NS Department of Finance Archived 2013-10-05 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ Statistics Canada, 2011

External links[edit]