|Parents||Phorcys and Ceto or Typhon and Echidna|
|Siblings||The Hesperides, Euryale, Medusa, Graeae, Thoosa, Scylla, and Ladon or Cerberus, Hydra, Chimera, and many more monsters|
In Greek mythology, Stheno (// or //; Greek: Σθενώ, English translation: "forceful"), was the eldest of the Gorgons, vicious female monsters with brass hands, sharp fangs and "hair" made of living venomous snakes.
Of the three Gorgons, she was known to be the most independent and ferocious, having killed more men than both of her sisters combined. In Greek mythology, she was transformed into a Gorgon because of standing with her sister Medusa, who was raped by the sea god Poseidon in the Temple of Athena. Athena, bearing no emotion and finding no fault in Poseidon, was furious with Medusa. As a punishment, Medusa was changed into a terrible monster, along with her sisters Stheno and Euryale. In later versions of the story, Athena, being the Goddess of Reason understands what has happened and taking pity on Medusa, changed her into a terrible monster, along with her sisters Stheno and Euryale so that no God could ever harm them again. Stheno tends to be depicted as a thin gorgon monster with red snakes curling around her head instead of hair. Earlier accounts, however, describe her as having a scaly head, a boar's tusks, bronzed hands, a protruding tongue, glaring eyes and a snake around the waist as a belt.
- Wilk, Stephen R. "Mythological Evidence for Ancient Observations of Variable Stars." Journal of the American Association of Variable Star Observers 24 (1996): 129-133.
- Wilk, Stephen R. Medusa: Solving the mystery of the Gorgon. Oxford University Press, 2000.
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