Stichodactyla gigantea

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Giant carpet anemone
A ocellaris 2 Sesoko Point 140904 LOWRES.jpg
Stichodactlya gigantea with false percula clownfish, Amphiprion ocellaris
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order: Actiniaria
Family: Stichodactylidae
Genus: Stichodactyla
Species: S. gigantea
Binomial name
Stichodactyla gigantea
(Forskål, 1775)[1]

Stichodactyla gigantea, commonly known as the giant carpet anemone[2] is a species of sea anemone that lives in the Indo-Pacific area, with a diameter usually no larger than 50 centimetres (1.6 ft) and a maximum of 80 centimetres (2.6 ft).[3] It can be kept in an aquarium but is a very challenging species to keep alive and healthy for more than 3–5 years.

Ecology[edit]

S. gigantea resides on shallow seagrass beds or sand flats around 8 centimetres (3.1 in) deep (at low tide).[4] Most anemones are treated as sessile, but the ones inhabited by anemonefish are in fact motile.[5] Zooxanthellae are obligate symbionts within the anemone.

S. gigantea hosts 7 different species of anemonefish

Juvenile Dascyllus trimaculatus also associate with S. gigantea.[5]

Aquarium trade[edit]

S. gigantea is uncommon in the aquarium trade, because it is very hard to keep alive, and is simply not available in the majority of locations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fautin, D. (2010). "Stichodactlya gigantea (Forskål, 1775)". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2011-12-23. 
  2. ^ Fenner, Robert M. (1998). The Conscientious Marine Aquarist: A Commonsense Handbook for Successful Saltwater Hobbyists. Shelburne, VT: Microcosm Ltd. 
  3. ^ "Freshmarine.com: Carpet anemone". Retrieved 2 October 2013. 
  4. ^ Mitchell, Jeremy S. (2003). "Mobility of Stichodactlya gigantea sea anemones and implications for resident false clown anemonefish, Amphiprion ocellaris". Environmental Biology of Fishes 66: 85–90. doi:10.1023/a:1023286009054. 
  5. ^ a b Fautin, Daphne G.; Allen, Gerald R. (1997). Field Guide to Anemone Fishes and Their Host Sea Anemones. Western Australian Museum. ISBN 9780730983651. Archived from the original on 14 April 2015. 

External links[edit]