Stickpile Tunnel

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Stickpile Tunnel
West portal of Tunnel No. 1356, Stick Pile Tunnel, looking northeast. - Western Maryland Railway, Cumberland Extension, Pearre to North Branch, from WM milepost 125 to 160, Pearre, Washington County, MD.jpg
West portal of Stick Pile Tunnel
Overview
Line West Subdivision
Location Little Orleans, Maryland
Coordinates 39°35′46″N 78°25′41″W / 39.596°N 78.428°W / 39.596; -78.428Coordinates: 39°35′46″N 78°25′41″W / 39.596°N 78.428°W / 39.596; -78.428
Status Abandoned
System Western Maryland Railway
Operation
Opened 1906
Closed 1975
Owner WM
Traffic Train
Character Freight and Passenger
Technical
Length 1706.5 ft (520.1 m)
No. of tracks Single
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Highest elevation 522.2 ft (159.2 m)
Grade 0.5%

Stickpile Tunnel, also known as Greenridge Tunnel, is an abandoned railroad tunnel in Allegany County, Maryland, located about 2.5 miles (4.0 km) southwest of Little Orleans. It was built by the Western Maryland Railway (WM) in 1906.[1] It was constructed with concrete arch portals and the roof has wood planking.[2]

The tunnel was part of a major WM project to extend its rail system from Hagerstown west to Cumberland. The difficult route followed the Potomac River valley and involved construction of four additional tunnels and 23 bridges. The new rail line opened for traffic in 1906.[3]:44 Trains ran through the tunnel until 1975 and the rail line was abandoned that same year.[3]:283

Green Ridge, West Virginia, an abandoned railroad town, was located near the western portal of the tunnel, across the Potomac River.

The National Park Service acquired the tunnel and adjacent portions of the WM right of way in 1980. The site is part of Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Western Maryland Line Open". The Railway Age. Chicago: Railway Age Co. 41 (6): 224. 1906-02-09. 
  2. ^ a b National Park Service. Washington, D.C. (1981-07-23). "Western Maryland Railway Right-of-Way, Milepost 126 to Milepost 160 (Abandoned)." National Register of Historic Places Inventory--Nomination Form.
  3. ^ a b Cook, Roger; Zimmermann, Karl (1992). The Western Maryland Railway: Fireballs and Black Diamonds (2nd ed.). Laurys Station, PA: Garrigues House. p. 44. ISBN 0-9620844-4-1. 

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