A sticky wicket (or sticky dog, or glue pot) is a metaphor used to describe a difficult circumstance. It originated as a term for difficult circumstances in the sport of cricket, caused by a damp and soft pitch.
The phrase comes from the game of cricket. "Wicket" has several meanings in cricket: in this case it refers to the rectangular area, also known as the pitch, in the centre of the cricket field between the stumps. The wicket is usually covered in a much shorter grass than the rest of the field or entirely bare, making it susceptible to variations in weather, which in turn cause the ball to bounce differently.
If rain falls and the wicket becomes wet, the ball may not bounce predictably, making it very difficult for the batsman. Furthermore, as the pitch dries, conditions can change swiftly, with spin bowling being especially devastating, as the ball can deviate laterally from straight by several feet. Once the wet surface begins to dry in a hot sun "the ball will rise sharply, steeply and erratically. A good length ball ... becomes a potential lethal delivery. Most batsmen on such wickets found it virtually impossible to survive let alone score." Certain cricketers developed reputations for their outstanding abilities to perform on sticky wickets. Australian Victor Trumper was one.
On occasions in the history of cricket unusual tactics have been employed to extract the best use of a sticky wicket. One example is the First Test in the 1950–51 Ashes series. As recorded in The Ashes' Strangest Moments, as the pitch at the Gabba began to dry, England declared their first innings at just 68/7, in order to exploit the conditions. Australia were even more extreme, declaring at 32/7. "...the ball proceeded to perform capers all against the laws of gravitation, and there came the craziest day's cricket imaginable, with twenty wickets falling for 130 runs and two declarations that must surely be unique in the annals of Test cricket."
In modern day professional cricket
Modern professional cricket is played, around the world, on covered pitches. Sticky wickets are mostly seen in amateur cricket, but the phenomenon can occur when covers are defective, slow to be applied or, particularly in warm weather, the grass underneath "sweats" as moisture evaporates. When covers were introduced into England's County Championship, John Woodcock wrote an article for the 1981 Wisden Cricketers' Almanack, criticising the move, in an article titled, "Sticky dog is put down". He added, "I cannot forbear ... from lamenting ... a part of the very heritage of English cricket – a drying pitch and a sizzling sun."
In the game of croquet, the phrase "sticky wicket" may refer to a hoop (wicket) that is difficult for a ball to go through because of the narrowness of the opening. This usage is confined to the United States.
As a metaphor
An early example of the term in the cricket sense can be seen in Bell's Life in London, July 1882: "The ground... was suffering from the effects of recent rain, and once more the Australians found themselves on a sticky wicket."
The term is frequently used in everyday parlance as a metaphor.
The former leader of the Conservatives in the European Parliament, Tom Spencer MEP occasionally used to refer to batting on a sticky wicket to confuse the Parliament's interpreters, it being very difficult to translate into other languages.
- Green, Jonathon (1987). Dictionary of Jargon. Routledge. p. 528. ISBN 9780710099198.
- Marcus Callies; Wolfram R. Keller; Astrid Lohöfer (2011). Bi-directionality in the Cognitive Sciences: Avenues, Challenges, and Limitations. John Benjamins Publishing. pp. 73–. ISBN 90-272-2384-X.
- Robert Hendrickson (26 April 2001). World English: From Aloha to Zed. Wiley. ISBN 978-0-471-34518-3.
- Colin McNairn (28 April 2015). In a Manner of Speaking: Phrases, Expressions, and Proverbs and How We Use and Misuse Them. Skyhorse Publishing. pp. 85–. ISBN 978-1-63220-898-9.
- Kate Burridge (27 May 2004). Blooming English: Observations on the Roots, Cultivation and Hybrids of the English Language. Cambridge University Press. pp. 68–. ISBN 978-0-521-54832-8.
- Mallett, Ashley (1 January 2001). "Eleven: The Greatest Eleven of the 20th Century". Univ. of Queensland Press. Retrieved 22 March 2017 – via Google Books.
- Baldwin, Mark (1 January 2005). "The Ashes' Strangest Moments: Extraordinary But True Tales from Over a Century of the Ashes". Franz Steiner Verlag. Retrieved 22 March 2017 – via Google Books.
- John Kay, Ashes to Hassett, A review of the M.C.C. tour of Australia, 1950–51, John Sherratt & Son, 1951 p129
- The Language of Cricket (1934), WJ Lewis, Oxford University Press, page 258
- Colin McNairn (24 February 2017). Sports Talk: How It Has Penetrated Our Everyday Language. FriesenPress. pp. 83–. ISBN 978-1-5255-0154-8.
- Orin Hargraves (2003). Mighty Fine Words and Smashing Expressions: Making Sense of Transatlantic English. Oxford University Press. pp. 197–. ISBN 978-0-19-515704-8.
- Stern, John; Williams, Marcus (7 January 2014). "The Essential Wisden: An Anthology of 150 Years of Wisden Cricketers' Almanack". A&C Black. Retrieved 22 March 2017 – via Google Books.
- Partridge, Eric; Dalzell, Tom; Victor, Terry (2006). The New Partridge Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English. London; New York: Routledge. p. 1869. ISBN 0-415-25938-X.
- Martin, Gary (2007). "A sticky wicket". The Phrase Finder. Retrieved 4 June 2007.