Stictochironomus

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Stictochironomus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Suborder: Nematocera
Infraorder: Culicomorpha
Superfamily: Chironomoidea
Family: Chironomidae
Subfamily: Chironominae
Tribe: Chironomini
Genus: Stictochironomus
Kieffer, 1919

Stictochironomus is a genus of non-biting midges in the subfamily Chironominae of the bloodworm family Chironomidae. Members of this genus often have strongly marked wings and legs. The larvae of these midges may also have distinct dark patterns on the dorsal side of the head capsule. They live in sand and other sediments in a variety of fresh water habitats [1] in densities of several hundred per square meter.[2] S. maculipennis has been reported to live relatively deep, up to 6 cm, in the sediment to avoid predation.[3] It has been suggested that Stictochironomus larvae may migrate between the deeper sediment layers and the sediment surface to breathe.[4]

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Na, K.B.; Bae, Y.J. (2010). "New Species of Stictochironomus, Tanytarsus and Conchapelopia (Diptera: Chironomidae) from Korea" (PDF). Entomological Research Bulletin. 26: 33–39. 
  2. ^ Int Panis, L; Bervoets L; Verheyen RF (1995). "The spatial distribution of Caenis horaria (L., 1758)(Caenidae, Ephemeroptera) in a pond in Niel (Belgium)". Bull. Annls Soc. belge Ent. 131: 47–51. 
  3. ^ Int Panis, L.; Goddeeris, B.; Verheyen, R.F. (1996). "On the spatial distribution and respiratory environment of benthic macroinvertebrates in ponds" (PDF). Hydrobiologia. 319: 131–136. doi:10.1007/bf00016881. 
  4. ^ Int Panis, L.; Goddeeris, B.; Verheyen, R.F. (1995). "On the relationship between the oxygen microstratification in a pond and the spatial distribution of the benthic chironomid fauna". Chironomids- From genes to ecosystems. Peter Cranston (Ed.), C.S.I.R.O., Canberra, Australia: 323–328.