Stierva

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Stierva
Former municipality of Switzerland
Stierva Dorf.jpg
Coat of arms of Stierva
Coat of arms
Stierva is located in Switzerland
Stierva
Stierva
Stierva is located in Canton of Graubünden
Stierva
Stierva
Coordinates: 46°39′N 9°32′E / 46.650°N 9.533°E / 46.650; 9.533Coordinates: 46°39′N 9°32′E / 46.650°N 9.533°E / 46.650; 9.533
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Albula
Area
 • Total 10.54 km2 (4.07 sq mi)
Elevation 1,375 m (4,511 ft)
Population (Dec 2013)
 • Total 134
 • Density 13/km2 (33/sq mi)
Postal code 7459
SFOS number 3504
Surrounded by Alvaschein, Mon, Mutten, Salouf, Tiefencastel, Vaz/Obervaz, Zillis-Reischen
Website www.albula-alvra.ch
SFSO statistics

Stierva is a former municipality in the district of Albula in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. On 1 January 2015 the former municipalities of Alvaschein, Mon, Stierva, Tiefencastel, Alvaneu, Brienz/Brinzauls and Surava merged to form the new municipality of Albula/Alvra.[1]

In the 2000 census, some two-thirds of the population declared Romansh as a first language, with most of the rest speaking German.

History[edit]

Stierva is first mentioned in 841 Seturiuo.[2] Until 1943 Stierva was known as Stürvis.[1]

Geography[edit]

Stierva as seen from Tiefencastel

Before the merger, Stierva had a total area of 10.5 km2 (4.1 sq mi).[3] Of this area, 49.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 42.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.8% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (6.7%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

The municipality is located in the Alvaschein sub-district of the Albula district. It is a haufendorf (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) above the lower Albula valley.

Demographics[edit]

Stierva had a population (as of 2013) of 134.[3] As of 2008, 1.5% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -5.8%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Rhaeto-Romance (66.4%), with German being second most common (32.8%) and Italian being third ( 0.8%).[3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.[4] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Stierva is; 20 people or 15.6% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 6 people or 4.7% are 10 to 14, and people or 0.0% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 17 people or 13.3% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 21 people or 16.4% are 30 to 39, 15 people or 11.7% are 40 to 49, and 12 people or 9.4% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 13 people or 10.2% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 16 people or 12.5% are 70 to 79, there are 7 people or 5.5% who are 80 to 89, and there is 1 person or 0.8% who are 90 to 99.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 45.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (40.6%), the SPS (7.8%) and the FDP (5.9%).[3]

In Stierva about 66.7% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Stierva has an unemployment rate of 0%. As of 2005, there were 21 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 11 businesses involved in this sector. 6 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 2 businesses in this sector. 7 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 4 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2][4]

year population
1850 179
1900 150
1950 150
1960 130
1970 114
1980 113
1990 100
2000 137
2010 140

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 2 January 2013 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Fusion" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  2. ^ a b Stierva in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 15 January 2015 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "SFSO" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  4. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers Archived September 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics Archived August 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 21 September 2009


External links[edit]