Stigliano

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Stigliano
Comune di Stigliano
Stigliano Panorama.jpg
Coat of arms of Stigliano
Coat of arms
Location of Stigliano
Stigliano is located in Italy
Stigliano
Stigliano
Location of Stigliano in Italy
Stigliano is located in Basilicata
Stigliano
Stigliano
Stigliano (Basilicata)
Coordinates: 40°24′N 16°14′E / 40.400°N 16.233°E / 40.400; 16.233Coordinates: 40°24′N 16°14′E / 40.400°N 16.233°E / 40.400; 16.233
CountryItaly
RegionBasilicata
ProvinceMatera (MT)
FrazioniCalvera, Caputo, Carpinello, Gannano, Santo Spirito, Serra di Croce
Government
 • MayorLeonardo Digilio
Area
 • Total211.15 km2 (81.53 sq mi)
Elevation
909 m (2,982 ft)
Population
(2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total4,112
 • Density19/km2 (50/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Stiglianesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
75018
Dialing code0835
Patron saintSt. Anthony of Padua
Saint day13 June
WebsiteOfficial website

Stigliano (Lucano: Stëgghiànë) is a town and comune in the province of Matera, in the Basilicata region of southern Italy.

Etymology[edit]

The name is most likely of Byzantine origin, stemming from "Stylianos", a Greek name with a Latin ending.

History[edit]

The town was founded by the Lucani, and later was conquered by the Greek colony of Metaponto. During the classical imperial era of the Roman Empire, the town was owned by the Hostilii family. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it fell under the Lombards, and was part of the medieval Principality of Salerno. In 1070 it was given to the bishops of Tricarico.

In 1274 King Charles I of Anjou gave it as a fief to Giacomo di Bosciniano. The powerful Neapolitan family of the Carafa acquired it in 1289. In 1556 the whole fief passed under the Spanish Dukes the Medina, who made it capital of the Basilicata province. In 1806, after the abolition of feudalism, Stigliano went under the direct administration of the Kingdom of Naples and later the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and, in 1861, became part of the newly unified Kingdom of Italy.

During the Fascist era, dissidents were often sent to internal exile in Stigliano.

Main sights[edit]

  • Convent of St. Anthony. It has a 17th-century Baroque façade with a large bell tower with an Arabic-style dome. The interior is home to 17th-century paintings and of a precious wooden crucifix.
  • Mother Church, dedicated to Santa Maria Assunta. IT has numerous works of art, including a 16th-century polyptych attributed to Simone da Firenze, with a statue of the Madonna with paintings of Saints, Angels and Father God. The structure has a notable wooden vault with cupolas in the two aisles. Also peculiar are the 19th century carved wooden choir, the frescoed crypt and a statue of the Vergine Assunta donated to the church in 1522.
  • The castle and remains of the walls.

Twin towns[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  • Pennetti, Giuseppe (1899). Stigliano: nuove notizie storiche ed archeologiche con documenti inediti. Naples: M. D'Auria.
  • http://www.hpb-stigliano.com/