Stilbocarpa polaris

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Description

Stilbocarpa
Stilbocarpa polaris.jpg
Stilbocarpa polaris on Campbell Island
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Araliaceae
Subfamily: Aralioideae
Genus: Stilbocarpa
Species: S. polaris
Binomial name
Stilbocarpa polaris
(Homb. et Jacq.) Gray
Synonyms
  • Aralia polaris

Stilbocarpa polaris, commonly known as the Macquarie Island cabbage, is a species of flowering plant usually placed in the family Araliaceae. It is a megaherb, growing up to about a metre in height, native to the subantarctic islands of New Zealand and to Australia’s Macquarie Island.

Uses

S. polaris was used as a food source and a scurvy preventative by early explorers and sealers.

Conservation status

It is classified as "At Risk - Naturally Uncommon" in the New Zealand threatened plants classification system.[1] On Macquarie Island it was threatened by introduced black rats and European rabbits[2] until their eradication in 2011.

References[edit]

  1. ^ de Lange, Peter; et al. (2012). Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2012 (PDF). Department of Conservation. ISBN 978 0 478 14995 1. 
  2. ^ Skotnicki, M.L.; Selkirk, P.M.; Kitajima, E.; McBride, T.P.; Shaw, J. & Mackenzie, A. (January 2003). "The first subantarctic plant virus report: Stilbocarpa mosaic bacilliform badnavirus (SMBV) from Macquarie Island". Polar Biology. 26 (1): 1–7. doi:10.1007/s00300-002-0421-8.