Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians of Washington

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Stillaguamish Tribe of
Indians of Washington
Stillaguamish River 1171.JPG
Stillaguamish River, the tribe's traditional homeland and namesake
Total population
(237 enrolled members[1])
Regions with significant populations
 United States ( Washington)
Languages
English, Lushootseed[2]
Religion
traditional tribal religion

The Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians of Washington , formerly known as the Stillaguamish Tribe of Washington, is a federally recognized tribe of Stillaguamish people. They are a tribe of Southern Coast Salish indigenous people of the Pacific Northwest located in Washington.[3]

Other Stillaguamish people are enrolled in the Tulalip Tribes.[4]

Name[edit]

The name has been used since 1850 to refer to indigenous peoples living along the Stillaguamish River. In 1855, they used the name Stoluck-wa-mish River Tribe, which is how they sign the Point Elliott Treaty.[1]

Reservation[edit]

The Stillaguamish Tribe's trust lands are located in Snohomish County, Washington.[1] The tribe was granted a 64-acre (26 ha) reservation by the federal government in 2014, including the Angel of the Winds Casino.[5]

Government[edit]

The Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians is headquartered in Arlington, Washington. They ratified their constitution on 31 January 1953. The tribe is governed by a six-member, democratically elected Board of Directors. The current tribal administration(2016) is as follows:

  • Chairman: Shawn Yanity
  • Vice Chairman: Eric White
  • Treasurer: Patricia Pecor
  • Secretary: Virginia Meraz
  • Member: Stacy White
  • Member: Nicholas Smith.[6]

The tribe petitioned the US federal government for federal recognition in 1974; it was granted on 7 February 1979.[1]

Language[edit]

English is commonly spoken on by the tribe. Formerly tribal members spoke Lushootseed, a Central Salish language. The language is written in the Latin script and a dictionary and grammar have been written in the Lushootseed.[2]

Economic development[edit]

The Stillaguamish Tribal Business Development Department develops and works in partnership with the Board of Directors for the tribe's businesses that include Banksavers Nursery and Landscaping, River Rock Tobacco and Fuel Station and the Angel of the Winds Casino, all located in Arlington.[7][8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Stillaguamish Tribe." Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board. Retrieved 26 Sept 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Lushootseed." Ethnologue. Retrieved 26 Sept 2013.
  3. ^ Pritzker 203
  4. ^ Pritzker 201
  5. ^ Bray, Kari (August 25, 2014). "Stillaguamish Tribe gets 'long overdue' reservation". The Everett Herald. Retrieved April 15, 2017. 
  6. ^ "Tribal Government." Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians. Retrieved 26 Sept 2013.
  7. ^ "Stillaguamish Tribal Enterprise Corporation." Retrieved 26 Sept 2013.
  8. ^ "Angel of the Winds Casino." 500 Nations. Retrieved 26 Sept 2013.

References[edit]

  • Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°13′24″N 122°13′05″W / 48.2233765°N 122.218185°W / 48.2233765; -122.218185