Stillwater Township, New Jersey
|Stillwater Township, New Jersey|
|Township of Stillwater|
Map of Stillwater Township in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Stillwater Township
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||December 27, 1824|
|• Body||Township Committee|
|• Mayor||Lisa Chammings (R, term ends December 31, 2017)|
|• Clerk||Lynda Knott|
|• Total||28.385 sq mi (73.515 km2)|
|• Land||27.061 sq mi (70.087 km2)|
|• Water||1.324 sq mi (3.428 km2) 4.66%|
|Area rank||95th of 566 in state
8th of 24 in county
|Elevation||718 ft (219 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2015)||3,922|
|• Rank||408th of 566 in state
12th of 24 in county
|• Density||151.5/sq mi (58.5/km2)|
|• Density rank||523rd of 566 in state
20th of 24 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
Stillwater Township is a township located in Sussex County, New Jersey, United States. Located in the Kittatinny Valley, Stillwater is a rural farming community with a long history of dairy farming. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 4,099.
Stillwater was settled in the eighteenth century by Palatine German immigrants who entered through the port of Philadelphia. In 1741, Casper Shafer, John George Wintermute (Windemuth), and their father-in-law Johan Peter Bernhardt settled along the Paulins Kill. For the next 50 years, the village of Stillwater was essentially German, centered on a union church shared by Lutheran and German Reformed (Calvinist) congregations. The German population assimilated by the early nineteenth century, but evidence of their settlement remains in the architecture of the grist mills, lime kilns, and stone houses located throughout the valley. Stillwater was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on December 27, 1824, from portions of Hardwick Township when Sussex County was divided in half by the legislature a few weeks earlier to create Warren County. Portions of the township were taken to form Fredon Township on February 24, 1904.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Education
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Local attractions
- 8 Notable people
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
A prominent structure in the area's history is the Shafer Grist Mill. Originally built by Casper Shafer in 1741, it was moved approximately a half mile to its present location in 1764. It was rebuilt in 1844 and powered by water from the Paulins Kill. Casper's son, Nathan Armstrong Shafer lived in Whitehall Manor, which he built near what is now the center of the village. The gristmill operated commercially until 1955, making it one of the oldest, continuously operating, water-powered gristmills in the State of New Jersey. Aline Murray Kilmer, the widow of poet Joyce Kilmer, lived the last decade of her life at Whitehall, passing away there on October 1, 1941.
In the early 1900s, Swartswood Lake became a major resort. Weekenders took the train into nearby Blairstown through the 1940s to stay at such places as the North Shore Inn, The Casino, and The Dove Island Inn (now a private home). Later, summer cabins became popular with Brooklyn weekenders.
The Presbyterian Church is the most prominent feature in Stillwater village. Opposite the church is the former Stillwater Academy, an old schoolhouse that is now home to the Stillwater Historical Museum. Stillwater was, and still is, primarily agricultural. The area is dotted with lime kilns, which used to burn lime to enrich the soil, but are now obsolete, becoming lost to history and the overgrowth of vegetation. An intact kiln still exists on Millbrook Road, a little more than two miles (3 km) from Stillwater village.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 28.385 square miles (73.515 km2), including 27.061 square miles (70.087 km2) of land and 1.324 square miles (3.428 km2) of water (4.66%).
Crandon Lakes (with a 2010 Census population of 496 in Stillwater Township, out of a CDP total of 1,178) is a unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) split between Hampton Township and Stillwater Township.
Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Catfish Pond, Duck Pond, Fairview Lake, Five Points, Lake Kathryn, Middleville, Mud Pond, Paulins Kill Lake, Quick Pond, Stillwater, Swartswood, Swartswood Lake and Wintermutes Foundry.
Stillwater is a small one-street village in the area that was first settled by Johan Peter Bernhardt and his two sons-in-law, John George Wintermute and Caspar Shafer. At the western terminus of end of Main Street where it meets County Route 521, the First Presbyterian Church of Stillwater is the dominant feature. As Main Street travels east, the Stillwater General Store (originally Garris's General Store) (1876), "Whitehall" (built in 1785 by Abraham Shafer), Casper Shafer's stonehouse (c. 1741), crossing the Paulins Kill near Shafer's grist mill (1764, 1844) and miller's house. An 1820 hostelry, the Stillwater Inn, recently was destroyed by fire. One half-mile (800 m) south of the Presbyterian church, is John George Wintermute's stonehouse (1755), his son Peter's stonehouse (1791). Located adjacent is Stillwater Cemetery—the site of the original Lutheran-Calvinist union church (1771-1838), the graves of the towns earliest settlers, and many eighteenth century ethnic German gravestones.
Flanked to the west by Kittatinny Mountain, the Stillwater Township is located within the Ridge and Valley Physiographic Province, and the entire township is within the Kittatinny Valley a region of rolling hills and flat valley floors that is a section of the larger Great Appalachian Valley running 700 miles (1,100 km) from eastern Canada to northern Alabama. Elevations in this valley range from 400 to 1,000 feet (120–300 m). According to Snell, "The surface of the country is generally uneven and hilly, and on the west exceedingly rugged and mountainous. Ponds and watercourses abound. Of the latter, the most important is the Paulinskill, a millstream of considerable consequence." All of Stillwater Township is located in the Paulins Kill watershed which flows southwest through Sussex and Warren counties before joining the Delaware River near Columbia, New Jersey. The valley floor is part of the Ordovician Martinsburg Formation (shale and slate) which make up most of the valley—and the Jacksonburg Formation (mostly limestone).
|Stillwater Township, New Jersey|
|Climate chart (explanation)|
1830-1920 1840 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
The 2010 United States Census counted 4,099 people, 1,553 households, and 1,141 families residing in the township. The population density was 151.5 per square mile (58.5/km2). The township contained 1,930 housing units at an average density of 71.3 per square mile (27.5/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 97.07% (3,979) White, 0.66% (27) Black or African American, 0.05% (2) Native American, 0.71% (29) Asian, 0.02% (1) Pacific Islander, 0.20% (8) from other races, and 1.29% (53) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.20% (90) of the population.
Out of a total of 1,553 households, 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.4% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.5% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the township, 21.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 22.0% from 25 to 44, 36.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.8 years. For every 100 females the census counted 97.9 males, but for 100 females at least 18 years old, it was 100.1 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $79,367 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,830) and the median family income was $94,900 (+/- $17,365). Males had a median income of $50,600 (+/- $10,895) versus $52,587 (+/- $7,700) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $32,147 (+/- $2,398). About 7.0% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.2% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 4,267 people, 1,494 households, and 1,154 families residing in the township. The population density was 157.3 people per square mile (60.7/km2). There were 2,030 housing units at an average density of 74.9 per square mile (28.9/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 97.96% White, 0.16% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.23% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.09% of the population.
There were 1,494 households out of which 41.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.6% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.7% were non-families. 17.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.27.
In the township the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.6 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $63,750, and the median income for a family was $71,563. Males had a median income of $48,580 versus $35,505 for females. The per capita income for the township was $24,933. About 1.6% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.1% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.
Stillwater is governed under the township form of government. The five-member Township Committee is elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle. At an annual reorganization meeting held during the first week of January, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.
As of 2017[update], members of the Stillwater Township Committee are Mayor Lisa Chammings (R, term on committee and as mayor ends December 31, 2017), Deputy Mayor Charles M. Gross (R, term on committee ends 2019; term as deputy mayor ends 2017), Timmy Lee Fisher (R, 2019), William Morrison (R, 2018) and George E. Scott (R, 2018).
Local emergency services
The Stillwater Area Volunteer Fire Company provide fire and rescue services to the township. The Stillwater Area Volunteer Fire Company also provides services to Hardwick Township, in Warren County, along with Blairstown Hose Company #1. Stillwater also provides ice rescue services to the western portion of the county. Stillwater station houses CAFS Pumper 42-62, Rescue-Pumper 42-61, Tanker/Pumper 42-71, Rescue 42-75 and utility and special operations 42-81.
In February 2016, the township disbanded the Swartswood Volunteer Fire Department and reclaimed township-owned vehicles and other property.
Stillwater Emergency Rescue Squad provides emergency medical services to the township, utilizing two full-size ambulances, and first response vehicles. EMS coverage is supplemented by The Stillwater Area Volunteer Fire Company's First Responder Division.
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Josh Gottheimer (D, Wyckoff). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 24th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Steve Oroho (R, Franklin) and in the General Assembly by Parker Space (R, Wantage Township) and Gail Phoebus (R, Andover Township). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Sussex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders whose five members are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Freeholder Director and Deputy Director from among its members, with day-to-day supervision of the operation of the county delegated to a County Administrator. As of 2014[update], Sussex County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Richard Vohden (R, Green Township, 2016), Deputy Director Dennis J. Mudrick (R, Sparta Township, 2015), Phillip R. Crabb (R, Franklin, 2014), George Graham (R, Stanhope, 2016) and Gail Phoebus (R, Andover Township, 2015). Graham was chosen in April 2013 to fill the seat vacated by Parker Space, who had been chosen to fill a vacancy in the New Jersey General Assembly. Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Jeff Parrott (R, 2016), Sheriff Michael F. Strada (R, 2016) and Surrogate Gary R. Chiusano (R, filling the vacancy after the resignation of Nancy Fitzgibbons). The County Administrator is John Eskilson.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 3,009 registered voters in Stillwater Township, of which 468 (15.6% vs. 16.5% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,384 (46.0% vs. 39.3%) were registered as Republicans and 1,153 (38.3% vs. 44.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties. Among the township's 2010 Census population, 73.4% (vs. 65.8% in Sussex County) were registered to vote, including 94.0% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 86.5% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 1,283 votes (61.9% vs. 59.4% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 735 votes (35.5% vs. 38.2%) and other candidates with 49 votes (2.4% vs. 2.1%), among the 2,073 ballots cast by the township's 3,079 registered voters, for a turnout of 67.3% (vs. 68.3% in Sussex County). In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 1,389 votes (59.7% vs. 59.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 872 votes (37.5% vs. 38.7%) and other candidates with 52 votes (2.2% vs. 1.5%), among the 2,328 ballots cast by the township's 2,978 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.2% (vs. 76.9% in Sussex County). In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 1,473 votes (65.0% vs. 63.9% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 754 votes (33.3% vs. 34.4%) and other candidates with 35 votes (1.5% vs. 1.3%), among the 2,267 ballots cast by the township's 2,832 registered voters, for a turnout of 80.0% (vs. 77.7% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 71.5% of the vote (844 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 24.9% (294 votes), and other candidates with 3.6% (43 votes), among the 1,193 ballots cast by the township's 3,075 registered voters (12 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 38.8%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 1,036 votes (63.3% vs. 63.3% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 406 votes (24.8% vs. 25.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 157 votes (9.6% vs. 9.1%) and other candidates with 24 votes (1.5% vs. 1.3%), among the 1,637 ballots cast by the township's 2,991 registered voters, yielding a 54.7% turnout (vs. 52.3% in the county).
The Stillwater Township School District serves public school students in pre-kindergarten through sixth grade at Stillwater Township School. As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its one school had an enrollment of 641 students and 35.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 18.3:1.
Students in seventh through twelfth grade for public school attend Kittatinny Regional High School located in Hampton Township, which serves students who reside in Fredon Township, Hampton Township, Sandyston Township and Walpack Township. The high school is located on a 96-acre (39 ha) campus in Hampton Township, about seven minutes outside of the county seat of Newton. As of the 2014-15 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 1,079 students and 97.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.1:1. Kittatinny Regional High School was recognized as a National Blue Ribbon School of Excellence in 1997-98.
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 60.77 miles (97.80 km) of roadways, of which 39.87 miles (64.16 km) were maintained by the municipality and 20.90 miles (33.64 km) by Sussex County.
Parks and recreation
Stillwater is the home of Swartswood State Park, established in 1914 as the first state park established by the state of New Jersey. In the center of the park lies the Little Swartswood and Swartswood Lake. The park is operated and maintained by the New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Stillwater Township include:
- Rev. Elbert Nevius Condit (1846–1900), son of Rev. T.B. Condit (1804–1888), Presbyterian minister, third president of Occidental College.
- Louis Finkelstein (1923-2000), painter, art critic and Queens College professor.
- Gretna Campbell Finkelstein (1922–1987), artist affiliated with the New York School, wife of Louis Finkelstein
- Aaron Hankinson (1735-1806), Revolutionary War brigadier general (Sussex County Militia), New Jersey state assemblyman.
- Aline Murray Kilmer (1888-1941), poet and author, widow of Joyce Kilmer (1886-1918)
- Casper Shafer (c. 1711-1784), first settler, colonial politician
- Matt Valenti (born 1984), two-time NCAA Division I national champion wrestler from the University of Pennsylvania.
- Harmony Hill Methodist Church
- Paulins Kill
- Stillwater Cemetery
- Stillwater Presbyterian Church
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- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Sussex County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- 2009 Governor: Sussex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed February 25, 2013.
- District information for Stillwater Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 7, 2016.
- Kittatiny Regional School District 2015 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed May 28, 2016. "Located in beautiful, rural Sussex County in northwest New Jersey, Kittatinny Regional School District serves the five municipalities of Fredon Township, Hampton Township, Sandyston Township, Stillwater Township and the Township of Walpack. The District is comprised of 125 square miles and has a school population of approximately 1100 students."
- School data for Kittatinny High School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 12, 2016.
- Blue Ribbon Schools Program: Schools Recognized 1982-1983 through 1999-2002 (PDF), United States Department of Education. Accessed February 20, 2013.
- Sussex County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
- Swartswood State Park, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. Accessed February 25, 2013.
- Williams, Jesse Lynch; Norris Edwin Mark (editors). "Obituary: Elbert Nevius Condit '73" in Princeton Alumni Weekly, Volume 1 (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1900), 239.
- Staff. "Louis Finkelstein—Paintings 1971-1999", Haverford College press release dated February 25, 2000. Accessed March 12, 2013. "A New York native currently living in Stillwater, New Jersey, Finkelstein studied painting at Cooper Union, The Art Students' League and Brooklyn Museum Art School."
- Sussex County Clerk's Office (Newton, NJ) Deed between Louis Finkelstein and Jane Culp Finklestein (grantor) to Sherry Jenkins (grantee). (12 June/24 July 2000). Deed Book 2475, page 305&c.; Deed between Marjorie V. Hendershot and Richard C. Hendershot (grantors) and Louis Finkelstein and Gretna Campbell Finkelstein (grantees) (6 October 1978), Deed Book 1015, page 355&c.; Deed between Frederick Fuchs and Jacqueline Fuchs (grantors) and Louis Finkelstein and Gretna Campbell Finkelstein (grantees) (13/15 May 1980), Deed Book 1051, page 737&c. Sussex County Clerk's Office deed records are available online searchable by name, record number, or lot number, http://www.sussexcountyclerk.com/recording%20pages/real_estate-property_records.html. Stillwater Township Tax Assessor's office, Stillwater Township, New Jersey, property records for Block 3202, Lot 4B, 4C now renumbered as Block 3202 Lot 4, 4.01, 4.02, 4.03.
- Haverford College. Louis Finkelstein: Paintings, 1971-1999 stating "New York native currently living in Stillwater, New Jersey". Accessed 12 March 2013. This travelling exhibit (2000-2002) was shown at Yale University, New York Studio School, and Knox College.
- Sawin, Martica. "Louis Finkelstein: The Late Pastels in the Context of His Artistic Thinking" (essay) at Lori Bookstein Fine Art. Accessed March 12, 2013.
- Gretna Campbell: Biography stating "1978-1979: Acquires house in Stillwater, NJ, where she paints winters and springs through 1986." Accessed March 12, 2013.
- Snell, James P. (complied). History of Sussex and Warren Counties, New Jersey, with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Prominent Men and Pioneers. (Philadelphia: Everts & Peck, 1881), 32, 380.
- Spaulding, Anthiny via New Jersey Herald, "Stillwater native Matt Valenti trying to keep wrestling in Olympics", KWWL (TV), August 13, 2013, updated March 19, 2014. Accessed October 9, 2015. "Matt Valenti's days of trying to become an Olympic wrestler are over. However, the 29-year-old Stillwater native and former Kittatinny High School standout is trying to do the next best thing: keep that dream alive for others."
- Our History, Harmony Hill Methodist Church. Accessed February 25, 2013.
- Church History, Stillwater Presbyterian Church. Accessed February 25, 2013.
- Stillwater Township
- The Township Journal, community newspaper
- Skyland Guide to Stillwater, Virtual tour of Stillwater
- Skyland Guide to Stone Mills
- Stillwater Township School
- Kittatinny Regional High School
- Historical Society of Stillwater Township
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|Walpack Township||Fredon Township|
|Hardwick Township||Hardwick Township||Frelinghuysen Township|