Stinkpot (weapon)

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A depiction demonstrating the use of the Chinese stinkpot shown in the Traité sur les feux d'artifice pour le spectacle et pour la guerre by French pyrotechnician Jean-Charles Perrinet d'Orval, 1745

A stinkpot or stink-pot was an incendiary and suffocating weapon used in the 19th century during the Qing Dynasty, especially in naval operations.[1] It is an earthenware incendiary weapon part filled with sulphur, gunpowder, nails, and shot, while the other part was filled with noxious materials designed to emanate a highly unpleasant and suffocating smell to its enemies when ignited.[2]

British Admiral Sir William Robert Kennedy recorded the use of the stinkpot in 1856 during the Second Opium War in his book Hurrah for the Life of a Sailor - Fifty Years in the Royal Navy. He described it as:

Describing the method of use of the stinkpot, Kennedy writes:

Stinkpots were used in the War of 1812 by the British Navy during a bombardment of Stonington, Connecticut on August 9th, 1814.

Rossiter Johnson in his book, "A History of the War of 1812-1815 between the United States and Great Britain", writes:

"It was toward evening when Hardy opened his ports and fired upon the town every kind of missile in use at that day--round-shot, grape-shot, canister, bomb-shells. carcasses, rockets, and stink-pots." [5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Needham, Joseph (1986). Science and Civilization in China: Volume 5, Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Part 7, Military Technology: the gunpowder epic. Taipei: Caves Books Ltd. Pages 189.
  2. ^ Needham, Joseph (1986). Science and Civilization in China: Volume 5, Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Part 7, Military Technology: the gunpowder epic. Taipei: Caves Books Ltd. Pages 189.
  3. ^ Kennedy, Vice-Admiral Sir William. "Chapter 5: War With China". Hurrah for the Life of a Sailor - Fifty Years in the Royal Navy. ISBN 978-1-4368-7869-2.
  4. ^ Kennedy, Vice-Admiral Sir William. "Chapter 7: Evacuation of Canton". Hurrah for the Life of a Sailor - Fifty Years in the Royal Navy. ISBN 978-1-4368-7869-2.
  5. ^ Johnson, Rossiter. Chapter XVI. Operations Along the Coast. A History of the War of 1812-1815 between the United States and Great Britain. Rossiter Johnson.ISBN 1347974431.