Stir of Echoes

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Stir of Echoes
Stir of Echoes.png
Theatrical release poster
Directed byDavid Koepp
Screenplay byDavid Koepp
Based onA Stir of Echoes
by Richard Matheson
Produced by
CinematographyFred Murphy
Edited byJill Savitt[1]
Music byJames Newton Howard
Distributed byArtisan Entertainment[1]
Release date
  • September 10, 1999 (1999-09-10) (United States)
Running time
100 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
Budget$12 million[3]
Box office$21.1 million[3]

Stir of Echoes is a 1999 American supernatural horror film written and directed by David Koepp and based on the 1958 novel of the same name by Richard Matheson. The film stars Kevin Bacon, Kathryn Erbe, Illeana Douglas and Kevin Dunn.

In the film, telephone worker Tom Witzky (Bacon) begins experiencing a series of frightening visions after being hypnotized by his sister-in law, Lisa (Douglas).

Stir of Echoes was released in the United States on September 10, 1999.


Tom Witzky is a phone lineman living in a working-class neighborhood in Chicago with his pregnant wife Maggie and his son Jake, who possesses the ability to commune with the dead, although neither Tom nor Maggie yet know about Jake's special ability. At a party one evening, Tom challenges Maggie's sister, Lisa, who is a believer in paranormal activity, to hypnotize him. After putting him under, Lisa plants a post-hypnotic suggestion in Tom urging him to "be more open-minded". Tom then begins experiencing visions of a violent scuffle involving a girl who he learns is Samantha Kozac, a 17-year-old that disappeared from the neighborhood six months prior.

While Tom and Maggie attend a high-school football game, Jake is overheard by his babysitter, Debbie, as he speaks with Samantha. Debbie gets upset and snatches Jake, running off with him in the night. Tom senses Jake is in danger and sees strange flashes of red light that lead him to the Metra station where Debbie is speaking with her mother about Jake.

When Tom and Maggie confront her, Debbie angrily questions them about her sister Samantha, explaining that she had an intellectual disability, with the mental capacity of an eight-year-old and thus a child's tendency to trust strangers. Tom becomes obsessed with Samantha and begins probing members of the community about her disappearance. This attracts the attention of his landlord Harry Damon, Tom's friend, Frank McCarthy and their respective sons Kurt Damon and Adam McCarthy, who all dismiss Samantha as a runaway teen. After another prophetic vision in which Frank tells Tom that "they're going to kill you and Maggie both," Tom finds that Adam has shot himself in Frank's home and is in critical condition.

During an afternoon walk, Jake and Maggie encounter a funeral where Chicago policemen are saluting in a ceremony; a policeman named Neil recognizes Jake's unique talent and invites Tom to a private gathering of like-minded people to learn more about what is happening to his son. Maggie goes to the meeting herself, and Neil tells her the spirit that contacted Tom has asked for something and will grow upset if it does not get done. As predicted, Samantha begins plaguing Tom, leading to his insomnia. Samantha tells him to dig. Tom complies and digs holes in the backyard and tears up the house in a desperate attempt to appease Samantha.

While Maggie and Jake attend her grandmother's wake at a relative's house, Tom inadvertently knocks down a shoddy brick wall in the basement and discovers Samantha's mummified remains. He receives a vision showing him that before his family moved in, Adam and Kurt lured Samantha into the house to rape her. When she resisted, they unintentionally suffocated her and hid her body. Tom brings Frank back to the basement to disclose to him the crime. Frank breaks down and admits that Adam and Kurt had already confided their secret to him and Harry. Frank pulls out a gun and demands to be alone. As Tom leaves, he hears a single shot.

Harry and Kurt corner Tom with the intention of killing him, but Maggie interrupts. As Harry takes her hostage, Frank emerges and fatally shoots Kurt and Harry. Tom notices Samantha's spirit smile and disappear. Afterward, the family moves out of the house. Samantha's mother and sister are able to give her a proper burial. Jake covers his ears as his family approaches their new home, overwhelmed by all of the spirits that linger in the houses they pass by.



The novel A Stir of Echoes was written by Richard Matheson, of whom director David Koepp is an avid fan. Koepp had decided he wanted his next project to be a horror film;[4] his love for the screen-adapted Duel (1971), as well as Matheson's work on The Twilight Zone (1959), contributed to his decision to purchase a copy of A Stir of Echoes from a used bookstore.[5] Producer Gavin Polone then secured the rights to the book.[4] Koepp remembered being high-strung when approaching Matheson to ask for his thoughts on his script, terrified that the changes he made in the story might displease the author. Matheson, who expressed admiration for Koepp's directorial debut film The Trigger Effect (1996), responded positively to his draft and gave him his approval: "I'm sure he's done a good job of it. I do know what he's done before, and it's quite good. He has a very good touch". Among Koepp's influences for the film were Roman Polanski's Repulsion (1965) and Rosemary's Baby (1968), and David Cronenberg's The Dead Zone (1983).[5]

The film was produced by Artisan Entertainment on a budget of $12 million. Principal photography took place in Chicago and lasted 39 days,[5] in the period from October 5 to November 21, 1998.[6] Director Brian De Palma paid the set a visit and offered Koepp some ideas, one of which was shooting a long take of Kevin Bacon during the first half of a long dialogue scene.[4] Koepp shot the hypnosis scene, in which Bacon's character envisions himself in a theater and everything apart from the projection screen is painted black, as it was written in Matheson's book. Koepp felt that many hypnosis scenes in films are "skipped by", so he came up with the idea of allowing viewers to see through Bacon's point of view as he undergoes hypnosis to make the concept fresh. The theater from this sequence is located in Joliet, Illinois.[4] Bacon's tooth extraction scene, which was inspired by a nightmare Koepp had about dying of age, was achieved with practical effects. Koepp told Entertainment Weekly:

We blacked out Kevin's tooth and built a cap to go over it, so he's pulling out a cap that comes off fairly easily, and he gives some grunts and groans and we added grotesque, crunching flesh noises… while he's pulling out the tooth, he's [also] palming a real tooth in his other hand [to drop into the sink]. He drops the real tooth, we tilt down to see it, and then somebody darted in [from off-camera] with a washcloth and wiped the blood off Kevin's face, so when he looks back up into the mirror, his face and teeth are clean.[7]

Box office[edit]

On its opening weekend, the film ranked third in box office gross with $5,811,664, and stayed in the top ten for three weeks. After a 14-week run, its total domestic gross was $21,073,708.[8] In the UK, the film grossed £818,213. Worldwide, it made more than $23 million.


Many reviewers felt that the film suffered by being released shortly after previous high-earning occult films of the year: The Sixth Sense, The Blair Witch Project and The Mummy.[9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16] (Reviewer Sara Voorhees gave it "the benefit of the doubt, because the movie, or at least the story for it, appeared long before The Sixth Sense, in Richard Matheson's 1958 novel.")[13]

Roger Ebert wrote that Bacon "stars in one of his best performances" and that "Koepp's screenplay dovetails the supernatural stuff with developments among the neighbors which are, wisely, more sad and tragic than sensational."[17] Empire, giving the film 4 out of 5 stars ("Excellent") wrote that "this quietly creepy adaptation of a Richard Matheson novel" was "[o]vershadowed at the American box office by The Sixth Sense" and adds, "There are neat camera tricks - the spook moves at a slightly different film speed to the living - and a couple of great bad dream moments, but the real skill Koepp shows is that he grounds the scary stuff in a believable reality and delivers a ghost story that doesn't lose its grip after the spirits have unambiguously been made manifest."[12] The Seattle Post-Intelligencer wrote that "the film offers above-average occult entertainment" with Bacon's "most believable, heart-wrenching and charismatic lead performance in many years."[11]

The San Antonio Express-News reviewer thought that Koepp "molds this ghastly ghost tale into a supernatural thriller that builds suspense at a fever pitch from beginning to end,"[18] while the reviewer for The Cincinnati Post, Voorhees, felt mixed, saying she thought the movie "too predictable" but also "a well-crafted psychological mystery"; "Koepp's dialogue is genuine and funny."[13] The Baltimore Sun wrote, "Koepp and director of photography Fred Murphy have created some dazzling in-camera special effects, especially the ingenious idea of filming the story's ghost at a slow speed, six frames per second, giving the being a strange, otherworldly way of moving. If only they had sustained the suspense longer -- and resolved it in a less ripped-from-the-headlines manner -- they could have kept summer audiences scared sleepless for at least one more night."[15] The Miami Herald reviewer wrote, "A good deal of effort was invested in setting up an atmosphere of mystery and dread: Stir of Echoes is a scream-out-loud movie, upsetting and deliriously effective. Problem is, Koepp relies almost entirely on the isolated shocking images, ignoring the human element at the center in favor of digitalized special effects and rapid-fire editing."[16]

Contemporary review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes offers a 67% approval rating from 107 critics—an average rating of 6.4 out of 10, which provides the consensus, "Kevin Bacon's acting is so genuine that it's creepy and director David Keopp [sic] knows how to create true suspense."[19] The film also has a score of 67 out of 100 on Metacritic based on 30 critics indicating "generally favorable reviews".[20] Audiences polled by CinemaScore during opening weekend gave the film an average grade of "B" on a scale ranging from A+ to F.[21]


The original motion picture soundtrack album for Stir of Echoes was released by Nettwerk America on September 14, 1999.[22]

  1. James Newton Howard – Empty Couch (Original Score)
  2. Moist – Breathe
  3. James Newton Howard – Kidnapping Jake (Original Score)
  4. Dishwalla – Stay Awake
  5. James Newton Howard – Nightmare Lovemaking (Original Score)
  6. Wild Strawberries – Mirror Mirror
  7. James Newton Howard – Deja Vu (Original Score)
  8. James Newton Howard – Digging (Original Score)
  9. Steve Wynn – Nothing But The Shell
  10. James Newton Howard – Neil (Original Score)
  11. Gob – Paint It Black
  12. James Newton Howard – Feathers (Original Score)
  13. Poe – Hello
  14. James Newton Howard – First Hypnotism (Original Score)
  15. Beth Orton – It's Not The Spotlight


In 2007, Stir of Echoes: The Homecoming was released as an American television movie produced by Lions Gate Entertainment. The film premiered on the Sci Fi Channel. Originally titled The Dead Speak, it was written and directed by Ernie Barbarash and its only connection to the previous work is the inclusion of Jake Witzky, who had a key role in the original film but is only a secondary character here.[23]

David Koepp and Kevin Bacon would eventually reunite for a second film released in the summer of 2020, You Should Have Left, though that film is completely unrelated to Stir of Echoes and based on different source material.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Stir of Echoes at the American Film Institute Catalog
  2. ^ a b "Stir of Echoes (1999)". British Film Institute. Retrieved February 25, 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Stir of Echoes (1999)". The Numbers. Retrieved February 25, 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d David Koepp (director). Stir of Echoes (audio commentary). Artisan Entertainment.
  5. ^ a b c Grey, Ian (September 1999). "Stir of Echoes: A Chicago Ghost Story". Fangoria. Vol. 186. pp. 20–24, 82. ISSN 0164-2111.
  6. ^ "Stir of Echoes (1999): Misc Notes". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved February 25, 2018.
  7. ^ Nolfi, Joey (October 13, 2007). "Kevin Bacon: The Sixth Sense 'completely f----d' release of Stir of Echoes". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 25, 2018.
  8. ^ "Stir of Echoes (1999)—Weekend Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
  9. ^ Vice, Jeff (September 10, 1999). "Stir is Clumsy Echo of Sense". Deseret News. Salt Lake City: Deseret News Publishing Company. Even though the source material for the uneven psychological horror film, Stir of Echoes, is Richard Matheson's 1958 novel -- obviously written years in advance of the surprise summer hit The Sixth Sense -- there are parallels. Including a child character who can communicate with the dead, as well as an underlying theme of domestic violence. But the comparisons start and end there, since Stir of Echoes is as clumsy as The Sixth Sense is subtle, including a too-conventional and unconvincing -- if not entirely predictable -- ending.
  10. ^ Hartl, John (September 10, 1999). "THE 'SIXTH SENSE' OF KEVIN BACON - STIR OF ECHOES: UBIQUITOUS STAR CONNECTS WITH UBIQUITOUS GHOSTS". The Seattle Times. Seattle: The Seattle Times Company. This could be the weekend that determines whether audiences have finally had their fill of fright films for the year. Is there still enough interest, in the wake of The Sixth Sense and The Blair Witch Project, to support the arrival of both Stigmata and Stir of Echoes on the same day?
  11. ^ a b Arnold, William (September 10, 1999). "AS FAR AS OCCULT THRILLERS GO, STIR OF ECHOES IS STANDARD FARE, BUT BACON REALLY SIZZLES". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Seattle: Hearst Corporation. p. 26. The only problem with Stir of Echoes is that a number of major things about it are strikingly similar to the big summer hit, The Sixth Sense, and it's nowhere near as original or psychologically involving - or as effective - a supernatural thriller.
  12. ^ a b "Stir Of Echoes". Empire. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
  13. ^ a b c Voorhees, Sara (September 10, 1999). "Bacon's commitment to role salvages 'Stir of Echoes'". The Cincinnati Post. Cincinnati: E. W. Scripps Company. ...three of the 10 top grossing films of the summer were ghost stories - The Blair Witch Project, The Mummy, and The Sixth Sense. Stir of Echoes is a continuation of the ghost story trend. Another scary movie with serious traces of deja vu.
  14. ^ Whitty, Stephen (September 10, 1999). "MOVIE REVIEW: Stir of Echoes". The Star-Ledger. Newark, N.J.: Advance Publications.
  15. ^ a b Hornaday, Ann (September 10, 1999). "Stir of Echoes None Too Stirring". The Baltimore Sun. Baltimore: Tribune Company. After a summer of The Blair Witch Project and The Sixth Sense, who would want to have the bejeebers scared out of them one more time by Stir of Echoes, the latest entry into the Heebie Jeebie Sweepstakes of 1999?
  16. ^ a b Flowers, Phoebe (September 10, 1999). "HORRIFYING VISIONS". The Miami Herald. Miami: The McClatchy Company. It doesn't help that Stir of Echoes is opening after a month in which people have been flocking in droves to The Sixth Sense, a deeply moving, near-flawless thriller that smartly infused its supernatural elements with breathtaking sentiment. Stir will pick up a lot of its audience from Sense junkies, and they are bound to be disappointed by a film that can't reinforce its fright with such richly realized sadness.
  17. ^ Ebert, Roger (September 10, 1999). "Stir of Echoes". Chicago Sun-Times. Chicago: Sun-Times Media Group. Retrieved May 21, 2022.
  18. ^ Ratliff, Larry (September 10, 1999). "The other side - Echoes a well-made thriller". San Antonio Express-News. San Antonio, Texas: Hearst Corporation.
  19. ^ "Stir of Echoes". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved December 22, 2022.
  20. ^ "Stir of Echoes (1999)". Metacritic. Retrieved February 25, 2018.
  21. ^ "Official website". CinemaScore. Archived from the original on January 2, 2018. Retrieved October 28, 2017. Type the film's title into the 'Find Cinemascore' search box.
  22. ^ "Stir of Echoes Soundtrack (1999)". Retrieved 2020-03-06.
  23. ^ "Stir Of Echoes 2: The Homecoming – DVD Review | Inside Pulse". 2 January 2008. Retrieved 31 January 2019.

External links[edit]