Stirling (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Stirling in Scotland.
|Subdivisions of Scotland||Stirling|
|Member of parliament||Stephen Kerr (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Stirling, Falkirk & Grangemouth, Stirlingshire West and Kinross & West Perthshire|
|European Parliament constituency||Scotland|
1983-1997: The Stirling District electoral divisions of Airthrey, Bannockburn, Castle, Dounebraes, Menteith, Queensland, St Ninians, Strathendrick, Viewforth, and Wallace.
1997-2005: The Stirling District electoral divisions of Bannockburn, Castle, Dounebraes, Menteith, Queensland, St Ninians, Strathendrick, Viewforth, and Wallace.
2005-present: The Stirling council area.
The constituency covers the whole of the Stirling council area. Most of the area is rural, which has tended to vote Conservative, but there are some large towns in the East, most notably Stirling itself, which used to vote Labour, but has now moved towards SNP. A similar constituency, also called Stirling, is used by the Scottish Parliament.
The area covered by the modern constituency was first represented in the British House of Commons in consequence of the Act of Union 1707 in 1708. The county town of Stirling was represented as part of Stirling Burghs and the county was represented by Stirlingshire, each returning one member.
In 1918, Stirling Burghs was abolished and Stirling was then represented by the Stirling & Falkirk Burghs and from 1974 Stirling, Falkirk & Grangemouth constituencies. Along with Clackmannanshire the county was meanwhile represented by Clackmannan and Eastern Stirlingshire and Stirling and Clackmannan Western (later Stirlingshire West).
The modern constituency of Stirling was established in 1983. In 2005 the west portion of Ochil was moved into Stirling.
Constituency profile and voting patterns
The seat's population is predominantly concentrated around the historic City of Stirling and its surrounding areas of Bannockburn, Bridge of Allan and Dunblane situated on the eastern fringes of the seat around the River Forth and its lower tributaries. This area consists of a mixture of Conservative-voting suburbs to the north and west, such as Bridge of Allan and Dunblane and the Stirling suburbs of Cambusbarron, Kings Park and Torbrex, and more deprived SNP-voting areas such as Raploch and south-east Stirling, in addition to Bannockburn, and the villages of Cowie, Fallin and Plean situated to the south-east of the city.
The constituency's boundaries then stretch up to the west following the Valleys of the River Forth and Teith, running up into the wooded glens of the Trossachs on the eastern side of the Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park. The constituency covers the more sparsely populated eastern shore of Loch Lomond, and takes in a variety of fresh water lochs, such as Loch Katrine and Loch Venachar.
A number of small villages dot the corridors of the A84, A85 and A811 roads, including Callander, widely recognised as the gateway to the Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park, and more widely as the gateway to the Scottish Highlands. This area is predominantly Conservative-voting.
When the Stirling constituency was first created for the 1983 general election combining northern elements of the West Stirlingshire constituency with the town of Stirling from the Stirling, Falkirk and Grangemouth constituency and southern elements of the old Kinross and West Perthshire constituency it was thought of as a fairly safe Conservative seat, with Michael Forsyth winning the seat with a 5,133 vote majority. It became a tight Labour-Conservative marginal in 1983, and again in 1987, being retained by Michael Forsyth with less than 1,000 votes at both elections.
Labour gained Stirling at their 1997 landslide election victory, and subsequently held the seat and its coterminous constituency of Stirling in the Scottish Parliament usually with a majority of over 10% of the vote until the SNP's breakthrough ten years later in 2007. The Westminster constituency of Stirling remained Labour in 2010, however it subsequently fell to Steven Paterson of the Scottish National Party in their landslide victory across Scotland in 2015. More recently, the Conservatives have made gains in the area, coming second in the overlapping constituency of Stirling in the Scottish Parliament, and taking more votes than the SNP at the 2017 Stirling Council election. At the 2017 general election, Stephen Kerr unseated Paterson, becoming the first Conservative MP for Stirling in twenty years.
Stirling voted against Scottish independence in 2014 on an above-average margin of 59.8% "No" 40.2% "Yes". At the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum on 23 June 2016, 67.7% of the electorate in Stirling voted for the United Kingdom to remain a member of the European Union with 32.3% voting for the United Kingdom to leave the European Union.
Members of Parliament
|1983||Michael Bruce Forsyth||Conservative|
|1997||Dame Anne McGuire||Labour|
Elections of the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Wendy Chamberlain||1,683||3.4||0.7|
|Women's Equality||Kirstein Rummery||337||0.7||0.7|
|Conservative gain from SNP||Swing||11.4|
|Scottish Green||Mark Ruskell||1,606||3.1||1.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Elisabeth Wilson||1,392||2.7||11.8|
|SNP gain from Labour||Swing||22.3|
|Conservative||Bob H. Dalrymple||11,204||23.9||1.1|
|SNP||Alison J. Lindsay||8,091||17.3||4.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Graham Reed||6,797||14.5||6.2|
|Scottish Green||Mark Ruskell||746||1.6||1.4|
Elections of the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Kelvin Holdsworth||9,052||20.7||+9.2|
|Scottish Green||Richard Illingworth||1,302||3.0||N/A|
|Scottish Socialist||Rowland Sheret||458||1.0||−1.7|
|Christian Vote||Michael Willis||215||0.5||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Clive Freeman||4,208||11.7||+5.5|
|Scottish Socialist||Charles Mullen||1,012||2.8||N/A|
|Scottish Green||Mark Ruskell||757||2.1||N/A|
Elections of the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Alistair Tough||2,675||6.2||+0.5|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+7.8|
|Liberal Democrat||William Robertson||3,337||7.0||−7.7|
|Scottish Green||William Thompson||342||0.7||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||Ross Sharp||68||0.1||N/A|
Elections of the 1980s
|Conservative win (new seat)|
- "'Stirling', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 5)
- "General Election: SNP reselects 54 MPs". www.scotsman.com.
- "Lee Scott back for Ilford North. Vicky Ford in final Chelmsford three. Tatton finalists named. The latest candidate selections and shortlists. - Conservative Home".
- "Women's Equality Party to take on 'two Steves and a Chris' in Stirling". The National.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-04-23. Retrieved 2015-08-26.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
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