Stjepan Đureković

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Stjepan Đureković
Stjepan Đureković.jpg
Stjepan Đureković
Born c. 1926
Bukovac, Syrmia Oblast, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Died 28 July 1983
Wolfratshausen, Bavaria
Occupation Businessman

Stjepan Đureković (c. 1926 – 28 July 1983) was a Croatian political dissident and businessman, best known as the politically-appointed CEO of the state-owned INA petrol company.

In 1982 he defected to West Germany and became active in Croatian nationalist émigré circles opposed to Yugoslavia.

Early life[edit]

Đureković was born in Bukovac near Petrovaradin. During World War II he avoided service in the Independent State of Croatia's armed forces to join the Partisans.[1]

Business career in FPR/SFR Yugoslavia[edit]

After the war he rose to a position within INA.[1]

Relocation to West Germany[edit]

After falling out with the government he defected to West Germany in 1982 where he became involved with the Croatian National Committee, a Croat nationalist organization.[1] Together with Ivan Botić he published Yugoslavia in crisis, in which the two argued that Yugoslavia's large inflation rate and unemployment was resulting in the exploitation of Croatian resources.[2][3]

Assassination[edit]

Đureković was assassinated in Wolfratshausen, West Germany by UDBA agents in 1983 in "Operation Dunav".[1][4] Đureković's remains were reburied at Zagreb's Mirogoj cemetery in 1999.[5]

In 2005, Germany issued an arrest warrant on Josip Perković for his involvement in the assassination.[6] Krunoslav Prates was also put on trial on charges relating to the crime.[7] Some sources have linked the assassination to Željko "Arkan" Ražnatović, a career criminal known to be contracted by Yugoslavia's State Security Administration (SDB) in various operations [clarification needed] during the 1970s and 1980s. [8]

The German court trying Prates threatened to take action against Croatian officials who obstructed testimony at the trial, [clarification needed] including Croatian president Stjepan Mesić.[9] In 2008, Krunoslav Prates was sentenced to life in prison for his role in the assassination.[10]

In 2009, Germany's Federal Criminal Police Office issued warrants for Zdravko Mustač, Ivan Cetinić, Ivan Lasić and Boris Brnelić for involvement in the murder as members of the UDBA.[11] In October 2009, German police arrested Luka Sekula, a Croat with Swedish citizenship, for participation in the murder.[12][13]

On 1 January 2014, Josip Perković was arrested in Zagreb. His trial began in Germany in mid-2014.[14] In August 2016, both Perković and Zdravko Mustač were proclaimed guilty in a first-instance verdict and sentenced to life imprisonment for abetting the murder of Đureković.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Dossier: Slučaj Perković ili tko su hrvatski obavještajci, 24sata.hr; accessed 20 January 2016.(Croatian)
  2. ^ "Yugoslavia in crisis", openlibrary.org; accessed 11 March 2016.
  3. ^ Meštrović, Stjepan Gabriel, Miroslav Goreta & Slaven Letica; The Road from paradise: prospects for democracy in Eastern Europe. University Press of Kentucky, 1993. (p. 77)
  4. ^ Suspect in Đureković killing captured in Germany, hrt.hr, 9 July 2005; accessed 20 January 2016.(Croatian)
  5. ^ Đureković sentence by Dolanc, Planinc, Spiljak and Ljubicic?, vjesnik.hr; accessed 20 January 2016. (Croatian)
  6. ^ Suspected of being involved in killings of Stjepan Đureković, Danas Archived 25 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Ante Pavić (19 May 2006). "Prekinuto suđenje Pratesu" [Prates trial suspended]. Nacional (weekly). Archived from the original on 30 June 2012. Retrieved 30 June 2012. 
  8. ^ tportal.hr; accessed 11 March 2016.(Croatian)
  9. ^ Vijesti.net - Minhenski sudac prijavit će Mesića zbog uplitanja u Pratesov sudski proces?, index.hr; accessed 20 January 2016.(Croatian)
  10. ^ Prates life imprisonment for role in Đureković killing, vecernji.hr; accessed 11 March 2016.
  11. ^ Tjeralica iz Njemačke za udbašima, polizei.bayern.de; accessed 20 January 2016.(German)
  12. ^ U Njemačkoj uhićen bivši jugoslavenski agent zbog ubojstva Stjepana Đurekovića, Slobodna Dalmacija; accessed 20 January 2016.(Croatian)
  13. ^ Udbaš Vinko Sindičić uhićen u Njemačkoj, slobodnadalmacija.hr; accessed 11 March 2016.(Croatian)
  14. ^ Former Yugoslav intelligence agent Josip Perković arrested in Zagreb, euronews.com, 1 January 2014; accessed 20 January 2016.
  15. ^ Sven Milekic. "Yugoslav Spy Chiefs Jailed for Life". Balkan Insight. Retrieved 15 October 2016.