Stockland Bristol

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Stockland Bristol
Houses amongst trees seen across fields and hedges.
Stockland Bristol from the east
St. Mary Magdalene, Stockland Bristol - geograph.org.uk - 878183.jpg
St. Mary Magdalene
Stockland Bristol is located in Somerset
Stockland Bristol
Stockland Bristol
Stockland Bristol shown within Somerset
Population 165 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference ST243436
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRIDGWATER
Postcode district TA5
Dialling code 01278
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Somerset
51°11′13″N 3°05′02″W / 51.187°N 3.084°W / 51.187; -3.084Coordinates: 51°11′13″N 3°05′02″W / 51.187°N 3.084°W / 51.187; -3.084

Stockland Bristol (formerly Stockland Gaunts[2]) is a village and civil parish in the Sedgemoor district of Somerset, between Bridgwater and the Steart Peninsula.

History[edit]

It was recorded in the Domesday book as Stocheland meaning 'A stockade with land' from the Old English stoc and land. The name Bristol was added later from its medieval owner, Bristol Corporation.[3]

Stockland Bristol was part of the hundred of Cannington.[4] In the early 13th century the manor of Stockland was held by Maurice de Gaunt (d.1230), who left it in his will to St Mark's Hospital, Bristol, later known as Gaunts Hospital. In 1541 the manor was granted to Bristol Corporation, which held it until 1839.[5]

The village lies on Combwich Reach as the River Parrett flows to the sea. The Steart peninsula has flooded many times during the last millennium. The most severe recent floods occurred in 1981. By 1997, a combination of coastal erosion, sea level rise and wave action had made some of the defences distinctly fragile and at risk from failure. As a result, in 2002 the Environment Agency produced the Stolford to Combwich Coastal Defence Strategy Study to examine options for the future.[6]

In the early part of World War II Stockland Bristol was chosen by the Radio Security Service[7] (RSS) as the site for two wireless Direction Finding (D/F) stations known as Y-stations.[8] They were located in the fields alongside Steart Road. These installations would have been used to locate the source of enemy radio transmissions. They were demolished after 1945.

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of Sedgemoor, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Bridgwater Rural District,[9] which is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

It is also part of the Bridgwater and West Somerset county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Religious sites[edit]

The original church was demolished in 1865 with only the font and chancel screen preserved in the new church.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistics for Wards, LSOAs and Parishes — SUMMARY Profiles" (Excel). Somerset Intelligence. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Waite, Vincent (1964). Portrait of the Quantocks. London: Robert Hale. ISBN 0-7091-1158-4. 
  3. ^ Robinson, Stephen (1992). Somerset Place Names. Wimborne, Dorset: Dovecote Press. ISBN 1-874336-03-2. 
  4. ^ "Cannington Hundred". British History Online. Retrieved 23 September 2011. 
  5. ^ A P Baggs and M C Siraut (1992). "Stockland Bristol: Manor and other estates". A History of the County of Somerset: Volume 6. Victoria County History. pp. 126–127. Retrieved 2015-01-24. 
  6. ^ "Stolford to Combwich Coastal Defence Strategy Study" (PDF). Environment Agency. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 31 October 2007. 
  7. ^ "Development of the Radio Security Service". WW2 UK Wireless Intercept Stations. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  8. ^ "Box 25" (PDF). The RSS from 1939 to 1946. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  9. ^ "Brdigwater RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 

External links[edit]