Stocks House

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Stocks House
Stocks Hotel.jpg
Stocks House, pictured in around 1995
Location of Stocks House in Hertfordshire
Location of Stocks House in Hertfordshire
Location of Stocks House in Hertfordshire
Former names La Stok
General information
Type English country house
Architectural style Neoclassical
Town or city Aldbury, Hertfordshire
Country United Kingdom
Coordinates 51°48′38″N 0°36′20″W / 51.81056°N 0.60556°W / 51.81056; -0.60556Coordinates: 51°48′38″N 0°36′20″W / 51.81056°N 0.60556°W / 51.81056; -0.60556
Completed 1773
Listed Building – Grade II
Official name Stocks House
Designated 21 May 1973
Reference no. 1078055
Stocks as it appeared at the time of Ward's residence (c.1903)
Interior of Stocks at the time of Ward's residence (c.1914)

Stocks manor house is a large Georgian mansion, built in 1773.[1] It is the largest property in the village of Aldbury, Hertfordshire. Stocks House and its manorial farm is an 182-acre (0.74 km2) estate surrounded by 10,000 acres (40 km2) of National Trust Ashridge Forest and the Chiltern Hills.

It takes its name from the old famous stocks of the medieval village of Aldbury just down the road.

Early history[edit]

Stocks House was built in 1773 on the site of an earlier manor house known as La Stok which had existed since medieval times. Records from the 17th century show that the land was in the possession of Robert Duncombe, an ancestor of the Lords Feversham. In 1773, Arnold Duncombe built a new house, Stocks House.[2] The estate then passed successively to the Hayton, Whitbread and Gordon families.[3]

The house has had a number of literary associations. James Adam Gordon, who inherited the Stocks estate in 1832, was a friend of the Scottish author Sir Walter Scott, and it is reputed that the writer visited Gordon at Stocks House.[3] In 1891, the house was inherited by Edward Grey, 1st Viscount Grey of Fallodon, who served as British Foreign Minister and Ambassador to the United States, from his grandfather. Lord Falloden's career never allowed him to live there, and in 1892 he sold Stocks House [4] to best-selling British novelist Mary Augusta Ward and her husband Thomas Humphry Ward[3] who made Stocks their home until Mary's death in 1920.[5] Mary was the better known writer of the two, and published two best-selling novels Lady Rose's Daughter (1903) and The Marriage of William Ashe (1905), under the pen name Mrs Humphry Ward.[3]

While the Wards lived at Stocks, it became a bustling salon of leading intellectual luminaries of her day, including her nephews Aldous and Julian Huxley, her son-in-law historian George Macaulay Trevelyan, and such guests as George Orwell, who gathered for long weekends, to join as many as fifty other literary and intellectually inclined overnight guests and friends who could be accommodated in the main house. Ward is buried just down the road at Aldbury Church.[1] Upon Ward's death, Stocks was inherited by her son, a Member of Parliament, Arnold Ward.[6] who sold Stocks to the Blezard family, who later sold it to the bachelor Arthur Brown of the Luton quaker family of timber millers. Stocks became an exclusive girls' school in 1944.[4]

School[edit]

In 1944, Stocks House became a residential school when a finishing school in England for upper-class girls, Brondesbury, moved to Stocks manor house from the manor estate in Surrey, where it had previously been located.[7][dead link] The school was then dubbed Brondesbury-at-Stocks. Katharina Forbes-Dunlop, a British author, became the last headmistress of the school, some years later.[8] In 1972 Forbes-Dunlop retired: she died at the age of 100.[8]

Playboy[edit]

The swimming pool used on an Oasis album cover, pictured during renovations in 2007

In 1972, Stocks House achieved some notoriety when it was purchased by American Playboy executive Victor Lownes and English Playboy Playmate Marilyn Cole[1] for £115,000.[4] They renovated the house and fitted it out with a private disco, games room and swimming pool and installed a massive jacuzzi - reputedly the largest in the country. The mansion was used as a training camp for Playboy bunnies and Lownes was well known for leading a "lothario" lifestyle and hosting extravagant parties at Stocks. His most notorious party lasted a full 25 hours and featured a funfair in the grounds, and guests drank champagne and cavorted with models and beauty queens.[9][5] The parties were attended by a number of celebrities of the day including Peter Cook, John Cleese, Christopher Reeve, Jack Nicholson, Keith Moon and Tony Curtis,[10] as well as Hugh Hefner, Kenny Lynch, Dai Llewellyn, Mick Jagger, Warren Beatty, Roman Polanski, Bryan Ferry and Ringo Starr. The ITN newsreader Reginald Bosanquet reportedly appeared at the events strutting around in a fez and calf-length boots. The parties attracted some comment from local residents; one local, complaining about a Hogmanay party held at Stocks, remarked: “At 3am on the first, the swimming pool was alive to the cries of naked ladies. And they were not singing Auld Lang Syne.”[9]

Despite his reputation for rowdy celebrations, Lownes was popular with villagers for his support for local charities. He donated Christmas hampers to elderly locals and supported community initiatives such as the Tring Donkey Derby, bringing to the event Playboy Bunny Girls and celebrity guests such as Miss World Silvana Suárez and the racehorse Red Rum.[11]

Lownes also owned the house at 1 Connaught Square in London, which coincidentally was once the townhouse of Mary Augusta Ward, the former owner of Stocks, who died there.[4]

Spa[edit]

Following Lownes' ownership, Stocks was acquired by English Cricket player Phil Edmonds, who hosted celebrity cricket days and events for charity there, in 1987.[12] Bridgend Group bought Stocks House in around 1992 along with adjacent farm land and added the golf course to the extensive grounds turning the property into the Stocks Golf Resort Hotel and Health Spa.[13]

Reversion to private house[edit]

In 2004 Stocks was sold to Peter Harris, a retired horse trainer, entrepreneur and multimillionaire (£360m), for an undisclosed sum. A planning application to Dacorum to restore the historic Stocks Hotel back to a private home was made.[14] The extensive renovation work was undertaken by Holloway White Allom and completed in early 2008. The architect for the project was Hugh Petter, Director at ADAM Architecture. It is now a family home once again for Harris' son-in-law Walter Swinburn.[1][5]

In popular culture[edit]

The cover art of the 1997 Oasis album, Be Here Now

Stocks House and the village of Aldbury have been a popular choice for location shooting for music, film and television productions. In 1967 the house was used for an episode of the popular television serial The Avengers entitled "Murdersville".[15][16]

Some shots in the music video for the 1982 song "Our House" by Madness were filmed at Stocks House.[17]

In 1997 the house and swimming pool also featured on the cover of the Oasis album, Be Here Now.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Reynolds, Chris. "Stocks House". Hertfordshire Genealogy. Archived from the original on 11 May 2017. Retrieved 11 May 2017. 
  2. ^ Historic England, "Stocks House (1078055)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 3 May 2017 
  3. ^ a b c d William Page, ed. (1908). A History of the County of Hertford. Victoria County History. 2. 
  4. ^ a b c d Lownes, Victor (1982). Playboy Extraordinary. St Albans: Granada Publishing. ISBN 0-246-11793-1. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Aldbury: Be here now". Hertfordshire Life. Archived from the original on 3 May 2017. Retrieved 3 May 2017. 
  6. ^ "Arnold Ward". Spartacus. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "Stocks Golf Club: Design and access statement" (PDF). Dacorum Council. Retrieved 16 January 2016. 
  8. ^ a b Bernstein, Margaret. "Inspiration: Katharina Forbes Dunlop (Aunt Bengie)". Growing Azalea Music. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 5 May 2017. 
  9. ^ a b "Victor Lownes, Swashbuckling Playboy Executive – Obituary". Casino Life Magazine. 16 January 2017. Archived from the original on 4 May 2017. Retrieved 4 May 2017.  (originally published in The Telegraph)
  10. ^ Cook, Judy; Levin, Angela (2008). "15. Town and Country Living". Loving Peter: My life with Peter Cook and Dudley Moore. Little, Brown Book Group. ISBN 9780748110261. Retrieved 3 May 2017. 
  11. ^ "The Playboy who threw parties in Aldbury". Tring Gazette. 18 January 2017. Archived from the original on 5 May 2017. Retrieved 5 May 2017. 
  12. ^ "The man who made £20m in four days". This is Money. 28 February 2005. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  13. ^ "Bridgend Group PLC: Proposed Acquisitions of Kingavon Limited and Cosmic Automotive". PR Newswire. 16 April 1997. Retrieved 29 March 2016. 
  14. ^ "Village steaming over Redcoats in a hot tub". Hemel Today. 18 April 2007. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  15. ^ Jones, Mark (2015). Film & TV Locations in the Chilterns and Thames Valley 1940-2014. WP Comics Ltd. Retrieved 4 May 2017. 
  16. ^ "The Avengers Forever: On Location". theavengers.tv. Archived from the original on 9 August 2016. Retrieved 4 May 2017. 
  17. ^ Reed, John. House of Fun: The Story of Madness. Omnibus Press. ISBN 9780857127150.