Stockton, Kansas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Stockton, Kansas
Rooks County Courthouse (2014)
Rooks County Courthouse (2014)
Location within Rooks County and Kansas
Location within Rooks County and Kansas
KDOT map of Rooks County (legend)
Coordinates: 39°26′11″N 99°16′18″W / 39.43639°N 99.27167°W / 39.43639; -99.27167Coordinates: 39°26′11″N 99°16′18″W / 39.43639°N 99.27167°W / 39.43639; -99.27167
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyRooks
Founded1872
Incorporated1879
Area
 • Total2.23 sq mi (5.78 km2)
 • Land2.23 sq mi (5.78 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
1,801 ft (549 m)
Population
 • Total1,329
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
1,297
 • Density600/sq mi (230/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
67669
Area code785
FIPS code20-68350 [4]
GNIS ID0472238 [5]
Websitestocktonks.com

Stockton is a city in and the county seat of Rooks County, Kansas, United States.[6] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 1,329.[7]

History[edit]

19th century[edit]

Stockton was founded in 1872.[8] A large share of the first settlers were cattle dealers, or stockmen, and they named their new home Stocktown, or as it soon became Stockton.[9] Stockton was incorporated as a city in 1879.[10]

Stockton is located on the natural trail up the valley of the South Solomon River and where the military supply trail from Fort Kearney, Nebraska, to Fort Hays, Kansas, crossed the South Solomon River. Stockton survived & grew during the thirteen years from founding until the arrival of the railroad in 1885.[citation needed]

Stockton was once a sundown town, where African Americans living in Nicodemus were not welcome after dark.[11]

20th century[edit]

Stockton was featured in British author Tony Parker's 1989 book Bird, Kansas in which he transcribed tape recorded interviews with local residents.[12]

Geography[edit]

Stockton is located at 39°26′11″N 99°16′18″W / 39.43639°N 99.27167°W / 39.43639; -99.27167 (39.436328, -99.271641).[13] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.23 square miles (5.78 km2), all of it land.[1]

Area attractions[edit]

  • Rooks County Historical Society Frank Walker Museum

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880411
1890880114.1%
19001,03017.0%
19101,31727.9%
19201,3240.5%
19301,291−2.5%
19401,4189.8%
19501,86731.7%
19701,818
19801,8250.4%
19901,507−17.4%
20001,5583.4%
20101,329−14.7%
Est. 20161,297[3]−2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,329 people, 606 households, and 369 families residing in the city. The population density was 596.0 inhabitants per square mile (230.1/km2). There were 743 housing units at an average density of 333.2 per square mile (128.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.1% White, 0.5% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% of the population.

There were 606 households of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.1% were non-families. 36.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 17% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.74.

The median age in the city was 46.1 years. 21.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.7% were from 25 to 44; 30.7% were from 45 to 64; and 21.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.2% male and 52.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,558 people, 636 households, and 403 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,198.2 people per square mile (462.7/km²). There were 745 housing units at an average density of 573.0 per square mile (221.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.97% White, 2.82% African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 1.16% from other races, and 1.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.93% of the population.

There were 636 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 25.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,125, and the median income for a family was $38,603. Males had a median income of $26,458 versus $19,688 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,205. About 6.3% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Stockton is part of Unified School District 271.[14]

Notable people[edit]

Notable individuals who were born in and/or have lived in Stockton include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved March 27, 2011.
  8. ^ "Origin of Town Names" (PDF). Solomon Valley Highway 24 Heritage Alliance. p. 3. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  9. ^ Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 277.
  10. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume 2. Standard Publishing Company. p. 767.
  11. ^ Bates, Angela (February 17, 2005). "Black History Month: Postcard from Kansas". Talk of the Nation (Interview). Interviewed by Frank Stasio. Washington, D.C.: NPR. So the only remaining dugout in the area that was used by the people that traveled from Stockton—traveled to Stockton from Nicodemus to do their trading and all, had to stay in that dugout, and it's still there, and it's because they had a sundown law.
  12. ^ Liu, Jonathan H. "Review: Welcome to Utopia Explores Small-Town Life". WIRED. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  14. ^ "Stockton USD 271". Retrieved 2017-01-03.
  15. ^ "Elam Bartholomew". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved February 25, 2018.
  16. ^ "Dale Dodrill". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Retrieved 2016-06-16.
  17. ^ Pace, Eric (1999-03-29). "Roy M. Fisher, 80, Journalist and Teacher". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016-06-16.
  18. ^ "Lorenzo Fuller, a Kansas legend", African American Registry. Retrieved 8 January 2019
  19. ^ "Mal Stevens". National Football Foundation. Retrieved 2016-06-16.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]