Stockton, New Jersey

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Stockton, New Jersey
Borough of Stockton
The Stockton Inn
The Stockton Inn
Map of Stockton in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Stockton in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Stockton, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Stockton, New Jersey
Stockton is located in Hunterdon County, New Jersey
Stockton
Stockton
Location in Hunterdon County
Stockton is located in New Jersey
Stockton
Stockton
Location in New Jersey
Stockton is located in the United States
Stockton
Stockton
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°24′21″N 74°58′14″W / 40.405851°N 74.970627°W / 40.405851; -74.970627Coordinates: 40°24′21″N 74°58′14″W / 40.405851°N 74.970627°W / 40.405851; -74.970627[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Hunterdon
IncorporatedApril 14, 1898
Government
 • TypeBorough
 • BodyBorough Council
 • MayorTimothy J. Nemeth (D, term ends December 31, 2022)[3][4]
 • Administrator / Municipal clerkMichele Hovan[5]
Area
 • Total0.62 sq mi (1.61 km2)
 • Land0.55 sq mi (1.41 km2)
 • Water0.08 sq mi (0.19 km2)  12.10%
 • Rank537th of 565 in state
26th of 26 in county[1]
Elevation121 ft (37 m)
Population
 • Total538
 • Estimate 
(2019)[12]
512
 • Rank553rd of 566 in state
26th of 26 in county[13]
 • Density1,005.6/sq mi (388.3/km2)
  • Rank381st of 566 in state
10th of 26 in county[13]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
Area code(s)609 Exchanges: 397, 773[16]
FIPS code3401970980[1][17][18]
GNIS feature ID0885409[1][19]
Websitewww.stocktonboronj.us

Stockton is a borough in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States. The borough sits on the Delaware River at the western end of Amwell Valley. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 538,[8][9][10] reflecting a decline of 22 (-3.9%) from the 560 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 69 (-11.0%) from the 629 counted in the 1990 Census.[20]

Stockton was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 14, 1898, from portions of Delaware Township.[21][22][23]

History[edit]

Stockton is located along the Delaware River north of Lambertville. The community was first known as Reading Ferry and later as Howell's Ferry. The name was changed to Centre Bridge Station to match the name of the post office and hamlet on the Pennsylvania side of the river. The name became Stockton with the creation of a railroad station and a local post office in 1851. The community was named in honor of U.S. Senator Robert Field Stockton, who was instrumental in the creation of the Delaware and Raritan Canal.[24][25] Stockton soon began to develop as an industrious town with mills and quarries sprouting in the area. In 1852 the Belvidere Delaware Railroad reached town and accelerated its prosperity. The Borough was incorporated in 1898, having been separated from Delaware Township.

Historic locations and sightseeing[edit]

The Stockton Inn (formerly known as Colligan's Stockton Inn) was established in 1710. The inn's Dog & Deer Tavern first opened in 1796. The inn that was the inspiration for Richard Rodgers for his hit song "There's a Small Hotel" sung in the 1936 Broadway musical On Your Toes.[26] First built as a private residence it is believed to have been converted to an inn around 1832.[27]

The Delaware River Mill Society was formed to preserve and promote the buildings and site known as Prallsville Mills. John Prall Jr., became the owner of the site in 1794 and with his settlement the area became known as Prallsville.[28]

The Delaware River Mill Society is a private non-profit organization responsible for the restoration, maintenance, and operation of the historic John Prall Jr. House and the Prallsville Mills Complex, which was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. The entire property became part of the D & R Canal State Park in 1973. In 1976 when the State of New Jersey was unable to fund the restoration of its newly acquired Prallsville Mills, local citizens formed the Delaware River Mill Society, to "restore, preserve, operate, maintain and interpret" the historic site.[29]

Prallsville Mills has become a place of cultural and environmental events attracting widespread participation. Visitors can tour 10 historic buildings including an 1877 grist mill, a 1790 linseed oil mill, an 1850 saw mill and a 1900 grain silo.[30] Concerts, art exhibitions, antique shows, holiday parties, school fund-raiser auctions, meetings, as well as private parties, are a source of income for restoration and maintenance of the site.[31] The site currently includes artist Ty Hodanish's studio and gallery, known as The Art Colony, which is housed in the Linseed Mill. The Mill is also situated in the center of the Delaware River Scenic Byway.[32]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.62 square miles (1.61 km2), including 0.55 square miles (1.41 km2) of land and 0.08 square miles (0.19 km2) of water (12.10%).[1][2]

The borough borders Delaware Township in Hunterdon County and Solebury Township in Bucks County, Pennsylvania.[33][34][35]

Prallsville is an unincorporated community located along the border with Delaware Township.[36]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900590
19106052.5%
1920519−14.2%
19305567.1%
1940478−14.0%
19504882.1%
19605206.6%
197061919.0%
19806433.9%
1990629−2.2%
2000560−11.0%
2010538−3.9%
2019 (est.)512[12][37]−4.8%
Population sources: 1900-1920[38]
1900-1910[39] 1910-1930[40]
1930-1990[41] 2000[42][43] 2010[8][9][10]

Census 2010[edit]

The 2010 United States census counted 538 people, 237 households, and 142 families in the borough. The population density was 1,005.6 per square mile (388.3/km2). There were 259 housing units at an average density of 484.1 per square mile (186.9/km2). The racial makeup was 98.33% (529) White, 0.00% (0) Black or African American, 0.00% (0) Native American, 0.93% (5) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.00% (0) from other races, and 0.74% (4) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.56% (3) of the population.[8]

Of the 237 households, 23.2% had children under the age of 18; 48.5% were married couples living together; 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present and 40.1% were non-families. Of all households, 32.1% were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.94.[8]

19.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 21.4% from 25 to 44, 35.1% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.7 years. For every 100 females, the population had 94.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 96.8 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $58,750 (with a margin of error of +/- $19,736) and the median family income was $72,321 (+/- $19,152). Males had a median income of $61,250 (+/- $24,259) versus $42,273 (+/- $34,015) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $38,153 (+/- $7,749). About none of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 1.8% of those age 65 or over.[44]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 560 people, 246 households, and 148 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,026.5 people per square mile (393.1/km2). There were 258 housing units at an average density of 472.9 per square mile (181.1/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.57% White, 0.89% Asian, and 0.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.54% of the population.[42][43]

There were 246 households, out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.8% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.94.[42][43]

In the borough the population was spread out, with 21.3% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 34.5% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males.[42][43]

The median income for a household in the borough was $51,406, and the median income for a family was $65,000. Males had a median income of $42,083 versus $36,250 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $25,712. About 1.3% of families and 2.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 1.0% of those age 65 or over.[42][43]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Stockton is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government, which is used in 218 municipalities (of the 565) statewide, making it the most common government form in New Jersey.[45] The governing body is comprised of the Mayor and the Borough Council, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. The Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council is comprised of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[6] The Borough form of government used by Stockton is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[46][47]

As of 2020, the Mayor of Stockton Borough is Democrat Timothy J. Nemeth, whose term of office ends December 31, 2022. Members of the Borough Council are Paul Berquist (R, 2020; appointed to serve an unexpired term), Adam Juncosa (D, 2022), Aaron Lipsen (D, 2021), Michael L. Mann (D, 2020), Nic Messina (R, 2021) and Donald Vandegrift (R, 2022).[3][48][49][50][51][52] Democrat Neal Esposito died in office on October 23, 2014, and was reelected posthumously for a new three-year term in the November general election. In the same election, Timothy Nemeth was elected as mayor, creating a vacancy in his seat expiring in December 2016.[53] Democrat Adam Juncosa and Republican Anthony A. Grecco were appointed to fill the council vacancies.[54] In the November 2015 general election, both Juncosa and Grecco were elected to serve the balance of the terms of office.[55]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Stockton is located in the 7th Congressional District[56] and is part of New Jersey's 16th state legislative district.[9][57][58] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Stockton had been in the 23rd state legislative district.[59] Prior to the 2010 Census, Stockton had been part of the 12th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[59]

For the 117th United States Congress. New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Tom Malinowski (D, East Amwell Township).[60] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027)[61] and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term ends 2025).[62][63]

For the 2022–2023 session, the 16th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the New Jersey Senate by Andrew Zwicker (D, South Brunswick) and in the General Assembly by Roy Freiman (D, Hillsborough Township) and Sadaf Jaffer (D, Montgomery Township).[64]

Hunterdon County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Commissioners, who are elected at-large on a partisan basis to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the commissioners select one member to serve as the board's Director and another to serve as Deputy Director, each for a one-year term.[65][66] As of 2022, Hunterdon County's Commissioners are Commissioner Director John E. Lanza (R; Raritan Township, term as commissioner and as director ends December 31, 2022),[67] Deputy Director Zachary T. Rich (R; West Amwell Township, term as commissioner and as deputy director ends 2022)[68] J. Matthew Holt (R; Clinton Town, 2024),[69] Susan Soloway (R; Franklin Township, 2024),[70] and Shaun C. Van Doren (R; Tewksbury Township, 2023).[71][72][73] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Mary H. Melfi (R; Flemington, 2026),[74] Sheriff Fredrick W. Brown (R; Alexandria Township, 2022)[75] and Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman (R; Kingwood Township, 2023).[76][66][77]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 396 registered voters in Stockton, of which 166 (41.9%) were registered as Democrats, 127 (32.1%) were registered as Republicans and 102 (25.8%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party.[78]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 58.2% of the vote (174 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 40.1% (120 votes), and other candidates with 1.7% (5 votes), among the 300 ballots cast by the borough's 399 registered voters (1 ballot was spoiled), for a turnout of 75.2%.[79][80] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 59.3% of the vote (210 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 38.1% (135 votes) and other candidates with 1.4% (5 votes), among the 354 ballots cast by the borough's 405 registered voters, for a turnout of 87.4%.[81] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 57.3% of the vote (200 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 41.5% (145 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (4 votes), among the 349 ballots cast by the borough's 412 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 84.7.[82]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 60.1% of the vote (131 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 37.2% (81 votes), and other candidates with 2.8% (6 votes), among the 221 ballots cast by the borough's 393 registered voters (3 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 56.2%.[83][84] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 45.7% of the vote (122 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 43.4% (116 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 8.2% (22 votes) and other candidates with 1.9% (5 votes), among the 267 ballots cast by the borough's 398 registered voters, yielding a 67.1% turnout.[85]

Education[edit]

Stockton is part of the South Hunterdon Regional School District, which serves students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade from Lambertville, Stockton and West Amwell Township.[86] As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of three schools, had an enrollment of 925 students and 108.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 8.6:1.[87] Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[88]) are The Lambertville Public School[89] with 225 students in grades PreK-6, West Amwell School[90] with 224 students in grades K-6 and South Hunterdon Regional High School[91] with 458 students in grades 7-12.[92][93]

Historically, Stockton had its own school district, the Stockton Borough School District, serving students in grades K-6. The district's sole school building, the District No. 98 Schoolhouse, had been in use since 1872. In a special election held in September 2013, voters from Lambertville, Stockton and West Amwell Township passed referenda to dissolve the South Hunterdon Regional High School District and to combine the three existing school districts from each municipality (Lambertville City School District, Stockton Borough School District and West Amwell Township School District), with majorities in each community passing both ballot items. A single combined regional district was created, serving students in grades PreK-12, in which property taxes are levied under a formula in which 57% is based on property values and 43% on the number of students. The executive county superintendent appointed an interim board of education for the new regional district, which was responsible for implementing the merger.[94] The Stockton school was closed after the 2017-18 school year and the elementary students were sent to Lambertville and West Amwell schools.[95][96]

Eighth grade students from all of Hunterdon County are eligible to apply to attend the high school programs offered by the Hunterdon County Vocational School District, a county-wide vocational school district that offers career and technical education at its campuses in Raritan Township and at programs sited at local high schools, with no tuition charged to students for attendance.[97]

Transportation[edit]

Route 29 southbound in Stockton

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 4.09 miles (6.58 km) of roadways, of which 2.50 miles (4.02 km) were maintained by the municipality, 0.28 miles (0.45 km) by Hunterdon County and 1.31 miles (2.11 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[98]

Route 29[99] and County Route 523[100] are the most significant highways passing through Stockton.

The Centre Bridge-Stockton Bridge, a toll-free bridge over the Delaware River, owned and operated by the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission, connects Pennsylvania Route 32 and Pennsylvania Route 263 in Solebury Township, Pennsylvania to New Jersey Route 29 in Stockton. The original bridge, constructed at the site formerly known as Reading's Ferry, was opened to traffic in the spring of 1814. The covered bridge was destroyed in a flood on January 8, 1841, striking the Lambertville Bridge on its way down the Delaware, as part of a flood that severely damaged every bridge between Easton, Pennsylvania and Trenton.[101]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Stockton include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b 2019 Municipal Data Sheet, Borough of Stockton. Accessed November 20, 2019.
  4. ^ 2020 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  5. ^ Administration/Clerk, Stockton Borough. Accessed March 1, 2020.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 103.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Stockton, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Stockton borough, Hunterdon County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 22, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  10. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Stockton borough Archived October 28, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed May 22, 2012.
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  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Stockton, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed May 23, 2012.
  15. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 30, 2013.
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  17. ^ a b U.S. Census website , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
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  23. ^ Honeyman, Abraham Van Doren. Index-analysis of the Statutes of New Jersey, 1896-1909: Together with References to All Acts, and Parts of Acts, in the 'General Statutes' and Pamphlet Laws Expressly Repealed: and the Statutory Crimes of New Jersey During the Same Period, p. 270. New Jersey Law Journal Publishing Company, 1910. Accessed October 10, 2015.
  24. ^ About Us, Stockton Borough. Accessed November 20, 2019. "The community was first known as Reading Ferry and later as Howell’s Ferry. The name was changed to Centre Bridge Station to match the name of the post office and hamlet on the Pennsylvania side of the river. The name became Stockton with the creation of a local post office in 1851. The town was named in honor of U.S. Senator Robert Field Stockton, who was instrumental in the creation of the Delaware and Raritan Canal. "
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  26. ^ Hingston, Sandy. "5 Great Songs (You Might Not Know Were) Written in Philly", Philadelphia, July 23, 2015. Accessed September 5, 2021. "'There’s a Small Hotel' - This musical number with lyrics by Lorenz Hart and tune by Richard Rodgers was inspired by the charming (and still existent) Stockton Inn in Stockton, New Jersey. Though cut from Jumbo, the show for which it was originally intended, the song instead found a home in On Your Toes (and another home, later, in Pal Joey)."
  27. ^ Gilbert-Lurie, Mikaela. "The New and Improved Stockton Inn", Philadelphia (magazine), April 9, 2015. Accessed November 20, 2019. "The 305 year old Stockton Inn is being reborn after a serious renovation and a revamping of the menu.... For you history buffs, the renovations also included a restoration of the Dog & Deer Tavern–one of the first taverns in New Jersey, which got its operating license in 1796."
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  43. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Stockton borough, Hunterdon County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  44. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Stockton borough, Hunterdon County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 23, 2012.
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  54. ^ Wright, Terry. "2015 elections: Hunterdon Republicans and Democrats file for the primary", Hunterdon County Democrat, March 31, 2015. Accessed April 15, 2015. "Stockton Borough Council, 1-year unexpired term: Democrat incumbent Adam Juncosa filed but not any Republicans. 2-year unexpired term, another incumbent, Republican Anthony A. Grecco, put in a nomination while no Democrats did."
  55. ^ Hunterdon County District Canvass November 3, 2015, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, updated November 5, 2015. Accessed July 7, 2016.
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  61. ^ U.S. Sen. Cory Booker cruises past Republican challenger Rik Mehta in New Jersey, PhillyVoice. Accessed April 30, 2021. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
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  65. ^ About the Board of Commissioners, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed May 1, 2022. "As top governing officials of Hunterdon County, the five Commissioners are chosen by popular vote in the November general elections. The term of office is for two or three years and the current compensation is $16,000 a year, with an extra $1,000 for the Director. One or two of the five members is elected each year."
  66. ^ a b Elected and Appointed Officials, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed May 1, 2022.
  67. ^ John E. Lanza, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed May 1, 2022.
  68. ^ Zachary T. Rich, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed May 1, 2022.
  69. ^ J. Matthew Holt, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed May 1, 2022.
  70. ^ Susan Soloway, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed May 1, 2022.
  71. ^ Shaun C. Van Doren, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed May 1, 2022.
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  74. ^ Clerk Mary H. Melfi, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed May 1, 2022.
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  76. ^ Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed May 1, 2022.
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  99. ^ Route 29 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, updated July 2014. Accessed November 20, 2019.
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