Stockwell tube station
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2012)|
The station entrance
Location of Stockwell in Greater London
|Managed by||London Underground|
|Number of platforms||4|
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|1890||Opened (C&SLR, as a terminus)|
|1900||Became through station|
|1971||Opened (Victoria line)|
|Lists of stations|
|London Transport portalCoordinates:|
Stockwell is a London Underground station in Stockwell in the London Borough of Lambeth. It is located on the Northern line between Oval and Clapham North stations, and on the Victoria line between Brixton and Vauxhall stations. It is the most southerly station that serves more than one London Underground line[not verified in body] and is in Travelcard Zone 2.
|This section does not cite any references (sources). (February 2015)|
Stockwell station was ceremonially opened on 4 November 1890 by the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII), as the most southerly station on the City & South London Railway (C&SLR) - London's first deep level tube railway. Passenger services began just over one month later on 18 December 1890.
The station was built with a single island platform with tracks on either side, an arrangement rarely used on the Underground network, but which exists today at Clapham North and Clapham Common. Stockwell's original platform was further north than the modern ones, and trains pass them today. The other terminal of the C&SLR line was King William Street in the City of London. In 1900, Stockwell ceased to be a terminus, after the opening of an extension to Clapham Common. A flight of stairs at the south end of the platform was also added to take passengers to a subway that passed over the new northbound tunnel and joined the lift shaft at a higher level.
The original building, designed by T.P. Figgis, was similar to – but larger than – the existing surface building at Kennington with a domed roof to the original lift shaft. The two lifts each carried 50 people to and from the platforms until their replacement by escalators in the mid-1920s. Between 1923 and 1924, the station was modernised in advance of the 1926 extension from Clapham Common to Morden (Morden Extension). A new surface building was constructed on the original site. At the same time the platforms were rebuilt to a larger diameter – and with a single platform in each tunnel – south of the original station tunnel.
With the opening of the Victoria line on 23 July 1971, parallel cross-platform interchanges were provided between the two lines in both directions and the 1920s surface buildings were replaced by a modern structure. A British Transport Police station was later[when?] built above the station.
Deep-level air-raid shelter
|This section does not cite any references (sources). (February 2015)|
Stockwell is one of eight London Underground stations with an adjacent deep-level air-raid shelter, constructed during the Second World War. The shelter is below the current station, and comprises two parallel tunnels, each approximately six times the length of the current platform. These tunnels are 16 feet 6 inches (5.3 m) in diameter (wider than the current platforms), split horizontally into upper and lower levels, with various connecting and branch tunnels used for medical posts, lavatories, and ventilation.
The total capacity of the shelter was around 1,600 people. Access was via the station as well as two further entrance shafts containing spiral staircases, one of which is located at the middle of the junction of South Lambeth Road and Clapham Road, and the other on Studley Road. The shelter was completed in September 1942, and was used by the Government until 1944 when it was opened to the public. It was used for one year as a shelter. After the war it was used for a period to billet military personnel. Like a number of other deep level shelters, it is presently being used for secure archiving.
Branch tunnel and depot
Just north of the station there is a branch tunnel which used to lead to a nearby generating station (closed 1915), depot and workshop located at the junction of Stockwell and Clapham Roads.[note 1] The tunnel was very steep with an incline of 1:3.5, rolling stock was originally pulled up to the surface using a wire rope and a winch. This system was replaced in 1907 by a hydraulic lift, which could carry one locomotive or one carriage.
During the 1920s, the line was closed for reconstruction and the depot was used as a working site for transporting spoil, equipment and works traffic in and out of the tunnels. The depot and lift were finally taken out of use at the end of 1924. The incline tunnel and the lift shaft were plugged on the surface and several blocks of flats were constructed on the old depot site by the LCC. These flats still stand (as of 2011[update]), as does one retaining wall of the old depot.
The station today
The station has ticket halls, three escalators, 7 gates, 13 payphones, a Wifi service, 9 vending machines and a photo booth. The ticket hall has electronic departure boards. The ticket office was closed in early 2015 as part of the TfL investment programme.
Shooting of Jean Charles de Menezes
On 22 July 2005, Jean Charles de Menezes, a Brazilian electrician living in London, was shot dead by plainclothes police officers at Stockwell station. This incident came a day after the failed 21 July 2005 London bombings occurred on Tube trains and a bus in London; however, it later emerged that it was a case of mistaken identity on the part of the police and that Menezes had nothing to do with the attacks. In the immediate aftermath of the shooting a small shrine to de Menezes was created by mourners outside the station. This evolved into a permanent memorial mosaic which was unveiled on 7 January 2010 at the station. It was made by local artist, Mary Edwards, with the help of Menezes' cousin, Vivian Figueiredo, as well as Chrysoula Vardaxi.
Services and connections
Train frequencies vary throughout the day. However, Northern line trains generally operate every 4–6 minutes between 06:06 and 00:12 in both directions while Victoria line trains generally operate every 3–5 minutes between 06:02 and 00:20 in both directions.
Notes and references
- Greathead's plan presented to the Institution of Civil Engineers, shows the depot and generating station were on the east side of Clapham Road/Kennington Park Road, approximately where Stockwell Gardens is today.
- "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. June 2015. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
- Transport for London (May 2015). Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 June 2015.
- Wolmar 2005, p. 134.
- Connor 1999, p. 118.
- Stockwell Underground Station
- Stockwell Tube Station - Facilities
- "Northern line timetable: From Stockwell Underground Station to Oval Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
- "Northern line timetable: From Stockwell Underground Station to Clapham North Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
- "Victoria line timetable: From Stockwell Underground Station to Vauxhall Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
- "Victoria line timetable: From Stockwell Underground Station to Brixton Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
- "Buses from Stockwell" (PDF). Transport for London. February 2011. Retrieved February 2015.
- Connor, J.E. (1999). London's Disused Underground Stations. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-250-X.
- Wolmar, Christian (2005) . The Subterranean Railway: How the London Underground Was Built and How It Changed the City Forever. Atlantic Books. ISBN 1-84354-023-1.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stockwell tube station.|
London Transport Museum Photographic Archive:
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
towards Walthamstow Central