Stoke-on-Trent Central (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Stoke-on-Trent Central in Staffordshire.
Location of Staffordshire within England.
|Electorate||61,774 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Gareth Snell (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||West Midlands|
Stoke-on-Trent Central is a constituency[n 1] that was represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Tristram Hunt, a member of the Labour Party, from 2010 until 2017. [n 2] After Hunt announced his intention to resign the seat in early 2017, a by-election was held on 23 February 2017; this was won by the Labour candidate, Gareth Snell.
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 Profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
The constituency was created for the 1950 general election. The large town had, in succession, two forerunners, the first of which gained representation by way of the "Great Reform Act" in 1832. The constituency has a majority of residents from a clear-cut working-class background, many of whom work or have worked in trade union-represented industries. Of these, many were employed in The Potteries, the smaller foundries or in nearby hubs for the civil infrastructure and automotive industries; the latter of these remains an important source of employment in the region. The constituency's housing—overwhelmingly low-rise, and in some cases highly ornate Victorian terraces and semi-detached houses—is, compared with Staffordshire as a whole, a relatively dense urban network of streets.
Statistics are confusing as to the current status of the area, reflecting the great demographic—in particular, economic sector—changes in the constituency. Tristram Hunt's result at the 2015 general election gave the seat the 60th-most marginal majority of the Labour Party's 232 seats, measured by percentage of majority. Labour's continuous tenure of Stoke-on-Trent Central since 1950 places it among the approximately 120 constituencies of the 232 which returned Labour members in 2015—all their precedessor areas included—to have withstood landslides for the Conservative Party during the intervening period (such as the 1983 general election). Stoke-on-Trent Central ranked highest for political apathy at the 2015 election, recording the lowest turnout in the United Kingdom.
Barnett Stross was awarded the Order of the White Lion in recognition of his role in the development of relations between the UK and Czechoslovakia, and for his role in the renewal of the substantial village of Lidice; he also led statutory efforts that began specific protection of workers against industrial disease.
Since the implementation of the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies after the 2005 election the seat has had these electoral wards:
- Abbey Green, Bentilee and Townsend, Berryhill and Hanley East, Hanley West and Shelton, Hartshill and Penkhull, Northwood and Birches Head, and Stoke and Trent Vale in the City of Stoke-on-Trent.
In the initial proposals of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies, the seat would be reshaped and renamed "Stoke-on-Trent South". The proposed seat would comprise the electoral wards of Bentilee and Ubberley, Boothen and Oak Hill, Broadway and Longton East, Eaton Park, Fenton East, Fenton West and Mount Pleasant, Hanley Park and Shelton, Hartshill and Basford, Joiner’s Square, Lightwood North and Normacot, Meir Hay, Meir North, Meir Park, Meir South, Penkhull and Stoke, Sandford Hill, Springfields and Trent Vale, and Weston Coyney.
The contribution of the city to Britain's economy and history is prominent as home to Staffordshire Potteries: Aynsley, Burleigh, Doulton, Dudson, Heron Cross, Minton, Moorcroft, Twyford and Wedgwood, most in this particular seat.
Owing to a reduction in clay and coal excavation works in the area, and canal trade, this seat has the highest unemployment rates of the three Stoke seats; this seat has 6.2% of workless registered unemployment benefit claimants, compared to a national average of 3.8% and regional average of 4.7%.
Members of Parliament
|2017 by-election||Gareth Snell||Labour|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Zulfiqar Ali||2,083||9.8||+5.7|
|Monster Raving Loony||The Incredible Flying Brick||127||0.6||N/A|
|Christian Peoples||Godfrey Davies||109||0.5||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Zulfiqar Ali||1,296||4.2||-17.5|
|The Ubuntu Party||Paul Toussaint||32||0.1||+0.1|
|Liberal Democrat||John Redfern||7,039||21.7||+3.1|
|City Independents||Brian Ward||303||0.9||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||John Redfern||4,986||17.9||+3.2|
|Socialist Alternative||Jim Cessford||246||0.9||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Gavin Webb||4,148||14.7||+2.8|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Ed Fordham||4,809||11.9||-1.7|
|Referendum||Peter L. Stanyer||1,071||2.7||N/A|
|Liberal||Mrs. Fran M. Oborski||359||0.9||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Martin Dent||6,073||13.6||N/A|
|Natural Law||Nicholas Pullen||196||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||Iain Cundy||7,462||16.4||−5.0|
|Social Democratic||Vicki Lynn Freeman||9,458||21.5||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||Clive Sydney Cook||504||1.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1970s
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||Julian PH Harrison||15,322||35.84|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative||Julian PH Harrison||18,205||38.87|
|Conservative||Geoffrey B Price||16,097||36.13|
|Conservative||H Ronald Fleck||18,770||35.40|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Labour's Tristram Hunt quitting as MP to head V&A Museum". BBC News. 13 January 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- Why Stoke-on-Trent is a microcosm of the battle for Labour's soul The Guardian, 15 January 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- "New seat: Stoke-on-Trent Central". Electoral Calculus. Retrieved 22 September 2008.
- "Initial proposals for new Parliamentary constituency boundaries in the West Midlands" (PDF). Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- "West Midlands Initial Proposals" (PDF). Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 5)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Statement of Persons Nominated" (PDF). Stoke-on-Trent City Council. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Stoke-on-Trent Central constituency – Election 2015". BBC News. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Zulfiqar Ali PPC page". Liberal Democrats. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
- "Green Party To Challenge Tristram Hunt in Stoke-On-Trent".
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "BBC NEWS - Election 2005 - Results - Stoke-on-Trent Central".
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "BBC NEWS - VOTE 2001 - RESULTS & CONSTITUENCIES - Stoke-on-Trent Central".
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "BBC - Error 404 : Not Found".
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results: June 1987 [Archive]".
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results: June 1983 [Archive]".
- "UK General Election results: May 1979 [Archive]".