Stoke-on-Trent Central (UK Parliament constituency)

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Stoke-on-Trent Central
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Stoke-on-Trent Central in Staffordshire.
Outline map
Location of Staffordshire within England.
County Staffordshire
Electorate 61,774 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1950
Member of parliament Gareth Snell (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Hanley
Stoke-on-Trent/"Stoke"
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

Stoke-on-Trent Central is a constituency[n 1] that was represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Tristram Hunt, a member of the Labour Party, from 2010 until 2017. [n 2] After Hunt announced his intention to resign the seat in early 2017, a by-election was held on 23 February 2017;[2] this was won by the Labour candidate, Gareth Snell.

History[edit]

The constituency was created for the 1950 general election. The large town had, in succession, two forerunners, the first of which gained representation by way of the "Great Reform Act" in 1832. The constituency has a majority of residents from a clear-cut working-class background, many of whom work or have worked in trade union-represented industries. Of these, many were employed in The Potteries, the smaller foundries or in nearby hubs for the civil infrastructure and automotive industries; the latter of these remains an important source of employment in the region. The constituency's housing—overwhelmingly low-rise, and in some cases highly ornate Victorian terraces and semi-detached houses—is, compared with Staffordshire as a whole, a relatively dense urban network of streets.

Political history[edit]

Statistics are confusing as to the current status of the area, reflecting the great demographic—in particular, economic sector—changes in the constituency. Tristram Hunt's result at the 2015 general election gave the seat the 60th-most marginal majority of the Labour Party's 232 seats, measured by percentage of majority.[3] Labour's continuous tenure of Stoke-on-Trent Central since 1950 places it among the approximately 120 constituencies of the 232 which returned Labour members in 2015—all their precedessor areas included—to have withstood landslides for the Conservative Party during the intervening period (such as the 1983 general election). Stoke-on-Trent Central ranked highest for political apathy at the 2015 election, recording the lowest turnout in the United Kingdom.[4]

Prominent members[edit]

Barnett Stross was awarded the Order of the White Lion in recognition of his role in the development of relations between the UK and Czechoslovakia, and for his role in the renewal of the substantial village of Lidice; he also led statutory efforts that began specific protection of workers against industrial disease.

Mark Fisher was for 13 months the Minister for the Arts at the outset of the Blair ministry.

Tristram Hunt was the Shadow Secretary of State for Education in the Labour Party's Shadow Cabinet from October 2013 until September 2015.

Boundaries[edit]

Since the implementation of the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies after the 2005 election the seat has had these electoral wards:

In the initial proposals of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies, the seat would be reshaped and renamed "Stoke-on-Trent South".[6] The proposed seat would comprise the electoral wards of Bentilee and Ubberley, Boothen and Oak Hill, Broadway and Longton East, Eaton Park, Fenton East, Fenton West and Mount Pleasant, Hanley Park and Shelton, Hartshill and Basford, Joiner’s Square, Lightwood North and Normacot, Meir Hay, Meir North, Meir Park, Meir South, Penkhull and Stoke, Sandford Hill, Springfields and Trent Vale, and Weston Coyney.[7]

Profile[edit]

The contribution of the city to Britain's economy and history is prominent as home to Staffordshire Potteries: Aynsley, Burleigh, Doulton, Dudson, Heron Cross, Minton, Moorcroft, Twyford and Wedgwood, most in this particular seat.

Owing to a reduction in clay and coal excavation works in the area, and canal trade, this seat has the highest unemployment rates of the three Stoke seats; this seat has 6.2% of workless registered unemployment benefit claimants, compared to a national average of 3.8% and regional average of 4.7%.[8]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[9] Party
1950 Barnett Stross Labour
1966 Robert Cant Labour
1983 Mark Fisher Labour
2010 Tristram Hunt Labour
2017 by-election Gareth Snell Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

By-election 2017: Stoke-on-Trent Central[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gareth Snell 7,853 37.1 -2.2
UKIP Paul Nuttall 5,233 24.7 +2.1
Conservative Jack Brereton 5,154 24.3 +1.8
Liberal Democrat Zulfiqar Ali 2,083 9.8 +5.7
Green Adam Colclough 294 1.4 -2.2
Independent Barbara Fielding 137 0.6 N/A
Monster Raving Loony The Incredible Flying Brick 127 0.6 N/A
BNP David Furness 124 0.6 N/A
Christian Peoples Godfrey Davies 109 0.5 N/A
Independent Mohammad Akram 56 0.3 N/A
Majority 2,620 12.4 -4.3
Turnout 21,200 38.2 -11.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election 2015: Stoke-on-Trent Central[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tristram Hunt 12,220 39.3 +0.5
UKIP Mick Harold 7,041 22.7 +18.3
Conservative Liam Marshall-Ascough 7,008 22.5 +1.5
Independent Mark Breeze 2,120 6.8 +6.8
Liberal Democrat Zulfiqar Ali[13] 1,296 4.2 -17.5
Green Jan Zablocki[14] 1,123 3.6 +3.6
CISTA Ali Majid 244 0.8 +0.8
The Ubuntu Party Paul Toussaint 32 0.1 +0.1
Majority 5,179 16.7
Turnout 31,084 49.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election 2010: Stoke-on-Trent Central[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tristram Hunt 12,605 38.8 -13.6
Liberal Democrat John Redfern 7,039 21.7 +3.1
Conservative Norsheen Bhatti 6,833 21.0 +3.7
BNP Simon Darby 2,502 7.7 -0.1
UKIP Carol Lovatt 1,402 4.3 +1.1
Independent Paul Breeze 959 3.0 N/A
Independent Gary Elsby 399 1.2 N/A
City Independents Brian Ward 303 0.9 N/A
Independent Alby Walker 295 0.9 N/A
TUSC Matthew Wright 133 0.4 N/A
Majority 5,566 17.1 -12.9
Turnout 32,470 53.2 +4.5
Labour hold Swing -8.3

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Stoke-on-Trent Central[16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Mark Fisher 14,760 52.9 -7.8
Liberal Democrat John Redfern 4,986 17.9 +3.2
Conservative Esther Baroudy 4,823 17.3 -1.5
BNP Michael Coleman 2,178 7.8 N/A
UKIP Joseph Bonfiglio 914 3.3 N/A
Socialist Alternative Jim Cessford 246 0.9 N/A
Majority 9,774 35.0 -6.9
Turnout 27,907 48.4 +1.0
Labour hold Swing -5.5
General Election 2001: Stoke-on-Trent Central[18][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Mark Fisher 17,170 60.7 -5.5
Conservative Jill Clark 5,325 18.8 +2.1
Liberal Democrat Gavin Webb 4,148 14.7 +2.8
Independent Richard Wise 1,657 5.9 N/A
Majority 11,845 41.9 -7.6
Turnout 28,300 47.4 -15.4
Labour hold Swing -3.9

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Stoke-on-Trent Central[20][21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Mark Fisher 26,662 66.2 +8.2
Conservative Neil Jones 6,738 16.7 -11.2
Liberal Democrat Ed Fordham 4,809 11.9 -1.7
Referendum Peter L. Stanyer 1,071 2.7 N/A
BNP Michael Coleman 606 1.5 N/A
Liberal Mrs. Fran M. Oborski 359 0.9 N/A
Majority 19,924 49.5 +19.2
Turnout 40,245 62.8 -5.3
Labour hold Swing +9.7
General Election 1992: Stoke-on-Trent Central[22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Mark Fisher 25,897 58.0 +5.46
Conservative Nick Gibb 12,477 27.9 -3.11
Liberal Democrat Martin Dent 6,073 13.6 N/A
Natural Law Nicholas Pullen 196 0.4 N/A
Majority 13,420 30.3 +8.77
Turnout 44,643 68.1 −0.7
Labour hold Swing +4.29

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Stoke-on-Trent Central[24][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Mark Fisher 23,842 52.5 +4.5
Conservative David Stone 14,072 31.0 +1.7
Social Democratic Iain Cundy 7,462 16.4 −5.0
Majority 9,770 21.5 +2.8
Turnout 45,376 68.8 +2.9
Labour hold Swing +3.1
General Election 1983: Stoke-on-Trent Central[26][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Mark Fisher 21,194 48.1 −12.1
Conservative Keith Mans 12,944 29.4 −0.1
Social Democratic Vicki Lynn Freeman 9,458 21.5 N/A
Monster Raving Loony Clive Sydney Cook 504 1.1 N/A
Majority 8,250 18.7 −12.0
Turnout 44,102 65.9 −3.2
Labour hold Swing −6.0

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Stoke-on-Trent Central[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert Cant 24,707 60.2
Conservative Wallace Williams 12,104 29.5
Liberal A Thomas 4,260 10.4
Majority 12,603 30.7
Turnout 41,073 69.0
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Stoke-on-Trent Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert Cant 24,146 60.44
Conservative Wallace Williams 9,493 23.76
Liberal A Thomas 6,313 15.80
Majority 14,653 36.68
Turnout 65.26
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Stoke-on-Trent Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert Cant 27,171 63.79
Conservative E Ashley 15,423 36.21
Majority 11,748 27.58
Turnout 70.21
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Stoke-on-Trent Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert Cant 18,758 62.56
Conservative E Ashley 11,227 37.44
Majority 7,531 25.12
Turnout 50.02
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Stoke-on-Trent Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert Cant 26,663 68.06
Conservative KG Reeves 12,515 31.94
Majority 14,148 36.11
Turnout 68.28
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Stoke-on-Trent Central[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Barnett Stross 27,424 64.16
Conservative Julian PH Harrison 15,322 35.84
Majority 12,102 28.31
Turnout 72.28
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Stoke-on-Trent Central[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Barnett Stross 28,630 61.13
Conservative Julian PH Harrison 18,205 38.87
Majority 10,425 22.26
Turnout 75.27
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Stoke-on-Trent Central[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Barnett Stross 28,452 63.87
Conservative Geoffrey B Price 16,097 36.13
Majority 12,355 27.73
Turnout 71.34
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Stoke-on-Trent Central[32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Barnett Stross 34,260 64.60
Conservative H Ronald Fleck 18,770 35.40
Majority 15,490 29.21
Turnout 82.19
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Stoke-on-Trent Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Barnett Stross 34,908 65.53
Conservative W Hancock 18,361 34.47
Majority 16,547 31.06
Turnout 83.19
Labour hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Labour's Tristram Hunt quitting as MP to head V&A Museum". BBC News. 13 January 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017. 
  3. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  4. ^ Why Stoke-on-Trent is a microcosm of the battle for Labour's soul The Guardian, 15 January 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  5. ^ "New seat: Stoke-on-Trent Central". Electoral Calculus. Retrieved 22 September 2008. 
  6. ^ "Initial proposals for new Parliamentary constituency boundaries in the West Midlands" (PDF). Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 13 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "West Midlands Initial Proposals" (PDF). Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 13 January 2017. 
  8. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  9. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 5)[self-published source][better source needed]
  10. ^ "Statement of Persons Nominated" (PDF). Stoke-on-Trent City Council. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  11. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "Stoke-on-Trent Central constituency – Election 2015". BBC News. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  13. ^ "Zulfiqar Ali PPC page". Liberal Democrats. Retrieved 1 March 2015. 
  14. ^ "Green Party To Challenge Tristram Hunt in Stoke-On-Trent". 
  15. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "BBC NEWS - Election 2005 - Results - Stoke-on-Trent Central". 
  18. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  19. ^ "BBC NEWS - VOTE 2001 - RESULTS & CONSTITUENCIES - Stoke-on-Trent Central". 
  20. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  21. ^ "BBC - Error 404 : Not Found". 
  22. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  23. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  24. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  25. ^ "UK General Election results: June 1987 [Archive]". 
  26. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  27. ^ "UK General Election results: June 1983 [Archive]". 
  28. ^ "UK General Election results: May 1979 [Archive]". 
  29. ^ http://tools.assembla.com/svn/grodt/uk/thc/files/marked_up/1964_marked_up.txt
  30. ^ http://tools.assembla.com/svn/grodt/uk/thc/files/marked_up/1959_marked_up.txt
  31. ^ http://tools.assembla.com/svn/grodt/uk/thc/files/marked_up/1955_marked_up.txt
  32. ^ http://tools.assembla.com/svn/grodt/uk/thc/files/marked_up/1951_marked_up.txt

Coordinates: 53°1′N 2°11′W / 53.017°N 2.183°W / 53.017; -2.183