Stoke-sub-Hamdon

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Stoke sub Hamdon
North Street, Stoke-sub-Hamdon, Somerset.jpg
North Street
Stoke sub Hamdon is located in Somerset
Stoke sub Hamdon
Stoke sub Hamdon
Location within Somerset
Population1,968 (2011) [1]
OS grid referenceST475175
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSTOKE-SUB-HAMDON
Postcode districtTA14
Dialling code01935
PoliceAvon and Somerset
FireDevon and Somerset
AmbulanceSouth Western
EU ParliamentSouth West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Somerset
50°57′16″N 2°44′56″W / 50.9545°N 2.7488°W / 50.9545; -2.7488Coordinates: 50°57′16″N 2°44′56″W / 50.9545°N 2.7488°W / 50.9545; -2.7488

Stoke-sub-Hamdon (or Stoke sub Hamdon), also known as Stoke under Ham,[2] is a large village and civil parish in the South Somerset district of Somerset, England. It is situated 5 miles (8 km) west of Yeovil, with which it is linked by the A3088 road. The parish is located near the River Parrett, and includes the village of East Stoke.

History[edit]

The village stretches around Ham Hill which is a geological Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI), Iron Age hill fort, Roman site, and country park. The hill has given its name to the distinctive quarried hamstone which is quarried from a ridge of sandy limestone rock that is elevated above the lower lying clay vales and nearby Somerset Levels. It is of particular importance to geologists because of the assemblages of fossils which it contains, the sedimentary features which it displays and the way it relates to other rocks of equivalent age in the close vicinity.[3] The Bronze Age and Iron Age hill fort was occupied by the Durotriges tribe. A Roman milestone was found at Venn Bridge in 1930: apparently it was made as an element in a colonnade and afterwards converted to a milestone inscribed with the name of the emperor Flavius Severus who ruled in 305-306 AD.[4]

In the 10th century the estate passed to Glastonbury Abbey, but after the Norman Conquest was held by Robert, Count of Mortain and granted to Robert FitzIvo. It then passed down through the Beauchamps of Hatch, becoming known as Stoke Beauchamp. It was acquired by the Duchy of Cornwall in 1443 and is still held by the Duchy.[5] The parish of Stoke was part of Tintinhull Hundred.[6]

The village is the site of the 14th century Stoke sub Hamdon Priory which is a former priest's house of the chantry chapel of St Nicholas, which was destroyed after the dissolution of the monasteries. The priory has been owned by the National Trust since 1946,[7] and designated by English Heritage as a grade I listed building.[8]

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of South Somerset, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Yeovil Rural District.[9] The district council is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

The village is in 'Hamdon' electoral ward. The ward stretches south to Norton sub Hamdon The total ward population taken at the 2011 Census was 2,711.[10]

It is also part of the Yeovil county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Religious sites[edit]

The church, dedicated to St Mary the Virgin, dates from the 12th century,[11] and has a tower and six bells. It shows various medieval carving including abstract corbels, an astrological tympanum, and St Michael slaying the dragon. Two of the carvings are thought to be Sheela na Gigs.[12] The village's now-redundant United Reformed Church was opened in 1866 and closed in 2017.[13][14] It is a Grade II* listed building.[15]

Education[edit]

Secondary education for pupils between 11 and 16 is provided at Stanchester Academy, and Norton Sub Hamdon primary school for reception to year 6, and Castle Primary School in Stoke sub Hamdon itself, for reception to year 6.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistics for Wards, LSOAs and Parishes — SUMMARY Profiles" (Excel). Somerset Intelligence. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  2. ^ Baggs, A P; R J E Bush; Margaret Tomlinson, eds. (1974). A History of the County of Somerset: Volume 3. Victoria County History. pp. 235–249. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  3. ^ "Ham Hill" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 October 2006. Retrieved 17 July 2006.
  4. ^ Collingwood, R. G.; =Wright, R. P. (1965). The Roman Inscriptions of Britain. I: Inscriptions on stone. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 694.
  5. ^ Bush, Robin (1994). Somerset: The Complete Guide. Dovecote Press. pp. 197–198. ISBN 1-874336-26-1.
  6. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
  7. ^ "Stoke sub Hamdon Priory". National Trust. Archived from the original on 24 October 2007. Retrieved 11 November 2007.
  8. ^ "The Priory, or Parsonage Farmhouse". Images of England. Retrieved 11 November 2007.
  9. ^ "Yeovil RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  10. ^ "Hamdon ward 2011". Retrieved 4 March 2015.
  11. ^ "Church of St Mary the Virgin". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 16 October 2008.
  12. ^ "The Stoke sub Hamdon Figure". Sheela Na Gig Project. Retrieved 11 November 2007.
  13. ^ https://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/som/vol3/pp235-249
  14. ^ http://www.stoke-sub-hamdon.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/Stoke-sub-Hamdon-Newsletter-January-2017.pdf
  15. ^ https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1260181

External links[edit]