Stoke Poges

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Stoke Poges
Stoke Poges Church.JPG
St. Giles' parish church
Stoke Poges is located in Buckinghamshire
Stoke Poges
Stoke Poges
Location within Buckinghamshire
Area10.09 km2 (3.90 sq mi)
Population4,752 (2011)[1]
• Density471/km2 (1,220/sq mi)
OS grid referenceSU9884
• London20.5 miles (33 km) E
Civil parish
  • Stoke Poges
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSLOUGH
Postcode districtSL2
Dialling code01753
PoliceThames Valley
FireBuckinghamshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
WebsiteStoke Poges Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire
51°32′46″N 0°35′02″W / 51.546°N 0.584°W / 51.546; -0.584Coordinates: 51°32′46″N 0°35′02″W / 51.546°N 0.584°W / 51.546; -0.584

Stoke Poges is a green-buffered scattered village and civil parish in south-east Buckinghamshire, England. It is centred 2.7 miles (4.3 km) north-north-east of Slough (historically Upton-cum-Chalvey), its post town, and 1.5 miles (2.4 km) southeast of Farnham Common.

Etymology[edit]

In the name Stoke Poges, stoke means "stockaded (place)" that is staked with more than just boundary-marking stakes. In the 1086 Domesday Book, the village was recorded as Stoche. William Fitz-Ansculf, who held the manor in 1086 (in the grounds of which the Norman parish church was built), later became known as William Stoches or William of Stoke. Amicia of Stoke, heiress to the manor, married Robert Pogeys, Knight of the Shire, 200 years later and the village eventually became known as Stoke Poges. Robert Poges was the son of Savoyard Imbert Pugeys valet to King Henry III and later steward of the royal household. Poges and Pocheys being an English attempt at Pugeys which ironically meant “worthless thing”.[2] The spelling appearing as "Stoke Pocheys", if applicable to this village, may suggest the pronunciation of the second part had a slightly more open "o" sound than the word "Stoke".[3]

Stoke Poges Manor House[edit]

A manor house at Stoke Poges was built before the Norman Conquest and was mentioned in the 1086 Domesday Book. In 1555 the owner, Francis Hastings, 2nd Earl of Huntingdon, pulled down much of the existing fortified house. He replaced it with a large Tudor brick-built house, with numerous chimneys and gables. In 1599 it was acquired by Sir Edward Coke, who is said to have entertained Queen Elizabeth I there in 1601.

A few decades later, the married lady of the manor, Frances Coke, Viscountess Purbeck, the daughter of Sir Edward Coke, had a love affair with Robert Howard, a member of parliament. The affair's discovery was received as a scandal upon the three people involved, and in 1635 Lady Frances was imprisoned for adultery. She later escaped from prison to France, and eventually returned and lived at Stoke Poges Manor for a time. She died at Oxford in 1645 at the court of King Charles I.

Charles I himself was imprisoned at Stoke Poges Manor in 1647 before his execution.

Later the manor came into the possession of Thomas Penn, a son of William Penn who founded Pennsylvania and was its first proprietor. Thomas Penn held three-fourths of the proprietorship. The manor property remained in his family for at least two generations, as his son John Penn "of Stoke" also lived there. Thomas Gray's 1750 poem "A Long Story" describes the house and its occupants.[4] Sir Edwin Henry Landseer was a frequent visitor to the house and rented it as a studio for some time. His most famous painting, The Monarch of the Glen (1851), is said to have been created at Stoke Poges, with the deer in the park used as models.

Education[edit]

Stoke Poges has a primary school called The Stoke Poges School. It was rated 'Good' by Ofsted in 2017.[5] There is also a Sikh faith secondary school, Khalsa Secondary Academy. It was rated 'Inadequate ' by Ofsted in 2019.[6]

Larchmoor School in Gerrards Cross Road was a major school in England for deaf children which was opened in 1967 by Elizabeth II and ran by the Royal National Institute for Deaf People. It closed in the late 20th century.[7][8][9]

Halidon House School was founded 1865, based in Slough and then in 1948 moved to Framewood Manor, Framewood Road. It was a girls school which closed in 1983.[10][11][12]

Stoke House School in Stoke Green was a preparatory school from 1841 to 1913.[13][14] In 1913 Ted Parry, the headmaster relocated the school to Seaford and later it was renamed Stoke Brunswick School.[15]

St Giles' Church[edit]

Gray's "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard" is believed to have been written in the churchyard Parish Church of Saint Giles in Stoke Poges, also known as the Stoke Poges Church.[citation needed] Other churches have claimed the honour, including St Laurence's Church, Upton-cum-Chalvey and St Mary's in Everdon, Northamptonshire.

Gray's Monument, Stoke Poges

Gray is buried at St Giles'. John Penn "of Stoke" had a large monument built by James Wyatt, displaying verses from the Elegy. It is adjacent to St Giles' and owned by the National Trust.

A lychgate which is now located in the middle of the churchyard was designed by J.Oldrin Scott and completed in 1887.[16]

A gothic style rectory having a battlemented parapet was built by James Wyatt, 1802-1804 for John Penn of Stoke Park. It is now a private residence called Elegy House.[17]

In media[edit]

Notable natives and residents[edit]

Notable organisations[edit]

  • Hitachi Data Systems, is a subsidiary of Hitachi. It provides technology and services relating to digital data. UK Headquarters at Sefton Park, Bells Hill, Stoke Poges.[57]
  • International Group operates a group of companies in the leisure, sales, marketing, management, healthcare services and property development and ownership. Registered at Stoke Park.[58]
  • Servier Laboratories Ltd, is part of a French centric international pharmaceutical group. UK Headquarters at Sefton Park, Bells Hill, Stoke Poges.[59]
  • Urenco Ltd, a nucleur fuel company, operating internationally running uranium enrichment plants. Headquarters at Sefton Park, Bells Hill, Stoke Poges.[60]
  • Fulmer Research Institute, a pioneer contract research and development organisation. Its Headquarters was in Hollybush Hill, Stoke Poges from 1946 to 1990.[61]
  • Glaxo Laboratories Ltd, now part of GSK, a fermentation and vaccine research laboratory at Sefton Park, Bells Hill, Stoke Poges from 1948 to 1982.[62]
  • Miles Laboratories, a USA pharmaceutical and life sciences company. UK headquarters in Stoke Court, Rogers Lane, Stoke Poges from 1959 to 1978 when Bayer acquired it.[63][64]

Demography[edit]

Stoke Poges compared
2001 UK Census Stoke Poges
ward
South Bucks
borough
England
Population 4,839 61,945 49,138,831
Foreign born 11.9% 12.2% 9.2%
White 93.3% 93.4% 90.9%
Asian 4.8% 4.5% 4.6%
Black 0.3% 0.4% 2.3%
Christian 76.5% 75.6% 71.7%
Muslim 1.1% 1.1% 3.1%
Hindu 0.7% 1.2% 1.1%
No religion 10.6% 12.5% 14.6%
Unemployed 1.8% 1.9% 3.3%
Retired 16.8% 14.8% 13.5%

At the 2001 UK census, the Stoke Poges electoral ward had a population of 4,839. The ethnicity was 93.3% white, 1.3% mixed race, 4.8% Asian, 0.3% black and 0.3% other. The place of birth of residents was 88.1% United Kingdom, 1.6% Republic of Ireland, 2.5% other Western European countries, and 7.8% elsewhere. Religion was recorded as 76.5% Christian, 0.2% Buddhist, 0.7% Hindu, 2.7% Sikh, 0.5% Jewish, and 1.1% Muslim. 10.6% were recorded as having no religion, 0.2% had an alternative religion and 7.6% did not state their religion.[65]

The economic activity of residents aged 16–74 was 40.8% in full-time employment, 11.6% in part-time employment, 12.6% self-employed, 1.8% unemployed, 1.5% students with jobs, 3.1% students without jobs, 16.8% retired, 6.7% looking after home or family, 2.5% permanently sick or disabled and 2.5% economically inactive for other reasons. The industry of employment of residents was 15.4% retail, 13.4% manufacturing, 6.9% construction, 21.1% real estate, 9.2% health and social work, 7.3% education, 8.8% transport and communications, 3.5% public administration, 3.4% hotels and restaurants, 2.8% finance, 0.8% agriculture and 7.4% other. Compared with national figures, the ward had a relatively high proportion of workers in real estate, transport and communications. According to Office for National Statistics estimates, during the period of April 2001 to March 2002 the average gross weekly income of households was £870, compared with an average of £660 in South East England. Of the ward's residents aged 16–74, 28.4% had a higher education qualification or the equivalent, compared with 19.9% nationwide.[65]

In 2011, The Daily Telegraph deemed Stoke Poges as Britain's eighth richest village and the third richest village in Buckinghamshire.[66]

2011 Published Statistics: Population, home ownership and extracts from Physical Environment, surveyed in 2005[1]
Output area Homes owned outright Owned with a loan Socially rented Privately rented Other km2 roads km2 water km2 domestic gardens km2 domestic buildings km2 non-domestic buildings Usual residents km2
Civil parish 727 717 183 159 28 0.397 0.076 1.422 0.176 0.057 4752 10.09

Geography[edit]

Hamlets within Stoke Poges parish include:

  • Hollybush Hill
  • Stoke Green
  • Wexham Street

References[edit]

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External links[edit]