Stokes County, North Carolina

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Stokes County, North Carolina
Stokes County Courthouse, Danbury (Stokes County, North Carolina).jpg
Stokes County Courthouse, Danbury
Seal of Stokes County, North Carolina
Seal
Map of North Carolina highlighting Stokes County
Location in the U.S. state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1789
Named for John Stokes
Seat Danbury
Largest town King
Area
 • Total 456 sq mi (1,181 km2)
 • Land 449 sq mi (1,163 km2)
 • Water 6.8 sq mi (18 km2), 1.5%
Population
 • (2010) 47,401
 • Density 106/sq mi (41/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.stokes.nc.us

Stokes County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 47,401.[1] Its county seat is Danbury.[2]

Stokes County is included in the Winston-Salem, N.C., Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point, N.C., Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Ruins of the Rock House, c. 1770, built by Capt. Jack Martin, Revolutionary War soldier and pioneer. National Register of Historic Places

The county was formed in 1789 from Surry County. It was named for John Stokes, an American Revolutionary War captain severely wounded when British Colonel Banastre Tarleton's cavalry practically destroyed Col. Abraham Buford's Virginia regiment in the Waxhaws region in 1780. After the war, Captain Stokes was appointed a judge of the United States district court for North Carolina. In 1849 the southern half of Stokes County became Forsyth County.[citation needed]

During the American Civil War, Moratock Iron Furnace located near Danbury served as a foundry for the Confederate Army. It was destroyed in April 1865 when Union cavalry under the command of General George Stoneman conducted extensive raiding through the region.

Hanging Rock State Park was formed primarily from blocks of land donated in 1936 and contained 6,921 acres (28.01 km2) in 2005. Many of the facilities in the park were built by the Civilian Conservation Corps between 1935 and 1942. The park is located atop the Sauratown Mountains, and contains a visitor's center, a manmade lake, and plenty of hiking trails, climbing trails, picnic areas, and primitive campgrounds.

Geography[edit]

The Sauratown Mountains cut through Stokes County which is otherwise gently rolling piedmont hills. The Blue Ridge Mountains in the background lie to the west of Stokes County.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 456 square miles (1,180 km2), of which 449 square miles (1,160 km2) is land and 6.8 square miles (18 km2) (1.5%) is water.[3]

The county lies within the Piedmont region of western North Carolina, and most of the terrain consists of gently rolling countryside. The county is part of Appalachia, though, and the Sauratown Mountains run across the center of the county. The Sauras are named after the Saura Native American tribe which lived in the county before European settlement. A chain of jagged ridges, the Sauratown Mountains are an isolated remnant of the Blue Ridge Mountains far to the west. Although the Sauratown Mountains occupy only 5% of Stokes County, they dominate the scenery from almost any direction, abruptly rising from 800 to 1,700 feet (520 m) above the surrounding terrain. Moore's Knob, the highest point in the chain, rises to 2,579 feet (786 m). Most of the county is less than 1,000 feet (300 m) above sea level. The Dan River runs from the northwest corner to the southeastern section of Stokes County (covering over 56 miles of river recreation). Stokes County is home to Hanging Rock State Park and also has the mass majority of Belews Lake (located in the southeast corner).

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 8,423
1800 11,026 30.9%
1810 11,645 5.6%
1820 14,033 20.5%
1830 16,196 15.4%
1840 16,265 0.4%
1850 9,206 −43.4%
1860 10,402 13.0%
1870 11,208 7.7%
1880 15,353 37.0%
1890 17,199 12.0%
1900 19,866 15.5%
1910 20,151 1.4%
1920 20,575 2.1%
1930 22,290 8.3%
1940 22,656 1.6%
1950 21,520 −5.0%
1960 22,314 3.7%
1970 23,782 6.6%
1980 33,086 39.1%
1990 37,223 12.5%
2000 44,712 20.1%
2010 47,401 6.0%
Est. 2016 46,097 [4] −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 44,712 people, 17,579 households, and 13,043 families residing in the county. The population density was 99 people per square mile (38/km²). There were 19,262 housing units at an average density of 43 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.43% White, 4.66% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. 1.87% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 17,579 households out of which 33.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.60% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.80% were non-families. 22.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 31.40% from 25 to 44, 25.00% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,808, and the median income for a family was $44,615. Males had a median income of $30,824 versus $24,319 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,130. About 6.90% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.00% of those under age 18 and 15.90% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Map of Stokes County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Village[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Politics, law and government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[10]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 75.9% 17,116 20.7% 4,665 3.4% 769
2012 70.5% 15,237 27.8% 6,018 1.7% 364
2008 66.6% 14,488 31.6% 6,875 1.8% 380
2004 70.0% 13,583 29.7% 5,767 0.3% 64
2000 70.0% 12,028 29.3% 5,030 0.7% 124
1996 61.8% 9,471 31.1% 4,769 7.1% 1,080
1992 47.9% 7,979 38.8% 6,463 13.3% 2,215
1988 61.8% 8,661 38.0% 5,319 0.2% 32
1984 65.6% 9,515 34.1% 4,950 0.2% 33
1980 54.9% 7,275 43.5% 5,764 1.6% 206
1976 47.4% 6,029 52.3% 6,647 0.3% 35
1972 66.9% 7,118 30.6% 3,254 2.6% 274
1968 45.3% 4,781 22.5% 2,374 32.3% 3,410
1964 48.8% 4,664 51.2% 4,898
1960 52.1% 4,872 47.9% 4,487
1956 52.4% 4,341 47.6% 3,948
1952 45.7% 3,792 54.3% 4,504
1948 41.7% 3,291 56.2% 4,431 2.1% 169
1944 45.1% 3,376 54.9% 4,110
1940 38.8% 2,712 61.2% 4,274
1936 42.6% 3,259 57.4% 4,384
1932 40.7% 2,577 58.8% 3,721 0.6% 35
1928 65.6% 3,759 34.4% 1,970
1924 51.3% 2,482 47.8% 2,309 0.9% 44
1920 59.4% 2,926 40.6% 1,999
1916 53.8% 1,852 45.6% 1,569 0.6% 21
1912 51.3% 1,450 40.5% 1,144 8.2% 232

Stokes is at present a powerfully Republican county. The last Democratic Presidential nominee to carry Stokes County has been Jimmy Carter in 1976, and no Democrat since 1984 has reached forty percent of the county’s vote. Indeed, Hillary Clinton barely cracked twenty percent in 2016, receiving a proportion smaller than Hubert Humphrey obtained in the three-way 1968 race. In earlier years Stokes swung from Democratic-leaning during the Third Party System to Republican enough to be alongside Yadkin and Surry the only North Carolina counties to stick with William Howard Taft during his disastrous 1912 campaign,[11] back to Democratic enough to support Adlai Stevenson II in 1952.

Stokes County is a member of the regional Northwest Piedmont Council of Governments. Stokes County government is made up of five elected County Commissioners with an appointed County Manager plus an appointed Tax Administrator. Other Elected Officials are the Sheriff, Clerk of Court, and Register of Deeds. School Board Members are Elected to a five-member Board who appoint a Superintendent and present the budget to County Commissioners for approval.

Economy[edit]

Stokes County has long been a "bedroom community" or "commuter town" for larger towns surrounding, such as Winston-Salem, Greensboro, Mount Airy, etc. Stokes County has struggled with economic development for several reasons such as infrastructure. The leaders in the county understand this and are working to create new opportunities and upgrades to enhance growth. Several medium and small businesses have found success in Stokes, as well as retail stores, restaurants, and service professionals. The largest employer in the county is the government/school system.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 30, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved January 19, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 19, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 19, 2015. 
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 19, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 19, 2015. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  11. ^ Menendez, Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, pp. 265-271 ISBN 0786422173

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 36°25′N 80°14′W / 36.41°N 80.23°W / 36.41; -80.23