Stolac

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Stolac

Столац
Stolac (collage).jpg
Flag of Stolac
Flag
Official seal of Stolac
Seal
Location of Stolac Municipality within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Location of Stolac Municipality within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Stolac is located in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Stolac
Stolac
Location of Stolac Municipality within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Coordinates: Coordinates: 43°04′57″N 17°57′21″E / 43.08250°N 17.95583°E / 43.08250; 17.95583
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
EntityFederation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Government
 • MayorStjepan Bošković (HDZ BiH)
Area
 • Total331 km2 (128 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • Total14,889
 • Density45/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)+387 36
WebsiteOfficial website

Stolac is a town and municipality located in Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is located in the region of Herzegovina.

Stolac is situated in the area known as Herzegovina Humina on the tourist route crossing Herzegovina and linking the Bosnian mountainous hinterland with the coastal regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Dubrovnik and Montenegro. The road, running from Sarajevo via Mostar, Stolac, Ljubinje and Trebinje, enables one to reach Dubrovnik in less than 4 hours.[1]

Thanks to the town's favourable natural environment - geological composition, contours, climate, hydrographic and vegetation - Stolac and its area have been settled since ancient times. Its rich hunting-grounds along with other natural benefits attracted prehistoric man, and later the Illyrians, Romans and Slavs, all of whom left a wealth of anthropological evidence.[2]

History[edit]

Walls of ancient Daorson, located at Ošanjići near Stolac.

The area has been settled for at least 15,000 years, as evidenced by the markings in Badanj Cave, which experts have dated 12,000–16,000 BCE. Three kilometers west of Stolac is an impressive stećak necropolis dating back to the 15th and 16th centuries: Radimlja.

These stećak tombstones are carved with epitaphs, detailed portraits of the deceased, and motifs such as grape vines, hunting scenes, and wild animals. Five of the Radimlja tombstones are thought to mark the graves of members of the Hrabren Miloradović Valachian family.

Ali-paša Rizvanbegović (1783–1851), the semi-independent ruler (vizier) of Ottoman Herzegovina from 1833 to 1851, was born in the Begovina neighbourhood of Stolac.

Architecture[edit]

Old city architecture

Containing, in one small area, unique cultural and aesthetic values, Stolac's historic core is an example of a complex cultural-historical and natural environmental ensemble. It is an example of the organic connection between human and natural architectures, which also testifies to the fact that the beauty of the location was crucial in its building and planning - the guiding principle often present in the development of medieval towns.

Nine historical layers compose Stolac's architectural ensemble: pre-history, Illyrian-Roman period, the early Middle Ages, advanced and late Middle Ages, Ottoman period, Austro-Hungarian period, and the time of the first and second Yugoslavia. A multitude of various influences on the architecture of town, in which contrasts and similarities are frequently evident as well as planning and full spontaneity, lend this town a complex image. Despite its unusual history and inclusion into four empires (Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman, and Austro-Hungarian), three kingdoms (Bosnian, Hungarian and Yugoslav), three world's monotheistic religions - Christianity (Orthodox Christianity and Catholicism), Islam, and Judaism, the historical core of Stolac is still a coherent and harmonious cultural-historical monument with individual properties grown together into one ensemble.[2]

During the Yugoslav Wars, a number of monuments were demolished by Croat extremists as part of a campaign of ethnic cleansing, including town's four mosques, dating from the 16th to 18th centuries, and the Orthodox Church of the Holy Assumption of Christ. [3]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Population of settlements – Stolac municipality
Settlement 1971. 1981. 1991. 2013.
Total 19,230 18,910 18,681 14,502
1 Aladinići 747 1,234
2 Bjelojevići 325 229
3 Borojevići 717 601
4 Burmazi 369 223
5 Crnići-Greda 658 1,501
6 Crnići-Kula 628 570
7 Hodovo 418 377
8 Kruševo 300 241
9 Ošanjići 1,102 1,004
10 Pješivac-Greda 512 417
11 Pješivac-Kula 823 744
12 Poplat 457 1,402
13 Poprati 340 250
14 Prenj 790 684
15 Rotimlja 718 683
16 Stolac 3,809 5,210 5,530 3,816
17 Trijebanj 352 278

Ethnic composition[edit]

Following the Dayton peace treaty, the territory of the 1991 municipality of Stolac was divided between the municipality of Stolac in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the new municipality of Berkovići in Republika Srpska, where most of the Bosnian Serbs from Stolac now reside.

Ethnic composition – Stolac town
2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 3,816 (100,0%) 5,530 (100,0%) 5,210 (100,0%) 3,809 (100,0%)
Bosniaks 2,647 (69,37%) 3,426 (61,95%) 3,113 (59,75%) 2,437 (63,98%)
Croats 892 (23,38%) 653 (11,81%) 586 (11,25%) 421 (11,05%)
Serbs 144 (3,774%) 1,111 (20,09%) 982 (18,85%) 846 (22,21%)
Others 133 (3,485%) 101 (1,826%) 8 (0,154%) 22 (0,578%)
Yugoslavs 239 (4,322%) 486 (9,328%) 43 (1,129%)
Montenegrins 28 (0,537%) 35 (0,919%)
Albanians 5 (0,096%) 5 (0,131%)
Macedonians 2 (0,038%)
Ethnic composition – Stolac municipality
2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 14,502 (100,0%) 18,681 (100,0%) 18,910 (100,0%) 19,230 (100,0%)
Croats 8,486 (58,52%) 6,188 (33,12%) 6,410 (33,90%) 7,041 (36,61%)
Bosniaks 5,544 (38,23%) 8,101 (43,36%) 7,359 (38,92%) 7,113 (36,99%)
Serbs 279 (1,924%) 3,917 (20,97%) 4,332 (22,91%) 4,900 (25,48%)
Others 193 (1,331%) 168 (0,899%) 49 (0,259%) 56 (0,291%)
Yugoslavs 307 (1,643%) 711 (3,760%) 63 (0,328%)
Montenegrins 33 (0,175%) 50 (0,260%)
Roma 7 (0,037%)
Albanians 6 (0,032%) 6 (0,031%)
Macedonians 3 (0,016%) 1 (0,005%)

Settlements of Stolac municipality, 1991[edit]

Aladinići, Barane, Berkovići, Bitunja, Bjelojevići, Borojevići, Brštanik, Burmazi, Crnići-Greda, Crnići-Kula, Dabrica, Do, Hatelji, Hodovo, Hrgud, Komanje Brdo, Kozice, Kruševo, Ljubljenica, Ljuti Do, Meča, Orahovica, Ošanići, Pješivac-Greda, Pješivac-Kula, Poplat, Poprati, Predolje, Prenj, Rotimlja, Stolac, Strupići, Suzina, Šćepan Krst, Trijebanj, Trusina and Žegulja.

Climate[edit]

Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).[4]

Climate data for Stolac
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9
(48)
11
(51)
15
(59)
19
(67)
24
(75)
29
(85)
33
(92)
33
(91)
28
(82)
22
(71)
16
(60)
9
(49)
21
(69)
Average low °C (°F) 3
(37)
2
(36)
6
(43)
9
(48)
13
(55)
17
(62)
19
(66)
19
(66)
16
(61)
12
(54)
9
(48)
4
(39)
11
(51)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 13
(5)
12
(4.7)
13
(5.2)
13
(5.2)
7.9
(3.1)
8.4
(3.3)
4.8
(1.9)
4.3
(1.7)
10
(4)
17
(6.5)
19
(7.3)
18
(7.2)
140
(55.1)
Source: Weatherbase [5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "www.stolac.org is Expired or Suspended". www.stolac.org.
  2. ^ a b The natural and architectural ensemble of Stolac, unesco.org; accessed 4 November 2016.
  3. ^ Robert Bevan, The Destruction of Memory, pp. 47-47
  4. ^ Climate Summary for Stolac, weatherbase.com; accessed 3 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase.com. 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2013.

External links[edit]