From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  • Soyuzplodoimport
  • SPI Group
Country of origin Russia
Introduced1901; 122 years ago (1901)
Alcohol by volume 40%
Proof (US)80
VariantsStolichnaya Elit
Stolichnaya Flavoured Premium vodka
Related productsList of vodkas

Stolichnaya (Russian: Столичная) is a vodka made of wheat and rye grain. It originated in the Soviet Union in 1938. There are two versions of the vodka: the version found outside Russia is made in Latvia, while the version found inside Russia is made there. With the dissolution of the Soviet Union the ownership of Stolichnaya has been disputed between the Russian state-owned company FKP Soyuzplodoimport and SPI Group, a private company chartered in Luxembourg. SPI Group have sold their version as Stoli since 2022.

Production process[edit]

Fermentation of Stolichnaya starts with wheat and rye grains and artesian water, and takes about 60 hours. Once fermentation is complete, the resulting liquid is distilled three times, to a strength of 96.4% alcohol by volume (ABV). That spirit is diluted to bottling strength using more artesian well water. It is then filtered through quartz, sand, activated charcoal and, finally, through cloth.[2]

SPI, the company controlled by Yuri Shefler, produces Stolichnaya in Latvia at Latvijas Balzams, using Latvian water but alcohol from a distillery in Tambov, Russia.[3] In response to the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, SPI announced that they would begin sourcing all of their alcohol from Slovakia instead of Russia.[4]


The name Stolichnaya is pronounced in Russian [stɐˈlʲit͡ɕnajə].[5] The word is the adjectival form of столица (stolitsa), meaning "capital city".[6] The Soyuzplodoimport bottle label features the words "Stolichnaya Vodka" in gold cursive script over a drawing of a Moscow landmark, the recently rebuilt Hotel Moskva.[7]

In March 2022 the Stoli Group changed the name of its vodka to its nickname, Stoli, as a "direct response to Russia's invasion of Ukraine".[8]


Stolichnaya has its origins in the Moscow State Wine Warehouse No. 1 which was opened in 1901 by the authorities to ensure higher quality vodka production.[2]

There is confusion about the actual birth date of Stolichnaya vodka. The earliest confirmed production date is 1948, but the label design clearly predates 1946.[9] It is likely that it was created by V. G. Svirida around 1944.[10] However, there is a trademark registration dated 1938, which is sometimes quoted as another birth date.[11]

In 1953 Stolichnaya was introduced at the international trade show in Bern and received a gold medal.[9] Before the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the product was made in Ukraine for export.

In 1972 the PepsiCo company struck a barter agreement with the government of the Soviet Union, in which PepsiCo was granted exportation and Western marketing rights to Stolichnaya vodka, in exchange for importation and Soviet marketing of Pepsi-Cola.[12] This exchange led to Pepsi-Cola being the first American consumer product to be produced, marketed and sold in the USSR.[13] Directly after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Stolichnaya vodka continued to be produced for export in several of the ex-Soviet republics, including Ukraine.[14] The bottles retained their Soviet-era labels.

During the dissolution of the Soviet Union, steps were taken to transform state-owned Stolichnaya producer VO Sojuzplodoimport (later VVO Sojuzplodoimport) into a privately held company.[15] Since the early 90s, the personnel of the vodka factory and control of the trademarks had been managed by VAO Sojuzplodoimport (later: VZAO Sojuzplodoimport). In 1997 they were transferred to ZAO Sojuzplodimport which, in turn, sold them to the SPI (Spirits) group in 1999.[15]

The SPI Group is a private company chartered in Luxembourg, founded and owned by Russian billionaire Yuri Shefler, that distributes a wide variety of Russian spirits, having purchased a number of former Soviet brands and operations. While FKP produces in Kaliningrad, Russia (for the Russian market and the Benelux market), SPI Group distributes and produces from Latvia. FKP Sojuzplodoimport and the SPI Group have been in dispute over the ownership of various trademarks since 2003.[16]

Trademark ownership and production rights[edit]

Since 2003, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the Stolichnaya trademark has been the subject of dispute between distributors, predominantly the SPI Group and Russian state-owned Sojuzplodoimport.[17] The SPI group has held the rights from the legal successor as a result of a privatisation, while the Russian government holds that the privatisation has never been fully effected.


In August 1991 the Soviet patent office revoked the Soviet state-owned company's right to use the Stolichnaya name in Russia.[18] However, in 2002, a Moscow court ruled, on appeal, that as a result of the incomplete privatisation, the Russian government should get back the rights to the Stolichnaya brand name from SPI Group since SPI had not obtained the rights from the legal holder.[19] An appeal by SPI to the European Court of Human Rights was rejected.[20]


In 2014 the Oberlandesgericht (OGL, "higher regional court") of Linz decided that FKP could not base its request on the nullity of the privatization/transformation, as that possibility had a term of limitation of 10 years according to the applicable law in Russia (if the term of limitation defense had been actively relied upon), and thus FKP could not claim that SPI had not obtained the trademarks from the owner.[21]

In 2020 the Austrian Oberste Gerichtshof (OGH, "Supreme Court of Justice") – the highest civil court in Austria – upheld the 2014 decision. SPI has therefore exhausted all options in the Austrian justice system.[22]


In the Benelux countries (Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands), SPI has been the distributor, but use of the trademarks was challenged in 2006 by the FKP Sojuzplodoimport. In 2015 a Dutch court held that, according to Russian and Soviet law (and a term of limitation had not been invoked regarding the transfer), the privatisation had not taken place, and that Benelux law and (when provisions were insufficient) Dutch law applied to the transfer of the trademarks. the court ruled that SPI had obtained the trademarks in bad faith from an entity that wasn't the legitimate owner. The trademarks should be transferred back to FKP Sojuzplodoimport and SPI could not use the term "Russian" on its vodka.[23]

After the verdict, SPI stopped distribution of Stolichnaya and started selling "Stoli" with the motto "Same Vodka. Different label". That was forbidden by a Dutch judge in July 2015, on the grounds that it infringed the rights of FKP Sojuzplodoimport.[24] FKP Sojuzplodoimport planned to start selling Stolichnaya in the Netherlands on 1 September 2015.[25]

Other European states[edit]

SPI Group holds the rights to several Stolichnaya trademarks in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Italy, Denmark, Portugal, the Czech Republic, Spain, Cyprus, Poland, Norway and Iceland. In a lawsuit before the Court of The Hague, FKP Sojuzplodoimport sought an order to have the trademarks returned to it from several SPI companies. The Hague court assumed jurisdiction based on two Brussels Regime instruments: Brussels Regulation 44/2001 (for the EU countries) and the 2007 Lugano Convention (Norway, Iceland). It ruled that, because the dispute did not relate to trademark validity (for which national courts have jurisdiction) but to trademark registration, it did have jurisdiction, because a main defendant was located in the Netherlands. To evaluate the validity of the trademarks, it would use the national law of the trademarks concerned.[26]

United States[edit]

PepsiCo had been the distributor of Stolichnaya based on an agreement with the Soviet government. The change in control of the trademarks and production facilities led to several lawsuits over which company could market vodka under the Stolichnaya name in the United States. On November 20, 1992, a US federal judge ruled that PepsiCo could maintain the exclusive right to the name in the United States, because allowing others to market under the name would bring a "risk of irreparable harm" to the trademark.[18]

In 2009 William Grant & Sons signed an agreement with SPI Group to distribute Stolichnaya in the United States, taking over from PepsiCo. The William Grant & Sons distribution contract expired on December 31, 2013 and was not renewed, due to the desire of the SPI Group to manage its brand directly.[27]

In 2006 FKP Sojuzplodoimport brought an action against the owner of the mark Spirits International N.V., et al. in 2005.[clarification needed] The district court dismissed almost all claims on a motion to dismiss, holding that the incontestable status of the registration meant that FKP Sojuzplodoimport couldn't challenge ownership. However, in 2009, the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit overturned that decision, stating that FKP Sojuzplodoimport could challenge the validity of the assignment of the trademark.[28]

In 2011, after examining the grant given to FKP Sojuzplodoimport by the Russian government, the district court held, and the appeals court affirmed in 2013, that the Russian government had not transferred full ownership of the marks to FKP Sojuzplodoimport, so FKP Sojuzplodoimport wasn't the registrant of the mark. Since FKP Sojuzplodoimport had dismissed all claims except for infringement of a registered mark, it did not have standing and the case was dismissed.[29]

FKP Sojuzplodoimport and the Russian government then signed a new document that assigned the trademarks to FKP Sojuzplodoimport in every way possible, and FKP Sojuzplodoimport filed a new lawsuit against Spirits International N.V. In 2014 the district court heard testimony from experts on Russian law and reached the conclusion that, under Russian law, FKP Sojuzplodoimport could only manage property, not own it and, therefore, FKP Sojuzplodoimport did not have standing.[30] However, in 2016, that decision was vacated by the Court of Appeals and the case went back to the district court.[31]


Stolichnaya is available in many varieties, including:[32]

  • Stolichnaya 80 proof (red label)
  • Stolichnaya 80 proof (Cristall or gold)
  • Stolichnaya 100 proof (blue label)
  • Stoli Blakberi (Blackberry)
  • Stoli Blueberi (Blueberry)
  • Stoli Citros (Citrus)
  • Stoli Cranberi (Cranberry)
  • Stoli Gala Applik (Apple)
  • Stoli Ohranj (Orange)
  • Stoli Peachik (Peach; formerly named Stoli Persik)
  • Stoli Razberi (Raspberry)
  • Stoli Strasberi (Strawberry)
  • Stoli Vanil (Vanilla)
  • Stoli White Pomegranik (White Pomegranate)
  • Stoli Wild Cherri (Wild Cherry)
  • Stoli Chocolat Razberi (Chocolate and Raspberry)
  • Stoli Hot (Jalapeño)
  • Stoli Sticki (Honey)
  • Stoli Chocolat Kokonut (Chocolate and Coconut)
  • Stoli Salted Karamel (Salted Caramel)
  • Stoli Gluten Free

Several of these offerings have performed well at international spirit ratings competitions. For example, the Elit label was awarded a silver medal at the 2011 San Francisco World Spirits Competition.[33]


Stolichnaya's chief rival Russian Standard questioned the SPI-produced Stolichnaya's Russian authenticity, because it is bottled in Latvia, not Russia. Stolichnaya's global distributor Pernod Ricard responded by insisting that it is an authentic Russian vodka, because nothing is added or removed during the bottling.[34]

In Eminem's 2010 music video for "Love the Way You Lie", Stolichnaya vodka was included in several scenes. The product placement began with actor Dominic Monaghan shoplifting a bottle of the vodka, after which he and actress Megan Fox drank from it on the roof of the liquor store.[35]

Stolichnaya also advertises heavily during televised New York Yankees games, using digital banners behind home plate.[36]

Roger Sterling, a main character in the American television series Mad Men, is also a fan of Stolichnaya, keeping a bottle in his office at all times.[37] Sterling had the Stolichnaya sent from Greece.[38]

2013 boycott[edit]

In July 2013 columnist Dan Savage joined gay bars and clubs and called for a boycott of Stolichnaya and other Russian vodkas. The boycott is in response to anti-gay laws enacted by the Russian government.[39][40]

In response, SPI, which has rights to the brand outside of Russia and produces it on its own separate from Russian FKP Stolichnaya, released a statement expressing their opposition to Russia's anti-gay policies, stating that, "Stolichnaya Vodka has always been, and continues to be, a fervent supporter and friend to the LGBT community."[41][42]

SPI announced that the company would be making a donation to a group working on behalf of Russian LGBT activists.[43] Company CEO Val Mendeleev also insisted that the company is "not a Russian company", whilst acknowledging that at the time the company operates a distillery in Russia.[43]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Stolichnaya". SPI Group. Archived from the original on 17 September 2008. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Stolichnaya Vodka". Wine and Alcohol. 2007-10-08. Archived from the original on 2008-10-09. Retrieved 2008-10-05.
  3. ^ Andrew Higgins (September 7, 2013). "Facing Fury Over Antigay Law, Stoli Says 'Russian? Not Really'". The New York Times. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
  4. ^ Ramishah Maruf (March 7, 2022). "Stoli vodka announces rebrand". CNN. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
  5. ^ Dickson, Rebekkah. Private Communication.
  6. ^ William Grimes (1991-06-02). "Summer Places: The Super Vodkas". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-10-05.
  7. ^ Jonathan Glancey (Jul 31, 2003). "Do not disturb". The Guardian.
  8. ^ Grace Kay. "The Russian-born billionaire who founded Stolichnaya vodka is changing the brand's name". Insider.
  9. ^ a b Владимир Ульянов (2008-05-27). "Водка Stolichnaya: как все начиналось". PopSop. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |url= (help)
  10. ^ Ольга Деркач (2004-05-12). "Водка "Столичная"". Огонек. Retrieved 2010-05-28.
  11. ^ "Водка "Столичная"". СоюзПлодИмпорт.
  12. ^ Robert Laing (2006-03-28). "Pepsi's comeback, Part II". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 2007-07-21.
  13. ^ "PepsiCo Company History (1972)". PepsiCo, Inc. Retrieved 2007-07-21.
  14. ^ Jane Perlez (1991-01-27). "A Mean Political Hangover for Seagram in Ukraine". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-10-15.
  15. ^ a b ECLI:NL:GHSGR:2012:BX1515
  16. ^ "Russia Vows to Fight For Vodka Trademarks".
  17. ^ Abigail Townsend (2004-11-21). "Who's Stoli now? Allied Domecq in Russian dispute". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 2022-05-25. Retrieved 2008-10-05.
  18. ^ a b "Company News; Judge Rejects Stolichnaya Trademark Suit". The New York Times. 1992-11-20. Retrieved 2007-07-21.
  19. ^ "Russia toasts Stolichnaya victory". BBC. 2002-02-01. Retrieved 2007-07-21.
  20. ^ "judgement". HUDOC.
  21. ^ "Verdict" (PDF). 15 December 2014. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  22. ^ "OGH entscheidet rechtskräftig im Stolichnaya Markenrechtsstreit". 29 April 2020. Archived from the original on 23 July 2020. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  23. ^ ECLI:NL:RBROT:2015:2044
  24. ^ ECLI:NL:RBDHA:2015:9255
  25. ^ "Rechter verbiedt Stoli-wodka in de Benelux". NU. 2015-08-07.
  26. ^ ECLI:NL:RBDHA:2015:7293
  27. ^ SPI Group and William Grant & Sons Agree to Not Renew Contract for Stolichnaya Retrieved July 25, 2013
  28. ^ "An Invalid Assignment Isn't Incontestable". Archived from the original on 2019-02-17. Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  29. ^ Pamela Chestek (September 9, 2014). "Stolichnaya Case Still Alive, Just Barely". Archived from the original on September 23, 2014.
  30. ^ "Over Again for Stoli – But Just For Now". Archived from the original on 2019-02-17. Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  31. ^ "Stoli Is Back". Archived from the original on 2019-02-17. Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  32. ^ "Stoli Razberi Hits One-Million-Case Milestone". All Business. 2004-08-31. Retrieved 2008-10-05.
  33. ^ " Summary Ratings Page for Stoli Elit". Archived from the original on 2012-11-02. Retrieved 2012-10-21.
  34. ^ Brett Forest (November 2008). "A new brand of Russian mogul". Vanity Fair. p. 141. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011.
  35. ^ "Love The Way You Lie (With Me)". Retrieved August 30, 2010.
  36. ^ "Stoli SMS". p. 1. Archived from the original on 2006-09-03. Retrieved 2012-01-04.
  37. ^ "Secret Product Placements of Mad Men". Retrieved July 24, 2014.
  38. ^ Erik (February 24, 2010). "Not the Stoli".
  39. ^ "Dan Savage: Why I'm Boycotting Russian Vodka - Towleroad". Towleroad. 2013-07-25.
  40. ^ Abad-Santos, Alexander (25 July 2013). "Here's Why Gay Men Are Dumping Russian Vodka". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on 27 July 2013. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  41. ^ Self, Wayne (2013-07-26). "Of Savage and Stoli: Should We Boycott?". Huffington Post.
  42. ^ Dill, Kathryn. "Stolichnaya Responds: We Have No Influence Over Russia's Government". Forbes.
  43. ^ a b Signorile, Michelangelo (2013-07-31). "Stoli CEO Speaks Out On How Company Will Respond To Vodka Boycott". Huffington Post.

External links[edit]