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The Stomatophyta are a proposed sister branch of the Marchantiophyta (Liverworts), together forming the Embryophyta.[1] The Stomatophyta consist of the Bryophyta (Moss), and the remainder of the Embryophyta, including the Anthocerotophyta (Hornsworts). The word stomatophyta means plant with stoma.[citation needed]

An updated phylogeny of Embryophyta based on the work by Novíkov & Barabaš-Krasni 2015[2] with plant taxon authors from Anderson, Anderson & Cleal 2007[3] and some clade names from Pelletier 2012 and Lecointre, et al.[4][self-published source?][1]


Marchantiophyta (Liverworts)



  1. ^ a b Lecointre, Guillaume; Guyader, Hervé Le (2006). The Tree of Life: A Phylogenetic Classification. Harvard University Press. ISBN 9780674021839.
  2. ^ Novíkov & Barabaš-Krasni (2015). Modern plant systematics. Liga-Pres. p. 685. doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.4745.6164. ISBN 978-966-397-276-3.
  3. ^ Anderson, Anderson & Cleal (2007). "Brief history of the gymnosperms: classification, biodiversity, phytogeography and ecology". Strelitzia. 20. SANBI: 280. ISBN 978-1-919976-39-6.
  4. ^ Pelletier (2012). Empire biota: taxonomy and evolution 2nd ed. p. 354. ISBN 978-1329874008.