Stondon Massey

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Stondon Massey
Bricklayers Arms, Stondon Massey, Essex - geograph.org.uk - 67947.jpg
The Bricklayers Arms, Stondon Massey
Stondon Massey is located in Essex
Stondon Massey
Stondon Massey
Stondon Massey shown within Essex
Population 767 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid reference TL584004
Civil parish
  • Stondon Massey
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRENTWOOD
Postcode district CM15
Dialling code 01277
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament
Website Stondon Massey Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Essex
51°40′48″N 0°17′31″E / 51.680°N 0.292°E / 51.680; 0.292Coordinates: 51°40′48″N 0°17′31″E / 51.680°N 0.292°E / 51.680; 0.292

Stondon Massey is a village and civil parish in the Brentwood district of Essex, England. The village is to the north of Brentwood, between Blackmore and Doddinghurst.

Stondon Massey hosts an annual fete on the village green[2]. In 2006 the village was named Winner of Group 4 Best Kept Village in Essex competition[3].

Etymology and history[edit]

Stondon means "stone hill",[4] a Saxon settlement was established near to the site of the 12th-century church of St Peter’s & St Paul’s, where William Byrd, the Tudor composer is likely to be buried.[5] A low gravel hill was known as a ‘down’. Hence the name Stondon. Massey is derived from the surname of Serlo de Marcy, a Norman knight who lived in Marks Hall, Margaret Roding.[6]

There have been three successive manor houses, the oldest of which is Stondon Hall, near the church. The north wing of the Hall is probably of the 15th century, and there is some 16th- and 17th-century panelling inside. Stondon Place, originally a farmhouse, was rebuilt about 1707, and again after a fire, about 1880. From 1593 to 1623, it was the home of William Byrd, the musician.[7]

The church of St Peter and St Paul retains the nave and chancel and some of the original round-headed arches of 1100. There is a brass of 1570 to John Carre, Ironmonger and Merchant Adventurer of London, with figures of himself and his two wives, and another, of 1573, to Rainold Hollingsworth. Nathaniel Ward, Rector of Stondon from 1623 to 1633, was deprived of his living for non-conformity. He subsequently emigrated to New England and helped draft the 1641 Code of Laws for Massachusetts.[8]

The main part of the village is now just over a mile to the south of the church probably due to the plague of 1350.[9] Stondon Massey is still mainly rural, but there has been some suburban building during the past 30 years.

Political[edit]

The village forms part of the Tipps Cross ward of Brentwood Council. It also forms part of the "Five Parishes", being Stondon Massey, Blackmore, Kelvedon Hatch, Navestock and Doddinghurst. These are all covered by the voluntary first aiders, The Five Parishes First Response.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 September 2016. 
  2. ^ "Bricklayers Arms". Retrieved 11 February 2018. 
  3. ^ "Brentwood council magazine" (PDF). Retrieved 11 February 2018. 
  4. ^ "Stondon Massey: Introduction". British History Online. 
  5. ^ Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians (5 ed.). Macmillan. 1954. pp. 1056–1057. 
  6. ^ "Stondon Massey: Manor". British History Online. 
  7. ^ "William Byrd - Britannica". Retrieved 9 February 2018. 
  8. ^ "Massachusetts Body of Liberties". Retrieved 11 February 2018. 
  9. ^ Stondon Massey Parish Magazine

External links[edit]