Stone, Buckinghamshire

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Stone
St John The Baptist, Stone.jpg
St John the Baptist parish church, Stone
Stone is located in Buckinghamshire
Stone
Stone
Location within Buckinghamshire
Population2,587 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceSP783123
Civil parish
  • Stone with Bishopstone and Hartwell
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townAYLESBURY
Postcode districtHP17
Dialling code01296
PoliceThames Valley
FireBuckinghamshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire
51°48′16″N 0°51′54″W / 51.8044°N 0.8649°W / 51.8044; -0.8649Coordinates: 51°48′16″N 0°51′54″W / 51.8044°N 0.8649°W / 51.8044; -0.8649

Stone is a village in Buckinghamshire, England. It is located southwest of the town of Aylesbury, on the A418 road that links Aylesbury to Thame. Stone with Bishopstone and Hartwell is a civil parish within Aylesbury Vale district and also incorporates the nearby settlements of Bishopstone and Hartwell.

The architect Clough Williams-Ellis designed the village hall in 1910.

Description[edit]

The village name is Anglo Saxon in origin, and refers literally to boundary stone or marker stone. In the Domesday Book of 1086 the village was recorded as Stanes.

The village of Stone adjoins the village of Hartwell.

The parish church (www.stonedintonhartwell.com) is dedicated to St John the Baptist, and is dated 1273. The graveyard contains the grave of Admiral Smyth.

1806 description[edit]

In 1806, Magna Britannia[2] described Stone as

STONE, in the hundred of Aylesbury and deanery of Wendover, lies nearly three miles west of Aylesbury, on the road to Thame. The manor was anciently in the family of Braci, afterwards in that of Whittingham. It has been since held for many years by the Lees with the adjoining manor of Hartwell, and is now the property of the Rev. Sir George Lee bart.
The parish church which was consecrated in 1273, retains some vestiges of the architecture of that period. The rectory was given by the Braci family to the priory of Oseney. By the act of parliament which passed for inclosing this parish in 1776, it appears that the Lees were entitled to the great tithes of Southwarp in Stone, and the earl of Chesterfield to those of the remainder of the parish. Allotments of land were then assigned to the impropriators and to the vicar, who was entitled to the tithes of hay. Sir George Lee is patron and incumbent of the vicarage.

Astronomical observatory[edit]

In 1839, John Lee and the Royal Astronomical Society jointly owned the advowson of the parish. They appointed amateur scientist the Rev. Joseph Bancroft Reade as vicar. Reade served as incumbent until 1859, establishing a school and an astronomical observatory, and performing pioneering work in the early development of photography.[3][4]

Village school[edit]

Stone Church of England Combined School is voluntary controlled, mixed primary school with approximately 180 pupils aged between four and eleven. The school's catchment area includes the nearby villages of Bishopstone and Hartwell, and children transfer to the school from Dinton Church of England School, at the age of seven. The school dates from 1871, but most of the present buildings date from 1973 when a major programme of building work provided a hall, new classrooms, a library, changing rooms, offices and an extended playground. The current headteacher is Debbie Morrison. In 2006 the school was judged to be "satisfactory" and a 2007 Monitoring Report identified "good progress" in improving the curriculum and teaching. In 2015 the school achieved a ‘Good’ rating from Ofsted. In 2018 the school's Key Stage 2 results exceeded the England average.[5][6]

St. John's Hospital[edit]

In the early 19th century an asylum (later known as St. John's Hospital) was opened in Stone for people with disabilities or mental illnesses. It was closed in 1991, and the vast expanse of land has since been given over to a new housing estate.[7] Initially it was proposed that the Hospital site be saved and converted but attempts failed because the government insisted it be demolished as it was allegedly more economical. All that remains are the staff houses and the grade-II asylum chapel which is closed and boarded pending conversion to 3 dwellings.

World War II prisoner of war camp[edit]

During World War II, a Prisoner of War camp was located in Sedrup, a hamlet near Stone (Camp No. 36 Hartwell Dog Track).

The camp was known to house Italian prisoners from 1942 to 1946 and consisted mostly of tents with one hut.[8][9][10] A 1946 RAF aerial photo of the site shows camp buildings at Grid reference SP797121 51°48′06″N 0°50′43″W / 51.8018°N 0.8454°W / 51.8018; -0.8454, on what is now the Meadoway housing estate adjacent to Sedrup Lane.[11] Remains of the camp were still evident on the site in the 1950s.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Neighbourhood Statistics 2011 Census, Accessed 3 February 2013
  2. ^ Magna Britannia: Buckinghamshire, Lysons S. and Lysons D., 1806
  3. ^ The Stone observatory included both a transit room and a 14-foot diameter equatorial room and is described in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (1853)
  4. ^ Wood (2004)
  5. ^ "Stone Church of England Combined School – Inspection Reports". Ofsted. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  6. ^ "Stone Church of England Combined School – Key Stage 2 achievement and attainment Tables 2007". Department for Children, Schools and Families. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  7. ^ "St John's Hospital, Stone". National Register of Archives. GB/NNAF/C53394: The National Archives. Retrieved 11 October 2009.
  8. ^ England, Historic (1 November 2003). "Prisoner of War Camps (1939 - 1948) - Twentieth Century Military Recording Project" (pdf). Historic England. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  9. ^ "POW Camps in UK - 1 to 50". Archived from the original on 21 January 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  10. ^ "Unlocking Buckinghamshire's past – Prisoners of war". Buckinghamshire County Council. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Unlocking Buckinghamshire's past – Hartwell Dog Track – including RAF aerial photos". Buckinghamshire County Council. Retrieved 3 September 2017.

External links[edit]