Stone Soup is a European folk story in which hungry strangers convince the people of a town to each share a small amount of their food in order to make a meal that everyone enjoys, and exists as a moral regarding the value of sharing. In varying traditions, the stone has been replaced with other common inedible objects, and therefore the fable is also known as axe soup, button soup, nail soup, and wood soup.
Some travelers come to a village, carrying nothing more than an empty cooking pot. Upon their arrival, the villagers are unwilling to share any of their food stores with the hungry travelers. Then the travelers go to a stream and fill the pot with water, drop a large stone in it, and place it over a fire. One of the villagers becomes curious and asks what they are doing. The travelers answer that they are making "stone soup", which tastes wonderful and which they would be delighted to share with the villager, although it still needs a little bit of garnish, which they are missing, to improve the flavor.
The villager, who anticipates enjoying a share of the soup, does not mind parting with a few carrots, so these are added to the soup. Another villager walks by, inquiring about the pot, and the travelers again mention their stone soup which has not yet reached its full potential. The villager hands them a little bit of seasoning. More and more villagers walk by, each adding another ingredient. Finally, the stone (being inedible) is removed from the pot, and a delicious and nourishing pot of soup is enjoyed by travelers and villagers alike. Although the travelers have thus tricked the villagers into sharing their food with them, they have successfully transformed it into a tasty meal which they share with the donors.
- The Eastern European variation of the story (which is similar to the Northern European rendition) is called "axe soup", with an axe as the catalyst.
- In the French, Hungarian and Russian versions of the tale, the travelers are soldiers returning home.
- In the Hungarian version, a single starving soldier encounters several hardships on his journey back to his homeland. At the end of the story, he sells the rock to the villagers after eating the soup.
- In Russian tradition, a soldier prepares "axe kasha" (Каша из топора).
- Johann Peter Hebel wrote a German version, "Der schlaue Pilgrim" ("The Cunning Pilgrim", 1811), in which a wily pilgrim, allegedly on his way to Jerusalem, tricks a hostess step-by-step into adding rich soup ingredients to his pebble stones, finally leaving the stones uneaten.
- In Northern European and Scandinavian countries, the story is most commonly known as "nail soup", and the main character is typically a tramp looking for food and lodgings, who convinces an old woman that he will make a tasty nail soup for the both of them if she would just add a few ingredients for the garnish.
- In the Portuguese tradition, the traveler is a monk, and the story takes place around Almeirim, Portugal. Nowadays sopa de pedra is considered a regional dish of Almeirim.
- In the Chinese version, three monks are the ones who place a stone into a pot and boil the soup. Villagers who are curious pass by and add ingredients such as carrots, rice wine, pepper, salt etc.
Cultural and historical references
Art, entertainment, and media
"Stone soup"-like collaborations
There are many examples of projects referencing the "Stone Soup" story's theme of making something significant by accumulating lots of small contributions. Examples include:
- Dungeon Crawl Stone Soup a computer game which expanded on an abandoned project using contributions from many different coders
- Stone Soup, a children's literary magazine published by the California-based Children’s Art Foundation since 1973
- Stone Soupercomputer, a computer composed of many small units
The film Fandango (1985) contains a wedding sequence towards the end which builds on the Stone Soup theme. The protagonists need to hold a wedding ceremony, but they lack any funds to do so. Therefore, they set up a folding card table by the main street of a sleepy Texas town, dust it off, and invite passersby to come to the wedding. As they concoct stories of delinquent caterers and crashed champagne trucks, the friendly townspeople contribute their time and resources, the result being a magical wedding ceremony.
The story is the basis of Marcia Brown's 1947 children's book, Stone Soup (1947), which features soldiers tricking miserly villagers into cooking them a feast. The book was a Caldecott Honor book in 1948 and was read aloud by the Captain (played by Bob Keeshan) on an early episode of Captain Kangaroo in the 1950s, as well as at least once in the 1960s or early 1970s.
In 1965, Gordon R. Dickson published a short story called "Soupstone", where a headstrong pilot is sent to solve a problem on a planet under the guise of a highly educated and competent official. He succeeds by pretending to understand everything, but actually merely making the locals apply their already present knowledge and abilities to the task.
"Stone Soup" (1968), written by Ann McGovern and illustrated by Nola Langner, tells the story of a little old lady and a hungry young man at the door asking for food, and how he tricks her into making stone soup.
In 1975, Walt Disney Productions published a Wonderful World of Reading book titled Button Soup. Daisy Duck tricks Scrooge McDuck to share his food to help flavor her Button Soup.
Canadian children's author Aubrey Davis adapted the story to a Jewish context in his book Bone Button Borscht (1996). According to Davis, he wrote the story when he was unable to find a story that he liked for a Hanukkah reading. Barbara Budd's narration of Bone Button Borscht traditionally airs across Canada on CBC Radio One's As It Happens, on the first day of Hanukkah.
Shel Silverstein's song, "The Wonderful Soup Stone", tells a version of this story. Bobby Bare included the song on his album Lullabys, Legends and Lies (1973). and Dr. Hook & The Medicine Show included the song on their album Belly Up! (1973).
- Jim Henson's The Storyteller series contains one tale called "A Story Short", in which the Storyteller himself (played by John Hurt) is the main character. In the beginning, he arrives at a castle where a man is thrown out for begging for food. He proceeds to trick the King's cook into making stone soup. After the people are happily fed, the cook realizes what has happened and pleads with the King to let him boil the Storyteller in oil, but the King instead offers a way out — to tell him a story every day for a year instead.
- The PBS Kids show Between the Lions featured an episode with a version of the story being read. In this version, the strangers were replaced by aliens.
- The tale was adapted as an episode of the show Hungarian Folktales.
- A Soviet cartoon based on the Russian variant of the tale was made in 1982.
- The Land of the Lost (1974 TV Series) Season 1, Episode 14 is entitled "Stone Soup" in which Marshal (the father) uses Stone Soup to get his children to help gather things for dinner.
- Little House on the Prairie Season 8, Episode 13 is entitled "Stone Soup" and has this story as its theme.
Lucky Iron Fish
A contemporary twist on "nail soup" helps relieve real-world iron deficiency anemia in Cambodia. The Lucky Iron Fish is a cast iron bar in the shape of the "Try Kantrop" fish that many villagers consider lucky. When immersed into a simmering pot of soup, enough of the iron dissolves into the liquid to add the critical amounts of a trace nutrient needed to prevent certain types of anemia.
US Army General George S. Patton, Jr. referred to the "rock soup method" of acquiring resources for attacks in the face of official disapproval by his superiors for offensive operations. In the military context, he sent units forward, ostensibly on reconnaissance missions, to later reinforce them when resistance was met, and these missions eventually turned small scale probes into all out attacks; he notably did this during the Battle of Sicily, in the advance on Palermo, and again in the campaign in northwest Europe, notably near Metz when his 3rd US Army was officially halted during Operation Market Garden.
The big pool at Karl Johan street in Oslo, funded by the steel company Christiania Spigerverk ("Christiania Nail Factory"), is nicknamed Spikersuppa ("Nail Soup") as a humorous reference to the story.
- Ashliman, D. L. (November 15, 2008). "Stone Soup: folktales of Aarne-Thompson-Uther type 1548". Retrieved November 23, 2019.
- "Nail Soup - traditional swedish folk-tale". Archived from the original on March 16, 2002. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
- "Sopa da Pedra - Receitas" [Stone soup - Recipes]. Almeirim Municipal Chamber (in Portuguese). Retrieved November 23, 2019.
- Yeats 2010, pp. 109–119.
- Brown, Marcia (2005). Stone Soup (1947). New York City: Aladdin Paperbacks. ISBN 978-0689878367.
- "Stone Soup, 1948 Caldecott Honor Book". Association for Library Service to Children. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
- Spicer; Disbrowe 2007, p. 9.
- Bradbury 2010, p. 66.
- McGovern, Ann (1986). Stone Soup (1968) (Reissue ed.). Scholastic Inc. ISBN 978-0590416023.
- Davis, Aubrey (2002). Bone Button Borscht. St. Louis: Turtleback Books. ISBN 978-0613991032..
- Muth, Jon J. (2003). Stone Soup (1st ed.). New York City: Scholastic Press. ISBN 978-0439339094.
- Kimmel, Sue (July 2013). "Stone Soup: A Story about Using Story for Research". School Libraries Worldwide. 19 (2). Retrieved November 23, 2019.
- "Bobby Bare Sings Lullabies Legends & Lies". Retrieved November 23, 2019.,
- Sullivan, Michael (December 25, 2015). "In Cambodia, 'Lucky' Iron Fish For The Cooking Pot Could Fight Anemia". The Salt (NPR Morning Edition). Retrieved November 23, 2019.
- Farago, Ladislas (2005). Patton: Ordeal and Triumph. Yardley, Pennsylvania: Westholme Publishing LLC. ISBN 978-1594160110.
- Yeats, William Butler (2010). The Collected Works of W.B. Yeats Vol II: The Plays. New York City: Simon & Schuster. pp. 109–119. ISBN 978-1439105764.
- Spicer, Susan; Disbrowe, Paula (2007). Crescent City Cooking: Unforgettable Recipes from Susan Spicer's New Orleans. New York City: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. p. 9. ISBN 978-0307518279.
- Bradbury, Ray (2010). Bound to Last: 30 Writers on Their Most Cherished Book. Boston: Da Capo Press. p. 66. ISBN 978-0306819391.
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sopa da Pedra.|
- Arroyo Grande Grover Beach Chamber of Commerce (2014). "23rd Annual Stone Soup Music Festival". agchamber.com. Ramona Garden Park, Grover Beach, CA.
- Arroyo Grande Grover Beach Chamber of Commerce (August 22, 2015). "2015 Stone Soup Music Festival Street Faire - August 22, 2015 - August 23, 2015". www.aggbchamber.com. Ramona Garden Park, Grover Beach, CA. Archived from the original on August 26, 2015.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
- Brown, Marcia (Story retold by) (1975). "Stone Soup: An Old Tale Retold". ProsperityPages. Atheneum Books. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
- Griffin, Noel. "The Stone Soup Story". Fractint. Archived from the original on August 19, 2017. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
- "The Story of Stone Soup". Stone SouperComputer Homepage. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
- "Stone Soup" from Google Books